Incas - 454 words
The vast Inca empire, with its advanced culture and powerful armies, spanned most of the Andes along South America's western coast at the time of Spanish conquest in the early 16th century. The Incas had a very clear social structure. The ruler, Sapa Inca, and his wives, the Coyas, had supreme control over the empire. The High Priest and the Army Commander in Chief were next. Then came the Four Apus, the regional army commanders. Next came temple priests, architects, administrators and army generals. Next were artisans, musicians, army captains and the quipucamayoc, the Incan "accountants." At the bottom were sorcerers, farmers, herding families and conscripts. WHO THE INCAS WERE The 16th-ce ...
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None Provided - 1,410 words
Born into a wealthy and well- known family Patricia Hearst had luxuries that many kids never grow up with. She lived in a mansion and grew up in catholic schools. Her Parents Randolph and Catherine Hearst were strict with their five daughters. As Patty grew up she became more distant from her parents and decided to go to a public high school. There is where she met Steven Weed; he was a young teacher who had just graduated from Princeton University. He became her math tutor, but not long after their relationship turned intimate. Although she was only 17 and he was 23, they continued with their secret relationship. ( internet ) Their relationship continued into college where she went to Menlo ...
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Culture - 1,002 words
Many different people have interpreted culture, which has an impact directly on every living human in the world today, and no one has been able to obtain a final, absolute answer. Two of the premier theorists in the field of psychology, Karl Marx and Matthew Arnold, have attempted in this endeavor and have had diverse opinions on this topic. Although both men defined culture in different ways, a blend or a middle route of the two enables us as readers to grasp a greater knowledge of the meaning of culture. The essay Sweetness and Light, written by Matthew Arnold, blindly overemphasized the significance of the pursuit of perfection and downright disregarded the reality of our material being. ...
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Communism The Ideal Society - 1,354 words
... and puts them in terms of an exchange value. They reduce all that is noble and admirable about humanity to monetary matters, all in the name of capitalism. Again, "All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned, and man is at last compelled to face with sober senses, his real conditions of life, and his relations with his kind" (Marx 49). The bourgeois creates a system in which anything and everything is measured by its strict cash worth. Now that the roles of the bourgeoisie and proletariat have been established, it is possible to reconsider the communist ideal. Clearly, Marx believes that it is wrong for the majority of society, the proletariat, to suffer so. He believ ...
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Lenin - 1,287 words
... ral intellectual leaders to guide them there, which disagreed with Marx, who said the responsibility of the workers was for the workers themselves. Lenin hoped that once the proletariat won a revolution against tsarism, it would spark revolution over the whole world. After writing the book, Lenin earned the respect of Joseph Stalin, who now saw him as a man of extraordinary caliber. Many differences arose between the opinions of Lenin and other publishers of Iskra, and many of his comrades saw the dictatorial character emerge from within him. At the second meeting of the Russian Social Democrats in July, 1903, 43 members voted and named the Iskra group in charge of the party. Lenin then ...
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Cause Of Ceasars Death - 1,280 words
Gaius Julius Caesar, a patrician and noble, became one of the most powerful men in Ancient Roman history. Caesar was a popular, and eventually became the people's hero. This wealth of power brought back images of the ruthless Roman monarchy, abolished centuries before, in 510 B.C. Caesar presided over the military, politics and religion; it allowed him to virtually control Rome. And, it was eventually Caesar's power, which led to his demise on the Ides of March in 44BC. Julius Caesar helped establish the vast Roman Empire but caused his assassination because of his power, and the control of politics in Rome. Caesar gained power in three main areas, which dominated Roman life. He acquired pow ...
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Beowulf - 1,078 words
Beowulf is a poem of leaders, warriors, evil, and good. It is also a poem of heroes and tragic losses. What kind of a community is revealed from these subjects if it is the community itself, which provokes peace and violence for these warriors to be hailed by? What organization and values does the community hold in this poem? Throughout the poem there is reference to kings and lords. In the first chapter it is revealed that it is a feudal society. "Then Beo was king in that Danish castle, Shild's son ruling as long as his father and as loved, a famous lord of men." (Beowulf, 25/53). Kings and lords are the ruling class in this noble society. It is a male dominated household with the father p ...
