Juilus And Ethel Rosenberg - 1,648 words
... ast(Milton 2). Because he had committed these acts more than 20 years before, he could not be charged for spying but was charged for lying under oath about his involvement with the Soviet Union(Milton 3). Alger Hiss was the first of many spies who either confessed or were caught by the government in a domino effect that eventually led to the capture and final execution of the Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Twelve days after the Hiss conviction a physicist from England who worked first hand with the Manhattan project confessed to spying for the Soviet Union(Milton 23). The physicist was Klaus Fuchs and the Manhattan project was America's name for it nuclear experimenting project(Milton 25). ...
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Robespierre Maximilien His Reason Behind The Terror - 1,971 words
Maximilien Robespierre: His Reason Behind the Terror No figure of the French Revolution has aroused so much controversy as that of Maximilien Robespierre. He is known to most people as the symbol of the Reign of Terror, a period where approximately 17,000 people died while enduring horrible prison conditions or were executed due to the mere suspicion of being a traitor. The question of whether or not these actions were rightfully justified is an important one. Robespierre seems to have thought so. I, however, will show that the use of terror by Robespierre during the French Revolution was not just or necessary, and that he was acting in his own best interest rather than the States. First to ...
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12 Angry Men - 800 words
Every person may have his own way of defining the term "reasonable doubt." In the play "Twelve Angry Men", by Reginald Rose, one juror, number Eight, stands alone against 11 others to convince them that the boy is not guilty. He looks beyond the given testimonies in order to give the boy a fair trial, though this is more then the others think the boy deserves. If the jury finds a "reasonable doubt", it must declare an innocent verdict. A young man stands accused of fatally stabbing his father, and his fate now lies in the hands of his "peers:" 12 men from all walks of life, each with his own agenda, fears and personal demons. At first, based on their conversation, it seems that it will be a ...
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The Death Penalty Is Wrong - 314 words
A paraphrase of The Death Penalty is a Step Back In Indiana, during 1981, when Steven Judy was put to death, the U.S.A. made another severe mistake by making capital punishment okay to do to our criminals. The fact that he committed four treacherous murders is irrelevant, because America cannot possibly have a substantial society in which the government is justified in killing its citizens. A lot of feedback has come from the death penalty due to the recent rise in the crime rate, but capital punishment is extremely immoral, and goes against our national constitution. King even stands strongly against the death penalty after two of her family members were assassinated. Therefore, killing som ...
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What A Shame View On Lynching - 451 words
What are the lives of a few negroes in comparison with the preservation of the impetuous instincts of a proud and fiery race? Mark Twain said it best in his short essay, Only a Negro. Southerners would come from hundreds of miles to see an African American be lynched by a racist crowd. African Americans were not given a fair trial; they werent given a trial at all. They were taken against their will and locked up until they were to be lynched. They were not just killed, but killed inhumanly for crimes not proven they committed. But isnt this murder? Technically, yes, but it was murder in racist towns of the South. Lynching of anybody is wrong and should have been stopped a long time ago. In ...
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Torture And Punishment In Elizabethan England - 759 words
A notable time during the late middle ages was when Queen Elizabeth was in power, from 1558-1603. She was a dictating, powerful, and cruel monarch. She also believed in extreme punishment for crime, in order to run a peaceful country. The death penalty could be prescribed for any offense, even some as minor theft, or highway robbery. During this time, a person of higher social standing could accuse a peasant of a crime without any evidence. Chances are the peasant would be tortured until they admit to the crime. Frequently, the accused would be tortured to death. If he or she admitted to the crime, the punishment would be death, probably by hanging. During this era, many devices were invente ...
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Habeus Corpus - 1,089 words
A Confederate Soldier, on leave from war, was captured, imprisoned and denied any right to a trial. Though summoned by the Chief of Justice of the United States of America, John Merryman, by right of Habeas Corpus was denied a trial (Britannia Sec.1). In 1679 the incorporation of Habeas Corpus was granted to all citizens, authorizing judges to review a court case for all imprisoned perpetrators. At the outbreak of the Civil War President Abraham Lincoln repealed the original writ of Habeas Corpus and suspended the right stating that it could be revoked in a case of rebellion or invasion if the public safety may require it(Britannia sec.1). Through years of examining the United States governm ...
