Public Hangings - 1,364 words
Capital punishment seemed to have been regenerated from the beginning of mankind, where beheading was considered an honorable method of meeting death, whereas hanging carried with it a definite stigma. The era of public hanging was emotionally satisfying even though the surroundings was emotionally tense. In contrast to private hangings where they were fewer observers, less theatrical from the accuse and hanging was becoming more of an inhuman punishment to inflict on those found guilty of their crime. Both forms of hangings were though to be an effective way of preventing individuals from committing a crime. Capital punishment seemed morally acceptable, to the public and there were individu ...
Free research essays on topics related to: general public, national bank, morally acceptable, lower class, eighteenth
Polygamy - 2,443 words
What exactly do you mean by "polygamy"? "Polygamy", as referred to on this site, is meant in its popular usage, where one husband has more than one wife at the same time. This is technically known as "polygyny", but you would have to be really keen to know that. On this site "Polygamy" does not refer to "polyandry", where one wife has more than one husband at once. That is a practice which has never been prevalent in human societies and which major world religions condemn. It is also a practice that the site administrator feels personally unable to support. But surely polygamy is illegal! Ah yes, well spotted! It is illegal, if you are the sort of pedantic person who insists on registering a ...
Free research essays on topics related to: polygamy, social conventions, men and women, morally acceptable, economics
John Locke - 1,801 words
Ethics, July 1999 v109 i4 p739 Justification and Legitimacy(*). (philosophy of the state) A. John Simmons. Abstract: Different arguments are needed to show that a state is justified and that it is legitimate. Justifying the state is associated with the treatises of 18th-century philosophers. The Lockean approach to this issue captures features of institutional evaluation that the Kantian approach does not. Standard justifications of the state are offered to those motivated by objections to states. Full Text: COPYRIGHT 1999 University of Chicago In this article I will discuss the relationship between two of the most basic ideas in political and legal philosophy: the justification of the state ...
Free research essays on topics related to: john locke, locke, invisible hand, categorical imperative, applicable
John Locke - 1,767 words
... timacy (though Locke himself never uses these terms to describe the distinction). But Locke, in my view, is in certain ways clearer about the distinction than is Nozick. For Locke, remember, "no one can be put out of [the state of nature] and subjected to the political power of another without his own consent."(16) Political power is morally legitimate, and those subject to it are morally obligated to obey, only where the subjects have freely consented to the exercise of such power and only where that power continues to be exercised within the terms of the consent given. The legitimacy of particular states thus turns on consent, on the actual history of that state's relations with its su ...
Free research essays on topics related to: john locke, locke, seventeenth century, second treatise, solely
Individual Morality Vs Flawed Social Morality In Huck Finn - 945 words
Individual Morality Vs. Flawed Social Morality In "Huck Finn" Throughout the tale of Huckleberry Finn, morality plays a very prominent role. Specifically; it is social morality that plays such an important role, social morality being the prevailing social morality of the general population. Huck is unique in that he does not fit in with the "civilized" society. In fact, it could be understood that Huck is somewhat of and outsider. Huck's own morality is often at odds with that of society, while at the same time the reader is apt to view Huck's morality as more sound. It is this recurring situation which Twain uses to show how flawed social morality can be. More specifically, Huck is used by ...
Free research essays on topics related to: finn, huck, huck finn, huckleberry finn, morality
Euthanasia And Assisted Suicide - 5,369 words
... (p. 17) "Elderly and disabled patients are often invited by our achievement-oriented society to see themselves as useless burdens on younger, more vital generations. In this climate, simply offering the option of "self-deliverance" shifts a burden of proof, so that helpless patients must ask themselves why they are not availing themselves of it. This situation might lead some to "voluntarily" decide to end a life that is perceived as worthless." The ever increasing costs of health care, especially for the terminally ill and those on life support systems, might also serve to influence some toward a decision for an early death. "The growing incentives for physicians, hospitals, families, ...
Free research essays on topics related to: active euthanasia, assisted suicide, euthanasia, passive euthanasia, physician assisted, physician assisted suicide, physician-assisted suicide
Jakob The Liar - 1,513 words
Jacob the Liar is an interesting story about ordinary people and their experiences in a Jewish ghetto in Poland during WWII. The Jews are forced by the Nazis to live in the ghetto under very strict rules. Jacob is a restaurant owner who gives hope to the Jewish people in the Nazi occupied Jewish ghetto by spreading rumors of impending liberation by the Soviet army. The narrator is a third party person that is telling stories he has heard from other sources. His recounts of the events are very descriptive which makes the reader wonder if the narrator is adding his own words. The narrator even goes to the extreme off adding his own words by adding a false ending. The must have known of Jacob a ...