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Greek Civilization - 1,584 words
... s to indicate relative peace under some form of central authority, Mycenaean civilization was characterized by independent city-states such as Corinth, Pylos, Tyrins and, the most powerful of them all, Mycenae. The Mycenaeans were closed within massive walls on easily defensible hilltops. The ruins of Mycenae walls were termed Cyclopean, because they were thought to have been built by the like-named giants. The Mycenaeans most impressive legacy is magnificent gold jewelry and ornaments, most of which can be seen in the National Archaeological Museum in Athens. The Mycenaeans wrote in what is called Linear B, which has been deciphered as an early form of Greek (Demand 34). Examples of Lin ...
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The Aztecs - 2,399 words
... ith feathers and discs of precious stone. Young men dressed in the same way as the adults. There was another piece of clothing that men would wear if they could afford it. For those who could afford it, it was a rectangular cloak that was wound around the body under the left armpit, and then knotted over the right shoulder (Bray 1968). When he was to sit down, he slipped his cloak down in front of him so that it covered up his legs. Rich men wore more than one cloak at a time to express wealth. For the women, the principal garment was a skirt which reached almost to the ankles and was held at the waist by an embroidered belt. Most skirts were a plain white cloth but for special times, th ...
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World Civ Cheat - 1,278 words
S.Asin phiosophies to the West. Third World countries w/ collective widespread lasting poverty in Asia , Africa, South and Cent, Amer. Low life expect. High inf. mortality. Poor health. Underdeveloped, lack of resources create this as well as colonization and exploitation by imperial powers. Trench Warfare (WWI) a new dev'd method of fighting utilizing ditches dug on the western front=deadlock and killing thousands of soldiers for virtual stalemate. 3X Entente-France, Russ, GB (WWI). 3x Alliance- Germany,Austria-Hungary, Italy (WWI) United Nations founded 1945 in final phase of WWII to maintain int'l peace and security, and promote int'l coop'n forum for denunc'n colonial expansion and negot ...
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British Appeasement - 1,105 words
TITLE: Why did the British government follow a policy of appeasement in the 1930s? After World War I Germany limped back, licking its wounds that the Treaty of Versailles had so mercilessly rubbed in salt. As one looks back on the events leading up to World War II it has to be asked whether France and England helped to start World War II by their actions at Versailles. It seems that the revenge that the Allies took at the Treaty came back to haunt them with the aggression of Hitler in 1936. However, we can not blame Neville Chamberlain for something with which he had no part. Chamberlains actions in the years 1936 to 1939 are enough to help one appreciate the dilemma he found himself in. Cha ...
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Canadian Fur Trade - 1,296 words
... es. This led as a contributing factor as to what is known today as, welfare. As the furs became increasingly low and the debt of Native Americans on the Europeans increasingly high extreme measures were taken. Native American people began to exploit every resource of fur even if it meant to take from regions that were only used seasonally. "Indians responded to the difficulty conditions by exploiting available food and fur resources as best they could, but this in turn led cynically to over hunting."(Brizinski 1993 pg.110) The Native American's at the end of the fur trade took these types of measures because they had no other way of survival. The end of the fur trade signified that the s ...
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Platos Views On Women - 945 words
Plato and Socrates View of Womens Roles In studying Greek philosophy, one particular remains consistent. When referring to an ideal person, be it a citizen, a political leader, a philosopher, or a soldier, a man is used for the model. And the aspiration of all men, virtue, is derived from the root for man, "vir." These examples alone would lead the attentive observer to ask, "what about the women?" Traditionally, Greek life in general was not in tune with the rights of women. Many philosophers, such as Aristotle, were particularly opposed to women having any sort of role in society outside of child bearing. Plato and Socrates, however, where pioneers in pushing for equality of qualified wome ...
