Rooselvelt - 5,160 words
... refully prepared plans were ready to be implemented almost at once. Huge public buildings, great dams, and irrigation and flood-control projects are part of PWAs legacy. The most spectacular agency designed to promote general economic improvement was the National Recovery Administration (NRA), an organization set up (along with the PWA) by the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA), which was passed by Congress in June 1933. The NRA was designed to help business help itself. Unfair competition was supposed to be eliminated through the establishment of codes of fair competition; in effect, laws against combinations of large businesses were to be suspended in exchange for guarantees to wo ...
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Managing Diversity - 1,629 words
Managing diversity in the workplace is a subject that has gained increased attention among managers during the last two decades. After all, the impact of affirmative action and equal employment opportunity programs on the nation's work force is undeniable. Women and minorities were the first to dramatically alter the face of the economic mainstream, while gays, persons with disabilities and senior citizens followed not far behind. The result is a diverse American labor force representing a microcosm of our society - yet one that continues to struggle with its identity. Diversity as a social condition is not new to the U.S. Founded by immigrants, the nation has always been a merger of culture ...
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Charter Schools - 1,326 words
Charter schools are nonsectarian public schools of choice that operate with freedom from many of the regulations that apply to traditional public schools. The "charter" establishing each such school is a performance contract detailing the school's mission, program, goals, students served, methods of assessment, and ways to measure success. The length of time for which charters are granted vary but most are granted for 3-5 years. At the end of the term, the body granting the charter may renew the school's contract. Charter schools are accountable to their sponsor (usually a state or local school board) to produce positive academic results and stick to the charter contract. The basic concept o ...
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Vouchers And Education - 1,470 words
l Gore vs. George W. Bush On School Funding Presidential candidates Al Gore and George W. Bush are whetting their stances on what is quickly becoming a central issue in the upcoming presidential election - education reform. Both perceive the issue as an opportunity to draw votes from the other party's followers, especially Bush, who stands to gain ground on minority groups, a segment of the population he is particularly weak with. (Business Week; April 10, 2000) The heat of the debate will center on school financing, who gets what, and how much. Bush, an advocate of school "choice," will argue the failings of a money-flooded system riddled with mediocre standards. The Texas governor's polici ...
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Textile Mills In The South - 2,673 words
Why did the textile workers union in the southern United States spread so rapidly? The textile industry was, at one time, one of the largest industries in the south. Starting in the late 1800s with small local looms and spreading to become corporations controlling the south and whose influence stretched internationally. One of the souths first textile corporations originated in Gaston County, North Carolina, and its huge success led to the opening of mills across the Carolinas and Virginia. As these industries grew they began to control more and more of their employees lives. These huge corporations were permitted to take advantage of their workers because of the individuals inability to fig ...
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Michigan - 1,286 words
During the industrial revolution in the United States, tremendous economic prosperity resulted in social and political unrest. It seemed the rich were getting richer while the poor remained poor. The middle class was forged out of the industrial revolution but would be challenged at this time. Large influxes of immigrants would also create tensions among the social classes. Furthermore, textile, steel, railroad, and automobile industries were growing exponentially, employing thousands. The class struggles was a direct result of the division between labor and capital. Peoples social lives are a reflection of their work lives. The success of ones career is directly correlated with their social ...
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Brown V Board Of Education - 1,452 words
... ep, both sides lawyers submit written arguments, briefs, to the judges to try and persuade them to make a decision in their favor. In the Brown case, and the other four cases, the plaintiffs argued that segregation was unconstitutional because it causes inequality in education. Also, in the Brown case, nearly two dozen amicus curiae (friend of the court) briefs were submitted, with permission, by organizations and individuals who were not directly involved in the case. These briefs were very influential in the Courts decision. In the oral step, the lawyers speak for a limited amount of time. They are able to touch up on any unclear points as well as answer any questions the justices have ...
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Organized Labor In Maine - 369 words
The first half of Charles A. Scontras Organized Labor in Maine: Twentieth Century Origins highlights the development of unions in Maine at the turn of the twentieth century. Unions were battling to survive amid various obstacles, including a depression, resistance by employers and slow acceptance by workers. The depression of the 1890s had a negative effect on the newly forming unionized state of Maine. A sharp reduction in the work force led to membership plummeting. Many of the companies reported a twenty-five to sixty percent cut in employees. The employers also cut the remaining workers pay some by thirty percent. The pay reduction, in turn, forced families to put their children to work. ...
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Unions - 680 words
Unionism, Bad for America Unionism is the concept that traditionally business, especially big businesses are inherently going to exploit their employees. Therefore, in order to protect themselves, the workers form organizations called unions, in which all laborers who work at a certain craft, or in a certain industry band together. By this process of joining forces, the unions gain power in numbers. Unions traditionally try to protect employee interests by negotiating with employers for wages and benefits, working hours, and better working conditions. Unions have been around for a long time. The first recorded union was in 1792, when shoemakers in Philadelphia met to consider matters of comm ...
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Why Would Someone Want To Kill Jimmy Hoffa - 1,105 words
Why would someone want to kill Jimmy Hoffa? Almost in any book you read Jimmy Hoffa was an achiever and set his goals high. He started the union known as the Teamsters and was very well known in politics. The thing that got Hoffa into trouble though was his ties with the mob. He went on trial for many different convictions. The death of Hoffa was a tragedy and a mystery. To this day,we never found out what exactly what happened to Hoffa, even though there are many different theories of his death. During Hoffas life, he had many achievements, which I will call the Rise of Hoffa, and he had many trials, arrests, and convictions which I will call the Fall of Hoffa Hoffa was seventeen when he pa ...
