European Union - 1,792 words
1. Winston Churchill took the first step towards a European Union in 1946; he called for a "United States of Europe". This Union was going to be very strong, and it has developed some very important decisions since 1946. In 1948, the Congress of Europe brought all the European movements together in The Hague. The first really big change that EU accomplished took place in 1950. The Treaty of Rome was signed and that was the beginning of EEC, the European Economic Community. The Common Market included six countries: Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. These countries decided in 1959 to reduce the customs between them. Another milestone for EU took place in 1979, t ...
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European Union Competiton Policy - 1,918 words
The European Union (EU) has had a direct and profound effect on the economies of member states. The main objective of the EU is to enhance the allocational efficiency of the economies of the member states by removing barriers to the movement of goods, services, and production . The regulation of competition is administered by the EUs competition policy. The aim of the policy is to create and maintain a system permitting undistorted competition within an economic region . The notion of pure competition in the EU is governed by The European Commission. They are the guardians of competition and exist within the structure of competition policy. The importance of a policy regulating competition w ...
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The European Union - 1,492 words
The EU: A balance of sovereignty and centralization The European Union faces a number of problems that are inherent in the forming of a union out of disparate member states. One such problem is the integration of the various states without causing a loss in the individual vigor of each member state that is involved. There is also the problem of creating an effective European government whilst avoiding over centralization and the progression to a Federation of European states. In a sense, the progression to a EUnited States of Europe. The notion of this sort of union is one that sits on the edge of any discussions of the European Union and its further integration. The temptation to move in th ...
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The European Union - 1,449 words
... since industry was likely to move to countries with looser standards of benefits to its workers. The European Regional Development Fund was agreed upon in 1973, and launched in 1975. The idea was to fund the development of poorer regions, in addition to the funds from the national level. These funds could only be used to improve infrastructure, and promote new jobs and industries. However, in keeping with the intergovernmental social policy of the EU, it was left up to the specific nations what regions would be selected for these funds. In 1989 the Social Charter was introduced, and, although the ideas were large, in reality it did very little. The idea of the Social Charter to promote f ...
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European Union - 1,206 words
The Delegation of Trade Authority in the EU Even though, for the past several decades, member states of the European Union (EU) have been derelict with their power to act as independent players in international trade negotiations, they have recently begun to recapture some of their lost trade sovereignty. (Kennett 1996) Neither the European Court of Justice 1994s opinion, nor the 1997 formal reform of trade policy process at Amsterdam delegated full negotiating power to the Commission over the so-called, new trade issues of services and intellectual property. Instead the member states accepted a hybrid form of decision-making to enable impromptu, rather than a structural, per se, delegation ...
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European Union - 1,218 words
... gotiating but is also affected by shared expectations about the ratification stage. During the two decades following the Treaty of Rome, the Commission successfully negotiated on behalf of its members two major trade rounds under GATT, as well as countless bilateral trade agreements. (Devuyst 1995) When the new issues, such as intellectual property, crept up into the international trade agenda in the 80s, the foundations of the Communitys trade competence began to get questioned. Due to the expansion of the world trade agenda onto policies traditionally not considered at the border, but rather, inside the state, forced an explicit internal EU debate on the issue of competence. Additional ...
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Have European Union Policies Helped The Developing Countries To Deve - 1,198 words
The external policy of the EU is generally considered to consist largely of trade negotiations on various bilateral and multilateral stages. There is much debate over the effectiveness of policy with respect to the developing world; in the context of this discussion I have used the term 'developing world' in its widest sense, although I will most commonly focus on the Mediterranean counties, ACP, and Latin America. It should also be made clear that for these purposes I will not be drawing too much on historical background, rather examining the issue over the last fifteen to twenty years, and how the changes in political climate within Europe may be affecting the developing world in the futur ...
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Have European Union Policies Helped The Developing Countries To Deve - 1,164 words
... than whether anyone indeed does? The final concern about EU external policy toward developing nations is the increasing conditionality which prevails. In later versions of the Lom'e Convention the emphasis has been taken away from the (admittedly false) assumption of an equal co-operation agreement, and the principle of economic self-reliance. Instead there are several clauses in Lom'e III and IV which refer to Human Rights Conditions and reference to democracy and structural support programmes. Emphasis on civil society and even an attempt to include a clause for 'good governance' (resisted angrily by the ACP but favoured by the EU in the wake of corruption revelations) may be feted as ...
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European Union - 588 words
Agriculture makes only one percent of gross domestic product. Arable land constitutes 34%; irrigated land is 4,580 sq km. Crops mostly consist of potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, and cabbages alongside with cattle, pigs, and poultry. Since 1 January 2002 the Euro has become the sole currency for business and non-business transactions. Its code is EUR, and it exchange rate is 1.1324 (euros per Us dollar) When deciding the opening of some operation facility in a country its communications and transportation infrastructure should be considered. Speaking about Germany it is not a matter one should worry about. It has highly developed and updated systems of communication. Its telecomm ...
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Brazil - 1,422 words
Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest country in the world. It represents almost half of South America. It borders every country in South America except Chile and Ecuador. Brazils immense size and population contribute to a variety of culture, environmental wildlife, ethnic groups, and an abundant of natural resources. The Brazilian Indians were the first inhabitants of Brazil. Historians express that their were two to five million Indians living in the region before the arrival of the Portuguese. Today there are less than 200,000. [Destination Brazil web site]. The first Portuguese explorers arrived in Brazil in 1500. During this period Brazil became the first ...
