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Education And Egalitarianism In America - 2,346 words
... s. The new methods, combined with the physical organization of the school, represented the direct opposite of Pestalozzi's belief that the child's innate powers should be allowed to develop naturally. Rather, the child must be lopped off or stretched to fit the procrustean curriculum. Subjects were graded according to difficulty, assigned to certain years, and taught by a rigid daily timetable. The amount of information that the child had absorbed through drill and memorization was determined by how much could be extracted from him by examinations. Reward or punishment came in the form of grades. At the end of the 19th century the methods of presenting information had thus been streamlin ...
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Women - 921 words
Throughout the myriad of cultures on our planet, we find different and sometimes opposing beliefs defining the values of an ideal citizen. Among these beliefs it is difficult to isolate a single set and deem them to be superior to another. The reason for this is that they vary based on cultural tradition, religious beliefs and even the technological advancement of that particular society. Although it is more evident with multicultural belief differences, we find large contrasts within the gap of one generation in a single culture. This phenomena is exemplified in Alice Munros Friend of My Youth with the relationship between the narrator and her mother. The purpose of this paper is to examine ...
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Progressive Education - 1,839 words
To meet the needs of an increasing industrialized Canadian society in the late 1930s, the elementary curriculum was revised. This essay will explore the changes BC curriculum endured as a result of the progressive movement within the Greater Victoria area by way of the Greater Victoria Survey of Schools of 1937-38 and the Curriculum Guide: The New Programme of Studies 1936-7. The new system is commonly known as progressive education or the new education. Jean Barman describes new education as embodying a commitment to a child-centered, relatively unstructured curriculum allowing considerable freedom of choice to pupil and teacher alike, the expression of humane, egalitarian, democratic phil ...
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Classical Operant And Observational Conditioning - 762 words
Classical, operant, and observational are all types of conditioning and learning. Conditioning, in psychology, is causing an organism to exhibit a specific response to a stimulus. A stimulus is anything that Classical conditioning is a form of learning, in which a reflexive or automatic response transfers from one stimulus to another. For instance, a person who has had painful experiences at the dentists office may become fearful at just the sight of the dentists office building. Fear, a natural response to a painful stimulus, has transferred to a different stimulus, the sight of a building. Most psychologists believe that classical conditioning occurs when a person forms a mental associatio ...
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To Kill A Mocking Bird - 1,502 words
In this paper I intend to explore one of the main themes of Harper Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird, the issue of prejudice. I intend to explore how the children change through out the novel and the novel relevance to the time and place it was written, in other words, the historical content. Prejudice is defined in Comprehensive Desk Dictionary by Thorndike Barnhart as an "opinion formed without taking the time and care to judge fairly". The main focus of part one is Boo Radley. Boo was considered to be an outcast by many of the people in Maycomb. He never came outside, except for two occasions in the book. The first time Boo comes out is when a fire breaks out at Miss Maudies, and Scout is stand ...
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Basic Psycology - 1,096 words
... w York: Basic Books. 1985 Gardner, H. : Multiple intelligences: The theory of practice. New York: Basic Books. 1993 Gardner, H. : Problem solving in the arts. J of Aesth Educ. 1971 5:93-114. Gardner, H., and Winner, E. : Artistry and aphasia. In: acquired aphasia. Sarno, M.e. New York: Academic Press. 1981 361-384. Gates, A.I., and Taylor, G.A. : The acquisition of motor control in writing by pre-school children. Teach Col Rec. (19230 24:459-469. Gazzaniga, M.S., and LeDoux, J.E. : The integrated mind. New York: Plenum Press. 1978 Georgopoulos, A.P., J. Ashe, N. Smyrnis, and M. Taira. 1992. Motor cortex and the coding of force. Science 256:1692-1695. Georgopoulos, A.P., J. Lurito, M. Pet ...
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Prufrock - 1,399 words
The Deeper Side of Prufrock: A Personal Analysis Thomas Sterns Eliot wrote the poem The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock over a period of six years and published it circa 1917 at the ripe old age of twenty-nine. As his first published poem, Prufrock revealed Eliots original and highly developed style. Its startling jumps from rhetorical language to clich, its indirect literary references, and its simultaneous humor and pessimism were quite new in English literature. (World Book, 236) Prufrocks quest for a life he cannot live and a question he has difficulty confronting is intriguingly played out in various aspects of his humanity. He is doing battle in all aspects of his personality, which es ...
