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PSALM 24 The Glory of God in Procession to Zion As part of the first collection (book) referred to by the Jews as the Song of Praises which basically talks about Genesis, the 24 th Psalm is particularly concerned about the greatness of God and his expectations from his people. The coming of the Lord who is the master of all and the eventual blessings he will bestow upon his worthy people who have come totally prepared to obey everything he demands on them outline and shape the message of this particular psalm. The basic structure of the psalm follows the general format and composition of most psalms found in the five books: a) a superscription, an introduction that apparently gives information about the context of the psalm. In some translations it is the first verse and in others it is a heading above that verse; b) the song itself, which is the main body of the whole poem. It unfolds and gives details of the particular psalms content which in the case of Psalm 24 is both historical and doctrinal as well as a laudatory of sort; and finally c) a subscription, an information that follows the main body the of text. This particular information is similar to the kind of arrangement found within the header or title section of modern-day musical notation.
Psalm 24 opens with a line that proclaims the power and might of God who is the owner and master of all that is on earth (vss. 1 - 2). Then the song (vss. 3 - 6) flows onward painting a picture of the worthy and acceptable people of God. People who are obedient to the will of the Lord; those who are righteous and their loyalty and devotion to him is unquestionable. The narrative is then capped (vss. 7 - 10) with the proclamation that God as the King of Glory is worthy of everyones adulation, devotion and allegiance. No doors should ever be barred against Him when He comes and stand amongst His chosen people. The Psalm Precis Psalm 24 The Glory of God in Procession to Zion A Psalm of David 1 The earth is the LORDS, and all it contains, The world and those who dwell in it.
God created the world and everything in it and thus, anything and everyone of His creation is His possession; His to do what He wills. 2 For He has founded it upon the seas And established it upon the rivers. God established the world all by Himself and this makes Him the sole owner of all the lands and the creatures of his domain. 3 Who may ascend into the hill of the LORD? And who may stand in His holy place? And so the question of who among His creation is worthy of meeting Him and staying with Him knowing the full extent of His power and strength arise. Who are the men and women qualified to come up and be with Him in His holy place? 4 He who has clean hands and a pure heart, Who has not lifted up his soul to falsehood And has not sworn deceitfully. The man worthy to face the Lord is that person who is loyal, true and devoted to his God. 5 He shall receive a blessing from the LORD And righteousness from the God of his salvation.
Only the virtuous and honorable people will be welcome and they will be the ones to whom God will shower His blessings. 6 This is the generation of those who seek Him, Who seek Your face even Jacob. The people of Israel during this particular epoch that the psalm was written are in search of God. They long to get to know their God better. 7 Selah. Lift up your heads, O gates, And be lifted up, O ancient doors, That the King of glory may come in! This is a call for all the righteous to give praise, honor and pay tribute to their God.
The almighty Lord who is coming. 8 Who is the King of glory? The LORD strong and mighty, The LORD mighty in battle. The Lord who is strong and powerful is exalted. 9 Lift up your heads, O gates, And lift them up, O ancient doors, That the King of glory may come in! The people of God is asked to pay tribute to Him 10 Who is this King of glory? The LORD of hosts, He is the King of glory. Selah.
To bestow on Him what He is worth of -- - the loyalty, deference and obedience He so long for from His people. Psalm 24 talks about the coming of God into the City of Jerusalem and the Peoples duty to prepare for this imminent call from the Master and Lord of all things created. It also prompts the people that part of that duty is the their righteousness and loyalty to the God, maker, provider and master of all things This particular psalm is reminiscent of a ritual observed to commemorate some festival. Studies perceived this psalm to somewhat liturgical in origin and might have been sung in a procession during a celebratory occasion. Further researches, as indicated by some late Jewish sources also point out that this is a hymn for the New Year festival commemorating Yahweh's work of creation and His sovereignty over all that He has created. Experts on this particular field believed that although this particular hymn is attributed to David, it has a great possibility that it comes from a much later date as evidenced by the references to temples (vss. 3, 7 & 9).