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Safety & Health Program - 1,154 words
Title : 14 ELEMENTS OF A SUCCESSFUL SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAm Description : 14 ELEMENTS OF A SUCCESSFUL SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAM Element 1: Hazard Recognition, Evaluation and Control. Establishing and maintaining safe and healthful conditions required indenifing h 14 ELEMENTS OF A SUCCESSFUL SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAM Element 1: Hazard Recognition, Evaluation and Control. Establishing and maintaining safe and healthful conditions required indenifing hazards, evaluating their pontential effects, developing ways to eliminate or control them and planning action priorities.This process is the essence of successful safety and health management. Element 2:Workplace Design and Engineering Safety and heal ...
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The Battle In Seattle - 1,528 words
... of town." Which is to say, there is no Richard J. Daley in Seattle, and the blue meanies of the Chicago police -- who happily walloped passers-by in their pursuit of demonstrators -- have been supplanted here by a force that hasn't walloped even violent demonstrators for fear of offending the peaceful ones. In all the news coverage on Seattle TV Tuesday night, there was just one shot of a gun being pulled -- not by a cop or a demonstrator, but by a WTO delegate frustrated by his inability to get to the hall. One of the dignitaries who couldn't get into the WTO's opening ceremonies was the featured speaker -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. It was the second of two disasters to bef ...
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History Of The Euro - 2,283 words
... ational currencies but will also carry out transactions in Euros. All money-based transactions in the economy (wages and salaries, pensions, bank balances, etc.) will be denominated in Euros. References to national currencies in contracts will be converted into Euros without any other changes in terms and conditions. In other words, the principle of continuity of contracts will apply in full. Public administrations in the countries taking part in EMU will also implement a coordinated switch to the Euro for their transactions with the public. The definitive changeover to the single currency should be completed by July 1, 2002 at the latest with final withdrawal of the national currencies. ...
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The Cultural Diversity In The Euuropean Union - 1,419 words
02 jun 2000 RESEARCH PAPER The European Union and its cultural diversity Meike Berns Int 305 City-University The European Union and its cultural diversity I would like to discuss that a sense of community which is necessary in business and in daily life is not achieved yet. Even with opening the borders between the member states and establishing a common currency the work is not done yet. The question often asked is how to achieve a sense of community in the different member states with their different cultures. Is it even possible? How can the goal of feeling as an European be achieved? Should people give up their national pride? To make Europe one unit is it necessary to have one language? ...
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The Cultural Diversity In The Euuropean Union - 1,582 words
... d trust of their group, but they would also have to speak with the aim of reaching agreement(www.napf.org). From his point of view an Assembly of Cultures can play a decisive role in the emergence of a genuine European conscience, which would constitute the best defense of its people and of the community. The European Union has not taken the responsibility of guarding Europeans Culture, to protect a human being, his heritage, his rights, and his creativity. Another point of view is to achieve a European Union beyond the economic level, without becoming victims of their own success, European nations have to step back from the idea of nation and start working toward a plural and cultural c ...
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Haiti The Republic - 1,944 words
A tiny tropical island sits in the Caribbean, decorated with palm trees and colorful hibiscus flowers. Its mountains stand majestically looking down upon sandy beaches and green valleys. From a distance it appears as any other island you might encounter sailing the waters of the Caribbean. Yet, as you come closer you notice a difference. There are no tourist resorts dotting the coasts, no high rise hotels with sand volleyball courts and marimba bands. This is Haiti, this is different. If the land could speak it would tell of tragedy and violence, of abuse and bloodshed, of power and greed. Why does the country stand apart from its neighbors? The answer lies in the turbulent history of this t ...
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Global Capitalization - 1,195 words
Subsequent to the signing of the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, a strong theory of a modern state emerged. The concept relied deeply upon the establishment of three principals explained by James Lee Ray. Obtaining a modern state depended on, first and foremost, territory. The image of a territory with fixed borders having an apparent national identity with in them (Class notes 10/23). A vast campus that in comparison to another holds unique characteristics and shows diversity. Principal two is the demanding need for nationalistic loyalty. In other words it was found a necessity to obtain and practice faithfulness for your encompassed land. Modern States relied upon the people as nationalistic ...
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Sierra Leone - 1,680 words
The British established a colony at Freetown in 1787 for slaves returning to Africa from Great Britain and the United States and for slaves rescued from shipwrecks. The land of original settlement, where the city later developed, was purchased from local chiefs. The Sierra Leone Company, formed in 1791, administered the settlement until 1808, when it became a crown colony. Britain set up a protectorate over the hinterland of Freetown in 1896. The British were relatively nice towards the people of Sierra Leone. While they provided what they could for the colony, they also illegally smuggled the nations diamonds to other countries. The first elections for the legislative council were held unde ...
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5 Year Plan - 4,260 words
An analysis of companys strengths An analysis of companys weaknesses An analysis of companys opportunities Analysis of Major Competitors in the Field Expansion Strategy for the Future Five Years Expansion Strategy for the Future Five Years Expansion Strategy for the Future Five Years Growth Forecasts for Years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 For over thirty years, Star Appliances Inc. has been helping people to manage their homes. Today, Star Appliances Inc. is one of the major competitors in the household industry and one of the most selling brand in America. Achieve technology excellence in current and future generations of products, processes, and services. Develop innovations by cre ...
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Turkish Banking Sector Analysis - 4,651 words
... ition (billion dollars) T. assets T. liabilities Fx position Commercial banks 42 38 51 46 -7.7 -8.8 Privately-owned 52 48 63 59 -6.6 -6.6 Dev. and inv.banks 63 60 63 59 -0.0 0.1 The share of loans in total assets reduced by 10 percentage points to 36 percent The change on the loan accounts of Ziraat Bank A.S. had a significant effect in this decrease. Due to the transfer of some part of the loans accounts to the other accounts in the Bank, the share of other assets in total assets increased from 15 percent to 23 percent. The shares of liquid assets and permanent assets increased by 1 percentage point to 33 percent and 8 percent, respectively. The share of government securities excluding ...
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