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Disorders of the brain, spine and nerves commonly treated by neurosurgeons include: Carotid Artery Disease, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Cervical Spine Disorders, Chronic Pain, Craniosynostosis, Epilepsy, Head Injury, Herniated Disk, Hydrocephalus, Intracranial Aneurysm, Lumbar Spinal, Stenosis, Meningomyelocele, Parkinson's Disease, Spina Bifida, Spinal Cord Injury, Stroke (Brain Attack), Trigeminal Neuralgia, Tumors. After four years of medical school and an internship program, the doctor enters a neurosurgical residency program of five to seven years. While in the program, neurosurgical residents are trained in all aspects of neurosurgery, including cerebrovascular, pediatrics, spine, trauma and tumor. The resident program is long and difficult, due to the extreme complexity of the nervous system and the advanced techniques used in neurosurgical operations. Some neurosurgeons opt to do an additional fellowship in a particular area of study following their residency.
Following residency training and several years in practice, the neurological surgeon may take the American Board of Neurological Surgery examination -- a thorough assessment of the neurosurgeon's skill, judgement and depth of knowledge. The successful completion of this examination will result in board certification. While the neurological surgeon has a comprehensive knowledge after medical school and residency training, there are continual changes in this specialty that require ongoing study throughout the neurological surgeon's professional career. Monthly scientific journals, annual meetings, specialized symposia and other educational opportunities help the neurosurgeon keep pace with rapid changes and developments in neurosurgery.
Neurosurgeons provide the operative and non-operative management (i. e. : prevention, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, critical care and rehabilitation) of neurological disorders. Because neurosurgeons have extensive training in the diagnosis of all neurological diseases, they are often called upon by emergency room doctors, neurologists, internists, family practitioners, and osteopaths for consultations. Neurosurgeons have been leaders in the incorporation of new technologies into the diagnosis, evaluation, and surgical and non-surgical treatment of patients. Although neurosurgery is by nature a surgical field, many patients suffering from neurological illnesses are undergoing non-surgical or minimally invasive treatments.
To that end, the explosion of less invasive surgical equipment and techniques, such as microscopes, lasers and focused radiation, as well as cutting-edge medical tools such as stents, shunts and radiosurgery, are changing the way some neurological disorders are treated. These medical advancements have positioned neurosurgeons on the cutting-edge of technology, enhancing the neurosurgeons ability to care for patients and making surgery easier on the patient. Enclosed is a core curriculum in neurological surgery for medical students. This curriculum was prepared by the Education Committees of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and Congress of neurological Surgeons.
The educational curriculum in North American Medical Schools represents a careful integration of an extraordinary body of scientific and medical knowledge, and the cognitive and clinical skills to apply it in a lifelong career as a physician of any specialty. Deans, curriculum committees, and faculty are faced with the prohibitive task of deciding what material to include for each discipline and how much time to devote for it and at what level. There is particular variability in the specific content and format of teaching of various clinical subjects, and no single guideline based on consensus among the specialists themselves on what represents minimal educational objectives in their respective fields. Neurological surgeons are particularly concerned about the variability of curriculum content and level of knowledge of graduating medical students regarding the indications and general principles of surgical therapy for neurological disease. Most of these medical students, particularly those pursuing primary care specialization, will likely never receive subsequent formal teaching about neurosurgical disease. Yet, these will be the physicians entrusted with front line decisions in the health care systems of tomorrow.
They must decide whether a headache may be due to a brain tumor or ruptured aneurysm, what may be the early warning signs of stroke, or whether the child who struck his head or had a seizure will need specialized intervention. In each case there must be minimal standards for recognizing the presenting symptoms of neurological disease, an understanding of initial management principles and diagnostic pathways, and a reliable threshold for referral to specialized expertise.
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Research essay sample on Cutting Edge Medical School