All Quiet On The Westren Front - 5,580 words
All Quiet on the Western Front Chapter SummaryBy: Jesse CodyAll Quiet on the Western Front is an anti-war novel from the opening chapters. Many critics of the novel in the early days after the publication of the novel blamed Remarque for writing for shock value. They did not want to believe his novel represented the truth about World War I. In many ways, such people were like Paul's schoolmaster, Kantorek. They wanted to cling to classical, romantic notions of war. However, Remarque wrote his novel specifically to shatter those idealistic illusions. Yes, he wrote to shock, but he also wrote to educate.The young teenage men who enlisted in the army on both sides often never recovered from th ...
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Signifance Of Anthropology And Archaeology - 1,521 words
Anthropologists and Archaeologists Anthropologists and archaeologists have influenced our lives in so many ways. They have taken us back to our most humble beginnings. They have given us an awareness of just how far we have come through the centuries. Archaeology is the investigating of life by unearthing and interpreting the objects left behind by earlier peoples and cultures, dating back to prehistoric times. Anthropology is the scientific study of hominids, their physical features, development, and behavior. Anthropology is broken into two parts: physical and sociocultural. Physical is concerned with human evolution and biology and the study of primates. Sociocultural anthropology investi ...
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Colonialism - 1,934 words
Colonialism has often spread to areas where it is economically valuable for the colonizer to develop. South America was one of these places. First came the Spanish for gold, then for rubber. As colonization took place two cultures met, thinking they were opposites, but in reality they were very much connected to one another, their histories were now tied together. In considering the question of how Indians have developed their healing practices and spiritual beliefs as a reaction to colonization, there are a number of areas we must explore. First, we will discuss how Indian and white cultures have integrated one another to the point where certain beliefs coexist or blend together. Secondly, ...
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The Social Brain - 1,422 words
... tus were also unique, as he realized the environment could be controlled for personal improvement (Gazzaniga, 149). This was evident in the new nomadic behavior of hunters and gathers as populations behavior become more nomadic As a hominid continued to evolve the Neanderthal played an important role in the changes of brain activity and behavior. The Neanderthals dominant influence of the Wenickes and Broca areas of the brain allowed for the specialization of skill in tool making, shelter, and hunting ability. Neanderthals lived in larger groups thrived off competition and social relations evident in their self adornment with clothing and tools. Neanderthals lived in caves and buried the ...
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Peoples Of Alaska And Their Eskimo Culture - 4,664 words
... signifying that the boy had become a man and was ready for marriage. A girl's transition to adolescence came with her first menstruation, at which time she was placed in temporary isolation for up to a month or even longer. With further maturation, marked by the growth of her breasts, she exchanged the clothes of childhood for those of the adult woman. At this time, women were tattooed by making a series of closely drawn parallel lines extending from the center of the lower lip to the chin. In the early 1960s, a few women of sixty-five or more still carried these symbols of early womanhood; but by then the custom marking differences in age and gender had become obsolete. Much of the Inu ...
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The Unconscious Struggle For Human Existence - 1,343 words
The Unconscious Struggle for Human Existence According to philosopher Karl Marx, humans are "slaves to historical necessity and their thought and thinking are rigidly determined by the mode of production" (Beer xxii). This view of historical materialism asserts that the culture, political, and government systems of a given people derive from the material conditions of their existence. Thus, "life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness by life"(Reader 155). In the short story, "The Boarding House", James Joyce uses Mrs. Mooney to illustrate how the "blind forces" of economic materialism determine our existence and causally result in our living by a false consciousness. The prev ...
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Patriotism - 1,177 words
Address before the Men's Club of the Prospect Street Congregational Church, Cambridge, Mass., June 7, 1898. There are moments in every man's life, in the life of every nation, when, under the excitement of passion, the simple truths which in common times are the foundation upon which the right order and conduct of life depend are apt to be forgotten and disregarded. I shall venture tonight to recall to you some of these commonplace truths, which in these days of war need more than ever to be kept in mind. There never was a land that better deserved the love of her people than America, for there never was a mother-country kinder to her children. She has given to them all that she could give. ...
