Bilingual Education Programs Subject Matter
1,124 wordsArguments For and (Bogus) Arguments Against Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics It is helpful to distinguish two goals of bilingual education. The first is the development of academic English and school success, and the second is the development of the heritage language. Good bilingual education programs achieve both goals, but my focus in this report is on the first. Confusion about the first goal is understandable: How can children acquire English, their second langua...
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Bilingual Education Native Language
1,067 wordsFor decades, immigrant children have been taught in their native languages in schools across the country while slowly and simultaneously receiving English as a second language. But like anything, bilingual education is not without its flaws. In fact, it's plagued with them. After many years of bilingual education in the United States, one thing is certain: it does not work, and it is failing America's immigrant youth. The idea behind bilingual education is that students be taught "academic subje...
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Native Speakers Target Language
1,801 wordsEver since God punished the people who wanted to build the Tower of Babel with the confusion of tongues in the time of old testament, people around the world have faced the problem of communication. When giving out a historical overview of second-language teaching in Second-Language Acquisition in Childhood, McLaughlin stated: As early as the third millennium B. C. , in what was probably the worlds first great civilization, the Sumerians had scribed devoted exclusively to education. When the cou...
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Ultimate Goal Target Language
1,809 words... ion experience coupled with the amount of exposure to the foreign language assures that students have the necessary language skills to deal with the curriculum in the upper elementary grades. (Met) Bill Snyder, a graduate student of TEFL program at Bilkent University in Turkey also pointe's out one crucial advantage of an immersion: no language is a direct translation of any other, and if you really want to get the feel of the target language, you have to learn the target language in the tar...
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Language Minority Students Bilingual Education
1,733 words... he students is adjusted to their conceptual and linguistic level, using many features of "mothers" to facilitate language comprehension and acquisition on the part of the students. Fifth, concentrated exposure to language is important to promote language development. Sixth, the two languages are kept distinct and never mixed during instruction (Lindholm. 1992). Bilingual development may facilitate cognitive functioning if the duo language development is sustained over a long period of time s...
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Language Minority Students Bilingual Education
1,708 wordsTable of Contents I. Abstract II. Chapter II Literature Review A. Background information on bilingual education B. Two-way bilingual programs 1) Criteria 2) Literature of Review III. References Abstract While the debate on benefits of bilingual education in the United States has continued and different programs to improve bilingual education have been developed, the two-way immersion program may be the most effective, in terms of English achievement. The two-way model promotes achievement both a...
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Politeness A Comparison Between Chinese And English
1,776 words... hange's of political situations in the country of China. A very important year to mention is 1949 when the communist regime gained political power. Before this year, Lee-Wong (2000: 156 - 158) notes that the Chinese word xiao jie / "little miss" was a form representing elitism, wealth and high status. After the year of the Revolution, when class distinctions were abolished, this form was dropped. Still, xiao jie was being brought back into existence by means of modernization movements. Today...
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Audio And Video Native Speakers
836 wordsUsing technology in the classroom can take a variety of forms. It may involve incorporating the viewing of a videocassette or television program in a lesson on intercultural interactions or asking learners to create audio recordings of a dialogue between an employer and an employee discussing a grievance. It may mean having learners work individually or in groups on a software program or participate in project-based activities that utilize sites on the World Wide Web. Technology is involved in a...
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Spread Of English As An International Language
1,979 wordsSpread Of English As An International Language Although English was originally brought to most corners of the globe through British colonialism, it has taken on a new life in our rapidly globalizing modern society. The English language has acted as the medium by which vast knowledge has been spread, and billions in commerce has been moved. While this globally vital language has become a necessity to deal with different nations and cultures, the world has not taken ownership of English as their o...
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Audio And Video Students And Teachers
2,001 wordsThe use of technology in teaching second languages has been increasing dramatically over the past few years. University language departments and U. S. government agencies' language training divisions are implementing various technologies into the curriculum on a regular basis. Several school districts across the nation are creating special magnet high schools where technology, international studies, and second languages are emphasized. Technology is becoming a bigger part of both in-class and ho...
