Roman Army - 705 words
The Roman army was very victorious in its time (300-100 BC) because of its soldiers. The Roman army was very strict, and was highly trained in warfare, discipline, and engineering. The Roman army calls their soldier legionaries. The soldiers were separated into four different types (classes). The triarii were the more experienced soldiers. They were rarely used in battle except when really needed. They wore full armour and carried a shield and a long spear. The principes were well armoured and carried a heavy javelin, a light javelin, and a shield. The hastati wore the same armour, and carried a light and heavy javelin. They carried a shield just as well. The velites were armed with a small ...
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The Roman Army - 1,737 words
The Roman Empire is considered by many as the basis of modern civilization. Today we use a form of government that was started by them long before people even knew that the Earth was round. Their reign of power began around 509 BC with the overthrow of the Etruscan dynasty till 1453 with the fall of Constantinople to the Turks. Their land, at its peak, contained such areas as Britain, Spain, Gaul, Mauretania, Egypt, Judea, Syria, Mesopotamia, Armenia, Dacia, Illyria, Macedonia, Greece, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus and of course Italy. The government of Rome had to first conquer these lands then later they would have to protect them. So they formed what is considered the greatest ...
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The Fall Of The Roman Empire - 1,712 words
The Roman Empire at its peak governed over most of the Eastern world. After the death of Julius Caesar, who had destroyed the Roman Republic, an empire was the easiest was to keep the state going (Kagan-1998-pg. 92). An empire is rule by an emperor, whose range of power is virtually unlimited (Grant-1990-pg.164). Because of the Emperors supreme power, careful selection of these persons is necessary. Changes in the Emperor selection process lead to a selection of leaders who were distracted with tasks other than the development and continuance of the Empire. These changes in the selection process and the irresponsibility in many emperors was a major factor in the decay and collapse of the Rom ...
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Life Of A Roman Soldier - 1,239 words
- Initial training no boot camp in those days - Soldiers oath (page 6 Legionary book) - No weekends off but had all religious holidays off - Temple of Mithras, he was most of the soldiers god, You had to pass 7 tests of skill to become of full - Drained marshes to build new forts on - Quarry, stones for buildings etc. - Polished iron armor and weaponry - Only a select few got out of bad jobs and they were clerks, - Was the boss of all the soldiers who worked - was a badge of honor also used as a whip for - petty such as being late would be to make the soldier look like a fool and make them stand outside w/o weapons or armor to show he is not worthy to be a - serious crime such as sleeping on ...
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The Effects Of Romes Expansion - 2,611 words
Expansion overseas gave Rome the opportunity to strengthen its empire by war; But, as a drawback it resulted in the breakdown of the Republic, as well as its Empire. Expansion Overseas made Rome a mighty empire for a short period of time, until both the Empire and the republic became unstable and eventually broke down. Hooker, author of Roman History in 1996 states: Roman history begins in a small village in central Italy; this unassuming village would grow into a small metropolis, conquer and control all of Italy, southern Europe, the Middle East, and Egypt, and find itself, by the start of what no other people had managed before: the ruled the entire world under a single administration for ...
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Rise Of Ancient Roman Empire - 1,587 words
Ancient Roman Empire Rome had a war god in its lineage and wolf milk in its belly, implying that its citizens had a knack for warfare, which they would prove again and again. Early in Rome's history, the city was conquered by the Etruscans, the most notable civilization in Italy before Rome's rise to power. The Etruscans, who would influence Roman civilization, had migrated to Italy from Asia Minor, probably in the 12th century BC. Their distant past is a mystery, because their language has no relationship to any other group of languages. Their Italian homeland, Etruria, consisted of a loose confederation of city-states. They were noted for their metalworking and their fine pottery. The Etru ...
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Julius Caesar - 1,180 words
... gy, which was a procession through Rome and a band of musicians, a choir, and mourners. At his aunts funeral, he gave a very powerful speech that was applauded. At his wifes, he was given a new job as a quaestor, a two-year term official. He was given an assignment where he had to go to Spain and be an assistant of a Spanish governor. In 67 BC, Caesar re-married, this time to Pempeia, a wealthy grand daughter of Sulla. Through this marrage, he met many rich people, including Marcus Lucinius Crasus, who helped get Caesar a new position in 65 BC as a curule aedile, or a important person who ran the buildings, streets, sanitation, and public games. Caesar used this new role to invent some n ...