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Communist Manifesto All That Is Solid Melts Into Air - 1,386 words
In the Gospel of St. Matthew, chapter 27 A-B, the people are given the traditional release of one prisoner. They have a choice, the just man Jesus Christ and the notable prisoner Barabbas. When asked which prisoner should be released the people responded, Barabbas. (convinced by the chief priests and elders.) Pontius Pilate asks what punishment he should be given. They all responded: Let him be crucified. Disturbed by the obvious injustice, Pilate feebly asks, What evil hath he done? The people rise in blind, tumultuous cries, Let him be crucified! Again, Pilate appeals to them by washing his hands before the people and saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person. The impassioned ...
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Aticide In China - 1,163 words
Killing your baby, what could be more depraved. For a woman to destroy the fruit of her womb would seem like an ultimate violation of the natural order. But every year, hundreds of women commit neonaticide: they kill their newborns or let them die. Most neonaticides remain undiscovered, but every once in a while a janitor follows a trail of blood to a tiny body in a trash bin, or a woman faints and doctors find the remains of a placenta inside her. In China, babies are often abondoned near orphanages and found decaying along the streets. The Chinese government established population controls that increased the pressure on families to limit reproduction and the religious establishment has fai ...
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African Americans Versus The Social Sciences - 2,778 words
American segregation was a bitter part of American history. Even worse, though, are the securing reasons for the need of segregation and the defense of the institution. I will be discussing the method in which segregation came into existence in America and how the populace advocated such a policy. The issue of segregation in America deals mostly with the idea of superiority and inferiority between the black, or African, and white, or Caucasian, races. There is a long history on what eventually became legal segregation in the United States. I will begin by giving a short synopsis of that history. Immediately after the Civil War many laws were enacted called black codes that clashed with the E ...
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Pre Customary Law 1788 - 419 words
The making of a nation is a slow and painful process. It needs a people who identify with each other and with the land they inhabit. Australia began that process on 26 January 1788. This essay will attempt to describe the Pre-European Customary law which existed in Australia in 1788. When the first fleet arrived in Botany Bay in 1788, It brought with it all the laws of England. English laws were seen as being every Englishmans birthright. The coming of English laws was to have disastrous consequences for the original inhabitants of this continent, the Aborigines. Aboriginal land rites have received limited recognition. Today, great debate continues in our society on righting the wrongs that ...
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Returning Sanity To The Streets - 537 words
Gun control is an undoubtedly controversial issue that most Americans have been exposed to. Since the days of the pioneers firearms have been a part of the American tradition as protection and a means of hunting or sport. Since those days the use of guns has changed significantly. Although many people feel that gun control violates the right of the people, given in the second amendment "the right to bear arms", controlling distribution, sales and the registration of guns and gun owners is necessary because of the escalating homicide rate involving guns and the violence by criminals using guns. The spawning of handguns has caused the breakdown of normal social relations in our country. Before ...
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The New Capitalism - 1,034 words
"The proletariat is revolutionary or it is nothing." - Karl Marx Being a product of bourgeois society, the socialist movement is linked to the vicissitudes of capitalist development. It will assume different forms according to the changing fortunes of the capitalist system. In circumstances which are not favorable to the formation of class consciousness, it will not grow, or will practically disappear. In conditions of capitalist prosperity it tends to transform itself from a revolutionary to a reformist movement. In times of social crisis it may be totally suppressed by the ruling class. Since socialism cannot be established without a socialist movement, it follows that the destiny of the ...
