Committed A Crime Searches And Seizures
1,728 wordsThe overall issue is whether the offered evidence obtained by the State in the robbery trial of Andy and Bob should be suppressed. The first issue is whether Officer Short had probable cause to stop the VW bug. When a police officer has probable cause to believe that a suspect has committed a crime, the officer makes an arrest. An arrest may occur either with or without a warrant (most are made without a warrant). Arrest usually involves taking the suspect into custody and transporting him to th...
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Searches And Seizures Probable Cause
1,074 wordsThe book, Terror on Highway 59 was about a reporter by the name of Steve Sellers. Steve was in his second week of his new job, for the Austin American Statesmen, when his city editor handed him a letter containing weird behavior on Highway 59. The letter was from a man named J. E. Foley. Foley complained about the San Jacinto County Sheriffs department. Foley was on his way home from Kentucky after visiting some friends in Houston, and had bought a new car. The officers pulled over the car he wa...
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Patently Offensive Legally Obscene
5,385 words... to Sound Warehouse, a record store in Broward County, and bought a cassette version of the "Nasty" recording. He listened to the album, had six of its songs transcribed, and prepared an affidavit stating these facts. On February 28, 1990, Deputy Wichner sent the affidavit, the transcripts, and a copy of the "Nasty" tape to Judge Mel Grossman of the Broward County Circuit Court, requesting that the judge find probable cause that "Nasty" was legally obscene. On March 9, Judge Grossman issued a...
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Search And Seizure Probable Cause
1,232 wordsSearch and Seizure by definition refers to a police practice whereby a person or place is searched and evidence useful in the investigation and prosecution of crime is seized. The Fourth Amendment and Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution and constitutionally limit the search and seizure by provisions in the several state constitutions, statutes, and rules of court. Generally, people instinctively understand the rights and concepts and of privacy. Its the freedom to decide which...
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Search And Seizure Probable Cause
1,237 words... that are in plain view. This exception generally applies only to a fleeing felon. If the police are pursuing a suspect for a misdemeanor or a non-jail able offense, or other minor infraction, hot pursuit will ordinarily not apply. The sixth warrantless search is Search Incident to Arrest. When a person is placed under arrest, the police may search the person and the immediate surroundings for weapons that might be used to harm the officer. If the person is taken to jail, the police may searc...
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Arrest Search Warrants And Probable Cause
1,681 words1. The United States Supreme Court has held that normally, a police seizure of either evidence of a crime in a constitutionally protected area or a possible criminal defendant must be based on probable cause (e. g. , Illinois v. Gates (1983) ). Furthermore, the Court has repeatedly stated that a government search or seizure on private premises without a warrant is presumptively unreasonable under the Fourth Amendment unless it falls within one of the "carefully delineated" (Welsh v. Wisconsin, (...
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Accidents Involving Probable Cause
1,284 wordsThe movement of millions of passengers over distances thought impossible decades ago is symbolic of the modern air transportation era that is characterized by speed, comfort and personal convenience. The commerce of aviation, both the operation of commercial aircraft for profit and the development of aeronautical systems, is also an important symbol of national prestige and a powerful economic force. Safety in air transportation is therefore a matter of significant national importance. The Natio...
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Sir Robert Peel Juvenile Offenders
1,910 wordsMobilization for Youth 1 Mobilization for Youth received federal funding and attempted an integrated approach to community development. Answer: a. Mobilization for Youth (MOBY) b. Chicago Area Project c. Boston's Mid-City Project d. Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study 2 In the Public Health Approach primary prevention focuses on improving the general well-being of individuals through such measures as access to health care services and general prevention education. Answer: a. primary prevention b. s...
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American Legal System Supreme Court Case
2,970 wordsAmerican Legal System The American Legal system has been a strong order of justice since our forefathers created it when America was being born. Since there are so many parts and processes of the justice system, it has been divided into different agencies and departments, to ensure that system works in a manner that is efficient as possible. Like any other country in the world, the Unites States has crime and has a way of defending and regulating its control with police, courts, and a correction...
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Supreme Court Decision Article I Section
1,863 wordsArticle I, Section 8, Clauses 1 18 are considered by many the important clauses of the US Constitution with clause 18 being the most important. IT is within these clauses where the definition of expressed and implied powers is spelled out. Clauses 1 17 deal with the expressed powers and clause 18 deals with implied powers. Expressed powers are powers which are spelled out in the constitution, and implied powers are those powers which are just hinted at or suggested. Clause 18 of the constitution...
