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Alger Hiss - 1,696 words
In August 1948, Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist appearing before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), charged that Alger Hiss, was a Communist spy. Chambers claimed that he and Hiss had belonged to the same espionage group and that Hiss had given him secret State Department documents. This group was a network of American spies recruited by the Soviet Union to collect useful information for Moscow. Alger Hiss was a Harvard-educated lawyer and a distinguished Washington figure. He had been responsible affairs for the State Department and had played a significant role in the planning for and development of the United Nations. Hiss's accuser seemed to be his opposite Whittak ...
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The Crucible A Tale Of Two Trials - 1,195 words
A political cartoon shows a massive stone wall surrounding tall office buildings which bear labels of "Department of Energy," "Defense Department," "National Security Agency," "CIA," and "FBI." Outside the wall, which is tagged "Government Secrecy," a couple huddles in a roofless hut called "Personal Non-Privacy." At the top of the cartoon is printed "Somehow I feel this is not the way the founders planned it." Indeed, America's founding fathers most likely did not plan for the United States to be governed in such a manner that the people of its democracy would feel debunked. How, then, did the United States since its founding in 1776 come to this feeling of exposure? Such an expansive quest ...
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1940s - 2,088 words
... t also helped increase survival rates for surgery. The first eye bank was established at New York Hospital in 1944. Unemployment almost disappeared, as most men were drafted and sent off to war. The government reclassified 55% of their jobs, allowing women and blacks to fill them. First, single women were actively recruited to the workforce. In 1943, with virtually all the single women employed, married women were allowed to work. Japanese immigrants and their descendants, suspected of loyalty to their homelands, were sent to internment There were scrap drives for steel, tin, paper and rubber. These were a source of supplies and gave people a means of supporting the war effort. Automobil ...
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The Loneliest Man - 1,086 words
... al statement in a speech in Paris. Robeson, alongside Robinson, stated (something to the effect) that, it would be unthinkable for black Americans to fight in a war against Russia because blacks were treated better in Russia than they were in the United States (Scott 227). In retaliation, the House Un-American Activities Committee assembled hearings in which they subpoenaed other prominent African Americans to testify about Robesons statement. The first one they called was Jackie Robinson. Not eager to testify, but knowing full well that refusing to cooperate with the HUAC might result in the termination of his athletic career, Jackie, with encouragement by the Dodger organization, agree ...
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9onnix - 1,394 words
Richard Millhouse Nixon, 37th president of the United States (1969-1972) was born on January 9, 1913 in Yorba Linda, California. Nixon was one of the most controversial politicians of the twentieth century. He built his political career on the communist scare of the late forties and early fifties, but as president he achieved dtente with the Soviet Union and opened relations with the People's Republic of China. His administration occurred during the domestic upheavals brought on by the civil rights movement and the Vietnam War. He was re-elected in 1972 by an overwhelming margin, but less than two years later, he was forced to become the first man to resign the presidency amid the scandal an ...
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Song Of Myself - 1,084 words
EUGEN BERTHOLD FRIEDRICH BRECHT, was born on February 10th 1898 in Augsburg Germany, and died on August 14th, 1956, in East Berlin. He was a German poet, playwright, and theatrical reformer whose epic theatre departed from the conventions of theatrical illusion and developed the drama as a social and ideological forum for leftist causes. Until 1924 Brecht lived in Bavaria, where he was born. He studied medicine at the University of Munich, from 1917 until 1921, and served at an army hospital in 1918). From this period dates his first play, Baal, produced in 1923. His first success, Trommeln in der Nacht, won the Kleist Preis in 1922. His first professional production was Edward II, in 1924. ...
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Cold War At Home - 1,818 words
While the United States was fighting the Cold War to preserve its freedoms, the fears and anti-Communism the Cold War helped cause at home undermined some of those freedoms. One of the most notorious examples of this is Senator Joseph McCarthy. In his search for Communists in the U.S. government he infringed upon civil rights and freedoms, such as freedom of speech, provided to all Americans by Constitution. His actions caused a lot of innocent people, mostly government employees, to loose their jobs and reputation. In addition, in the case of Hollywood Ten, the freedom of speech - the most vital freedom in democratic society, was violated because the speech and views of Hollywood Ten where ...
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Mccarthyism Vs Salem Witch Trials - 1,318 words
Over three hundred years ago in the town of Salem Massachusetts a problem was laid into our hands. A problem that will haunt our nation for years and years to come. When our nation was faced with a simillar problemit was almost taken the same as it was with the Salem Witch Trials. This problem was called McCarthyism. Many people feel that the Salem Witch Trials and McCarthyism was just about the same conspiracy, but more than two hundred and fifty years later. One day two girls and an Indian slave were caught dancing in a field, the two girls knew that they would get into trouble because the puritans didnt believe much in having fun. They knew that if they acted "bewitched" then it would sav ...
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None Provided - 1,116 words
Does the Truth Always Set You Free? On the Waterfront is a classic, award-winning and controversial film. It received eight academy-awards in 1954, including best-picture and director. The director, Eliza Kazan, in collaboration with Budd Schulberg wrote the films screenplay. Based on actual dockside events in Hoboken, New Jersey, On the Waterfront is a story of a dock worker who tried to overthrow a corrupt union. Marlon Brando superbly portrays the character of Terry Malloy. He is a young ex-prize fighter, now a dock worker given easy jobs because his brother is the right-hand man of the corrupt union boss Johnny Friendly. After Terry unwittingly allows himself to be used in setting up a m ...