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Private Prisons And Special Interest Groups - 1,592 words
Privately owned prisons began to emerge in the mid-1980s. These prisons emerged because of the ideological imperatives of the free market, the huge increase in the number of prisoners, and the substantial increase in imprisonment costs. (1) Proponents of privatized prisons put forward a simple case: The private sector can do it cheaper and more efficiently. Corporations such as Correction Corporation of America and Wackenhut promised design and management innovations without reducing costs or sacrificing quality of service. (1) Many interest groups comprised of correctional officers, labor works, and a few citizen groups strongly oppose the privatization of the prison system. I will identify ...
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College Notebook - 2,612 words
... suburb of Tokyo. Still, that stability is showing signs of erosion. One area of deep concern is crime. The number of people between the ages of 14 and 19 arrested in Japan ratcheted up 14 percent in 1997, and rose an additional 3 percent in 1998. Unrest is also growing in Japan's schools. "School-refusers" like Kinichi -- young people who miss 30 days or more of class, or don't go at all -- are on the rise, though they still only account for 2 percent of youngsters. School is mandatory through elementary and junior high, but authorities don't lean too heavily on those who don't attend. "If you talk to these kids, you realize they've totally lost confidence in themselves," said Hiroyuki ...
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Ms - 1,366 words
... udes 115,000 part- timers) won all major issues. The issues included: 20,000 full-time job opportunities for part-timers, including 10,000 new full-time jobs created from existing part-time positions; new limits on subcontracting; the largest-ever wages raises and major increases in pensions under the existing Teamster plans; and new job safety protections (The Teamster, October 1997). At the time of the strike, House Speaker Newt Gingrich attempted to use tactics similar to those applied by Ronald Reagan during the PATCO labor movement. The Teamster (October 1997) reported that Gingrich and other Republican leaders wanted to retaliate against the labor movement. Some of the attacks cons ...
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Congressman Gejdenson - 1,555 words
I feel that through my research that I will conclude that Congressman Sam Gejdenson supports the issues that affects his contributors. Congressman Sam Gejdenson, who was the first child of holocaust survivors elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, was born in 1948 in an American displaced persons camp in Eschwege, Germany. He was raised on his parents diary farm in Bozrah, Connecticut. He attended public schools in Bozrah and in Norwich. He received his A.S. degree from Mithcell College in New London, Connecticut in 1968. And his B.A. from the University of Connecticut in Storrs, Connecticut in 1970. In 1974 Sam Gejdenson was elected to the Connecticut House of Representatives serving ...
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Labor Union History In California - 869 words
The various labor movements in California have been among the most important in our nation. As a state with a tremendously diversified economy, California's workers are employed in every industry imaginable; from our huge agriculture base, to our docks, to aerospace, to construction, to the entertainment industry-the list is endless. And in each industry, workers struggled to organize themselves into collectives to shape the labor landscape of California. Some of California's labor movements have represented significant political events on a national if not a global scale-as in the historic struggle of labor activists Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta. The gains made be the United Farm Workers ...
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Al Gore For President - 764 words
I would like to see Al Gore be our next president. Clinton has done a good job and Al Gore was right there helping to make it happen. As a Vice President, Al Gore has been the most active and involved in history. Most Vice President's do little or nothing but give political speeches when the president is busy. But Al Gore has been active in reforming government and cutting the size of government by 250,000 non-military jobs. I want Gore to become President because he has alot to offer in his educational proposals and this is very important to me. Gore's plans depend on leaving the existing public-school structure in place; a man who depends on the support of the teachers' unions can hardly d ...
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Labor Unions: Harmful To The Economy - 1,574 words
The Labor Unions of 2003 look nothing like the original Labor Unions of 1886 created by Samuel Gompers. Once used to protect people's rights now is too powerful and is trampling those same rights that were once protected. Labor Unions, which did shorten the workweek and workday and improve working conditions through collective bargaining, shifted their strategy to politics. Thomas Jefferson once said that "to compel a man, to furnish contributions of money for the propagation of opinions which he disbelieves, is sinful and tyrannical." (Wilson, Online) Labor Unions fit this description as forcing union dues to all those with a specific job and have become tyrants in the government. Labor Uni ...
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The Teachings Of Mathematics Education In America - 978 words
Math educators in the United States should stress the understanding of the learners and teach them to process certain understanding to succeed in mathematics. The connection between math understanding and the reading of math problems should be raised in smaller grade levels so students have a better understand of math at younger ages. Yet it is not all the students part in learning the math, but also the educators part to teach the subject in an understanding manner using the curriculum and proper textbook. The rankings of mathematics in the United States are just barely above average compared to the world standards, and the preliminary studies show that the twelfth grade level tests are eve ...
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Labor Unions - 604 words
Since the foundation of the American Federation of Labor(AFL) in 1886, most unions in the United States have displayed a pragmatic out look, largely compatible with that of business. The general purpose of unions has been to protect and advance the well being of workers, while that of business has been to promote the interests of stockholders. Higher wages and higher profits are compatible over the long run in a growing economy. Conflict does arise, however, from the fact that in the short run higher wages for workers imply lower profits for shareholders. Power, too, is a matter of dispute. In the absence of unions, managers have a monopoly of power over their employees. With unions on the s ...
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American Labor Movement: Development Of Unions - 1,237 words
The American Labor Movement of the nineteenth century developed as a result of the city-wide organizations that unhappy workers were establishing. These men and women were determined to receive the rights and privileges they deserved as citizens of a free country. They refused to be treated like slaves, and work under unbearable conditions any longer. Workers joined together and realized that a group is much more powerful than an individual when protesting against intimidating companies. Unions, coalitions of workers pursuing a common objective, began to form demanding only ten instead of twelve hours in a work day. Workers realized the importance of economic and legal protection against the ...
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