Accidental Colonization Versus Deliberate Navigation, Debate Of Discover In The Pacific Ocean - 1,663 words
Andrew Sharp claims in his Ancient Voyagers in the Pacific published in 1956 that the Pacific Islanders did not possess the necessary navigational and sailing technology to deliberately navigate the distances between islands of the Pacific when colonizing these islands. He claims colonization was random and accidental. However, more recent studies from 1972 on of Pacific navigation suggest deliberate navigation and colonization was possible and did take place. These studies have been supported by reenactments of voyages, computer simulations, and newly acquired information regarding preparation for distant voyages. Andrew Sharp supports his claim of accidental colonization by citing numerous ...
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Motives For Exploration - 816 words
Until the late 1400's, Europeans did not know the existence of the two American continents ( North and South America ). To the European explorers, exploring the other side of the Atlantic was like exploring an entire different world, hence the name- the New World. In 1492, Christopher Columbus unknowingly discovered the new continent. His original motives for exploring was to find an easier route to Asia but instead, he discovered the New World. Thus; Spain, France and England began sending out conquistadors and explorers to the uncharted terrains of the new continent. Motives for the Spanish, French, and English explorers varied greatly, however, they were similar in some ways. The motives ...
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Lewis And Clark The Story - 1,075 words
... nches in depth. Captain Clark walked in front to find the trail, which was near impossible, due to the snow. Captain Clark wrote, I have been wet and as cold in every part as I ever was in my life (De Voto 240). At noon, the party halted on the top of the mountain to warm and dry themselves a little while the horses grazed on some near by grass. All of the men were in fear of freezing. They were able to hike six more miles before setting up camp. Here, they were forced to kill a second colt to eat. That night, while the men slept, the horses, which were near starvation, strayed in search of grass. September 17, it took the men the whole morning to find the horses and bring them in. At on ...
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American Expansion - 689 words
American expansion to the Pacific was introduced to the people of the country by several different means. The reasons for expansion did not exclude Politics, economy, nor society. Primarily the contributions that that the rise of expansion can be attributed to include Manifest Destiny, land hunger, suspicion of British intentions as well as trade opportunities. Each was valuable, some more than others, to impel the wheels of expansionism to begin. The most important contributor to American expansion is Manifest Destiny. This term, developed by an American journalist basically state that America had a divine ( god-given) right to extend its power and civilization across the width of the North ...
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Louis Isadore Kahn And The Salk Institute - 749 words
Standing alone against the endless blue sea, the Salk Institute by Louis I. Kahn is one of a kind. "Louis Kahn's Salk Institute for Biological Studies on the Pacific coast near La Jolla aspires within its own spirit to an order achieved through clarity, definition, and consistency of application"(Heyer 195). To many, this magnificent structure may seem out of place, but it works well with the surrounding environment because of the spatial continuity that it possesses. The relation to the site, the tectonic characteristics, and the ideas of servant versus served, combine to achieve a great sense of order in the Salk Institute. Many of the ideas that went into the construction of this design a ...
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Lord Of The Flies - 631 words
The novel, Lord of the Flies, was written by William Golding. William Golding was born on September 19, 1911. His literary ambitions began at the young age of seven. He received his Bachelor of Arts from Oxford University in 1935. His novels explore characters and situations. In Lord of the Flies, it is a time of war. A group of English schoolboys are on a plane, when they are attacked and they have to evacuate their aircraft. They find themselves on a remote island, somewhere in the Pacific Ocean, without any adult supervision. A boy named Ralph takes charge and forms a crude society, with a democratic type of government. Then, a boy named Jack decides to break off and form his own society, ...
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Jack London - 539 words
John (Jack) Griffith London (1876-1916) was born in San Francisco, California. His mother, Flora Wellman, came from a wealthy family. As an infant, Virginia Prentiss, a major mother figure, raised Jack in Jacks childhood, an ex-slave. She was obligated to care for Jack because Jacks mother was ill. In his teenage years, Jack worked very hard jobs he served on a fish patrol catching poachers; he pirated oysters on the San Francisco Bay; he sailed the Pacific Ocean on a sealing ship; and he joined Kellys Army of Unemployed Working Men. London also traveled around the country, not returning to high school until the age of 19. During these years Jack was often reading the different writings of ...
