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Analysis Of Important Themes In Greek Architecture - 1,599 words
Greek architecture begins with the simple houses of the Dark Age and culminates in the monumental temples of the Classical period and the elaborately planned cities and sanctuaries of the Hellenistic period. As in any time or place, the raw materials available and the technologies developed to utilize them largely determined the nature of the architecture. The principal materials of Greek architecture were wood, used for supports and roof beams; unbaked brick, used for walls, especially of private houses; limestone and marble, used for columns, walls, and upper portions of temples and other public buildings; terracotta (baked clay), used for roof tiles and architectural ornaments; and metals ...
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Analysis Of Important Themes In Greek Architecture - 1,598 words
... rtions of this early temple are significant. With 6 columns across the front and back and 16 on each side (counting the corner columns twice), the temple has a ratio of length to width of nearly three to one. As time passed, Greek architects felt these proportions were too elongated. They progressively reduced the temples length relative to its width, until by the mid-5th century the ratio was slightly more than two to one. The Parthenon in Athens (447-432 BC), for example, has 17 columns on its sides and 8 on its ends. The history of the Temple of Hera also hints at the use of wood in early Greek architecture. Although the surviving remains are of limestone, the original columns were of ...
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Ayasofya - 4,943 words
... misphere set on the larger circle is intersected by vertical planes rising from the sides of the square, forming four arches. A horizontal plane is then passed through the hemisphere at the tops of these arches, providing a ring on which is built the dome, which has a diameter equal to the circle inscribed within the square. The pendentives are spherical triangles, the remaining portions of the first, or outer, hemisphere. At Hagia Sophia, two opposing arches on the central square open into semidomes, each pierced by three smaller radial semidomes, forming an oblong volume 31 m (100 ft) wide by 80 m (260 ft) long. The central dome rises out of this series of smaller spherical surfaces. A ...
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Greek Art - 982 words
Ancient Greece 950 BCE was a culture that took great pride in perfection, excellence and overall greatness. The people werent what todays society would consider modern, but of their time they were. The Greeks essentially molded the creative world with their intelligence in art, architecture, and astronomy for many cultures to come. The Romans who basically claimed the Greeks developments as their own destroyed many of their ideas and art forms. Even though so much of the Greeks culture has been destroyed, much of it still remains within society today. So many aspects of modern day life have been in some way, influenced by the Greeks. The Greeks were a culture that strived for perfection, and ...
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Ancient History - 664 words
an Internet Treasure Hunt on Ancient Greece Introduction | The Questions | Internet Resources -------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------ On this page you will be touring Ancient Greece.Your assignment is to answer the following questions by visiting the web sites below. -------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------ Descibe the geography of ancient Greece. Explain the economy of ancient Greece. Where did the Olympic games come from? Were there other contests like the Olympics? What prizes did Olympic victors get? Compare the different social classes in Sparta and Athens. What type of government did Athens have? How were ...
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Greek Contributions - 504 words
The Greeks contributed many things to todays society. Their ideas were extremely innovative and they lived in a time of great discoveries. Their influence has touched on subjects such as philosophy, politics, medicine, math, and art, to name just a few. The men who developed these important ideas many years ago benefit each one of us and have an important effect on todays culture. There are many famous Greek philosophers. One of the most famous is Socrates. Socrates believed in a persons character, virtue, and justice. He thought that no person is purposely bad, instead, they are bad because they are ignorant. He also believed if one was virtuous, he had knowledge and knew what was right. Th ...
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Architecture - 829 words
Architecture represents the time period or culture for which it was built. The Berlin article discussed some interesting details concerning the rebuilding of their culture. There were many famous architect who had different views on how Berlin should be built in order restore the culture of the past. "This is Berlins "Capital Dilemma" the title of a new book by author Michael Wise, who examines the quest to develop building which are fitting to united Germanys new status in Europe, while stressing a break with its turbulent history." This quote from the Berlin article shows that architects wanted to rebuild Germany to reflect their culture of the past, present, and future. The architecture m ...
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Greek Legacies - 1,149 words
Greek Legacies The term legacy is depicted as something that is handed down or remains from previous generation or time. (Dictionary) The Greeks formed a new group of thoughts, which lead to the birth of democracy. Greek scientists such as Euclid, Pythagoras, and Archimedes made new discoveries that changed the course of mathematics. Architecture led to new possibilities. Using the definition of the term legacy, we find that ancient Greece had many legacies to offer such as: government structures, science and technology and architecture. Classical Greece had a lot of legacies to offer, one major legacy being government structures and the new concept of democracy. On example of how government ...
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Historic Achievements Of The City Of Athens - 542 words
A city such as Athens triumphed over any other of its time. This is mainly due to its great achievements performed. In fact, a city so powerful had an effect on western civilization today. Many societies in modern times have been positively helped by Athens. Athenian architecture is a crucial element that made the city so beautiful. No other city was nearly as divine as Athens was. The creating of columns immensely helped in the building of structures throughout Greece. Indisputably, Greece was organized and the classification of the columns showed this even more. Three types of columns were often used in Greece and throughout the European world. (Document 1). The first was the Doric style w ...
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Greek Language, History, Religion, Architecture, Clothes, Education And More - 527 words
The Greek language evolved in four different phases: Ancient Greek, Hellenistic Greek, Byzantine Greek, and Modern Greek. Ancient Greek (1400-400 BC) introduced letters and vowels. Hellenistic Greek was from 400 BC- 400 AD and was a widely spread language thanks to Alexander the Great. Byzantine Greek (500-1500 AD) is the official language of the Byzantine Empire. Last but not least, Modern Greek is the language spoken and written today in Greece. Greek religion is polytheism (the belief in many gods and goddesses) and indeed, there were many. Oranos was the First One, the first ruler of the gods, but was killed by his son Cronos, who gave his name to time, and who in turn was also killed by ...
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Greek And Roman Architecture - 1,050 words
The Greeks thought of their Gods as having the same needs as human beings, they believed that the Gods needed somewhere to live on Earth. Temples were built as the gods' earthly homes. The basic design of temples developed from the royal halls of the Maycenaean Age. A Mycenaean palace consisted of a number of buildings often more than one story high, grouped around a central courtyard. It was brightly painted, both inside and out. In each palace there was a large hall called a megaron, where the king held court and conducted state business. Little remains of the megaron at Mycenae. This reconstruction is based on the remains from other palaces, which would have been similar. The Romans took ...
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Greek And Roman Architecture - 1,014 words
... ple did not meet in the temples to worship, as if it were a church. And last, that all gods demanded they be satisfied by sacrifice, and so sacrifices were made at the temples. For this there was a great altar outside the east porch of every temple. Some temples only had a porch for the altar and a hall leading to it, while others were much complicated. The Parthenon is one temple that is very famous and beautiful, but also very basic in its construction. Built between 447 and 438 BC, it was the first building to be constructed on the widely know Acropolis. The Parthenon is called octostyle peripteral because it has eight columns in the front and the back of it and is surrounded by a col ...
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