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European Union - 1,792 words
1. Winston Churchill took the first step towards a European Union in 1946; he called for a "United States of Europe". This Union was going to be very strong, and it has developed some very important decisions since 1946. In 1948, the Congress of Europe brought all the European movements together in The Hague. The first really big change that EU accomplished took place in 1950. The Treaty of Rome was signed and that was the beginning of EEC, the European Economic Community. The Common Market included six countries: Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. These countries decided in 1959 to reduce the customs between them. Another milestone for EU took place in 1979, t ...
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The European Union - 1,492 words
The EU: A balance of sovereignty and centralization The European Union faces a number of problems that are inherent in the forming of a union out of disparate member states. One such problem is the integration of the various states without causing a loss in the individual vigor of each member state that is involved. There is also the problem of creating an effective European government whilst avoiding over centralization and the progression to a Federation of European states. In a sense, the progression to a EUnited States of Europe. The notion of this sort of union is one that sits on the edge of any discussions of the European Union and its further integration. The temptation to move in th ...
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Eu - 1,297 words
The European Union is a union of fifteen independent states bases on the European Communities that was founded in 1993 in order to enhance political, economic and social co-operation. The 15 participating countries are the following: - France - Luxembourg - United Kingdom All these countries, although different in opinion, traditions, are united by a common ideal: to make Europe a better place to live by keeping peace and freedom. The aim of the European Union is to promote economic and social progress, which is balanced and sustainable, bring the European identity on the international scene and introduce the European citizenship for the nationals of the member states. The ultimate goal is ' ...
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European Union - 1,206 words
The Delegation of Trade Authority in the EU Even though, for the past several decades, member states of the European Union (EU) have been derelict with their power to act as independent players in international trade negotiations, they have recently begun to recapture some of their lost trade sovereignty. (Kennett 1996) Neither the European Court of Justice 1994s opinion, nor the 1997 formal reform of trade policy process at Amsterdam delegated full negotiating power to the Commission over the so-called, new trade issues of services and intellectual property. Instead the member states accepted a hybrid form of decision-making to enable impromptu, rather than a structural, per se, delegation ...
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Intergovernmentalism As A Mode Of Union Governance - 2,242 words
Intergovernmentalism as a Mode of Union Governance II.The Negotiation of the SEA as a Case Study A. Mode of Political process and Style of Governance Part 2: Beyond the Monolithic Government I. Case Study: Negotiating the SEA The National Level (Germany) c) Ministries, esp. Agriculture, Finance, Economics B. Beyond the Monolithic Government 3. Factors Shaping National Policies Part 3: Intergovernmentalism and Democracy I. Intergovernmentalism and Consociational Democracy II.Accounts, Accountability, Responsibility, Information A Theoretical A. Ambiguities about Accountability 1. The Psychology of Accountability 3. Neglecting a Long-Run Perspective 6. Simplification of Causality Through Ind ...
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Austria - 1,001 words
The reason I choose this topic is because I might have some Austrian in my family. I thought that it would be cool to figure out some things about this country and also check if they are bad or good. In this article, they talk about a lot of things and how they think that the U.S looks at them like Barbarians and other interesting facts. The Atlantic Journal the Atlantic constitution; Atlantic, Ga.; Feb 13, 2000; Bert Roughton Jr.; Haider, 50, leads the populist right Freedom Party, which in recent days was installed as a coalition partner in Austria's new Government. This has caused a lot of drama in the country of Austria. A lot of people are raging around in Vienna. The police are dressed ...
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Mr - 5,056 words
This document contains information on all Honours courses on offer next year together with important information about admission to Honours and assessment in Honours courses. Please retain it for reference throughout the session. ADMISSION AND APPLICATION PROCEDURE 2 LIST OF COURSES ON OFFER AND NOT ON OFFER IN 2000/2001 4 A) COURSES ON OFFER 2000/2001 5 - 23 B) COURSES NOT ON OFFER 2000/2001 25 - 28 INFORMATION FOR HONOURS STUDENTS 29 - 35 Appeals Against Marks or Classification of Degrees Statement about late presentation of Essays Appendix - Specimen Illness Self-Certification Form N.B. ALL HONOURS STUDENTS MUST BE IN RESIDENCE AND AVAILABLE TO SEE THEIR DIRECTOR OF STUDIES BY THURSDAY 5T ...
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Southern Cyprus - 2,135 words
... had stated regarding the Kurdish movement that they would give full support to the struggle of the Kurdish people. After the "Kurdistan Solidarity Committee" was established and became active, the material support of the "Southern Cypriot" administration to the Kurds was provided through different ways: It had been established that in July 1990, the "Orbit" company belonging to an Armenian in Limasol, had provided weapons to the PKK, and Venyamin that time Interior Minister, had organized these activities, and weapons coming from the third countries had been transferred to Limasol in the container ships belonging to the "Orbit" Company. . The Corpse of a Greek officer in uniform whose co ...
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The Corruption Crisis Of The European Commission - 1,045 words
... Commissioners are independent, but they are nominated by their governments and they can be re-nominated. The staff is coming from a particular administrative, political, educational background of a member state, which is by definition oriented at national interests. III. Questions of legitimacy in the Euroean Commission One of the most important political and legal problem of the European Union is the so called democratic deficit. This symtom undermines the legitimacy of the EU. The lack of legitimacy in the EU is caused by the economic nature of the Union. Efficiency was emphasized in contrast to democracy. The European Commission itself suffers from this lack of legitimacy. The Europea ...