Free research essays on topics related to: jakob, liar, soviet army, morally acceptable, layer
The Joys Of Contriving Literature Why Ayn Rands Theories Dont Hold Water - 1,138 words
... as turned down by 12 publishers). For example, in Atlas Shrugged, Rand obscured historical realities to reinforce her argument and once again exaggerated the situation. Thus, the Taggart Railroad of the novel, the central setting, may strike someone with an average knowledge of American history as the kind of thing that never existed. Most people know that the transcontinental railroads were built with federal subsidies and federal land grants, (which is ironic within itself. Rands theory detests public aid, in other words, altruism) (Hornebrook 15). They may also know that such railroads were tangled up in hopelessly corrupt, politicized financial schemes and in the end were so badly ru ...
Free research essays on topics related to: ayn rand, use of force, ethical egoism, penguin group, taggart
Basic Ideas In Philosophy - 823 words
1.) By shaping our analytical skills, we can become more independent in our thinking and less susceptible to world views that foster narrow-mindedness(pg. 37). The thinking process can be broken down into three levels; which are experience, interpretation, and analysis. The levels are not clear-cut; they overlap and interact with one another. Experience, the first level of thinking, goes beyond the five senses. We notice: specific events occurring, different feelings within ourselves, and views of the world by learning of the experiences of others. At this level we basically describe our experiences. No interpretation is made or judgment is passed. Without experience thought cannot exist. In ...
Free research essays on topics related to: human happiness, luther king, biological factors, dilemmas, cater
Freud And The Super Ego - 922 words
What are the main features and functions of the Superego according Freud? What is the Superego? According to Anne Neimark Sigmund called the third area of the mind the Superego. Like a judge in a court trial, the superego announced its verdicts or decrees. (Neimark A, 1976, page 96) The superego is part of a trio that controls our urges and desires. The id being the urge at it raw form, the ego filtering the urge, and the superego is the decider of whether or not the urge can be satisfied immediately or must be saved until later. The superego formed from the rules of parents and authority figures, the superego was the inward voice that said you must, you must not, you are good, you are bad. ...
Free research essays on topics related to: freud, sigmund freud, super, new york, brace jovanovich
Ethical Relatvism - 1,074 words
Cannibalism, what do you think of it? Is it morally correct? Does the theory of ethical relativism support it or does it knock it down? Throughout this paper I am going to evaluate the pros and cons of ethical relativism for a case concerning cannibalism. An American man by the name of Daniel went to South America, for the reasons of writing a book on it and publishing it in the United States, to study a native tribe and to try to become part of it. While Daniel was studying this tribe they accepted him, and eventually made him part of their tribe. To be initiated into the tribe they had to raid a neighboring village and kill some of their neighboring tribesmen and bring them back and cook a ...
Free research essays on topics related to: ethical, society and culture, united nations, morally acceptable, morality
Saving The Animals - 963 words
In Buffalo New York on October 23rd of last year, Dr. Barnett Slepian was murdered. He wasnt killed because of his financial status or because of a dispute he had with a patient. Someone who never really knew Dr. Slepian, someone who never met his family, a person who didnt agree with Dr. Slepians job, took his life. This is a great example to show how a disagreement in ideology can lead to actions that no one has the authority to take. An animal liberator bombing a meat processing plant is like the pro-life activist killing the doctor who performs abortions. Both of the actions dont achieve the results that are intended, they both claim that they help save the lives of the innocent, and the ...
Free research essays on topics related to: animal liberation, saving, doctor who, major problem, opposing
Social Dimensions In Management - 1,607 words
2.0 Managers responsibility in the office and in society. 3.0 Employees responsibility in the office and in society. 5.0 Who is affected and to what degree. -------------------------------------------------- ----- Management is the process of planning, organizing and staffing, directing and controlling activities in an organization in a systematic way in order to achieve a specific goal. From time in memorial, society has undergone the management process. For example, in the African context, the chiefs led the clan and either the Prince or a Chief Warrior led the warriors. Comparing this scenario to the Western world, take for example Britain and Spain was and is led by the Queen and King res ...
Free research essays on topics related to: corporate social, corporate social responsibility, management, management control, social environment, social performance, social responsibility
Ethics Of Abortion - 1,363 words
The fundamental question that most philosophers agree on when discussing abortion is, How do you determine the humanity of a being (Noonan, p. 117)? Or, in other words, when does a being acquire a right to life? The answer to these questions will determine when it is, if ever, morally acceptable to abort a fetus. There are many different answers varying from one extreme to another. Conservatives believe that infants acquire their rights to life at the moment of conception while the liberals feel that fetuses actually do not have any rights to life until, at, or sometime after birth. Noonan was a conservative. He feels very strongly that if human parents conceived you then you are a human bei ...
