Self-esteem And Self-concept Position Paper - 665 words
My interest on this subject was peaked after spending the evening with my five year-old cousin, Sami, last week. We were sitting and eating dinner when she said, "Cali, I am fat and ugly." Well, I almost fell out of my chair. At the age of five, she was already cutting herself down. "Research shows that physical appearance is the strongest correlate of global self-worth in childhood and adolescence (398)." However, our textbook explains that children around my cousin's age have a hard time defining their sense of self. They tend to describe their physical characteristics, areas of interest, family life, etc (394). Nowhere in the text does it say that a child her age should be viewing herself ...
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Self Concept - 471 words
Self-concept emerges as a child develops an increasingly rich concept of him or herself, separating the notion of "I" from other people and objects. In addition to he concept of "I" a child develops a separate notion of "Me" which has certain defining features and qualities. William James defined "Me" as one that is observed and perceived. "It is the Me that one sees when attention is focused on the self, the Me as an object, represented in self-concepts, in how we see ourselves." The notion of "I" is represented by actions of an individual. The "I" self-regulates, self-monitors, and presents the self to others in most appropriate way. Self-concepts involve an integration and organization of ...
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Relationship Encounters - 1,174 words
... espondents were given a list of 16 problems identified in previous relationship studies and asked to CHECK ONLY ONE which was the MOST frequent problem they had experienced in their current or most recent relationship. It is clear that communication topped the list for both casual and involved daters. Lack of commitment was the second most frequently reported problem by casual daters. While casual daters were struggling with commitment issues, the second most frequent problem reported by involved daters was other problems. Among the issues they identify (not in the list of 16 provided for this study) are differential interests in sexual involvement, sexual dysfunctions , alcohol/substanc ...
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Marketing Paper - 1,805 words
1. The World Wide Web is a very effective marketing tool for many reasons. It provides companies with an affordable and powerful way to reach people at ant time of day. The World Wide Web has basically four techniques that enable companies to market their products. There are interactive brochures, which range from simple one-page electronic flyers to multimedia presentations. Virtual storefronts take the interactive brochures one step further and allows customers to view and order merchandise. Information clearinghouses provide in depth product information where consumers can ask questions and get online answers. The customer service tool allows consumers to order catalogs and refer to lists ...
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Group - 1,036 words
they get from each other, there are many tools and services available that enhance and enrich children's learning experience. For example, various on-line services are available on the world wide web, which include interactive classes and virtual libraries. Also, educational CD-ROMS, workbooks, and magazines are good sources that provide the parent with information on new educational tools (Wingert and Kantrowitz 3). Furthermore, support can be found at public schools (Hawkins 1). In Des Moines, Iowa, a program was developed that allowed home schoolers to use school computers, books and teacher's guides, and provided biweekly supervision from a teacher that records the child's progress and o ...
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Strength Training - 3,063 words
STRENGTH TRAINING AND PREPUBESCENT YOUTH The value placed on the importance of winning in professional sports has hit an all-time high. The astronomical amount of money being spent in the entertainment field of athletics has dictated a win-at-all-costs mentality that has trickled all the way down to negatively affect our youngest athletes - the prepubescent. The athletic world has forever been exploiting our youth as a source of athletic potential, sacrificing the health, safety and welfare of these child-athletes to satiate the intense nationalistic pride of the country and more dishearteningly in the name of the Almighty Dollar. This has caused coaches and athletes to take drastic measures ...
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Strength Training - 3,008 words
... afe and unethical training practices that tend to be utilized in implementing strength training programs in all levels of amateur athletics. These controversies have enabled many people associated in medical and exercise sciences to take a further look at the field of prepubescent athletics and their impact on the developmental patterns of the children involved. The research in the field has provided feedback regarding the physiological, mental and social effects - negative and/or positive - that strength training influences over prepubescent growth and development. American society has entered into an era in which strength training has become the standard and most popular method of keep ...
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There Is Always Room For Pie - 1,599 words
Throughout my life my parents have always taught me that a child is a product of its environment. As time has passed and I have grown older and observed the people around me I have seen this fact become more evident. I believe that no one person can mimic anothers actions or behaviors so precisely that they become identical. A persons personality seems to be an infinitely large empty pie plate. The actions or behaviors that people portray are a small slice that they have taken from others to fill up their plate. These actions and behaviors are taken from the influential people in their lives. I do not think any one will ever have a full pie plate because it seems to me that we never stop lea ...
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Anorexia - 527 words
Anorexia is dangerous to the mental and physical aspects in order to achieve the idea of thinness. It is an emotional disorder involving compulsive self-starvation that result in a person being 15% under their normal weight. Anorexia Nervosa means nervous loss of appetite. It doesnt necessary mean they lose their appetite. Frankenberger page 37 says, Anorexics experience severe hunger pains. They fear that they will gain weight which effects their eating habits. The resistance of eating gives anorexics a feeling of self control. As the disease progresses, the food dominates the anorexics life. The disease doesnt have to do with eating and dieting but rather with feelings. Anorexia makes you ...
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Invisible Man Is A Slave - 358 words
"In our society it is not unusual for a Negro to experience the sensation that he does not exist in the real world at all."-Ralph Ellison. Many black people reject the value of a black American identity and suffer from the prejudice of white people and from the cruelty of other black people who want to please white people. Denying his blackness, IM eventually plunges into a dark hole, a black hole, where he remains for a long time. Although IM was not physically a slave, he was enslaved to society, the haunting words of his grandfather, and to himself. Due to influence of the society that he lives in, people who shape and mold his attitudes, justifying his philosophic self-explosion, has mis ...