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Ecotourism In Latin America - 1,123 words
The word ecotourism has not been around for that many years. However it is a word that has briskly become suitable for hotels and tourist attractions alike. This statement can not be more proper to say pertaining to Latin American countries, primarily Costa Rica, which has a high rate of international tourism. Ecotourism is not a word that everyone understands. It is a term that could have multiple meanings. When it comes down to it, though, there are two things an ecotourism project must include. Tourism can be considered ecotourism when it includes community participation, support conservation efforts, and is profitable and able to sustain itself. The lack of the common definition of ecoto ...
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Volcanoes - 1,488 words
Which are the biggest (tallest and largest volume) and smallest volcanoes on Earth? The island of Hawaii is probably the largest volcano on earth. From its base (on the floor of the Pacific Ocean) to the summit of Mauna Kea (about 13 000ft) is some 30 000ft i.e. higher than Everest. The island comprises several coalescing volcanoes including Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea and Kilauea. Mauna Loa alone has an estimated volume of 40 000km**3. It is impossible to say which is the smallest volcano since there are thousands of small eruptions on the ocean floor and around already established volcanoes only a few yards across. Volcanoes are caused when molten rock from within the mantle breaks through the cr ...
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Volcanoes - 1,427 words
... locked into the melted minerals. If volcanic rocks erupt on the earth's crust, such as the Andean volcanoes, then magma can interact with carbonate rocks such as chalk as it travels up through the mantle or lower crust, picking up carbon dioxide on the way. In subduction zones, where the ocean floor goes down into the mantle some carbonate rocks do get taken down and melted, recycling their carbon dioxide content, but this is a minor source compared with the mantle. Carbon is quite common deep in the earth, found either as the element itself (graphite or diamond under very high pressures), or as carbon dioxide. None of the common minerals in magmatic rock contains carbon, so when magma ...
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The Suicide Of Meriwether Lewis - 1,319 words
In the early hours of October 11, 1806, while en-rout to Wasington to defend himself against accusations made on him in accordance to the fiancial decisions made by him as govoner of the Louisian teritory,Meriwether Lewis shot himself in the head with his own pistol at Natchez Trace.1 However, the ball only grazed his skull. Of course, after doing so he fell to the floor in pain. After this, Lewis drew his second pistol, and shot himself in the chest, this passing through his body and exiting at his lower back bone. However, once again, he survived this blow. By now he had aroused Mrs. Grinder, the innkeeper at Natchez Trace, who sent for the servants in the barn. After entering Meriwethers ...
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Central America - 1,601 words
At the time of the discovery of Central America by Christopher Columbus in 1502, highly civilized Maya and Nahua Indians inhabited the westernmost part of the isthmus. The impressive ruins of Tikal in Guatemala, Copan in Honduras, and Tazumal in El Salvador are relics of that civilization. Panama and most of Costa Rica were occupied by less civilized societies that shared cultural characteristics with the Indians of northern South America. Within 25 years of the discovery of Central America the Spanish had essentially completed their conquest. Vasco Nunez de Balboa crossed Panama and discovered the Pacific Ocean in 1513. Exploring along the Pacific coast north and west of Panama in 1522, Gil ...
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Louisiana Purchase - 486 words
When Thomas Jefferson became president of the United States in 1801, he dreamed of sending an expedition to explore the little-known territory west of the Mississippi river. Between 1783 and 1792 Jefferson has encouraged plans for three expeditions. All three expeditions failed. In January, 1803, he asked Congress for $2,500 to pay for an expedition that might journey as far as the Pacific Ocean. The request was approval and kept secret because most of the region to be explored still belonged to France. This vast area, lying between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains, was called Louisiana in honor of Louis XIV of France. When President Jefferson learned of the Treaty of San Ildefo ...
