Architecture And Burials In The Maya And Aztec - 1,170 words
Plundering and carnage were the overlying results of the Spanish conquest of MesoAmerica beginning in 1519. The ensuing years brought many new "visitors," mostly laymen or officials in search of wealth, though the Christianity toting priest was ever present. Occasionally a man from any of these classes, though mainly priests would be so in awe of the civilization they were single handedly massacring that they began to observe and document things such as everyday life, religious rituals, economic goings on, and architecture, which was the biggest achievement in the eyes of the Spaniards. That is how the accounts of Friar Diego de Landa, a priest, were created, giving us rare first per-son his ...
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Byzantine Architecture - 343 words
The architecture of the Byzantine Empire was based on the great legacy of Roman formal and technical achievements. Constantinople had been purposely founded as the Christian counterpart and successor to the leadership of the old pagan city of Rome. The new capital was in close contact with the Hellenized East, and the contribution of Eastern culture, though sometimes overstressed, was an important element in the development of its architectural style. The 5th-century basilica of St. John of the Studion, the oldest surviving church in Constantinople, is an early example of Byzantine reliance upon traditional Roman models. The most imposing achievement of Byzantine architecture is the Church o ...
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Islamic Architecture - 371 words
Islamic architecture consists of Shrines and buildings. The first of the three great shrines of Islam, is The Kaba at Mecca. It is considered the holiest spot on earth for Muslims. The second of the great Islamic shrines is the Mosque of the Prophet Muhammad in Ma dina Saudi Arabia. An interesting fact about this shrine is that the prohpet muhammad himself is buried in the floor of the mosque. The third of the great shrines, is the Dome of the Rock in Jeruselem. The Dome of the rock was built in 690 A.D. and is brightly colored in ceramic. The top of the dome is covered in gold, and has been recently restored. A noticable feature that is present through all islamic architecture is the focus ...
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Architecture - 829 words
Architecture represents the time period or culture for which it was built. The Berlin article discussed some interesting details concerning the rebuilding of their culture. There were many famous architect who had different views on how Berlin should be built in order restore the culture of the past. "This is Berlins "Capital Dilemma" the title of a new book by author Michael Wise, who examines the quest to develop building which are fitting to united Germanys new status in Europe, while stressing a break with its turbulent history." This quote from the Berlin article shows that architects wanted to rebuild Germany to reflect their culture of the past, present, and future. The architecture m ...
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Three Architecture Styles - 1,422 words
In this essay information will be given in order to compare and contrast data about three different styles of architecture. The three styles are Art Deco, Art Nouveau, and Neo Gothic. In order to fully give a clear explanation of these styles, information about architecture will be given first then the three styles will follow with comparing and contrasting points in between. First, to inform about architecture, one must explain what it is. Architecture, referring to building is defined as The practice of building design and its resulting products; customary usage refers only to those designs and structures that are culturally significant (Ferrier 20). Someone might say that architecture mus ...
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Architecture Of Transition And Production Of Meaning - 1,764 words
Transition: Architects as Managers of Change Transition in a social sense is a change from one system into another. Globally, the modernist paradigm changed to the post-modern with the disappearance of central authorities, universal dogmas and foundational ethics. The post-modern world introduced fragmentation, instability, indeterminacy and insecurity. Architectural responses to these conditions occurred as a 'semantic nightmare' of the post-modern discourse and/or the attempted completion of 'the modern project'. Locally, in Croatia, transition occurred as a quantum leap from the Socialist, one-party, state-controlled market system, into a capitalist, parliamentary democratic, free-market ...
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Architecture Of Transition And Production Of Meaning - 1,819 words
... fields. The operational engine for the success of the project is a successful communication of the concepts of the project. Randic-Turato Production, 1992 - 2000 top During the last 8 years, the Randic-Turato office has produced previously unfathomable quantities of work: 31 projects, 25 urban design studies/master plans and 19 . All of these works have been produced within an environment of a think-tank workshop. In the atmosphere of the workshop, the quality of the idea was much more important than the authorship of the idea. The group, workshop atmosphere is an aspect Randic no doubt carried with him from his days at the Berlage Institute. The critical adoption of the laboratory-like ...
