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Outline F. Vaginal Contraception Sponge 4. Advantages and Disadvantages IV. Sexually Transmitted Diseases The reproduction system is made up of the male and female organ that are involved in the regenerative process. This involves the forming of reproductive cells, conception, sex determination and developments, gestation, birth and patterns of inheritance. A.
Ovulation is the release of a female egg. I occurs in the middle of every menstrual cycle. The egg enters the fallopian tube on its way to the uterus. If it is not fertilized by male sperm then it is passed in the menstrual flow. B. Fertilization is when the sperm make their way up the fallopian tube to the egg.
A single sperm makes its way into the egg and then a protective barrier is formed. The other sperm then push the egg down the fallopian tube. C. Gestation is the full amount of time that a mother is pregnant.
This term lasts about 38 weeks. Gestation is the full the full amount of time that the baby is growing inside the mother. D. Birth. Their are several different ways to birth a baby. Three of them are cesarean section, lamaze, and breach.
A cesarean section is when the doctor makes an incision in the lower abdomen, then makes an incision in the uterus and removes the baby. Lamaze is when the mother uses special types of breathing techniques to get through birth. Drugs are usually not used. Breach birth is when the baby is born feet first, or button may come first. Usually the doctor will go to a c-section if they see that the baby is positioned this way. A.
Abstinence, abstinence is just when a person decides not to have sex. 1. What is it? It is a pill that a female has to take every day if she chooses this method. 2. What it does? It tells the body that the woman is pregnant when she is not, therefor no egg is released. 3. Effectiveness?
The pill is 99 % effective. 4. Advantages and Disadvantages? Some advantages are continuous non contraceptive protection, it is reversible, and it has some non contraceptive health benefits. Some disadvantages are, the pill must be taken every day, it increases the risk of blood clots and heart attack, it could also cause spotting between periods. 5. Who can use it? Any female who is sexually active and has no difficulties with it. 6.
How is it used? It is a pill that is taken orally every day. 1. What is it? A small contraceptive device that fits inside the uterus. 2.
What it does? It prevents pregnancy by keeping a fertilized egg from attaching to the uterus. 3. Effectiveness? It is 99 % effective. 4. Advantages and Disadvantages? Some advantages are continuous contraceptive protection for up to 10 years, and there is no need to worry about forgetting daily.
Some disadvantages are, it may be expelled or perforate uterus, it may increase PID risk for some women. 5. Who can use it? Anyone who's doctor says it is okay. 6. How is it used? A doctor inserts the device and leaves it in, the person can have it in as long as 10 years. 1.
What is it? A condom is a piece of rubber that fits over the penis. 2. What it does? The condom acts like a bag.
It holds the sperm in the tip. 3. Effectiveness? A condom alone is 88 - 98 % effective. 4. Advantages and Disadvantages? Some advantages are that they are easy to obtain, they are the best method to prevent the spread of STD's, there are good results when used with spermicide. Some disadvantages are that it could reduce sensation and it could break. 5.
Who can use it? Anyone unless they are allergic to later. 6. How is it used? The condom is put on the penis leaving a little space at the tip for sperm, then the sides are unrolled. 1. What is it? A contraceptive device that covers the opening of the cervix. 2.
What it does? It blocks the entry so sperm can't get in. 3. Effectiveness? It is 82 - 94 % effective. 4.
Advantages and Disadvantages? One advantages is that it is inserted up to 6 hours before intercourse. Some disadvantages are that it could be very uncomfortable to insert and there is an increased risk of urinary tract and bladder infections. 5. Who can use it? Anyone who goes to their doctor to be fitted for their own. 6.
How is it used? It is inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix. 1. What is it? It is a soft, foam device that contains spermicide.
It is round and about 2 inches in diameter. Before insertion it must be moistened with water. 2. What it does? It creates a physical barrier to the cervical opening. It absorbs sperm and kills it. 3.
Effectiveness? It is 80 - 90 % effective. 4. Advantages and Disadvantages? The chief advantages is convenience.
It is quick and easy to insert and available at drugstores. I decreases the risk of STD's. A disadvantages is that it increases the risk of TSS. 5. Who can use it?
Any woman who feels comfortable. 6. Wow is it used? It is inserted into the vagina to cover the cervical opening. 1. What it is? A cervical cap is a small contraceptive device that is inserted in the vagina and covers the opening. 2. What is does?
The cervical cap covers the cervix so that sperm cannot enter. 3. Effectiveness? The cervical cap is 82 - 94 % effective. 4. Advantages and Disadvantages? Some advantages are that the cervical cap can be inserted up to 6 hours before intercourse. Some disadvantages are an increased risk of changes in cervical cells, vaginal discharge and odor, and it may cause discomfort when being inserted. 5.
Who can use it? Anyone that has there doctors okay can use it. 6. How is it used? The cervical cap is inserted up to 6 hours before intercourse and it covers the cervix so sperm cannot enter. 1. What is it? The rather method is a pattern that people go by to tell when the egg is most, and least fertile. 2.
What it does? The rather method lets you know when your eggs are most fertile. 3. Effectiveness? The rather method is 80 - 85 % effective. 4.
Advantages and Disadvantages? Some advantages are that it includes no other intervention. Some disadvantages are that it requires careful planning and motivation, it prohibits intercourse for up to half of the menstrual cycle, women with irregular cycles cannot use it. 5. Who can use it? Any woman that has a regular menstrual cycle can use the rather method. 6. How is it used?
The woman starts counting on the first day of her menstrual period. On the 14 th day she is most fertile, and must be careful a few days before and after. A vasectomy is an open operation that makes a man sterile by cutting out a section of the vas deferens. Vasectomy is most often done in a doctor's office using local anesthesia. It is also done routinely before removal of the prostate gland to prevent swelling of the testicles.
Tubal ligation is one of several sterilization processes in which both fallopian tubes are blocked to prevent conception from occurring. Spinal or local anesthesia is used unless the procedure goes along with major surgery. Through a small incision in the intestinal area, the fallopian tubes are tied off in two places with suture. The segment between the two tied places is then burnt, crushed, or cut out. The procedure is less commonly done t...
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