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Roman History - 1,925 words
Italy is a peninsula jutting out into the Medditerranean sea west of Greece. Italy has poor mineral resources and very few useful harbors, however it is wealty in both fertile land and precipitation. Three - quarters of the peninsula is covered in foothills and mountains. The alps, a mountian range to the north of Italy, cut off the peninsulas only land connection, which resulted, in the times of Ancient Rome, in the people The Etruscans were mysterious people who settled on the Italian Peninsula somewhere between 900 and 800 BC. No one is really certain about their origin, however archaeologists suspect that they came from the eastern Medditerannean. The Etruscans ruled in north-eastern Ita ...
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Roman History - 1,931 words
... war on Anthony in Romes name. A year later, Anothony and Cleopatra kill themselves in Egypt to escape Octavious. With Anthony dead, Octavion became ruler of Rome. This would mark the beginning of the Roman Empire. Under the Roman Republic, military generals had taken power away from elected officials. This made Octavion believe taht Rome needed a very strong leader. The Senate agreed with him and in 27 BC, they appointed him consul, tribune, and commander in chief for life. He then changed his name to Augustus. With the coming of the Roman Empire, nothing really changed in Roman freedom and equality. Augustus, however, was on a mission to restore order to Rome and to even out equality in ...
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The Middle Ages - 1,060 words
The Roman Empire geographically established the original concept of a European boundary. With all of it's great achievements likee civil law, politics and literature, the collective willpower of the Roman Empire would eventually degrade over time and give way to new ideas andd influences. The empire of Rome did not fall- it fizzled. The Western Roman Empire gave way to the Middle Ages around 476, when the Barbarian,, Odoacer, overthrew the emperor Romulus Augustulus. Other historians give the year 410, when Alaric, king of the Visigoths, sacked Rome. Still,, others say about 500 or even later. In any event this early medieval period is often referred to as the Dark Ages because of the appare ...
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Llapse Of The Roman Empire - 576 words
The Roman Empire collapsed of its own corruption and internal dissatisfaction- external enemies were a minimal factor. Roman Empire stood in Great power for many decades, undefeated, strong and dominant. It was a common belief that the empire would last eternally. During the rule of Augustus, it was a time of the cultural development, piece and economic stability. It was the Golden age as historians call it. Yet nothing lasts forever. After the death of Augustus came the Five Good emperors, under whose rule the empire still flourished although not as much as under Augustus. I disagree with the statement above, I think Roman Empire declined due to external attacks of barbarians, which proceed ...
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Roman Empire - 2,096 words
... senators and collected taxes, and twenty five quaestores, or financial officers. In 450 BC, the Plebs demanded that the laws of Rome be written down so that the praetors couldn't twist the law in their favor. They were written down on the Twelve Tables. An example of a law from the Twelve Tables was, "If plaintiff summons defendant to court, he shall go. If he does not go, plaintiff shall call witness [to this]. Then only shall he take the defendant [to court] by force." (Nardo 28-29) The Tribunes of the Plebs protected the Plebs from unjustness, and the Plebs protected them by threatening to strike. As time went on, Patrician control over Plebians gradually decreased, until in 366 BC, ...
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Caeser - 1,625 words
Gaius Julius Caesar was born on July 13, 100 BC. Although patrician descent, Caesar's family had not achieved real prominence. His father, also named Gaius Julius Caesar, was the brother-in-law of Gaius Marius and married Aurelia, who was connected with the prominent Aurelii family; he died about 85 BC, however, before reaching the consulship. In 84, Caesar married Cornelia, daughter of Marius's old partner Lucius Cornelius Cinna. When Lucius Cornelius Sulla ordered him to divorce her, he refused and escaped harm through the intervention of such people as his mother's relative, Gaius Caesar was then sent to collect a fleet from the Roman ally Nicomedes IV of Bithynia and was honored for cons ...
