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Roman Architecture - 1,611 words
The Roman society, like any other, had its humble beginnings. The history of their architecture runs virtually in step with the history of their empire to an extent. As the Empire expanded so did the architecture, and as Romans became more magnificent their architecture followed. Roman architecture had its humble beginnings as a form of worship. The first Roman architects were the ancient priests and dwellers who made areas of sacrifice and worship for their gods. At first, their homes were simple huts but as they grew smarter and more aware of their surroundings, they erected monumental sites for their gods. This space shall be for worship and for nothing else; it shall be four-square; wha ...
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Roman Architecture - 1,586 words
... mes and public works are to Roman architecture, the true beauty and amazing feats of the culture lie in several masterpieces of the Roman people. These structures, of immense importance to the Romans, have stood for two thousand years as symbols of the greatness and legend of the Roman Empire. The masterpieces are not only of immense proportion, but also of great beauty and sophistication. They are our closest link to the Roman people and their lifestyle. The first, and maybe most magnificent of all, is the Pantheon. If looked at only by its beauty, the Pantheon would be a masterpiece, but the huge dome erected over it and its design proves to be even more remarkable. The term pantheon r ...
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Etruscan Influence On Roman Architecture - 760 words
Etruscan architecture was really the beginning of Roman architecture. For example in Etruscan tombs people would find many types of architectural traits found in many Roman buildings. Like the fact they had vaulted entrances. Some cities had an influence, such as the fortified city of Norba. After this Greece started to gain control in Italy that greatly affected the Roman architecture of this time but not as much as Etruscan does in the future. When the Greeks came in Rome was building their new buildings in the classic Greek vaulted construction with Doric style columns. The start of this was in 179 B.C., it started with the planing of the Temple to Fortuna Virilis. This was completed in a ...
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Greek And Roman Architecture - 1,050 words
The Greeks thought of their Gods as having the same needs as human beings, they believed that the Gods needed somewhere to live on Earth. Temples were built as the gods' earthly homes. The basic design of temples developed from the royal halls of the Maycenaean Age. A Mycenaean palace consisted of a number of buildings often more than one story high, grouped around a central courtyard. It was brightly painted, both inside and out. In each palace there was a large hall called a megaron, where the king held court and conducted state business. Little remains of the megaron at Mycenae. This reconstruction is based on the remains from other palaces, which would have been similar. The Romans took ...
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Greek And Roman Architecture - 1,014 words
... ple did not meet in the temples to worship, as if it were a church. And last, that all gods demanded they be satisfied by sacrifice, and so sacrifices were made at the temples. For this there was a great altar outside the east porch of every temple. Some temples only had a porch for the altar and a hall leading to it, while others were much complicated. The Parthenon is one temple that is very famous and beautiful, but also very basic in its construction. Built between 447 and 438 BC, it was the first building to be constructed on the widely know Acropolis. The Parthenon is called octostyle peripteral because it has eight columns in the front and the back of it and is surrounded by a col ...
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Ancient Roman Architecture - 743 words
As the Empire expanded, so did the architecture, The opening of the world to Rome by conquest, power, and wealth was the beginning of a revolutionary phase in which Roman architecture was remade. (Brown 18) A growing population brought huge amounts of trade to Rome, making it the center of trade on the Mediterranean Sea. The increase in trade brought newfound wealth to Rome and the city began to sprout up with all kinds of new monuments. Each leader and emperor constructed his own forum and countless monumental arches were erected. Though some masterpieces were constructed under specific Emperors, the greatness in Roman architecture endured throughout the whole era of the Empire. Not only di ...
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Roman Colusseum - 1,514 words
... or changes of attitude towards Christians came with the Constantine the Great. He last exchanged the purple pagan robes for the white robes of Christian faith. However paganism continued until 392, when Theodosius I and Valentinian II prohibited any form of pagan sacrifice. However it was Honorius who abolished the games of the Colosseum, but criminals were still persecuted there for more than one-hundred years. 11 After that it was generally used up until the end of the sixth century for concerts, sermons, and bullfights. The structure itself of the Colloseum can be summarized as the symbol of Rome and it's respect across the world: mammouth. The overall plan is a huge elliptical struct ...