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Search And Seizure Probable Cause
531 wordsOne night John Doe is driving down the freeway and is pulled over for a routine traffic violation. After issuing poor Johnny a traffic ticket the officer asks him one little question that could change Johnny's insignificant life forever. May I search your car? Now imagine if you were in Johns position, how would you have responded to the question. Would you have just said yes and let the officer go through your personal belongings, or would you say no. If you were to say no could it lead to cons...
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Probable Cause Criminal Acts
613 wordsCAUGHT ON TAPE Using Criminals Videos Against Them By Edward F. Davis, M. S. , and Anthony J. Pinizzotto, Ph. D. Article from FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin In Sparta, Michigan, a 16 -year-old high school dropout with a criminal record bludgeons a man to death, then cuts off his head. In Fort Lauderdale, Florida, five teenagers vandalize and burglarize eight homes and a school. During their escapades, they blow up a live sea trout in a microwave and get a dog high on marijuana. In Los Angeles, a g...
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Law Enforcement Officer Plead Guilty
1,183 wordsThere are some 30, 374 lay magistrates in England and Wales, 15, 858 men and 14, 516 women, appointed by the Lord Chancellor or the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, in the name of the Crown. Magistrates are ordinary members of the community who sit in the Magistrates Courts and who dispense justice at the lowest level of the English court system. They are unpaid for what they do and therefore are not servants of the Crown. This supports their position of impartiality between the Crown and t...
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Random Drug Testing War On Drugs
2,989 wordsDrug testing in the United States began with the explosive use of illegal drugs, in order to curb drug abuse. This began during the Vietnam War with drug use at a climax. In general, Drug testing is a way to detect illegal drug use and deter it, usually by Urinalysis. Drug testing in the United States violates a citizen? s right to unreasonable search and seizure? s along with jeopardizing one? s freedom. Drug testing is not only an unreliable invasion of a person? s privacy but it assumes that ...
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Equal Protection Clause Los Angeles Police
4,653 wordsI. INTRODUCTION Let me make this very clear. The Maryland State police has not, does not, nor will it ever condone the use of race-based profiling in determining which cars to stop on the highway. 1 Chief State Trooper Colonel David Mitchell issued this statement in response to a lawsuit filed against the Maryland State Troopers. The suit was filed on behalf of African-American motorists who alleged that these officers had engaged in a practice of targeting black motorists for traffic stops alon...
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Nations Security Council United Nations Security
3,485 wordsThe term laws of war refers to the rules governing the actual conduct of armed conflict. This idea that there actually exists rules that govern war is a difficult concept to understand. The simple act of war in and of itself seems to be in violation of an almost universal law prohibiting one human being from killing another. But during times of war murder of the enemy is allowed, which leads one to the question, if murder is permissible then what possible laws of war could there be? The answer t...
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Crime Scene Physical Evidence
3,240 wordsForensic Science: Proper Crime Scene Techniques. Essay, Forensic Science: Proper Crime Scene Techniques. The word Forensic is derived from the Latin forests, meaning of the forum. 1 In ancient Rome, the forum was where governmental debates were held, but it was also where trials were held the court house. From that, forensic science has come to mean the application of the natural and physical science to the resolution of matters within a legal context 2. Forensic Science can be viewed as a tripa...
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Property Without Due Process Liberty Or Property Without Due
3,984 wordsDate sent: Sun, 19 May 1996 00: 47: 27 - 0700 How many rights do you have? You should check, because it might not be as many today as it was a few years ago, or even a few months ago. Some people I talk to are not concerned that police will execute a search warrant without knocking or that they set up roadblocks and stop and interrogate innocent citizens. They do not regard these as great infringements on their rights. But when you put current events together, there is information that may be su...
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Law Enforcement Officers Police Officers
3,734 wordsPolice Officers Overstep Their Rights When Searching People One of the main powers law enforcement officers carry is the authority to make citizens involuntarily give up their rights. Most people when confronted by police get mild to moderate panic reaction, can become nervous or anxious, and do as much as possible to limit the time spent with the officer. Due to the difference in power between a citizen and a police officer, citizens often unknowingly, give up their constitutional rights when a...
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Searches And Seizures Fourth Amendment
1,166 wordsKatz V. The United States The petitioner Mr. Katz was arrested for illegal gambling, he had been gambling over a public phone. The FBI attached an electronic recorder onto the outside of the public phone booth. The state courts claimed this to be legal because the recording device was on the outside of the phone and the FBI never entered the booth. The Supreme Court Ruled in the favor of Katz. They stated that the Fourth Amendment allowed for the protection of a person and not just a persons pro...
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