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Animal Intelligence - 1,648 words
Animal Intelligence "Animal Intelligence" The learning theory of Thorndike represents the original S-R framework of behavioral psychology: Learning is the result of associations forming between stimuli and responses. Such associations or "habits" become strengthened or weakened by the nature and frequency of the S-R pairings. The classic example of Thorndike's S-R theory was a cat learning to escape from a "puzzle box" by pressing a lever inside the box. After much trial and error behavior, the cat learns to associate pressing the lever (S) with opening the door (R). This S-R connection is established because it results in a satisfying state of affairs (escape from the box). In the article " ...
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Prominent Women In American Psychology - 3,712 words
... roduced by feeling unsafe, unloved, and unvalued, by disowning their spontaneous feelings and developing elaborate strategies of defense. According to Horney, people try to gain safety, love, and esteem through dependency, humility, and self-sacrificing goodness. This can take one of three forms: the narcissistic, who is full of self-admiration and believes in their own greatness; the perfectionist, who strives for excellence in every detail; and the arrogant-vindictive, who have a need to retaliate for injuries received in childhood (Paris). She is perhaps best known for her neurosis theory. She saw neurosis as an attempt to make life bearable, as a way of interpersonal control an copin ...
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Shermans March - 1,244 words
... ood into Tennessee after the sacking of Atlanta. In a special field order he tells why. General Hood led his army successfully far over towards Mississippi in hopes to decoy us out of Georgia. But we were not thus to be led away by him, and preferred to lead and control events ourselves. General Thomas and Schofield, commanding departments to our rear retuned to their posts and prepared to decoy General Hood into their meshes, whilst we came on to complete the original journey. (Thorndike, 243) Once again this shows that Sherman was able to use all recourses at his disposal. In all of Shermans letters he showed no remorse in burning the South. He failed to realize what his action caused. ...
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Maggie The Girl Of The Streets And Innocence - 589 words
"Maggie, A Girl of the Streets" by Stephen Crane is an illustration of the morals and views of innocence in the early 1900's. The story chases the young and innocent Maggie into a life of sinfulness. The opinions of all of those around her change during her growth, and express the ideals of life during that time. Innocence is defined as freedom from sin, wrong, or guilt. (Barnhart 413) Many people value innocence as a very respectable virtue to have. The poeple around Maggie in this story have an opinion close to this. Maggie begins her life with little sin, but as she grows older, this ideal begins to weaken. Maggie's relationship with Pete is esentially what begins and pushes her along thi ...
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Prime Of Miss Jean Brodie - 1,111 words
The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie is a novel about a teachers dedication to her pupils. It is also about loyalty and betrayal. The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie is a novel about a teachers dedication to her pupils. It is also about loyalty and betrayal. The novel emphasises the effects of dedication, loyalty and betrayal within a small group of people and the way in which they are all intertwined. It forces the reader to look at particular aspects of these themes. When has dedication gone too far? To what extent is loyalty due to another? Can betrayal be justified? These themes are joined when a teachers dedication becomes interference in her students life forcing that student to retract her loyalty ...
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Behaviorism - 1,209 words
John B. Watson founded behaviorism in 1913. The theory of behaviorism concentrates on the study of overt behaviors that can be observed and measured (Hothersal, 2004). It views the mind as a "black box" in the sense that response to stimulus can be observed quantitatively.. Some key players in the development of the behaviorist theory were Pavlov, Watson, Thorndike and Skinner. For most people, the name "Pavlov" rings a bell. He is best known for his work in classical conditioning. Pavlov's most famous experiment involved food, a dog and a bell. Edward Thorndike did research in animal behavior before becoming interested in human psychology. He set out to apply "the methods of exact science" ...
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Maslow - 1,366 words
Abraham Harold Maslow was born on April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. He was the oldest of seven children born to his parents, who were uneducated Jewish immigrants from Russia. His parents, wanting the best for their children in the "new world", pushed him hard in his academic studies. He was smart but shy, and remembered his childhood as being lonely and rather unhappy. He sought refuge in his books and studies. His father hoped he would study as a lawyer, and Maslow enrolled in the City College of New York. After three semesters at CCNY, he transferred to Cornell and then back to CCNY again. He married his first cousin Bertha, against his parents wishes and moved to Wisconsin, where he w ...
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