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Order To Make Reading Skills
716 wordsThere is no best way to master a second language in a day but there is an effective way to acquire it. That is the reason why a teachers role is so important, especially for the second language learners. There are many theories and hypotheses experimented and claimed by many scholars, but among many, there is no doubt that the best learning condition for students is to provide the massive comprehensible input and the low affective filter. However, output can be considered more important for lear...
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Language Minority Students York Cambridge University
3,109 wordsThe Study The participant was my daughter, Amy. As soon as she arrived in Hawaii, USA, from Mainland China in July 1998, I began observing how she reacted to the new environment and how she adjusted to it. Over a five-month period (July-November, 1998) I kept a journal of what she did (about 35, 000 words either in English or in Chinese), sometimes on the spot and sometimes upon recollection, and tape-recorded the conversations between us on three tapes. Amy was 12 when she came to Hawaii. She h...
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Bilingual Education English Immersion
377 wordsThe original objective of bilingual education was to ensure students would not fall behind academically because of a poor command of English and to gradually teach them English as a second language. If language-minority students were taught some subjects in their native tongue, proponents insisted, they potentially could learn English without sacrificing content knowledge. But bilingual education s critics argue that the approach keeps students in a cycle of native language dependency that ultim...
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Bilingual Education Programs Research Has Shown
1,652 wordsLanguage English Only ENGLISH ONLY? Language has always been an important part of a country s culture and way of life. When the U. S. was founded, it was common to hear as many as 20 languages spoken along with many documents that were printed in different languages. There have been many debates over establishing a national language, and a movement arose that strives to establish English as the nation s official language. This movement is known as the English Only movement, and it promotes the e...
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Second Language Native Language
890 wordsEnglish Phonetic Interference In The Spelling Of English Phonetic Interference In The Spelling Of Emigre Russians It is unusual and perhaps impossible for an emigre s native language to remain unaffected after living abroad for several years. Phonetic and spelling rules that may have been drilled into their minds in childhood quickly disappear while the emigre struggles to master the language of their new home. Almost all people claim to read in their second language more proficiently than they ...
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Language Minority Students Standardized Testing
2,786 wordsMid-Term/Spring 1998 This Term paper was for an Educational Class for the Teaching Credential Program. The questions listed below describe various theories and questions related to ESL and reading. Hope you find this paper useful. I got an A for this term paper Bibliography: Author Ruddell Reading in Secondary Education 1. Krashen's theory of comprehensible input states: We learn a second language containing linguistic structures that are just beyond the structures we already know. (Ruddell, Pag...
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Cultural Diversity Verbal Communication
2,263 wordsYoung Arzu Alp, a ten-year-old typical and hypothetical military brat, is starting mid-semester at her third school in four years. Nervously standing before the American flag, she anticipates trouble understanding the teacher, hopes for just one new friend, and speaks English as a second language. Arzu need not fear. Her family has been stationed where the school she will attend (which is a real school and shall remain anonymous along with the names of the interview participants, again, real peo...
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Facial Expressions Writing Skills
4,558 wordsThe Language Acquisition Abstract The purpose of this paper is to offer a summary and synthesis of some of the more recent research in the areas of Applied Linguistics that is most relevant to the teaching of vocabulary and writing in the ESL classroom. ESL will be defined here as instruction in English to non-native speakers that happens in the United States. The articles synopsize d for this paper were chosen specifically because they focus upon the pedagogics of writing and vocabulary, as wel...
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Tupac Shakur Second Language
507 wordsLanguage and You In my opinion, language is certainly the most essential quality human beings have inherited. It is the only way to communicate, and it sure is fascinating how we can convert our thoughts into words. Since language lets us express our feelings, I think learning a second language gives us valuable life skills, as well as, a wider vision of today? s world. Undoubtedly the most interesting thing about language is how influential words can be, especially when they are coming from you...
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Cultural Identity Japanese Society
3,674 wordsJapan has always been considered a monolingual / monocultural country (cf. Grosjean, 1982). Although we have always had non-Japanese populations among us, there has never been any official policy to accept these peoples as Japanese. Lambert and Taylor (1990) note that in the United States, the majority of the population at least accept multilingualism and multiculturalism to be a positive phenomenon. However, although no statistical data exist to verify it, the Japanese are still a very homogene...
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