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Sacco And Vanzetti - 2,688 words
Were Sacco and Vanzetti convicted and eventually executed because of popular beliefs about anarchy? The majority of the evidence on Sacco and Vanzetti points to the fact that they did not receive a fair trial, but why is that? Many people of the time feel that can be attributed to the fact that both of the men were Italian immigrants. While this may have aided the feeling of hated that was already preeminent at the trial. It was not however the main reason that the two men were not given their fair trial that every one is alleged to have the right to. The main reason that Sacco and Vanzetti were convicted, and eventually executed with out the proper process of appeals, is the fact that they ...
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Police Abuse Misc - 3,130 words
... le Civics p.1 Police Abuse In recent years, police actions, particularly police abuse, has come into view of a wide, public and critical eye. While citizens worry about protecting themselves from criminals, it has now been shown that they must also keep a watchful eye on those who are supposed to protect and serve. This paper will discuss the types of police abuse prevalent today, including the use of firearms and receipt of private information. I will also discuss what and how citizens' rights are taken advantage of by police. For these problems, solutions will be discussed, focusing on political reform, education, and citizen review boards. These measures are necessary to protect ourse ...
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Contempt Of Court - 1,520 words
In this age of computers and fax machines, we as a people have devised and set up laws that protect us and keep us on the right track. However these laws and rights that each American shares and enjoys today, have not always existed. Common people, who were forced to face injustices and were railroaded by the system because at that time, no one before them sought to challenge the laws or there was no need to change them, has fought them for. Even though, these laws were changed and new ones were put in their place back in the early part of this century, when they were still new, there was still a problem. Some of these laws and rights were somehow looked over when the subject of race came up ...
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The Miranda Debate - 497 words
Miranda is one of the best-known cases in the history of the Supreme Court. It represents the Court's determination to treat even the lowliest of criminals with the same dignity and respect as the wealthiest celebrity. This case established the Fifth Amendment right of the accused to be informed of their right to counsel and their right not to answer questions. In The Ethical and Policy Debate Regarding Miranda, Section II questions: First, can Mirandas approach to regulating the interrogation process be justified as a reading of the Fifth Amendment, on either constitutional or policy grounds?.. In summarizing this question, there are several considerations supporting the recommendation that ...
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Leonard Peltier Case - 1,609 words
... able to keep the residents of the Pine Ridge Reservation under a blanket of fear and helplessness (Matthiessen, 296). This was the situation at Pine Ridge when elders asked the AIM to come, to support those on the reservation who were under attack from the FBI and from Dick Wilson. What followed is still controversial today. On June 26, 1975, two unmarked cars drove onto Jumping Bull property in the Pine Ridge Reservation supposedly searching for a young Indian who stole some cowboy boots. They followed a group of men in a pickup truck, and the men pulled to the side. A gunfight erupted between the Indians and two FBI agents, and exploded into a firefight between 30 Indian men, women an ...
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Mirranda - 1,093 words
The Supreme Court of the United States of America often makes decisions, which change this great nation in a great way. Often there is a disagreement over their decision: the court itself is often split. The impact of the Courts decision creates discussions and on occasion, violence. This is what happened in the case of Miranda v. Arizona in 1966, this case proven to be one of the most controversial cases in the history of this great nation and its people. This case changed history of this country and left a tremendous impact, which many tried to revisit and change in some way or another. Ernest Miranda was born in 1940 in a little town Mesa, Arizona. His father had emigrated from Mexico and ...
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Bigger - 661 words
My name is Jack Meloch and I'm a friend of Mr. Max. I've come in contact with Mr. Max's client, Bigger Thomas, and I saw his case. From the stories of Mr. Max I don't think that it's fair to Bigger to get the death sentence. It is obviously society's fault that he did what he did. I truly don't think that Bigger is a bad guy; he's not a nice guy either. He's just a normal black person, who lives in poverty because, among other things, the white man (Mary's father) over-charges him on the rent. As I read in Mr. Max's papers, Bigger mentions killing the girl because he was afraid that her blind mother would find him, and, at the time drunk Mary in one room. He was forced to do what he did beca ...
