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Millet - 480 words
-------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------ (1814-75) The son of a small peasant farmer of Grville in Normandy, Millet showed a precocious interest in drawing, and arrived in Paris in 1838 to become a pupil of Paul Delaroche. He had to fight against great odds, living for long a life of extreme penury. He exhibited at the Salon for the first time in 1840, and married two years later. At this time, the main influences on him were Poussin and Eustache Le Sueur, and the type of work he produced consisted predominantly of mythological subjects or portraiture, at which he was especially adept (Portrait of a Naval Officer, 1845; Muse des Beaux-Arts, Rouen). His ...
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Ayasofya - 5,052 words
Architecture, the practice of building design and its resulting products; customary usage refers only to those designs and structures that are culturally significant. Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. Vitruvius, a 1st-century BC Roman, wrote encyclopedically about architecture, and the English poet Sir Henry Wotton was quoting him in his charmingly phrased dictum: "Well building hath three conditions: Commoditie, Firmenes, and Delight." More prosaically, one would say today that architecture must satisfy its intended uses, must be technically sound, and must convey aesthetic meaning. But the best buildings are often so well constructed that they outlast their ...
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Maxfield Parrish - 868 words
Maxfield Parrish, born Frederick Parrish, was one of the greatest illustrators of his time, ranking among top artists Van Gogh and Paul Czanne. From his day of birth July 25th 1870 in Philadelphia, to the day he died in 1966 at the age of 95 in Cornish, Parrish lived a full wealthy life without many disappointments or sorrows in what was called the Golden Age of Illustration. Parrishs works will be forever remembered as enchanting realistic paintings of fantasy and romance that hung in the homes of 1 out of 4 Americans in the 1920s. Many factors contribute to this artists success. One of the most important factors was his use of Dynamic Symmetry, a design theory based on geometric harmony an ...
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None Provided - 656 words
Both Auden's "Musee des Beaux Arts" and Dylans "Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night" can be seen as having a theme of tragedy. Both concern the topic of death, although each has a different message. Auden is one side of the spectrum saying that death and suffering are natural parts of the life cycle, while Thomas wants to fight death because there is still much to be done. But throughout both of these poems tragedy is a prevailing theme. Auden describes how the world continues spinning in spite of the suffering and tragedy going on. He believes that tragedy and suffering are all what you make of it. Tragedy occurs when other people are just living their lives such as " ... eating or openin ...
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Cities In Europe - 648 words
Provence has been called a bridge between the past and the present, where yesterday blends with today. This beautiful place lies in the southern part of France, and is bordered on the east by Italy , on the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the west by the Rhone River. The area abounds with flower fields, vineyards, orchards, and olive and mulberry groves. Along the seacoast is the French Rivera and the Ports of Marseille and Toulon. Provence has its own language The region originally formed part of a Roman province called Provincia Romana, built in the 120 B.C. It was passed into the possession of several ancient Germanic peoples, the Visigoths, the Ostrogoths, and the Frankish kings. ...
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Mary Cassatt - 1,171 words
Mary Cassatt was a strong and opinionated feminist, as well as a talented artist who changed her styles significantly through as her interests changed. A. Schooling----Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia IV. Cassatts Influences and Her Changes in Style 3. impressionistic styles and theories 2. examples of people who were part of the movement B. Japanese (drypoint) and its theories B. Why she painted the subjects she did VII. The Publics Opinion of Her-----not well appreciated back home VIII. Cassatts View on Womens Issues and How They Relate to Her Art A. Competitive and self assured feminist; aware of difficulties she would face as a woman artist and was persistent in the face ...
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The Romantic And Progressive Aspects Of Frank Lloyd Wright - 977 words
Frank Lloyd Wright's favorite occupation on a Sunday afternoon was to rearrange the furniture in his Oak Park house; photographs of these experiments still exist today. They show that during his first six years there, his living room, for instance, was filled with an eclectic assortment of furniture, ferns, oriental rugs, draped shawls and curtainsall of which demonstrated the influence of the Aesthetic Movement on his taste. Six years later, though, Wright had redesigned his dining room and the transformation was drastic. Gone were the decorations, the textile patterns and the subtle effects of draped shawls and curtains, and in their place was a severely simplified decor emphasizing the ho ...