But on the other hand, this historical slip might just be a case of transcription errors and translation over the years. Perowne has another theory, he believes that some of the psalms might be authored by David but there is also a great possibility that the rest are written by other people but He [David] was the model after which they copied; his is the fire which kindled theirs. So great a poet inevitably drew a host of others in his train. This is also quite possible knowing that this particular observation of the scholar Perowne explain some of the stylistic affinities of the later psalms with those attributed to David. It is logical therefore to make an assumption that most psalmists have established and used Davids writing style as their format model. One psalm commentator suggested, that the final verses of Psalm 24 may have been the point in the procession where the Ark or maybe some other symbol of divine presence is moved and brought into the temple as the culmination of the liturgical service.
Whatever questions experts might have had regarding this psalm, most of them acquiesce and concur to the general assertion that this is a processional psalm commemorating the bringing of the Ark to Zion (cf. 2 Sam. 6). This general agreement was partially based on other psalms that talk about the same occasion (cf. Psalms 15, 30, 68, 87, and maybe 132). The flow of ideas of the psalm subject to this discussion can be traced back to the Psalm before it and goes on up to the Psalm right after it. The idea presented in the hymn is an apparent, unambiguous discussion and presentation of Gods Kingdom here on earth: sovereignty He alone rules and protects; righteous, loyal subjects who are called upon to prepare and welcome the God of all glory; and, the event and manner of that reception and greetings to the Master of all things created. The author of Psalm 24 who has been extolling and praising the protections and blessings bestowed upon him by God in the preceding psalm (Psalm 23: The Lord, Shepherd and Host) continued through his laudatory tone and notes into Psalm 24 as he declare and point out the Lords power and sovereignty over those that He has created in this world.
And that, Yahweh, as the sole and exclusive master of everything, must therefore command the highest loyalty and ultimate obeisance from His people. He went further on by stating that the righteous and virtuous are the only ones worthy to stand by the Master and that, the character and disposition of the people will be the key to their salvation and protection from the Lord. The ensuing psalm (Psalm 25: Confident Prayer for Forgiveness and Guidance) continue the theme of preparation towards the path of righteousness. The writer laments and implores the God of all to save him from any punishment. The psalmist also entreats and beseeches God to help and guide him towards the path of righteousness. It fits in perfectly as a reminder to the people of the manner how they should receive their King to gain the kind of protection bestowed on the virtuous as mentioned in Psalm 23.
It also serves as a foil to any character trait people might perpetuate but will hinder them from securing the blessings of God. Thus, the lamentations and imploring the psalmist recites in Psalm 25 for Gods guidance and protection. The poetic imagery in the song (cf. vss. 8 & 10) reiterates the power and strength of the God who is great and has created all things.
The metaphors suggest a triumphant leader (King) marching with an equally victorious army towards His loyal subjects. Results of extensive researches presupposed that Psalm 24 was written in celebration of the Arks installation in the temple. James Fraser believed that the intention was to emphasize the holy life and faith called for by God so that his people can share in His glory. The prominence of pageantry in the festivity and commemoration is placed below the importance given to the liturgical and spiritual aspects of the ceremonies. The psalm opens with Verses 1 2 which means that God owns everything that He has created. In a more specific setting, the word earth in the first line: The earth is the LORDS, and all it contains, could particularly mean Israel although it can also be assumed as the whole world.
Historically, if we will accept the time this was claimed to have been written, the reference to Israel is quite apt since this is also the time when all of the 12 tribes of Israel were joined and merged into one Kingdom under King David and Gods sanctuary was instituted in Jerusalem. The first line of verse 2 can be read as both the land and water knowing that in Genesis, God created water first followed by the rest. But this is a very vague picture; a hard idea to accept. One way to do it is to look at it from the perspective of the writers (their world is not as big as the modern world) and so the it (the earth) also refers to Jerusalem which is located beside and between the seas in the east and west. Verses 4 - 6 collectively as one can be seen as devoted to the call for the Peoples loyalty and virtuousness and affirmation of their fidelity to God so that they will be worthy to be admitted into His sanctuary.
There is also a strong element of holiness in vss. 3 - 6. Ritual purity was given emphasis and the people must properly prepare themselves for the task of going up the hill and standing in the presence of the Master. Purity, righteousness and fidelity as in clean of hands and pure of heart have become a prerequisite for entrance into the sacred temple regarded as the place where Yahweh dwelt. Line 1 of verse 3 alludes to a hill of the Lord, which is presumed to be Zion, a hill in Jerusalem where Solomon put up a tent to house the Ark and later on built a temple. Historically speaking, Solomon...
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