The Fourteenth Amendment - 758 words
On a date that will be remembered forever as a step forward for our nation, July 28, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment became part of the U.S. Constitution. The Fourteenth Amendment gave a new sense of hope and inspiration to a once oppressed people. It was conceived to be the foundation for restoring America to its great status and prosperity. The Amendment allowed equal protection under the law, no matter what race, religion, sex, sexual preference or social status. It was designed to protect the newly freed slaves. However, it only helped the white race. Congress passed the Fourteenth Amendment not knowing how it would affect all the other minorities. Minorities were still treated with disre ...
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Reconstruction - 1,156 words
After the Civil War ended, President Lincoln was faced with the task of rejoining a Union which was thriving less than fifty years earlier. In 1863 to achieve this goal, Lincoln introduced his restoration plan to the country. During this time of Reconstruction many compromises were made in order to bring the south into American society once more, while incorporating the needs of the newly emancipated slaves. Although Lincoln was very helpful in trying to join the north and south, he was assassinated before and his successor, Andrew Johnson disliked by the majority of the nation, could not follow through with its ideals. During this time, ex-slaves were trying to integrate into the new Americ ...
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Post Civil War Racism - 605 words
The conclusion of the Civil War in favor of the north was supposed to mean an end to slavery and equal rights for the former slaves. Although laws and amendments were passed to uphold this assumption, the United States Government fell short. The thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments were proposed and passed within five years of the Civil Wars conclusion. These amendments were to create equality throughout the United States, especially in the south where slavery had been most abundant. Making equality a realization would not be an easy task. This is because many problems were not perceived before and during the war. The reunification of the country would prove to be harder than exp ...
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Us Constitution - 979 words
a. Creates Congress - House and Senate 3. Senate tries impeachment proceedings a. President is Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces b. President has appointment power for officers and judges c. Has the power to negotiate treaties 1. Pocket veto - if President does not act in 10 days and Congress is not still in session, bill dies and must be reintroduced; if Congress is in session and President does not act in 10 days, bill becomes law a. Federal judges are appointed for life c. Article 78 - mandamus - order from a Court directing a government official, body or Court to do something it is required to do (done by trial court) 4. Article 4 - Powers of the States a. US shall protect states fr ...
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To What Degree Was Reconstruction After The Civil War Successful - 822 words
Reconstruction was successful politically in its attempts to solve the problems of how to deal with the newly freed slaves and how to bring the seceded states back into the Union after the Civil War; however, many of these methods were unsuccessful or had no effect socially or economically. Some solutions determined by Reconstruction included: the passage of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments; the Freedmens Bureau; the Reconstruction Act of 1837, the Civil Rights Act, and the Enforcement Act of 1870. In 1865, Congress ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, which stated that Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have ...
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Plessy V Ferguson - 675 words
http://campus.northpark.edu/history/WebChron/USA/P lessyFerguson.html Abraham Lincoln's success in the Civil War and the end of slavery sparked a new era for the Black race in America. The "Black Codes" passed following the Civil War, gave Blacks equal rights in the United States. But even though they were guaranteed their freedom from slavery, the law segregated them from Whites. This segregation of Blacks and Whites sparked many questions of the rights guaranteed in the Fourteenth Amendment. These question would later become a significant factor in a lawsuit 28 years after the amendment was adopted in the case of Plessy V. Ferguson. In 1890, Louisiana passed a statue providing "that all rai ...
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Brown V Board Of Education - 1,432 words
Analysis of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka On June 7, 1892 a man named Homer Adolph Plessy was arrested and jailed for refusing to leave the White section of an East Louisiana Railroad train. Although Plessy was only one-eighths black, under Louisiana law he was considered black and, therefore, required to sit in the Colored section. The punishment for breaking this law, the Separate Car Act, was a fine of twenty-five dollars or twenty days in jail. Plessy went to court and argued, in Homer Adolph Plessy v. The State of Louisiana, that the Separate Car Act violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution. The judge hearing the case was John Howard Ferguson, who ha ...
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Brown V Board Of Education - 1,452 words
... ep, both sides lawyers submit written arguments, briefs, to the judges to try and persuade them to make a decision in their favor. In the Brown case, and the other four cases, the plaintiffs argued that segregation was unconstitutional because it causes inequality in education. Also, in the Brown case, nearly two dozen amicus curiae (friend of the court) briefs were submitted, with permission, by organizations and individuals who were not directly involved in the case. These briefs were very influential in the Courts decision. In the oral step, the lawyers speak for a limited amount of time. They are able to touch up on any unclear points as well as answer any questions the justices have ...
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Reconstruction - 1,330 words
The Era of Reconstruction following the Civil War was a period marked by an intense struggle to restore a worn-out and devastated society. The war, which was aimed at confronting the national problem of slavery, only led to subsequent dilemmas over emancipation and an undefined condition of freedom. Some had naively believed that ending slavery would solve the problem of racial inequality, overlooking the prejudice and uninviting atmosphere towards blacks. Questions over how to reinstate a disloyal population with the fall of the Confederacy and restore a destroyed southern territory rang throughout the nation. Although the former slaves were undeniably freed, the foundations for a racial de ...
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Equal Human Rights - 808 words
Lauren Moore History 8* 3/6/99 Equal Human Rights In 1863, Abraham Lincoln was faced with a major dilemma dealing with an upcoming election. Arguments and fights were breaking out among the people of Northern and Southern States. Lincoln knew something had to be done to show his view points about on slavery and the reconstruction of the Union. Lincoln believed that slavery should not be interfered with by the government. However, he also knew that only four states of the Union were slave-holding states, Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, and Delaware. Lincoln thought these states were an important part of remaining the Union. Lincoln knew that he could not legally abolish slavery, and the power t ...