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Ancient Egyptian Religious Architecture - 1,258 words
One of the greatest cultural achievements of Ancient Egypt was undoubtedly in their architecture associated with religion. Temples, tombs and pyramids all have witnessed this earth for thousands of years. What better than to say that these architectural achievements show us that Egypts greatest virtue lay in its architecture (Fumeaux:11, 1964) When one travels to Egypt, what does he/she see pyramid after temple after tomb, each standing the test of time. One stands out they are all associated with religious beliefs, they all have stood unmoving for thousands of years, and they all involve mechanical genius- the moving of colossal stones without the use of the wheel. The finest example suc ...
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Roman Architecture - 1,611 words
The Roman society, like any other, had its humble beginnings. The history of their architecture runs virtually in step with the history of their empire to an extent. As the Empire expanded so did the architecture, and as Romans became more magnificent their architecture followed. Roman architecture had its humble beginnings as a form of worship. The first Roman architects were the ancient priests and dwellers who made areas of sacrifice and worship for their gods. At first, their homes were simple huts but as they grew smarter and more aware of their surroundings, they erected monumental sites for their gods. This space shall be for worship and for nothing else; it shall be four-square; wha ...
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Roman Architecture - 1,586 words
... mes and public works are to Roman architecture, the true beauty and amazing feats of the culture lie in several masterpieces of the Roman people. These structures, of immense importance to the Romans, have stood for two thousand years as symbols of the greatness and legend of the Roman Empire. The masterpieces are not only of immense proportion, but also of great beauty and sophistication. They are our closest link to the Roman people and their lifestyle. The first, and maybe most magnificent of all, is the Pantheon. If looked at only by its beauty, the Pantheon would be a masterpiece, but the huge dome erected over it and its design proves to be even more remarkable. The term pantheon r ...
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Gothic Architecture In French And English Cathedrals - 693 words
The Gothic style originated in France around 1140. It spread to other parts of Europe and remained the dominant style in northern Europe for the next 400 years. Like the preceding Romanesque style, the Gothic style is defined largely in terms of architecture, with many regional variants. As the Gothic style spread throughout Europe, it brought profound changes in Europe. French Gothic captured the imagination of English architects and the style influenced their building down through the centuries. However, the Gothic introduced by William of Sens, and despite French influence, the English developed their own style. As a result, the architectural in French Gothic cathedrals are different to t ...
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Linking Themes In Chinese Architecture - 471 words
The basic feature of Chinese architecture is rectangular-shaped units of space joined together into a whole. Temples in ancient Greece also employed rectangular spaces, but the overall effect tended to austerity. The Chinese style, by contrast, combines rectangular shapes varying in size and position according to importance into an organic whole, with each level and component clearly distinguished. As a result, traditional Chinese style buildings have an imposing yet dynamic and intriguing exterior. The combination of units of space in traditional Chinese architecture abides by the principles of balance and symmetry. The main structure is the axis, and the secondary structures are positioned ...
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Analysis Of Important Themes In Greek Architecture - 1,599 words
Greek architecture begins with the simple houses of the Dark Age and culminates in the monumental temples of the Classical period and the elaborately planned cities and sanctuaries of the Hellenistic period. As in any time or place, the raw materials available and the technologies developed to utilize them largely determined the nature of the architecture. The principal materials of Greek architecture were wood, used for supports and roof beams; unbaked brick, used for walls, especially of private houses; limestone and marble, used for columns, walls, and upper portions of temples and other public buildings; terracotta (baked clay), used for roof tiles and architectural ornaments; and metals ...
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Analysis Of Important Themes In Greek Architecture - 1,598 words
... rtions of this early temple are significant. With 6 columns across the front and back and 16 on each side (counting the corner columns twice), the temple has a ratio of length to width of nearly three to one. As time passed, Greek architects felt these proportions were too elongated. They progressively reduced the temples length relative to its width, until by the mid-5th century the ratio was slightly more than two to one. The Parthenon in Athens (447-432 BC), for example, has 17 columns on its sides and 8 on its ends. The history of the Temple of Hera also hints at the use of wood in early Greek architecture. Although the surviving remains are of limestone, the original columns were of ...
