European Union - 1,792 words
1. Winston Churchill took the first step towards a European Union in 1946; he called for a "United States of Europe". This Union was going to be very strong, and it has developed some very important decisions since 1946. In 1948, the Congress of Europe brought all the European movements together in The Hague. The first really big change that EU accomplished took place in 1950. The Treaty of Rome was signed and that was the beginning of EEC, the European Economic Community. The Common Market included six countries: Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. These countries decided in 1959 to reduce the customs between them. Another milestone for EU took place in 1979, t ...
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Pelucian Explorers - 1,477 words
Speluncean Explorers v. Court of General Instances of the A. Five members of the Speluncean Society went into a cave to explore. While they were in the cave a landslide occurred covering the entrance and trapping them in. B. Twenty days later after the entrapment messages were sent from the explorers to a rescue team outside of the cave. C. The explorers explained their conditions and rations to doctors and asked if they would be able to survive until the predicted date they would be saved. The doctors said no. D. Eight hours later, Roger Whetmore speaking on behalf of the explorers, asked if they could survive if they ate one of their own. The doctors said yes. E. Whetmore than asked the do ...
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Pelucian Explorers - 1,498 words
... find themselves in a predicament such as explorers, you can be sure decisions on whether to live or die will not be controlled by the contents of our law. Therefore, the statute in question does not at all apply to the case at hand such as the self defense plea. Foster's conclusions is that the defendants are innocent of the murder of Whetmore, and the conviction should be set aside. Justice Tatting finds himself letting his own emotions get the better of him when viewing this case. He finds himself torn between sympathy for the explorers and disgust in the brutal act they committed. Tatting finds Justice Foster's opinions on the case shot through "contradictions and fallacies". Tatting ...
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Haiti The Republic - 1,944 words
A tiny tropical island sits in the Caribbean, decorated with palm trees and colorful hibiscus flowers. Its mountains stand majestically looking down upon sandy beaches and green valleys. From a distance it appears as any other island you might encounter sailing the waters of the Caribbean. Yet, as you come closer you notice a difference. There are no tourist resorts dotting the coasts, no high rise hotels with sand volleyball courts and marimba bands. This is Haiti, this is different. If the land could speak it would tell of tragedy and violence, of abuse and bloodshed, of power and greed. Why does the country stand apart from its neighbors? The answer lies in the turbulent history of this t ...
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Juvenile Psycopaths - 1,873 words
What is the "super predator"? He or she are young hypercriminals who are committing acts of violence of unprecedentedcoldness and brutality. This newest phenomena in the world of crime is perhaps the most dangerous challenge facing society and law enforcement ever. While psychopaths are not new, this breed of super criminal exceeds the scope of psychopathic behavior. They are younger, more brutal, and completely unafraid of the law. While current research on the super predator is scarce, I will attempt to give an indication as to the reasons a child could become just such a monster. Violent teenage criminals are increasingly vicious. John DiIulio, Professor of Politics and Public Affairs at ...
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Political Theories Of Hobbes And Locke - 881 words
The Political Theories of Hobbes and Locke In the sixteenth century, the rise of the state and decline of the feudal system brought about the question of authority, whose is absolute, God or man? Should the state have power over its subjects or the subjects over the state? Soon after the theory of sovereignty and the theory of social contract were developed, but even these still drew debate. Thomas Hobbes and John Lockes political theories have been influential ever since they were first developed in the late seventeenth century. During this time there was an outpouring of political ideas, Locke and Hobbess theories stand out. Their theories are both psychologically insightful, but in nature ...
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The Misunderstood - 4,125 words
Sadly, modern Americans seem to have done a better job preserving what Thomas Jefferson has left us in bricks and mortar than we have preserving his ideas. Tourists visiting Charlottesville, Virginia, can witness firsthand the ongoing efforts to preserve Jefferson's home at Monticello as well as his splendid little "Academical Village," the Lawn, which is still a vital center of student life at the University of Virginia. Further down the road, near Lynchburg, Virginia, preservationists have begun restoring Poplar Forest, Jefferson's retreat home. Scholars have been less successful in keeping alive his philosophy, particularly his ideas about government -- despite the copious record he left ...
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Spanish Castilian Empire - 1,386 words
Why was it considered necessary for the Spanish Crown to justify and legitimise the conquest of the Americas and what arguments and means did it employ for this purpose? Every colonial country needs an idea to base its conquest and Spain was no different. The ideology behind the Spanish conquest of the Americas was the spread of Catholicism. This belief in the conversion of the Indians is what drove the Spanish to conquer, settle and govern the New World. The Castilians modeled their Catholic empire on the Holy Roman Empire of old. They viewed themselves as successors to the Romans. The Castilians regarded themselves as the superior race, who were on a divine mission to achieve a universal C ...
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The Nature Of Government - 841 words
John Locke, an influential early liberal English philosopher, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a brilliant political theorist and one of the main figures of the enlightenment, have a considerable importance in political thought, for which they are best known. The Second Treatise of Government by John Locke places sovereignty into the hands of people. Locke imagined an original state of nature in which individuals rely upon their own strength. His argument is that people are equal and invested with natural rights in a state of nature in which they live free from inside and outside rule. The state of nature has a base on the law of everyone being equal and independent. However, though this be a stat ...
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Democracy - 1,636 words
Democracy is the fastest growing type of government in the world. More and more countries are revolting against their dictators and parliaments and evolving into Democracies. Democracy means the people are sovereign, government by the people. Representative institutions, therefore, derive their authority from the people and are responsible to the people. According to democratic theory, elections, political parties, and representative legislatures are means of implementing popular sovereignty. Most Americans are not only liberals, in the classical sense of believing in individual liberty, but are also democrats since they believe in equality, majority rule, with recognition of the rights of m ...