Free research essays on topics related to: abortion, ethics, genetic code, mary anne warren, reasonable
The Impeachment Of The President Of The Usa - 2,588 words
ter>Sam Vaknin's Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites In the hallways of the Smithsonian, two moralists are debating the impeachment of the President of the United States of America, Mr. William Jefferson Clinton. One is clearly Anti-Clinton (AC) the other, a Democrat (DC), is not so much for him as he is for the rational and pragmatic application of moral principles. AC (expectedly): "The President should be impeached". DC (no less expectedly) ; "But, surely, even you are not trying to imply that he has committed high crimes and misdemeanours, as the Constitution demands as grounds for the impeachment of a sitting President !" AC : "But I do. Perjury is such a hig ...
Free research essays on topics related to: impeachment, president andrew johnson, president clinton, president nixon, moral life
Abortion As A Form Of Ethnomethodology - 976 words
Ethnomethodology is a technique for studying human interaction by deliberately disrupting social norms and observing how individuals respond, the idea is that the disruption of social norms helps one discover the normal social order. To my beliefs abortion is murder and that is disrupting social norm. A norm is a specific cultural expectation for how to behave in a given situation. Abortions many people believe abortion is a moral issue, but it is also a constitutional issue. Do you consider something with a beating heart a living creature? If you didnt know a babies heart forms and starts beating in the fifth week of pregnancy, therefore that would make abortion murder. Abortion debate is r ...
Free research essays on topics related to: abortion, abortion debate, ethnomethodology, morally acceptable, social norms
Morality And Euthanasia - 1,049 words
... appiness to which their moral worth entitles them (Sullivan, 220). The capacity to exercise our rationality and reason morally is what makes human existence meaningful. Individuals suffering from unbearable pain are still persons in the moral sense because they have the capacity to distinguish right from wrong, but in every other respect, they are deprived of the things that make their life desirable. They no longer have the ability to use their rationality and grow as individuals; instead, the entirety of their mental and physical processes is directed toward enduring their pain. They have become mere animals struggling for survival and have thereby been stripped of their dignity. To fo ...
Free research essays on topics related to: active euthanasia, euthanasia, morality, passive euthanasia, human existence
Religion - 1,696 words
Genetic Engineering Genes, or chromosomes, are often referred to as 'blueprints' which are passed down from generation to generation. From the study of these hereditary materials, scientists have ventured into the recent, and rather controversial, field of genetic engineering. It is described as the 'artificial modification of the genetic code of a living organism', and involves the 'manipulation and alteration of inborn characteristics' by humans. Like many other issues, genetic engineering has sparked a heated debate. Some people believe that it has the potential to become the new 'miracle tool' of medicine. 'Advances in the field of genetic engineering could mean progress on an unpreceden ...
Free research essays on topics related to: pope john paul, food production, human society, reaching, dismissed
Privacy At The Work Place - 1,230 words
Sometimes there is no middle ground. Monitoring of employees at the workplace, either you side with the employees or you believe management owns the network and should call the shots. The purpose of this paper is to tackle whether monitoring an employee is an invasion of privacy. How new technology has made monitoring of employees by employers possible. The unfairness of computerized monitoring software used to watch employees. The employers desire to ensure that the times they are paying for to be spent in their service is indeed being spent that way. Why not to monitor employees, as well as tips on balancing privacy rights of employees at the job. First ill start off with talking about ele ...
Free research essays on topics related to: hostile work environment, invasion of privacy, privacy, privacy rights, right to privacy, work environment, work performance
Dostoevskys Crime And Punishment: Raskolnikovs Mathematical Evaluati - 1,688 words
Dilemma Presented To Him Exemplifies The Empirical View of Utilitarianism 'One death, and a thousand lives in exchange--it's simple arithmetic.' -Raskolnikov Raskolnikov's mathematical evaluation of the moral dilemma presented to him in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment exemplifies the empirical view of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism attempts to distinguish between right and wrong by measuring a decision based on its calculated worth. Raskolnikov appears to employ the fundamentals of utilitarianism by pitting the negative consequences of murdering his old landlady against the positive benefits that her money would bestow onto society. However, a true follower of utilitarianism would be outra ...
Free research essays on topics related to: crime and punishment, mathematical, negative consequences, short term, subjectivity