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Pearl-harbor - 1,790 words
Reasons that Japan Involved the U.S. in War For more than fifty years, historians and social scientists have been questioning whether or not the United States was already at war prior to the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. Because of the conflict that already existed regarding Japans expansionist practices, the United States may or may have not needed to have its hand forced in the official designation of war in the Pacific. As the Japanese Empire had grown, so had its control over its territories. For example, in the early 1930s, Japan invaded Manchuria, a clear sign that the Japanese did not intend to lessen their efforts to gain control throughout Asia. The Japanese, who had blocked a n ...
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A Journey Through The Golden Gates Of Promise - 2,246 words
A Journey Though the Golden Gates of Promise Great controversy exists over the true promises of the Golden Gates in the United States. Discrimination occurs with different ethnic groups, but for those immigrants permitted into the country, the opportunities are excellent. The laws and practices established to control immigration into the United States limit the amount of poverty that can be present in the country. Without these important practices and laws created by the United States Congress, cheap labor would overpower American citizen labor and lead the country to an economic and social catastrophe. Although the United States is often criticized for its establishment of immigration laws ...
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None Provided - 1,759 words
In the formative era of Chinese civilization as early as the first millennium b.c. the Chinese thought of the world as all the regions of the heavens, and within the four seas. They called it Tianxia, which literally means under heaven. Because this was a universal term, with an undertanding of the inhabited world known to the Chinese at the time, it implicitly meant All Under Heaven. Tianxia was first of the entire physical world, the arena in which human history was acted out (The Chinese World). China is a very large and beautiful country. It is full of history and culture. Even so, China has grown slowly and unevenly to its present size. This is due to the fact that all the components th ...
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Mexican War - 719 words
The Mexican War---Was It in the National Interest? Most Americans were advocates of expanding the Union to make a larger stronger country, but some also saw the Mexican War as a barefaced plot to expand slavery; however, the Mexican War was seen as something that was necessary to settle disputes between the two countries, and through the support of the "Manifest Destiny," the unresolved conflict that took place between the Texans and Mexicans in the early 1800's, and Polk's failed attempts for peace between Mexico and the United States, it can be proved that the Mexican War was in the National interest. "Manifest Destiny" was the spirit that prevailed in American life during the 1840's where ...
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The Aztecs - 2,390 words
Towards the middle of the continent near the Pacific ocean at an elevation of almost seven thousand five hundred feet is the Valley of Mexico. The Valley is surrounded by towering rocks which seem to have been placed there for the sole purpose of protecting the land. The land itself that at one time was full of greenery and trees is now somewhat bare and, in some places, white with salt from the draining of waters. Five lakes are spread over the Valley, which occupy about one tenth of its surface (Bray 1968). On the opposite shore of the largest of these lakes stood the ancient city of Tenochtitlan. This land can be seen in Fig 1. Aztlan was an island city in the middle of a lake, surrounded ...
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Pearl Harbor - 1,018 words
World War Two was well under way when the Japanese bombed Pearl Habour. It came as a shock to many and is a very reminiscent incident. The event that took place on December 7, 1941 has and always will be a very significant event in American and world history. It shaped the way of the war and left a huge impact on society. Just the name Pearl Harbor brings to mind the infamous day when the United States were forced into World War Two. During the 20s Japan suffered greatly due to industrial overcapacity and increased competeion in Asia. Japan was left struggling to get back on top and was desperate for ecomonic growth. Also, there was a shortage of foreign food supplies to keep up with their g ...
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Lewis And Clark - 1,080 words
1774 was the birth year of Meriwether Lewis, of Albemarle County, VirginiaMeriwether Lewis, who was to become a captain in the United States Army, secretary to President Thomas Jefferson, leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition to the pacific, Governor of Louisiana Territory and helmsman extraordinary of the American frontier. (pg6) Meriwether Lewis was born to a prestigious family. Some of his family members include: great uncle who was a part of the Kings Council before the Revolution and Fielding Lewis who married a sister of General Washington. (pg7) Thomas Jeffersons father and Meriwether Lewis grandfathers founded Albemarle. Lewis father died when he was four, and his familys land was ...
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