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Searches And Seizures Fourth Amendment
761 wordsIn 1787, the fathers of our country met at the Philadelphia Convention to ratify the document that would soon be known as The Constitution of the United States of America. This Constitution was to be the supreme law of the land. Our Constitution was set up in order to form a more perfect union, and to give the people under its provision certain unalienable rights. Among the rights granted to the people are: the right to free speech, the right to keep and bear arms, and the right of the people to...
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Searches And Seizures Probable Cause
1,074 wordsThe book, Terror on Highway 59 was about a reporter by the name of Steve Sellers. Steve was in his second week of his new job, for the Austin American Statesmen, when his city editor handed him a letter containing weird behavior on Highway 59. The letter was from a man named J. E. Foley. Foley complained about the San Jacinto County Sheriffs department. Foley was on his way home from Kentucky after visiting some friends in Houston, and had bought a new car. The officers pulled over the car he wa...
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Border Patrol Fourth Amendment
864 wordsWhen police set up traffic checkpoints looking for signs of drug use, walking a narcotics detecting dog around the car, and examining drivers licenses and registration does that practice violate the Constitutions protection against unreasonable searches? From August to November of 1998, police in Indianapolis set up six traffic checkpoints to look for signs of illegal drugs transported on city streets. Officers stopped cars, checked each drivers license and registration, looked for signs of drug...
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Arrest Search Warrants And Probable Cause
1,681 words1. The United States Supreme Court has held that normally, a police seizure of either evidence of a crime in a constitutionally protected area or a possible criminal defendant must be based on probable cause (e. g. , Illinois v. Gates (1983) ). Furthermore, the Court has repeatedly stated that a government search or seizure on private premises without a warrant is presumptively unreasonable under the Fourth Amendment unless it falls within one of the "carefully delineated" (Welsh v. Wisconsin, (...
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Random Illegal Drug Testing Among High School Students
1,616 wordsPurpose Using illegal drugs has been problem affecting different age levels. People use illegal drugs for so many different reasons. Even high school students do drugs in order to enhance their performance in academic, athletic, or extracurricular activities. Although not every high school student uses drugs to modify students skills, this ill-defined drug use in high school bring up the question whether to do random testing among high school students. People have different views on random testi...
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Fourth Amendment Unreasonable Searches
1,040 wordsPrivacy. There seems to be no legal issue today that cuts so wide a swath through conflicts confronting American society: from AIDS tests to wiretaps, polygraph test to computerized data bases, the common denominator has been whether the right to privacy outweighs other concerns of society" This quote from Robert Ellis Smith explains, in one sentence, the absolute need to ensure privacy in the workplace. One of the most interesting, yet controversial, areas concerning public personnel is employe...
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Usa Patriot Act George W Bush
2,478 wordsThe Effects of the War on Terror on Fourth Amendment Rights We are people of the 21 st century live in the world of great opportunities and technological progress. But at the same time we have to fight with the problems of the century. The worst one is terror. Nowadays there is hardly a nation that hasnt clashed with it. Various nations have provided several campaigns against terrorism; but modern war on terrorism is waged primarily by the United States, with support of its allies and NATO. The ...
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Law Enforcement Officials Law Enforcement Agencies
1,907 wordsNext Five Years & Principle of Inquiry in Police Force The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution states that people have the right to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, but the issue at hand here is whether this also applies to the searches of open fields and of objects in plain view and whether the fourth amendment provides protection over these as well. In order to reaffirm the courts decision on this matter I will be relating th...
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Interstate Commerce Clause U S C
4,648 wordsE-Mail Privacy Rights In Business E-Mail Privacy Rights in Business I. Abstract How far we have come in such a small time. When you think that the personal computer was invented in the early 1980 s and by the end of the millennium, several households have two PCs, it is an astonishing growth rate. And, when you consider business, I can look around the office and see that a lot of the cubicles contain more than one PC. It is astonishing to me that such an item has taken control over the informati...
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Searches And Seizures Anabolic Steroids
1,667 wordsFrom workplace to school, from professional sports to the armed forces, the advent of drug-testing procedures has stirred debate and controversy. The issue of drug testing in athletics seems to be the most prevalent debate. An incident that really brought drug testing into the spotlight is the track and field event in the 1988 Summer World Olympic Games. The two competitors in the limelight were Carl Lewis and Ben Johnson, both excellent and very emulating runners who have beaten each other in p...
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Crime Scene Physical Evidence
3,240 wordsForensic Science: Proper Crime Scene Techniques. Essay, Forensic Science: Proper Crime Scene Techniques. The word Forensic is derived from the Latin forests, meaning of the forum. 1 In ancient Rome, the forum was where governmental debates were held, but it was also where trials were held the court house. From that, forensic science has come to mean the application of the natural and physical science to the resolution of matters within a legal context 2. Forensic Science can be viewed as a tripa...
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Fourth Amendment Privately Owned
2,972 wordsThe Fourth Amendment to the Constitution states that people have the right to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, but the issue at hand here is whether this also applies to the searches of open fields and of objects in plain view and whether the fourth amendment provides protection over these as well. In order to reaffirm the courts decision on this matter I will be relating their decisions in the cases of Oliver v. United States (...
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Property Without Due Process Liberty Or Property Without Due
3,984 wordsDate sent: Sun, 19 May 1996 00: 47: 27 - 0700 How many rights do you have? You should check, because it might not be as many today as it was a few years ago, or even a few months ago. Some people I talk to are not concerned that police will execute a search warrant without knocking or that they set up roadblocks and stop and interrogate innocent citizens. They do not regard these as great infringements on their rights. But when you put current events together, there is information that may be su...
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T L O Law Enforcement Officers
1,135 wordsName of the case and year it was decided X New Jersey v. T. L. O. (1985) The constitutional amendment V or section thereof X which the court is interpreting X 14 th amendment The specific facts of the case X On March 7, 1980, a teacher at Piscataway High School in New Jersey found two girls smoking in a restroom. Since this was a violation of school rules, the teacher took the two students to the principals office. The assistant vice principal questioned the two girls separately. One student adm...
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Law Enforcement Officers Police Officers
3,734 wordsPolice Officers Overstep Their Rights When Searching People One of the main powers law enforcement officers carry is the authority to make citizens involuntarily give up their rights. Most people when confronted by police get mild to moderate panic reaction, can become nervous or anxious, and do as much as possible to limit the time spent with the officer. Due to the difference in power between a citizen and a police officer, citizens often unknowingly, give up their constitutional rights when a...
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Searches And Seizures Fourth Amendment
1,166 wordsKatz V. The United States The petitioner Mr. Katz was arrested for illegal gambling, he had been gambling over a public phone. The FBI attached an electronic recorder onto the outside of the public phone booth. The state courts claimed this to be legal because the recording device was on the outside of the phone and the FBI never entered the booth. The Supreme Court Ruled in the favor of Katz. They stated that the Fourth Amendment allowed for the protection of a person and not just a persons pro...
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