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Rome - 781 words
There are many ways in which Rome was a sophisticated society. Many civilizations and even today we use the Roman Government as a benchmark for our society. The Romans were a very clean people; they had Thermae or the public baths, as we know them. They went to the baths for entertainment, healing in the case of some baths, or just to get clean. There were 170 baths in Rome during the reign of Augustus and by 300 A.D that number had increased to over 900 baths. The baths were huge buildings built at public expense or by rich emperors who wished to impress their subjects. Sometimes rich Romans who were trying to gain popularity paid entry for a whole day for anyone wishing to visit the baths. ...
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Roman Warfare - 756 words
During the period of a.d. 350 - 425 the Roman empire was engaged in advanced forms of warfare. The history of Roman warfare during the late periods and during the medival periods has had much study. History of the Roman army of the 4th and 5th centuries is less comprehensive. The book "Warfare in Roman Europe ad 350-425" provides some insight onto the important military and social aspects of the subject. Economic and social factors play a part in the history of Roman warfare. Many barbarian tribes lived along the borders of the roman empire. Although many attacks by the Barbaric tribes occured, it was in the fourth and fifth centuries that the attacks began to overload the Roman defense. Man ...
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Ancient Rome - 1,379 words
Bloody confusion reigned until a group of Persian aristocrats put forward one of their own members, Darius Hystaspes, to bring order to the realm. After securing order within the Persian ranks Darius then looked to the various subject peoples, many of whom were also in revolt. He brilliantly, relentlessly and ruthlessly forced them back under Persian dominion: Babylonians, Medes, Assyrians, Armenians, Lydians, Egyptians, etc. Then he set himself to the task of bring a peaceful order to the empire that the Western world had not seen prior to his days. Having reestablished the Persian empire, he then proceeded to extend its boundaries eastward across Afghanistan and down into the Indus River v ...
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Rome The Eltmaent Empire - 1,544 words
Perhaps one of the greatest cities in the world, Rome was arguably the most famous city in history. Rome starts to rise in the year 756BC. In 509BC Rome has a treaty with Carthage, but it was only minor. It takes many years for Rome to conquer anything of great importance, but during these years Rome is building it's self up. Coinage was a very important in the rising of Rome. It signified Political leadership, and economics into the city. Rome differed from the Greek Polis, but Rome did use the Greeks for there education. Roman families would send their children to Greek schools, or Romans would buy Greek slaves and use them to teach their children. In Rome the father of the house was the h ...
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Niccolo Machiavelli - 2,248 words
... en-handedness and that many others have risen to very high office because they were open-handed and were considered to be so. I would reply that either you are already an established ruler or you are trying to become a ruler. In the first case, open-handedness is harmful; in the second, it is certainly necessary to be thought open-handed. Caesar was one of those who sought power in Rome; but if after gaining power, he had survived and had not moderated his expenditure, he would have undermined his power. And if it should be objected that many rulers who have been considered very generous have had remarkable military successes, I would reply: a ruler spends either what belongs to him or h ...
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Ben Hur Vs Pu Yi - 312 words
Although Ben- Hur and Pu Yi were from entirely different times they both experience many of the same obstacles. Because of the hard ships of the positions in their communities they experienced the rise and fall from riches to rags. Pu Yi being called to be the emperor at a very young age never experienced many hard ships until a later age. When he was older his power was removed due to the entrance of communism. Ben- Hur was a well-respected man in his community for what he believed in and not for his power. Both men had to deal with the tragic loss of their positions, Pu Yi by the coming of communism and Ben- Hur by betrayal from the Roman government. Both men were dismissed by a form of go ...
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Odysseus Unmasks - 1,475 words
In Robert Fitzgerald's translation of the Odyssey, many scenes exist that parallel, predict, and contrast each other in various ways. For example, the self-revelation scene in book IX from line 548 to line 592 where Odysseus announces his name to the Kyklopes, and also in book XXII from line 36 to line 84 when he reveals his identity to the suitors in his great hall. These two scenes closely relate to one another in both similar and contrasting ways. Both scenes are based primarily on the self-revelation of Odysseus and tend to differ regarding the times at which Odysseus introduces himself, and the overall effect the revealing aspects have on Odysseus, be it positive or negative; however, t ...
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