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Analysis Of Contemporary Architecture - 616 words
These days the Walt Disney concert hall designed by Frank Gehry stands triumphant. At mid-completion, it already claims the sky and taunts its neighbors, the ugly parking lots and mundane office towers of downtown Los Angeles. Because we know its sister- building, the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain, we can anticipate how these fingers of steel will be clothed. In coming months, the jackhammers will fall silent to Mozart, and millions will come to listen, but also to look at this building that demands to be seen. When I look at a building like this, I think of architecture with a capital "a". This is the sort our students study, the sort that wins international fame. Bilbao's Guggenheim M ...
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Etruscan Influence On Roman Architecture - 760 words
Etruscan architecture was really the beginning of Roman architecture. For example in Etruscan tombs people would find many types of architectural traits found in many Roman buildings. Like the fact they had vaulted entrances. Some cities had an influence, such as the fortified city of Norba. After this Greece started to gain control in Italy that greatly affected the Roman architecture of this time but not as much as Etruscan does in the future. When the Greeks came in Rome was building their new buildings in the classic Greek vaulted construction with Doric style columns. The start of this was in 179 B.C., it started with the planing of the Temple to Fortuna Virilis. This was completed in a ...
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Intels Ia-32 Architecture And Suns Ultrasparc Architecture - 1,832 words
The purpose of this paper assignment is to compare the Intels IA-32 Architecture with Sun UltraSPARC Architecture at a relatively broad level. First, I will introduce a brief history of each architecture family, and then follow that with a framework for making the comparison. Thereafter I will evaluate one product from each architecture family on the basis of the framework. In the conclusion I will state the preferred product and briefly summarize my reason for the choice. In the late 70's, Intel introduced the Intel 8086 processor, and then quickly introduced the 8088 processor, which was more cost-effective. These were one of the first 16-bit processors. From there on, Intels 32-bit versio ...
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Gothic Art And Architecture - 785 words
During the past week or so our group has been doing a research assignment on Gothic art and architecture. In the following paragraphs we will be discussing Gothic art and architecture, the Rayonnant Gothic period, and sculpture. From about 1140 to the end of the 16th century religious buildings, stained glass, and illuminated manuscripts and other decorative arts came to be known. Architecture was predominant in this period. At the beginning of the second half of the 12th century, the creation of large cathedrals in northern France, took full advantage of Gothic vaults. Vauts with intricate patterns are the main architectural ornamentation. With the Gothic vault, a ground plan could take on ...
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Greek Language, History, Religion, Architecture, Clothes, Education And More - 527 words
The Greek language evolved in four different phases: Ancient Greek, Hellenistic Greek, Byzantine Greek, and Modern Greek. Ancient Greek (1400-400 BC) introduced letters and vowels. Hellenistic Greek was from 400 BC- 400 AD and was a widely spread language thanks to Alexander the Great. Byzantine Greek (500-1500 AD) is the official language of the Byzantine Empire. Last but not least, Modern Greek is the language spoken and written today in Greece. Greek religion is polytheism (the belief in many gods and goddesses) and indeed, there were many. Oranos was the First One, the first ruler of the gods, but was killed by his son Cronos, who gave his name to time, and who in turn was also killed by ...
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Greek And Roman Architecture - 1,050 words
The Greeks thought of their Gods as having the same needs as human beings, they believed that the Gods needed somewhere to live on Earth. Temples were built as the gods' earthly homes. The basic design of temples developed from the royal halls of the Maycenaean Age. A Mycenaean palace consisted of a number of buildings often more than one story high, grouped around a central courtyard. It was brightly painted, both inside and out. In each palace there was a large hall called a megaron, where the king held court and conducted state business. Little remains of the megaron at Mycenae. This reconstruction is based on the remains from other palaces, which would have been similar. The Romans took ...
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