The Corruption Crisis Of The European Commission - 1,027 words
Abstract: The Corruption Scandal of the European Commission and its possible effects on the institutional balance and the question of legitimacy I. Defining Corruption The first chapter is an attempt to define corruption. It is important to divide overlapping and complicated terms such as corruption, scandal and fraud. Corruption is defined as an illegal transaction, where both actors benefit from their special position in the market or the government. Scandal is the public reaction to allegations of corruption and thus it is interconnected with the issue of legitimacy. Fraud, however is a purely criminal cathegory. The European Commission is a multicultural and multinational institution of ...
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The Corruption Crisis Of The European Commission - 1,045 words
... Commissioners are independent, but they are nominated by their governments and they can be re-nominated. The staff is coming from a particular administrative, political, educational background of a member state, which is by definition oriented at national interests. III. Questions of legitimacy in the Euroean Commission One of the most important political and legal problem of the European Union is the so called democratic deficit. This symtom undermines the legitimacy of the EU. The lack of legitimacy in the EU is caused by the economic nature of the Union. Efficiency was emphasized in contrast to democracy. The European Commission itself suffers from this lack of legitimacy. The Europea ...
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European Union - 1,792 words
1. Winston Churchill took the first step towards a European Union in 1946; he called for a "United States of Europe". This Union was going to be very strong, and it has developed some very important decisions since 1946. In 1948, the Congress of Europe brought all the European movements together in The Hague. The first really big change that EU accomplished took place in 1950. The Treaty of Rome was signed and that was the beginning of EEC, the European Economic Community. The Common Market included six countries: Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. These countries decided in 1959 to reduce the customs between them. Another milestone for EU took place in 1979, t ...
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History Of The Euro - 2,283 words
... ational currencies but will also carry out transactions in Euros. All money-based transactions in the economy (wages and salaries, pensions, bank balances, etc.) will be denominated in Euros. References to national currencies in contracts will be converted into Euros without any other changes in terms and conditions. In other words, the principle of continuity of contracts will apply in full. Public administrations in the countries taking part in EMU will also implement a coordinated switch to the Euro for their transactions with the public. The definitive changeover to the single currency should be completed by July 1, 2002 at the latest with final withdrawal of the national currencies. ...
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European Union Competiton Policy - 1,918 words
The European Union (EU) has had a direct and profound effect on the economies of member states. The main objective of the EU is to enhance the allocational efficiency of the economies of the member states by removing barriers to the movement of goods, services, and production . The regulation of competition is administered by the EUs competition policy. The aim of the policy is to create and maintain a system permitting undistorted competition within an economic region . The notion of pure competition in the EU is governed by The European Commission. They are the guardians of competition and exist within the structure of competition policy. The importance of a policy regulating competition w ...
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Nike Company Profile - 1,320 words
... s in running and basketball. The sponsorship of key athletes with star appeal such as M. Jordan or T. Woods, and the global advertising seem to underpin the companys success. Nevertheless, facing the stagnation of its revenues, the company has had to change its marketing strategy. a) You dont win silver, you lose gold is utterly outdated? Since the beginning of 1998, Nike has been trying to modify its market strategy, thanks to a new general marketing director called De Florio, the man behind the pitchers This strategy is well illustrated in its cross-training campaign, in which Major League Baseballs top pitchers (Greg Maddux, Tom Glarin, Randy Johnson) want to be sluggers like Mc Gwire ...
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Eu - 1,297 words
The European Union is a union of fifteen independent states bases on the European Communities that was founded in 1993 in order to enhance political, economic and social co-operation. The 15 participating countries are the following: - France - Luxembourg - United Kingdom All these countries, although different in opinion, traditions, are united by a common ideal: to make Europe a better place to live by keeping peace and freedom. The aim of the European Union is to promote economic and social progress, which is balanced and sustainable, bring the European identity on the international scene and introduce the European citizenship for the nationals of the member states. The ultimate goal is ' ...
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Dialmerchrysler An Overview - 2,196 words
Two of the world's most profitable car companies - having a strong presence in Europe, North America and Asia, with the enormous potential for even more growth around the globe - together will now rank third in the world in revenues and fifth in vehicle unit sales. Assets being blended include time-honored brands and speed to market, high-technology advances and product innovations in both the North American and European markets. Together, they form a global powerhouse. One of the chairmen for the new merged corporations stated that the Corporation will be, "Number one worldwide in the premium car segment, a world market leader with sport-utility vehicles and minivans, and the world's larges ...
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Dialmerchrysler An Overview - 2,195 words
... nies - having a strong presence in Europe, North America and Asia, with the enormous potential for even more growth around the globe - together will now rank third in the world in revenues and fifth in vehicle unit sales. Assets being blended include time-honored brands and speed to market, high-technology advances and product innovations in both the North American and European markets. Together, they form a global powerhouse. One of the chairmen for the new merged corporations stated that the Corporation will be, "Number one worldwide in the premium car segment, a world market leader with sport-utility vehicles and minivans, and the world's largest producer of commercial vehicles." But ...
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Microsoft Anti Trust Case - 775 words
In 1890, Congress passed the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Since then there has been very few companies that have violated this act. In 1911 it was used it to break J.D. Rockefellers Standard Oil trust in to 30 different competing companies. Then in 1982 AT&Ts monopoly was broken up in what has been called the biggest anti-trust case to date. Now Microsoft has been charged and found guilty. ( America's History Of Lack of trust in Microsoft started in 1991 when the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) began its investigations that Microsoft had monopolized the market on PC operating systems. Their investigation continued until 1993 when the FTC came just two votes short of filing a formal complaint again ...