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Presidential Reconstruction - 843 words
Johnsons plan for reconstruction was called Presidential Reconstruction. In this plan he made it that the seven remaining states could be readmitted to the Union if they did several things. The seven states were Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Texas. The guidelines that they must had to meet were to declare session illegal, swear allegiance to the union, and to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which would end slavery. All of the states except Texas quickly accepted these terms and elected legislators. Congress did not believe that Johnsons plan truly brought an end to reconstruction and were infuriated by the pardons of over 13,000 confederates, an ...
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The Effect Of Landmark Supreme Court Cases On Juvenile Justice - 1,763 words
The Effect of Landmark Supreme Court Cases on Juvenile Justice Thesis: In the past juvenile offenders were held to the same standards and sanctions as adult offenders. The juvenile justice system has changed in the past 100 years as result of several case laws. The Effect of Landmark Supreme Court Cases on Juvenile Justice Three women simultaneously have their purse snatched on three different streets. The ages of the offenders are 12, 16 and 19 years. Police arrest all three. Will all three offenders be processed in the same manner? The answer is no. In the past, juvenile offenders were held to the same standards and sanctions as adult offenders. The juvenile justice system has changed in t ...
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The Right To Bear Arms - 1,072 words
... the right to bear arm, the NRA argues that the Fourteenth Amendment enforces the Second (3). The Fourteenth Amendment states: No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. (From Amendment XIV section 1.1868) In this argument the NRA stresses that no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States. They feel that this clearly makes it unlawful for the state to pose restr ...
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Black Rage Historical Study - 5,188 words
Thesis Statement: Throughout the history of the United States, as seen through an analysis of African-American literature and rhetoric, black rage has not only existed, but has grown. As the momentum toward equality is clearly evident in the black races struggle, the question of where (or when) this rage will subside (if ever) remains unanswered. In examining black rage, four distinct periods of American history should be considered: slavery, Reconstruction and Jim Crow, the Civil Rights Era, and contemporary America. 1. Throughout African-American history, a presence of black rage is identifiable through both African-American literature and rhetoric. 2. This rage has emanated from a state o ...
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Science And God - 1,473 words
With each new development in science comes conflict, mostly from those who don't believe that science follows the teachings of their religion or allies with their beliefs in an almighty power or God. Looking back in history at some of the great names in human scientific achievement, such as Copernicus, Galileo, and Darwin, we see that with each genius discovery came some outcry from religious groups. Nikolaus Copernicus was one of the first pioneers of science. Until 1540 science had long been a servant of the Christian religion, but Copernicus brought about change, and with that change came persecution. Copernicus' work, although not immediately and widely accepted, lead directly to the und ...
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Sex Marriage - 1,973 words
... tics researcher at the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario. Ebers is attempting to duplicate Hamer's findings by conducting a similar study. Ebers claims that he has not drawn a similar conclusion. The ORI investigation was triggered by the report of a woman formerly a junior member of Hamer's lab, in which she questioned the methods of Hamer's research(Science, 1995). Whether or not homosexuality is hereditary brings up many issues, one of which is the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA for short). The two main purposes of DOMA are to define marriage, and to give the states the ability to have their own policy on whether of not they recognize same sex marriage(Weekly compilation ...
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Revolution In The South - 918 words
When asked the question "Did Reconstruction change the South for African Americans?" I thought long and hard. I realized what a great revolution had taken place for the entire black race, to be coming out of slavery and slowly but surely things were happening. Jobs and juries were full of blacks. But come 1877 the dream was ripped out of many beholders and turned into a nightmare, it seems, for the next century, as racism rampaged once again through the country. Therefore I believe that good changes were made but not enough. Socially, blacks built lives for themselves. "In 1865-1866, free men and women all over the South grabbed Liberty by the horns."(Freidheim, P.195) Using their newfound f ...
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Assisted Suicide - 651 words
Physician-assisted suicide should be a legal option for terminally ill patients, that is my beleif. A perfect example of this statement is the case of forty-one year-old Peter Cinque who was in the terminal stages of diabetes several years ago. He was blind, had lost both legs, and suffered from ulcers and cardiovascular problems, as well. He was being kept alive by a kidney dialysis machine. Then one day he asked his doctors to stop the treatment. As a conscious, rational adult, he had the legal right to determine what should or should not be done to his body. But the hospital authorities refused to honor this right until he had been examined by two psychiatrists to test his mental competen ...
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Criminal Law - 1,217 words
Search and Seizure by definition refers to a police practice whereby a person or place is searched and evidence useful in the investigation and prosecution of crime is seized. The Fourth Amendment and Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution and constitutionally limit the search and seizure by provisions in the several state constitutions, statutes, and rules of court. Generally, people instinctively understand the rights and concepts and of privacy. Its the freedom to decide which details of your life are private and public. Likewise, we acknowledge that society is served when the police, in appropriate circumstances, are allowed to investigate and confiscate contraband, stole ...
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Criminal Law - 1,227 words
... that are in plain view. This exception generally applies only to a fleeing felon. If the police are pursuing a suspect for a misdemeanor or a non-jailable offense, or other minor infraction, hot pursuit will ordinarily not apply. The sixth warrantless search is Search Incident to Arrest. When a person is placed under arrest, the police may search the person and the immediate surroundings for weapons that might be used to harm the officer. If the person is taken to jail, the police may search to make sure that weapons or contraband are not brought into the jail. (This is called an inventory search.) Inventory searches also frequently involve a search of the arrested persons car(if it is ...
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