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Mill Vs Locke - 1,348 words
... good is on the whole best provided for by allowing him to take his own means of pursuing it. But by selling himself for a slave, he abdicates his liberty; he foregoes any future use of it beyond that single act.(Mill pg536) Mills counterexample can be disproved by simple analysis of this quotation. He states by an engagement which a person should sell himself, or allow himself to be sold; in Dred Scotts case he did not have a say in the matter whether he wanted to be sold into slavery or not. He was simply taken against his will, and forced to give up his inalienable right of freedom by the United States. I say against his will because honestly who would want to be sold into slavery? The ...
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Theater And Govt - 606 words
Government is an interesting concept developed by humans in order to come together and form a better way of life. Government often times has stepped in to judge what this better way of life should be. In current times, there has been the near censorship of art and in the past theatrical world, the morals of a community are mandated by government. Ever since people came out of the state of nature and started forming governments, the role of that government has been always been debated. Early philosophers like John Locke and Jean-Jacque Rousseau have similar beliefs as to the role of government, the individual's role in government and how the individual concedes to government. Locke maintained ...
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Free Trade In Americas Interest - 996 words
... is the world's largest importer and exporter. Trade accounts for 11% of the U.S. economy and about 30% of economic growth in recent years, the Clinton administration says. Trade-related jobs typically pay 13% to 16% more than other jobs. Exports alone have accounted for 30% of the more than 20 million jobs created since 1986. Current WTO agreements -- to free up trade in everything from clothes to computers -- give the average family of four $1,500 to $3,000 in additional purchasing power every year, the Clinton administration says. Economists argue that imports give consumers a wider range of choices and keep inflation in check, a huge factor in U.S. economic growth. The World Trade Or ...
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Haiti - 1,964 words
Haiti has long been known for its major export of Haitian migrants in search of a better way of life. It is an exodus that goes back several decades, however with recent times the numbers have increased dramatically. In fact, that numbers of Haitians fleeing Haiti in the early 1990's far exceeds the numbers recorded in earlier years. Between 1972- 1979, some 8,000- 10,000 Haitians arrived in the United States. Compare this number with the 14,443 Haitians interdicted between September 30, 1991 - January 1, 1992. By early 1994, this number totaled over 41,000 (Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Haiti, 1994). Economic deprivation has always been the predominant influence for the migrati ...
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Daisy Miller - 668 words
The incongruity between reality and appearance: The idea of subtext is a metaphor for the manner in which the European-American social circle in Europe misunderstands the true character of Daisy Miller. She is innocent and uncultured and incautious but the circle sees only the surface of her character and the actions that character takes. They imagine a member of their social circle, thus someone with the experience and knowledge to understand and exaggerate the mores and codes of the European culture, acting in the way that Daisy Miller does. They do not take the time to look beneath this pretense to find that she is naturally innocent, acting on impulse instead of caution and convention. S ...
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Declaration Of Independence And Its Influences - 1,486 words
The Declaration of Independence: A Summery of European Thought When one examines the Declaration of Independence, one questions how truly revolutionary this so called premier document of human rights truly is. In a philosophical sense, many of the ideas possessed in the Declaration of Independence were far from original. Beginning in the early 1700's and gaining momentum all through the 18th century was a period in history commonly referred to as the Age of Enlightenment. The thoughts that characterized this age included new ideas on the construction of the universe that had gained acceptance during the Scientific Revolution. As theorists began questioning such widely accepted truths such as ...
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Jan Ifversen - 2,852 words
... : religion. But, in a way, religion is also work and possession, working and possessing the minds. The island is transformed or civilised by Robinson. This does not even change when Robinson sees the first human beings, the cannibals. The cannibals or the savages play the same role as the island; they represent both savagery and a point zero of civilization. From this point zero they can be tamed (in Robinson's own words) and turned into a copy of European civilization. This process is represented by the transformation of Friday from a cannibal to a copy of a European. Even Friday's speech is copied: "You do great deal much good, says he, you teach wild mans be good sober tarn mans; you ...
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Lockes Government - 1,524 words
The Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson, and The Second Treatise on Civil Government by John Locke, are two similar works. Lockes work seems to have had an influence on Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence. Both works were written on government, what it should and should not be. Locke brings the view that the state exists to preserve the natural rights of its citizens. When governments fail in that task, citizens have the right--and sometimes the duty--to withdraw their support and event to rebel. Locke maintained that the state of nature was a happy and tolerant one, that the social contract preserved the preexistent natural rights of the individual t ...
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Consenting Adultsthe Idea Of Consent In The Works Of Locke And Rousseau - 1,584 words
The idea of consent is a key element in the works of John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. In the Second Treatise of Government, Locke puts forth his conception of the ideal form of government based on a social contract. As Locke develops his theory of consent, he also incorporates theories of political obligation on the part of all citizens of his state as well as his theory of revolution and the conditions under which rebellion is permissible. Though Locke may appear to have explored the notion of consent completely, there are some problems with his theory that weaken its impact. Despite the possible problems encountered with Lockes idea of consent in a political society, Rousseau, in his ...
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John Locke - 1,129 words
John Locke (1632-1704) was an English philosopher, political theorist and founder of Empiricism. After studying medicine at Oxford, Locke served the Earl of Shaftesbury as a physician, and followed him to France in 1675. There he spent four years studying Continental philosophy, especially that of Descartes. On his return, Locke worked with Shaftesbury to block the succession of James, Duke of York, and later James II from the throne. It was a controversial issue since the Restoration of tabula rasa. His most important political work also appeared in 1690, the Two Treatises of Government there he argues that the function of the state is to protect the natural rights of its citizens, primaril ...
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