The Civil Rights Act Of 1991 - 1,177 words
The constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights were suppose to be enough to guarantee equal rights for all people, however, after the emancipation of slaves the government needed to ensure the equality of the freed people so created the Civil Rights Act of 1866. Since then there has been Civil Rights Acts in 1871, 1957, 1964, 1972, and 1991. Each act reinforces the one before it, and adds one or two new provisions. This repetitive action shows that the only way people pay attention to a civil rights act is if another is brought to light, and remind society that everyone is supposed to be treated equally. The most recent Civil Rights Act of 1991 was a compromise culminating from ...
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Cival Rights Act 1964 - 1,990 words
When the Government Stood Up For Civil Rights "All my life I've been sick and tired, and now I'm just sick and tired of being sick and tired. No one can honestly say Negroes are satisfied. We've only been patient, but how much more patience can we have?" Mrs. Hamer said these words in 1964, a month and a day before the historic Civil Rights Act of 1964 would be signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson. She speaks for the mood of a race, a race that for centuries has built the nation of America, literally, with blood, sweat, and passive acceptance. She speaks for black Americans who have been second class citizens in their own home too long. She speaks for the race that would be patient ...
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Affirmative Action - 1,541 words
Affirmative action is one of the more recent and popular civil rights policies that affect today's society. Affirmative action can be described as nothing more than a lower educational standard for minorities. It has become quite clear that affirmative action is unfair and unjust. However, in order to blend race, culture, and genders to create a stable and diverse society, someone has to give. How can this be justified? Is there a firm right or wrong to affirmative action? Is this policy simply taking something from one person and giving it to someone else, or is there more to this policy, such as affirmative action being a reward for years of oppression against those whom it affects? There ...
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Reconstruction - 2,247 words
... on Washington in 1964 the goals had changed to guaranteeing all Americans equality of opportunity, integration both social and political, and the more amorphous goal of a biracial democracy.32 But the goals did not include the need to transform the economic condition of Blacks. Instead they emphasized the need to transform the political At the beginning, the Civil Rights Movement sought solutions to racial injustice through laws and used the Federal courtsto secure them. The Supreme Court set the stage in 1954 with Brown vs. The Board of Education of Topeka Kansas: the Brown decision focused the attention of dominant Black institutions such as CORE (Congress On Racial Equality) and the N ...
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Eisenhower - 624 words
1. Eisenhower's goals were to break the dead lock in peace negotiations by going to Korea, facilitate the passing of the Cold War by dealing with the USSR, and in communicating so well with oversea relations, he turned out to be an excellent foreign policy maker. 2. Eisenhower was an open-minded individual who listened to all sides before decisions were made. He promoted peace, wanted to eliminate blame, wanted to help others, and wanted to make the UN effective as a force. Eisenhower went to Korea to have a peace talk, he signed a treaty in Manila to create SEATO, protected all anti-Communists as stated in the Eisenhower doctrine, and in doing so, extended Americans hand out to foreign coun ...
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Equal Pay - 1,688 words
Pay equity means of eliminating sex and race discrimination in the wage-setting system. The wage gap is currently at 73 cents to the dollar. That means the wage gap has narrowed by less than a half penny per year. There are currently two laws that protect against wage discrimination, The Equal Pay Act of 1963, which prohibits unequal pay or substantially equal work performed by men and women. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits wage discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion or national origin. Pay equity is a benefit for everyone. Women and people of color should not be in fear of asking how much someone else is making or to question, why they arent making a c ...
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Affirmative Action - 1,386 words
When people talk about the civil rights movement, the first thing that comes to mind is the famous speech I have a dream by Martin Luther King. His dream in short was to have equality among human beings. For the past thirty years, this country has been revolutionizing humanitarianism because there is greater concern for human welfare than one hundred years ago. The revolution began during the 1960s, and during that era this country was drastically involved in changing the civil rights of minority groups. From this concern, a program called affirmative action evolved. Like other civil right movements, the affirmative action movement was implemented to promote equality. Like some Americans, I ...
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What Has Helped Change The United States Segregation Laws - 842 words
What Has Helped Change The United States Segregation Laws? Throughout time, there has not been equality between the races. Court cases, here in the United States, have tried to create racial equality, but did they really work? How did the cases really change racial equality? In To Kill A Mockingbird this same sort of question was come upon. Why was Separate but Equal here and why was it legal? Plessy vs. Ferguson is probably one of the most famous court cases that deals with the de-segregation of the United States. On June 7, 1892, a man named Homer Plessy was jailed for riding in a white-only railway car. Plessy was only 1/8 black though. He was 7/8s Caucasian, yet still considered black. T ...
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Governmental Actions To End Discrimination Since The 1950s Outline - 341 words
Slow Improvement, but substantial gains 1954- Brown v. Board of Ed.- ends segregation 1962- Baker v. Carr- "one man, one vote"; redistricts congressional districts to be more representative of minorities. 1964- Heart of Atlanta Motel v. U.S.- uses interstate commerce clause to ban segregated motels, hotels and restaurants. 1966- S.C. v. Katzenbach- enforces 15th amendment's policy of ending voting discrimination 1968- Jones v. Mayer- racial discrimination in sale or rental of housing is illegal. 1971- Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg County- bussing can be used as a means of combating state enforced segregation. 1979- United Steel Workers v. Weber- upholds affirmative action for the purpose of ...
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Immigration - 1,481 words
... the examination is completed, the petition filed in court, and all investigations of fitness for citizenship completed.(1,68) Then the petitioner will be notified to appear before the court for the final hearing. (1,68) If the examiner agrees that the applicant should be a citizen, he or she becomes a citizen. (1,68) If the examiner does not agree, he or she will have to come to court with or without an attorney and the judge will hear what the petitioner has to say. (1,68) The judge then has the final call on whether the petitioner becomes a citizen or not. (1,68) You can become a citizen if you meet the following requirements: you have been a legal permanent resident for five years, o ...