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Impressionism - 1,287 words
Impressionism is defined as the style of painting characterized by concentration on the immediate visual impression produced by a scene. Impressionistic paintings use unmixed primary colors and small strokes in order to stimulate actual reflected light. This method of painting varied greatly from the previous works of art categorized under "realism." Comparatively, realism emphasized the portrayal of modern life as it actually was, without idealization or presentation in the abstract form. The transition from realism to impressionism occurred gradually and can in no way be contained in a definite period of time. Yet, for the most part, it is believed to have originated in the nineteenth cent ...
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Pierre-auguste Renoir - 637 words
Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in 1841 to a tailor and dressmaker. He attended a Christian Brother's School where he was taught the rudiments of drawing. At the age of 13 he was apprenticed to a firm of porcelain painters, Levy Freres et Compagnie, whose workshops were near the Louvre. At the same time, he took drawing lessons from the sculptor Callouette. After serving his apprenticeship as a porcelain painter, he worked for a M. Gilbert, a manufacturer of blinds. In 1860 he became a student of Charles Gleyre and enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. In April, 1864 he came out 10th of 106th candidates in a sculpture and drawing examination there. Initially influenced by the Barbizon School, ...
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History Of The Arts And Crafts Movement - 1,932 words
The Arts and Crafts Movement of the late nineteenth century was an attempt to improve society by creating objects and architecture of a more worthwhile nature. The movement began in England in the 1870's and soon spread to the United States where it was widely employed in the arts and in architecture. Advocates promoted its use among the middle class. Its continued endorsement among all social classes was seen as an empowerment to the poor who had suffered so much during the previous period of industrialization. The end of the nineteenth century had produced a huge rift in society. The benefits of industry had resulted in the creation of an upper class with incredible financial power, and a ...
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Historical Significance Of Grand Central Station - 1,469 words
When the words railroad station, are mentioned, the first thing that appears in most peoples minds is Grand Central Terminal in New York City. It has become known as the crossroads of the world. In the 1830s it was becoming apparent that there was the need for an alternative to water travel because of the geographical expansion of the country. This lead to railroads, which could be extended easily, unlike canals that had to be dredged. From 1850 to the end of the nineteenth century, American railroads grew from 9,000 miles to 193,000 miles of track. In 1853, all of the smaller New York railroads merged into the New York Central Railroad. Cornelius Vanderbilt acquired a large amount of stock ...
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Effect Of Postimpressionists On The Next Generation - 1,258 words
... el, the Dutch Leo Gestel, the Danish S"orensen, the British Lyall Watson. Among the members of the Paris school, Soutine, Pascin and Modigliani have been attached to Expressionism. Fauvism Between 1901 and 1906, several comprehensive exhibitions were held in Paris, making the work of Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, and Paul C'ezanne widely accessible for the first time. For the painters who saw the achievements of these great artists, the effect was one of liberation and they began to experiment with radical new styles. Fauvism was the first movement of this modern period, in which color ruled supreme. The advent of Modernism if often dated by the appearance of the Fauves in Paris at the ...
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Harlem, New York - 913 words
In 1992, the homes that form Astor Row were placed on New York City's list of historical landmarks in an effort to save the structures from deterioration. At the same time, New York City launched a publicly funded revitalization program for the homes' intricately constructed porches. More than half of the homes, which were built on land owned by William Astor in the late 1800's, have been sold and renovated. A shell on Astor Row recently sold for $220,000, and renovated homes on this street are selling for $450,000, which is still another proof that Harlems architecture is now being appreciated by the population. Hamilton Heights, a historic district located to the north of City College and ...
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