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Western Civilization - 1,206 words
... assimilated Western literary trends and contributed to the development of modern Korean literary forms. During World War II, the progress of Korean literature was blocked by a Japanese ban on native culture. After the Korean War, however, new writers emerged who drew their inspiration from contemporary trends in world literature, and there was a surge of literary activity. Beginning in the 12th century the samurai, provincial warriors who resembled medieval European knights, began to assume power, though the emperor continued to hold authority in theory. The samurai often managed the estates of aristocrats, and sometimes they held land in their own right. Rivalry between two warrior clan ...
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Literary Utopian Societies - 1,672 words
The vision of one century is often the reality of the next (Nelson 108). Throughout time, great minds have constructed their own visions of utopia. Through the study of utopias, one finds that these perfect societies have many flaws. For example, most utopias tend to have an authoritarian nature (Manuel 3). Also, another obvious imperfection found in the majority of utopias is that of a faulty social class system (Thomas 94). But one must realized that the flaws found in utopian societies serve a specific purpose. These faults are used to indicate problems in contemporary society (Eurich 5, Targowski 1). Over the years, utopian societies have been beneficial in setting improved standards for ...
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Sex Tourism In Thailand - 1,408 words
... view, p. 2). The Manipulation of the Spread of Information by the Government: Despite the immeasurable damage that the sex trade has caused the people of Thailand the government has refused to take an active role in controlling it. In the name of prosperity the Thai government has reduced its focus on matters relating to tourism to exclude everything that is not strictly an economic function (Bishop, p. 66). In essence the Thai government feels justified in sacrificing an entire generation of women and children for economic development. THAI International, a government funded agency, addressed the problems associated with the AIDS epidemic and the sex trade, not as a threat to the nation ...
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Evolution Of Surfing - 711 words
The Evolution of Surfing to what it is Today. Primitive man used surfing in the fifth century AD to facilitate his fishing capabilities and to enhance his religious experiences: now with more time at their disposal, he uses it for different purposes: challenge and recreation, consequently, as society changed, surfing evolved. Early societies that centered on survival used surfing as a means of spiritual and physical survival. Societies that no longer, as a whole, concerned themselves with survival but have more time for recreation modified surfing to encourage it as a pleasure sport. As the society became more affluent, surrounded by more conveniences and technologies, people needed more cha ...
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The Country Of Ireland - 1,413 words
Ireland has been inhabited since Stone Age times. For more than five thousand years peoples moving westwards across the European continent have settled in the country and each new group of immigrants, Celts, Vikings, Normans, English, has contributed to its present population. In 1841, shortly before the Great Famine, the area comprising the present Irish State had a population of over 6.5 million. The next census (1851) showed a massive decline to 5.1 million for the same area, due to deaths from starvation and disease and large-scale emigration. The outflow thus begun became a dominant feature of the population pattern over the succeeding years. By 1961 the population of the State stood at ...
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Impact Of Ottoman Rule On The Political Life Of Cyprus - 1,500 words
I. Cyprus has almost always been under outside rule. Its location, which is at the meeting point of three continents, has made it a target for other conquering peoples for almost twenty centuries. The Mycenaean Greeks settled there in the 13th century BC. They introduced Greek language and culture to Cyprus, which are still preserved to this day. Cyprus has been conquered by peoples such as Alexander the Great, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Crusaders, the Ottomans and finally the British.1 Preceding Ottoman colonization, the Crusaders ruled Cyprus. Richard the Lionheart was the first crusader to rule the island. However, after a Cypriot rebellion, he lost interest in holding it. Richard th ...
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The New Capitalism - 1,034 words
"The proletariat is revolutionary or it is nothing." - Karl Marx Being a product of bourgeois society, the socialist movement is linked to the vicissitudes of capitalist development. It will assume different forms according to the changing fortunes of the capitalist system. In circumstances which are not favorable to the formation of class consciousness, it will not grow, or will practically disappear. In conditions of capitalist prosperity it tends to transform itself from a revolutionary to a reformist movement. In times of social crisis it may be totally suppressed by the ruling class. Since socialism cannot be established without a socialist movement, it follows that the destiny of the ...
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