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Nicolas Poussin And Roman Influences - 1,405 words
Nicolas Poussin and Roman Influences in France The city and art of Rome had an enormous impact on the French Baroque Classical artist Nicolas Poussin and through him an effect on French art and artists in the following centuries. Poussin was greatly influenced by the classical ideals of Italian art and flourished in the art-loving city of Rome that encouraged a young artist to explore his abilities. Nicolas Poussin spent a most of his productive artistic career in Rome and over half of his life in the ancient city. Though Poussin was a known, practicing artist before he spent any time in Rome, it has been said that his successful artistic career actually began with his arrival in the city. W ...
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Ayasofya - 5,052 words
Architecture, the practice of building design and its resulting products; customary usage refers only to those designs and structures that are culturally significant. Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. Vitruvius, a 1st-century BC Roman, wrote encyclopedically about architecture, and the English poet Sir Henry Wotton was quoting him in his charmingly phrased dictum: "Well building hath three conditions: Commoditie, Firmenes, and Delight." More prosaically, one would say today that architecture must satisfy its intended uses, must be technically sound, and must convey aesthetic meaning. But the best buildings are often so well constructed that they outlast their ...
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Roman Architechture - 754 words
Roman Architecture The buildings created by the Roman architects were innovative, in the sense that specific qualities of the building were borrowed from other cultures. The ability to take from other cultures to apply to theirs created a new outlook for architecture. The Romans were learning new ways to accommodate for the growing population and become utilitarian and also pretty at times. Several of the techniques they used helped to influence the types of buildings they built. To accommodate for the mass number of people attending festivities and religious centers the Romans had to learn new ways to create open spaces. This was often accomplished by creating round areas. Round spaces hold ...
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Pantheon - 620 words
Once an ordinary building in Rome originally built in 27 BC by the statesman Agrippa, now a wonder of the modern world. After two fires and 145 years, the emperor Hadrian built the dome and round hall, which the Pantheon is known for today. Around 128 AD, the Pantheon was finished, disregarding some minor alterations made in the early third century. The Pantheon stands elite, possessing appearance, size, and architecture of unparalleled equality. Lined with Corinthian columns, the porch of the Pantheon is most obviously a Greek influence. What makes this structure remarkable though, is the dome, which integrates a perfect sphere. The dome is exactly 142 feet tall at its peak, and 142 feet wi ...
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The Colloseum - 1,362 words
of all time. The city of Rome once was home to more than one million residents in the early centuries. The Romans had a fine selection of building monuments in the city of Rome including the forums for civic services, temples of worship, and amphitheaters for recreation and play. The Romans made great use and pioneered great architecture mechanisms Architecture of the ancient Roman Empire is considered one of the most impressive including arches, columns, and even mechanical elements in pulleys and early elevators. However, when one tends to think of great buildings, one building stands out in Rome. This building is the Fluvial Amphitheatre, or better known as the Coliseum. When discussing s ...
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Greek - 812 words
Ancient Greek art can be divided into a number of different periods, roughly paralleling the eras in Greek history including: the Metal Age cultures (Cyclades, Minoan and Mycenaean); the Geometric Period; the Archaic Period; the Classical Period; the Hellenistic Period and the Byzantine period. These divisions are important; they represent major periods of artistic development and clearly distinguish various artistic movements within Greek historical cultural. The earliest Greek artist were concerned with pleasing their gods, but in time they moved away from this and developed a bolder, more expressive art. Above all, ancient Greek art placed a great emphasis on the human aspect of life and ...
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Roman Painting And The School Of Athens - 1,301 words
In the early 1500's Raphael was chosen by Julius II to paint a number of frescos in the Stanza Della Segnatura, Vatican, Rome. Among these was the School of Athens which I have selected to discuss in this paper. Raphael, who had studied art since the age of seven under the teacher Perugino in Umbria, arrived in Florence at the age of twenty-two and achieved immediate success. Raphael was influenced by Leonardo Da Vinci, and Michelangelo who were the artists who had established the High Renaissance style in Florence. The great masters of the High Renaissance style lived in an era when the Roman Catholic church had seized political power. The Popes believed they were the heirs of the Caesars, ...
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Pantheon - 945 words
Pantheon, one of the best preserved but also in a sense the most enigmatic of all Roman monuments. In the first place, we do not know for certain which parts of it were built by whom and when. Most authorities are satisfied on archaeological grounds that both rotunda and dome were built by Emperor Hadrian between. A.D. 120 and 124, though his name appears nowhere in an inscription. Pantheon, until recently was the largest single enclosed space in the world. Both vault and walls are of concrete, bonded with brick and stone clad internally. The ceiling is lightened and strengthened by coffering. The Romans were unable to solve satisfactorily the problem of giving a non-axial, circular building ...
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