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Progress To Emu Has Been Too Rash And Hasty - 1,208 words
Despite the healthy support given to EMU by the likes of Helmut Khl, Jaques Delors and Franois Mittererand, there are some arguments that progress towards EMU has been too rash and hasty for it to be successful. Firstly, there are several political factors that support this notion. Public support for EMU is insufficient not only in Britain and the countries outside of the Euro but even in the Eurozone countries themselves. There is significant opposition to the single currency (taken as about 40% of the population) in over half of the Eurozones countries that make it up. Likewise, the populations of most European countries are not happy to lose their national currencies, as national currenci ...
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9-11 Could Have Been Avoided If The Secret Services Would Have Done Their Work - 3,333 words
... knew three weeks before 9-11 that two hijackers, Nawaf al-Hazmi and Khalid al-Midhar, who were involved in the bombing of the USS Cole in November 2000, were in the United States. Although their names were listed in a watchlist of potential terrorists, which contained names of people for which the entry to the US is forbidden because of their terrorist connections, al-Hazmi and al-Midhar were not stopped at their entry into the US neither were they arrested later. Although the CIA knew that with al-Midhar at least one of the two al-Qaeda terrorists could enter and leave US as he wanted to, they did not pass this information onto other authorities for nearly 1 years. They continued the su ...
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Overview Of The Advertising Industry In The Uk - 1,231 words
... s-TSB TBWA GGT Simons Palmer Ltd 2.6 96.3 -1.7 Energizer Bunny and Taco Bell's Chihuahua, Nissan and Apple Computer Publicis Ltd 2.5 95.2(1996) 3(1996) ASDA, Harp, Kilkenny and Mastercard J Walter Thompson 2.4 257.4(1996) 5.3(1996) Mazda, Barclays Capital, P&O European Ferries-Stena Line McCann Erickson SA 2.2 271.6 3.1 Royal Sun Alliance, Nestle and Unilever Ogilvy & Mather 2.1 10.3(1996) 3(1996) N/A DMB&B Ltd 2.0 423.6 6.2 Southern Comfort, Gateway, Wickes, and Welfare-to-work from the government. M & C Saatchi Ltd 1.8 41.7(1996) 4.4(1996) The Conservative Party Source: Euromonitor, Keynote (accessed March 2001) 2.6 Key Success Factors The UK advertising industry is se ...
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[b[b]]extended Essay - 1,051 words
Alex White sCEO Should the UK remain in the EU?[/b][/b] The European Union is an international organisation, which contains 27 member states and was founded in 1951. It has disproportional political and economic importance to its land mass (about 6% of the world) and it counts among its member states half of G8. The EU is both supranational and intergovernmental in its operation. It was established for economic benefits and to avoid another war (Europe had just endured a bloody period of conflict) however relatively recently its role has changed and it now deals with policy with would previously have been left to the member states own government. It is a common misconception that the Europea ...
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[b[b]]extended Essay - 1,070 words
... it has a single currency, the Euro. Put of the EU member states only Britain, Sweden and Denmark are not in the EMU. The Maastricht Treaty (also known as the treaty of the European Union) was signed in 1993 and its impact was immensely important. It created the EU as we know it; the name was changed to the European Union, it amended the Treaty of Rome and it advanced the agenda set out under the Single European Act. The EU three-pillar structure was established. The first pillar was there since the Treaty of Rome and deals with the economy, social rights and deals with how EU institutions are set up. The second pillar was established under the Maastricht Treaty and it concerns common for ...
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[b[b]]extended Essay - 1,027 words
... italic">European Parliament Council of Ministers Working committees debate 15 individuals from and alter proposals member states meet. Who At a full session attends will depend on proposals are debated topic under discussion and voted on Proposals are discussed and can be rejected If Council and Parliament are in agreement, proposal becomes law. It is the Council of Ministers that set the agenda, which the Commission must propose on. The complex EU structure is unique and is like no other government or organisation. Arguments for and against the EU are numerous. The EU was established to prevent war, rebuild Western Europe, increase trade and unite Europe. I believe it is fair to say tha ...
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[b[b]]extended Essay - 1,017 words
... ck is not as much as we put in. It has been said that the UK has one of the fastest growing economies and the EU is holding it back. Recently EU growth has been significantly lower than that of the USAs and this is due to the effect of EU regulation making it less easy to do business. The question of whether or not the EU works has been thrashed around a lot and the answer, in my opinion, is no. There are 27 member states and for each of them to agree, which is necessary for Treaty Law, is difficult. The EU is un-democratic. The European Commission holds an immense amount of power and is completely un-elected. It is my opinion that democracy is the only right method of government and the ...
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Digital Television Technology - 1,365 words
Technology development has made a great change, digitization of TV signals leads to a huge increase of more channels available, specially on terrestrial, satellite, interactive TV and other convergence of various media such as broadcasting, publishing and computers. They are all forms of multimedia development of high-definition wide-screen TV. Such kind of great developments are leading to powerful economic interests and are providing opportunities for huge sums of profits in these wide expanding markets. Although such problems as program designs in broadcasting occur, however a resolution has fitted in. The main problems in digital TV are however concerned by the broadcasters, the audience ...
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