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Normal Adolescent Development - 391 words
from: American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychology Each teenager is an individual with a unique personality and special interests, likes and dislikes. In general, however, there is a series of developmental tasks that everyone faces during the adolescent years. A teenager's development can be divided into three stages -- early, middle, and late adolescence. The normal feelings and behaviors of adolescents for each stage are described below. *Improved abilities to use speech to express oneself *More likely to express feelings by action than by words *Less attention shown to parents, with occasional rudeness *Realization that parents are not perfect; identification of their faults *Search ...
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Bulimia - 1,122 words
Eating disorders are devastating behavioral maladies brought on by a complex interplay of factors, which may include emotional and personality disorders, family pressure, a possible genetic or biologic susceptibility, and a culture in which there is an overabundance of food and an obsession with thinness. Eating disorder also may be defined, as self-abuse. Two of these disorders, anorexia and bulimia, result from the fear or overeating and of gaining weight. This paper talks about what bulimia means, its causes, symptoms, medical consequences, and treatment. Bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by self-induced vomiting, the use of laxatives or diuretics, stric ...
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Bibliotherapy - 404 words
Children's Literature as a Resource for Classroom GuidanceBibliotherapy is defined as a process or activity designed to help individuals solve problems or better understand themselves through their response to literature or media (Bodart, 1980). It consists of reading, viewing, or hearing of material, followed by a discussion led by a facilitator. The therapy takes place during this dynamic interaction between the reader and literature.During the last 20 years, researchers and practitioners from the fields of counseling and library science have contributed valuable resources related to bibliotherapy. These resources suggest that bibliotherapy is a valuable tool for use with elementary school ...
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Stuttering - 1,097 words
... so associated with Oliver Bloodstein, Edward Conture, and Joseph Sheehan. These men were stutterers, who became speech pathologists. The goal of stuttering modification therapy is not to eliminate stuttering. Instead, the two goals are: 1. Modify your moments of stuttering, so that your stuttering is less severe. 2. Reduce your fear of stuttering, and eliminate avoidance behaviors associated with this fear. The therapy has four phases: identification, desensitization, modification, and stabilization. Stuttering is a vicious cycle. In situations where you want to speak well you try too hard, tense your speech-production muscles, stutter, try harder, tense more, and stutter more. Stutterin ...
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Alternative Families A Look At The Samesex Nest - 1,867 words
This paper will introduce the "neonuclear" family, homosexual couples with children and attempt to present a brief overview of the unit. First the nature/nurture theories will be presented to explain the origins of sexuality; then discussing the formation of gay and lesbian families including the reasoning for legalization of marriage and the introduction of children to these lifestyles; including scaffolding and barriers to achieving stability within the family. This paper will then discredit some of the stereotypes associated with alternative families while listing repercussions of such stereotypes; then moving onto the issue of AIDS, harassment, and behavioral effects, ending with a discu ...
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Influence Of Media On Body Image - 1,074 words
The influence of the media on the proliferation of eating disorders cannot be refuted. From an early age we are bombarded with images and messages that reinforce the idea that to be happy and successful we must be thin. Today, you cannot read a magazine or newspaper, turn on the television, listen to the radio, or shop at the mall without being assaulted with the message that fat is bad. The most frightening part is that this destructive message is reaching kids. Adolescents often feel fatally flawed if their weight, hips, and breasts dont match up to those of models and actors. Today even elementary school aged children are obsessed with their weight. The medias obsession with thinness and ...
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In Pursuit Of Thinness - 1,334 words
Throughout history and through a cross-section of cultures, women have transformed their appearance to conform to a beauty ideal. Ancient Chinese aristocrats bound their feet as a show of femininity; American and European women in the 1800s cinched in their waists so tightly, some suffered internal damage; in some African cultures women continue to wear plates in their lower lips, continually stretching the skin to receive plates of larger size. The North American ideal of beauty has continually focussed on women's bodies: the tiny waist of the Victorian period, the boyish figure in vogue during the flapper era, and the voluptuous curves that were the measure of beauty between the 1930s and ...
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Itrapersonal Communication - 1,189 words
Good communication and right relationship starts from within. The purpose of this paper is to point out that it's all about attitude, belief systems, skillfulness and self-motivation. Being stressed out, frustrated, scattered or unhappy affects your ability to think clearly, listen closely, speak resourcefully and respond appropriately. Intrapersonal communication is not restricted to "talking to ourselves"; it goes much further than that. Communication professionals as well as medical professionals have researched the components of self-talk to conclude that what people say to themselves does affect their ability to ward off illnesses. Individuals can tap into the power of their own self-ta ...
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Eating Disorders - 950 words
I. Imagine a 19 year-old girl, lets say her name is Kim. Shes 55, about 90 pounds. She has blond hair but is bald in some places and its falling out by the handful. Kim also has this gross layer of peach fuzz growing all over her face and body and her teeth are a yellowish color from occasionally throwing up after she eats, which is probably only a lettuce leaf or a diet coke every day. Kims face is sunken in and her body is so emaciated that you can actually see all of the bones protruding. Her pulse is weak and she went into kidney failure last week due to malnutrition. Currently, Kim is in the hospital but no one knows if she will get out. This is a portrait of an anorexic. II. I am here ...
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Albert Ellis And William Glasser - 1,894 words
Running head: ALBERT ELLIS AND WILLIAM GLASSER Albert Ellis and William Glasser Webster University - Kelly Air Force Base Albert Ellis and William Glasser have been in the mainstream of psychological society for over four decades. Both have contributed greatly to modern psychotherapy. The Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) of Albert Ellis and the Reality therapy of William Glasser have endured the trendy world of psychology and in fact as they are based in ancient philosophy (Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius), they also remain the foundation for brief therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and ecclectisism. Their strength is in the flexibility and simplicity inherent in each. They go directly ...
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