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Events Of 1968 - 1,059 words
... uld not run just the same. My father remembered being disappointed that Johnson decided not to run again, because my father believed that he would end the war. Also, my father admired his signing of the Civil Rights Act. My father was not a huge fan, but still favored many of his actions and ideas. I got the impression that at that time, my father was not a huge fan of anyone in office. Since I was young, I have been taught about the slaying of Martin Luther King in Memphis. Until I read the newspaper articles though, I had not realized what an impact it had on the nation. I read of how the nation mourned, and how the President canceled an important trip to Hawaii to meet with Mrs. King. ...
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To What Degree Was Reconstruction After The Civil War Successful - 822 words
Reconstruction was successful politically in its attempts to solve the problems of how to deal with the newly freed slaves and how to bring the seceded states back into the Union after the Civil War; however, many of these methods were unsuccessful or had no effect socially or economically. Some solutions determined by Reconstruction included: the passage of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments; the Freedmens Bureau; the Reconstruction Act of 1837, the Civil Rights Act, and the Enforcement Act of 1870. In 1865, Congress ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, which stated that Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have ...
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Lyndon B Johnson And Richard M Nixon - 1,378 words
Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard M. Nixon were presidents during one of the most turbulent periods in American history. Both grappled with significant social unrest and the question of whether to continue involvement in the Vietnam War. Although these two presidents faced similar problems during their presidency, their presidential style and approach to these problems was fundamentally different. However, Johnson and Nixon shared a willingness to mislead the public and their associates in order to pursue their own course of action. Johnson and Nixon had fundamentally different presidential styles which explains much of the differences in their approaches to domestic and foreign policy. Johnson ...
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African Americans Versus The Social Sciences - 2,778 words
American segregation was a bitter part of American history. Even worse, though, are the securing reasons for the need of segregation and the defense of the institution. I will be discussing the method in which segregation came into existence in America and how the populace advocated such a policy. The issue of segregation in America deals mostly with the idea of superiority and inferiority between the black, or African, and white, or Caucasian, races. There is a long history on what eventually became legal segregation in the United States. I will begin by giving a short synopsis of that history. Immediately after the Civil War many laws were enacted called black codes that clashed with the E ...
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African Americans Versus The Social Sciences - 2,706 words
... e a loss of self-control and a disregard for custom and good taste." The size of the smaller Negro brain shows how inferior Negroes are. The deficiencies of the Negro brain can be blamed because "its physical growth" is "halted abruptly at puberty." Puberty is the moment in which the Negro body and brain cease to develop. It seems odd to consider that the brain will stop developing at such an early period in ones life, preventing further enlargement and development of the intellectual properties of the brain. At this stage the brain possesses the process of perception, memory, and motor responses. It is after puberty where critical thinking, comprehension of complex situations and "abili ...
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Presidential Reconstruction - 843 words
Johnsons plan for reconstruction was called Presidential Reconstruction. In this plan he made it that the seven remaining states could be readmitted to the Union if they did several things. The seven states were Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Texas. The guidelines that they must had to meet were to declare session illegal, swear allegiance to the union, and to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which would end slavery. All of the states except Texas quickly accepted these terms and elected legislators. Congress did not believe that Johnsons plan truly brought an end to reconstruction and were infuriated by the pardons of over 13,000 confederates, an ...
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Using Arrest Records In Hiring - 1,161 words
The Supreme Court's 1966 Miranda ruling providing for the right to remain silent is now a well-known phrase thanks to American mass media and, especially, popular television police dramas. However, not nearly as well known is, that for better or worse, this right can also be extended to the workplace. The topic of this paper is to examine the legality and issues involved with regard to questioning applicants during the hiring process about their arrest and conviction records. Discrimination occurs at all levels of society involving many types of people for various reasons. In the 1960s a populist movement in the United States raised national awareness of civil rights as an issue in American ...
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Afirmative Action Or Positive Discrimination Misc - 1,471 words
Affirmative Action or Positive Discrimination Two people went to an interview for only one job position at the same company. The first person was just starting out in the field and seemed to lack the education, ambition and vision that was required of the job. The second person attended a prestigious and highly academic university, had years of work experience in the field and, in the mind of the employer, had the potential to make a positive impact on the companys performance. Adoption of the social policy known as affirmative action turns a relatively easy question, into a no win situation. After the United States Congress passed the Civil Rights Act in 1964, it became apparent that certai ...
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The Civil Rights Cases - 1,074 words
The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was an effort of the Post-Civil War Congresses to enforce civil rights throughout the United States. It was a part of the Reconstructionists to eliminate racial discrimination throughout the United States and this Act was one form to attempt to accomplish this. They took the authority to pass this Act from Section 5 of the 14th Amendment. They interpreted that section to allow the Congress the power to define as well as enforce the rights established by the 14th Amendment. When the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was tested by the Supreme Court it held that interpretation of the amendment and thus the Act was unconstitutional, and in passing the Act overstepped the powe ...
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Constitutional Law - 3,822 words
... between two states, the sup. ct. gives the case to a special master in a trial with original jurisdiction. ***Can congress take away all appellate jurisdiction? The ct. will say it would be unconstitutional. Congress can seek help from the Pres. to take away a judges salary. -Sup. ct. first met in N.Y. in 1719. -In 1920 Certioriari was created. Gave sup. ct. the right to choose whether they wanted to hear. Exception, they had to hear all appellate cases. -1988, now they decide what they want to hear. 1. When the decision has a consequence of general significance, not only affects one individual. 2. When there is a split in the federal circuits for the need of uniformity. -The rule of 4: ...
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