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Asdf - 1,865 words
-------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------ How can a book written in one historical epoch have a meaning for another? If the author has tried to answer the questions posed by the way of life of the people around him, what can these answers mean for those living under changed conditions and facing quite different questions?  In the case of Karl Marx, we have yet another barrier to penetrate. At the end of the twentieth century, when we pick up a text like the Manifesto, we already have in our minds what everybody knows about it. Before we even glance at its pages, distorting spectacles have been placed on our noses by the tradition known as Marxism. Ev ...
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Asdf - 1,831 words
... ndividuals, whose social relationships are their own communal relations, and therefore subjected to their own communal control.  Thus Marx's entire picture of the movement of history is bound up with his conception of a truly human society, and the obstacles to it within our existing way of life. Marx does not present us with a static picture of bourgeois social relations, as a sociologist might try to do. Instead, he gives a succinct outline of the birth, development and death of an oppressive and exploitative social order. He shows how the bourgeoisie ... has pitilessly torn asunder the motley feudal ties that bound man to his 'natural superiors', and has left remaining no other nex ...
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Durkheim - 5,133 words
In 1776, Adam Smith opened The Wealth of Nations with the observation that "the greatest improvements in the productive powers of labour, and the greatest part of the skill, dexterity, and judgement with which it is anywhere directed, or applied, seem to have been the effects of the division of labour."1 Despite the numerous economic advantages thus derived, however, Smith insisted that the division of labor was not itself the effect of any human wisdom or foresight; rather, it was the necessary, albeit very slow and gradual, consequence of a certain propensity in human nature -- "the propensity to truck, barter, and exchange one thing for another."2 Common to all men, this propensity could ...
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Eskimos - 4,667 words
... the openings, thereby signifying that the boy had become a man and was ready for marriage. A girl's transition to adolescence came with her first menstruation, at which time she was placed in temporary isolation for up to a month or even longer. With further maturation, marked by the growth of her breasts, she exchanged the clothes of childhood for those of the adult woman. At this time, women were tattooed by making a series of closely drawn parallel lines extending from the center of the lower lip to the chin. In the early 1960s, a few women of sixty-five or more still carried these symbols of early womanhood; but by then the custom marking differences in age and gender had become obso ...
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Range Against The Machines Kurt Vonneguts Player Piano - 1,002 words
In Kurt Vonneguts first novel, Player Piano, he brings up quite a few interesting points. His portrayal of a United States that has become a slave to its own ingenuity is somewhat entertaining. What really got to me was the fact that its easy to imagine people acting the way they did. As a reader I can see myself making those very same mistakes, and being just as childish as the ghost shirts, as conniving as Shepherd, and as manipulative as Rev. Lasher. Maybe in our society these people would have acted the same way, but if you look at their alternatives, you dont find that theres much left for them to do in their efficient and productive country. The society portrayed in Kurt Vonneguts Play ...
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He Loves - 318 words
competition and many markets. So in order to restore free competition, President Roosevelt ordered the Justice department to prosecute the companies practicing a monopolies. He in intervened in 1902 during the Anthracite Coal, Strike, when the United Mine Workers were willing to make a settlement, but the coal operators stubbornly opposed to recognize their union. Roosevelt stepped in and ended the strike; he appointed a commission to rule on the issues. Roosevelt also viewed the railroads as a problem and in 1903 the Elkins Act empowered the Interstate Commerce Commission to set its own fair freight rates. This did very little to end the biased rebates that were given to favored corporation ...
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In Pursuit Of Thinness - 1,334 words
Throughout history and through a cross-section of cultures, women have transformed their appearance to conform to a beauty ideal. Ancient Chinese aristocrats bound their feet as a show of femininity; American and European women in the 1800s cinched in their waists so tightly, some suffered internal damage; in some African cultures women continue to wear plates in their lower lips, continually stretching the skin to receive plates of larger size. The North American ideal of beauty has continually focussed on women's bodies: the tiny waist of the Victorian period, the boyish figure in vogue during the flapper era, and the voluptuous curves that were the measure of beauty between the 1930s and ...
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