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European Union - 1,206 words
The Delegation of Trade Authority in the EU Even though, for the past several decades, member states of the European Union (EU) have been derelict with their power to act as independent players in international trade negotiations, they have recently begun to recapture some of their lost trade sovereignty. (Kennett 1996) Neither the European Court of Justice 1994s opinion, nor the 1997 formal reform of trade policy process at Amsterdam delegated full negotiating power to the Commission over the so-called, new trade issues of services and intellectual property. Instead the member states accepted a hybrid form of decision-making to enable impromptu, rather than a structural, per se, delegation ...
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Race - 1,457 words
A prejudice is an unjustified negative attitude toward a group, a category of people, or a cultural practice. Prejudice against a group carries a strong emotional discomfort with, dislike of, or outright hatred of its members. Often it is based on a negative stereotype that resists rational argument. Some prejudices come from experience, such as unpleasant or baffling encounter with someone from another ethnic group. Many prejudices are passed along from parents to children, in messages that say We dont associate with people like that, sometimes without either generation having ever met the object of their dislike. Some come from the images that the media convey, for instance, of men and wom ...
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Mr - 5,056 words
This document contains information on all Honours courses on offer next year together with important information about admission to Honours and assessment in Honours courses. Please retain it for reference throughout the session. ADMISSION AND APPLICATION PROCEDURE 2 LIST OF COURSES ON OFFER AND NOT ON OFFER IN 2000/2001 4 A) COURSES ON OFFER 2000/2001 5 - 23 B) COURSES NOT ON OFFER 2000/2001 25 - 28 INFORMATION FOR HONOURS STUDENTS 29 - 35 Appeals Against Marks or Classification of Degrees Statement about late presentation of Essays Appendix - Specimen Illness Self-Certification Form N.B. ALL HONOURS STUDENTS MUST BE IN RESIDENCE AND AVAILABLE TO SEE THEIR DIRECTOR OF STUDIES BY THURSDAY 5T ...
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Communications Technology: Global Information Infrastructure - 2,343 words
Introduction We are in the midst of a global information revolution driven by the convergence and proliferation of information and communication technologies. The telecommunications sector is changing at warp speed, driven by technological innovation that results in new equipment and services, and also by new entrants and alliances between companies with experience in a wide range of information industries from telecommunications to broadcasting to computer hardware and software to publishing. Three major trends are driving these changes: the rapid introduction of new technologies and services; the restructuring of the telecommunications sector; and globalization of economies and of communic ...
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Communications Technology: Global Information Infrastructure - 2,329 words
... munications. APEC members include not only the industrialized economies of Japan, Singapore, the United States, and Canada, but also countries with much greater gaps in their infrastructure, such as China, Thailand, and the Philippines. Gill: Promise or hype? Against this background, why all the hyperbole about electronic superhighways? Several themes recur in these information infrastructure initiatives. There are dual assumptions that converging technologies will result in information services with both social and economic benefits, and that both public and private sectors must be engaged to ensure the installation of national broadband networks. Yet these assumptions need to be carefu ...
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Could The Un Be A World Government? - 1,521 words
The vision of a unified world, freed from the anarchy of tribalistic strife among organised fragments of the human race and possessed of a government able to disperse justice and maintain order among all men, had long captured the prophetic imagination of a philosophers and poets. Yes, the UN can be a world government although it is my opinion that it would be very improbable it would happen at least in the near future for a variety of reasons. They include the fact that many if not most of the states making up the UN would not be willing to hand over their sovereignty to a world body, according to realists. It is a well-known fact that the overwhelming majority of states would put what they ...
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Microsoft: Monopoly Or Great Bussinessmen? - 1,130 words
Since 1990, a battle has raged in United States courts between the United States government and the Microsoft Corporation headed by Bill Gates. What is at stake is money. The federal government maintains that Microsoft's monopolistic practices are harmful to United States citizens, creating higher prices and potentially downgrading software quality, and should therefore be stopped, while Microsoft and its supporters claim that they are not breaking any laws, and are just doing good business. The only thing Microsoft is guilty of is taking advantage of free enterprise. Microsoft's antitrust problems began for them in the early months of 1990(Check 1), when the Federal Trade Commission began i ...
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Human Rights - 1,369 words
HUMAN RIGHTS Thoi nguyen That due a person or claim a person has by virtue of being a human being. The term human rights is relatively recent. It was first used by U. S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in a 1941 message to the United States' Congress in which he propounded four freedoms- - -freedoms of speech and religion, and freedoms from want and fear. The idea of human rights is an elaboration of what used to be called natural rights or the rights of man. These are a particularly Western idea that grew out of the medieval concern for the rights of specific groups, such as lords, barons, churchmen, kings, guilds, or towns. With the Enlightenment, philosophers began to consider whether ...
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Following The Development Of The Economic And Monetary Union - 1,908 words
The Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is a single currency area within the European Union in which people, goods, services and capital move without restriction. Imperative to the success of the EMU is the implementation of a single European currency, the Euro, and the application of specific macro-economic policies by the EMU member states. Moreover, it is the foreseeable intent of European governments to create a framework for stability, peace and prosperity through the promotion of structural change and regional development. This paper will endeavor to highlight the fundamental gains likely to be accrued by the European business community as a result of EMU policy provisions. The developme ...
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[b[b]]extended Essay - 1,070 words
... it has a single currency, the Euro. Put of the EU member states only Britain, Sweden and Denmark are not in the EMU. The Maastricht Treaty (also known as the treaty of the European Union) was signed in 1993 and its impact was immensely important. It created the EU as we know it; the name was changed to the European Union, it amended the Treaty of Rome and it advanced the agenda set out under the Single European Act. The EU three-pillar structure was established. The first pillar was there since the Treaty of Rome and deals with the economy, social rights and deals with how EU institutions are set up. The second pillar was established under the Maastricht Treaty and it concerns common for ...
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