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Hollywood Ten And Crucibal - 470 words
In 1947 the House Un-American Activities Committee, or HUAC, started a trial and investigation of communism in the Hollywood motion picture industry. The Committee, including Chairman J. Parnell Thomas a young Congressman from California, and Richard M. Nixon tried many celebrities asking them question about what they knew about communism and who they knew that were involved. Here is a quote from the trial. SPOKESMAN: "Do you recall the names of any of the actors in the Guild who participate in such activities?" ROBERT TAYLOR, Actor: "Well, the one chap I am thinking of currently is Mr. Howard DeSilva--he always has something to say at the wrong time. Karen Morley also usually appears at the ...
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A View From The Bridge - 3,663 words
Explore the role of Alfieri in Millers A View from the Bridge. Arthur Miller is now regarded as one of the worlds greatest dramatists. In his plays he explores the struggles of the ordinary man against authority and insurmountable odds. It is his ability to dramatize the attempts to find the balance between the different conflicts of life that is Millers feature as a writer. Many of his plays look at the position of the individual in relation to their responsibilities and position in society and may be seen, as a result, to be political. (Tim Bezant.) While exploring human faults he also talks about the hidden emotions within people. This is significantly highlighted throughout his world-ren ...
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How Does Miller Create Dramatic Tension In Each Of The Four Acts Of The Crucible? - 1,495 words
In the 17th century a group of Puritans from England immigrated to America to escape persecution for their religious beliefs. The white settlers arrived in New England in 1620, and Salem, Massachusetts had been in existence for about forty years by 1692. Salem developed as a theocracy. This was based on the coexistence of religious prayer and hard work. Entertainment, such as dancing, or any enjoyment at all was perceived as a sin. The isolation of the Puritan society created a rigid social system that did not allow for any variation in lifestyle. The Puritans felt insecure with the knowledge of the Native Americans in the forest. They felt persecuted and constantly under attack. Abigail men ...
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The Crucible - Elizabeth's Personal Crucible - 1,180 words
Prior to the play Miller clearly establishes what the Salem community would have been like in 1692: The children were anything but thankful for being permitted to walk straight, eyes slightly lowered, arms at the sides, and mouths shut until bidden to speak This shows us that life in Salem in 1692 was very strict and religious. There was a very rigid regime to follow and everyone should be thankful to god for being allowed to follow it. It was as if it was so rigid someone would soon burst out and rebel against it. The crucible describes Salem in 1692 when madness took over when accusation by a bunch of girls started flying around the village that there were witches: I saw Goody Hawkins with ...
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Frican Americans In Sports - 1,692 words
African Americans have had a rough time trying to participate in major athletics in the past. Some sports, such as baseball took large aspirations for the athletic community to integrate black athletes into their major league sports. African Americans have made great strides in the world of sports in the United States. Sports in America show extremes in culture and its the passion to succeed that unites most of America. African American athletes have been able to participate in Americas several professional sports leagues since the inception of sports in America. But due to their race they have not always been given the chance. As sports grew into an American pastime they also grew on separa ...
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Dramatic Changes In American Culture During The 1950s - 1,192 words
The United States began to change drastically in the 50s. Many people began coming out to stand up to old ways of life. This started the wheel turning for the civil rights movement. Some people though were swept up in a hysteria of accusations caused by the tension of the Cold War. Many were accused as being traitors for their beliefs. Americans also became swept up in social conformity causing a new American Dream to take shape. During the 50s, America experienced many new changes in its way of life. New problems arose like The Cold War and new social issues changed American conformist ideals and fortified civil rights. In the 50s, blacks began standing up for their civil rights. It started ...
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Conformity, Imbalance Of Power, And Social Injustice - 1,328 words
A "Great Drama" is a play in which an audience can find personal relevance. It is something which an audience can relate to. A great drama should having meaning to audiences for multiple generations. Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" successfully related to its audience and left us with messages that still echo today. The Crucible must be considered to be a great drama because of Miller's skillful play writing which created a script that not only addressed the idea of conformity in American culture, but also illustrated the unreal amount of power that select individuals hold because they define the means by which we all live. These people make decisions on issues like what is considered to be r ...
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Nixon - 1,090 words
Nixon had a difficult early life with many trials and hardships, which affected his character and way of thinking about the world and himself. The premature death of two of his brothers caused him deep-rooted trauma. He had a lifelong inability to trust other people. From the competition between his siblings, he got a keen sense of competition and struggle and a belief that in the end, he was alone against fate and his enemies. He believed vehemently that "The mark of the man is to be resilient and continually return after set-backs." Nixon believed that the successful competitor never lets his enemies have the final say in a contest of will. Some of his cruel attempts to discredit his polit ...
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Transcendentalism - 1,409 words
During the late nineteen forties, a new anti-Communistic chase was in full holler, this being the one of the most active Cold War fronts at home. Many panic-stricken citizens feared that Communist spies were undermining the government and treacherously misdirecting foreign policy. The attorney general planned a list of ninety supposedly disloyal organizations, none of which was given the right to prove its loyalty to the United States. The Loyalty Review Board investigated more than three million employees that caused a nation wide security conscious. Later, individual states began ferreting out Communist spies in their area. Now, Americans cannot continue to enjoy traditional freedoms in th ...
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Transcendentalism - 1,424 words
... ut when facing pretrial examinations for the vilification suit, he changed his story. Chambers told his lawyers that he could produce evidence that Hiss had given government documents to him. Chambers believed he had saved some documents in case he needed to protect himself from retribution. !SSHe sealed the documents in an envelope and gave them to his wife!|s nephew, Nathan Levine. Levine hid the envelope in his parents!| Brooklyn home,!" [Levitt, 239] Chambers remarked. Chambers subsequently produced sixty-five confidential pages of State Department documents typed by Hiss!|s typewriter, along with four memos handwritten by Hiss, two strips of developed microfilm, and several pages of ...
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