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The Generals Downfall - 837 words
In the drama Othello by William Shakespeare Othello, the protagonist, is a Moorish general in the Venetian army. Othello marries Desdemona, the daughter of Brabrantio, without her fathers consent. Desdemona proves her love for Othello to her father and Brabantio gives his consent. Othello is sent to Cyprus to fight the Turks whose ships are destroyed on the journey to Cyprus. While in Cyprus Iago tricks Othello into believing that Cassio, Othellos lieutenant slept with Desdemona. Iago hates Othello because Othello made Cassio his lieutenant instead of him. Iago will do whatever he can to make Othello strip Cassio of his rank so that Othello will give it to him. Othello wants Cassio and Desde ...
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Cold War - 769 words
The Cold War was a war of words, not violence, that began in 1946. This was signified by competition, tension, and conflict between the Soviet Union, and the United States. In 1946, Sir Winston Churchill gave an address at Westminster College in Fulton, Mo, about foreign affairs of the time. In it he uttered the following quote: "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent (of Europe)." These words, in some respects, were the beginning of the Cold War. The term "Cold War" was first used by American Bernard Baruch in a congressional debate in 1947, and described the war as increasing tensions between the Soviet Union and the US. Ch ...
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Mumia Abu Jamal - 1,227 words
On December 9, 1981, Wesley Cook, a.k.a. Mumia Abu-Jamal, was driving his taxi in Philadelphia when he saw that police had pulled his brother over. Jamal stopped to see why his brother was being pulled over. An altercation followed leaving Officer Daniel Faulkner dead and Jamal critically wounded. Jamal is currently on Death Row awaiting execution. Jamals trial was held in 1981 and since then there has been much controversy about whether the trial was fair or not. Much evidence has recently been brought forward such as witnesses were coerced and given favors, important defense witnesses and ballistics evidence were not allowed to be submitted to the jury, and Jamals confession that was fabri ...
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Mumia Abu Jamal - 1,224 words
... scene that the man who shot the officer was a third black man who ran from the scene(iacenter.org). Immediately after the shooting, police brought Singletary to the station for questioning. In his report, he specifically stated that Jamal was not the shooter. At the 1995 PCRA hearing Singletary testified that the officer ripped up his statement indicating that Jamal was not the shooter and that the shooter had fled. Police then coerced Singletary, after five hours of badgering, into signing a false statement indicating he did not see the shooting so Singletary was never sought as a trial witness because the falsified statement was the one turned over to the defense(iacenter.org). If Si ...
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Hate Crime Prevention Act - 513 words
The Hate Crimes Prevention Act Will Not Prevent Hate Crimes I am not anti-gay, nor am I opposed to gay rights. I believe that same sex couples should be allowed to marry and to adopt children. Also, openly homosexual individuals should be eligible for service in the military. Despite this acceptance of peoples homosexuality, I hold that the Hate Crimes Prevention Act is unnecessary in the United States. I understand that gays and lesbians live in fear of being attacked, but who can be sure that new legislation would deter criminals when existing assault and battery laws do not? This bill will only complicate the overburdened legal system, confuse the law, and It is dificult enough for prosec ...
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Sacco And Vanzetti - 1,227 words
... as a large anarchist leader, Galleani, was deported. Fellow anarchists held demonstrations in his honor, setting off bombs in heavily populated areas, Sacco and Vanzetti were later linked to these bombings. (Avrich, 133) The Anarchists that were caught, were immediately departed, often without trial. One such anarchist brother who died around this time was a Mr. Salsedo who had a family, a wife and three children. Salsedo was very important in revolutionizing anarchy and anarchist organizations. Both Sacco and Vanzetti were close to the family and had written a letter to others in their organization to raise money for the family. On their way to deliver the letter they were stopped by th ...
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