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Late Eighteenth Century Slave Trade
2,973 wordsFrom the 1520 s to the 1860 s an estimated 11 to 12 million African men, women, and children were forcibly embarked on European vessels for a life of slavery in the Western Hemisphere. Many more Africans were captured or purchased in the interior of the continent but a large number died before reaching the coast. About 9 to 10 million Africans survived the Atlantic crossing to be purchased by planters and traders in the New World, where they worked principally as slave laborers in plantation eco...
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Late Eighteenth Century British North America
2,918 words... tes often greater than for all other overseas trades combined. Slave mortality usually increased during the last stages of a particularly long passage when there were shortages of food and water. The Atlantic crossing lasted three to five weeks from West African trading sites such as the Gambia, Senegal, and Sierra Leone Rivers. Near the equator, in regions such as the Bights of Benin and Biafra (near present-day Nigeria), the voyage to the Americas took several months. A few French ships tr...
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Late Eighteenth Century Absolute Monarch
1,287 wordsEver since the two men themselves walked the Earth, there has been considerably debate as to whether the political thought of Thomas Hobbes or John Locke was closer to the truth. Hobbes, characterized as the "Apologist for Absolutism" in The Western Heritage, believed that the natural state of man was one of continuous competition and would generally be "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short. " Therefore, he believed in a strong absolute monarch to keep the people under control. Locke, called...
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Sir Walter Scott Beauty Of Nature
1,879 wordsThe romantics of the late eighteenth and nineteenth century was the reaction against the Enlightenment and Classical rationality. Unlike the rational and analytical thinking of classical thinkers, romantics allowed their emotions to take over. Painters escaped the rigid form of straight lines and proportions and painted swirling and colorful paintings, novelists and composers broke the rigid forms and essentially produced works that expressed feelings, the awe of nature, and the belief that gain...
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Late Eighteenth Century Industrial Revolution
1,185 wordsThe European expansion during the 15 th and 16 th centuries lead to major economic expansion throughout Europe and the newly established European colonies throughout the world. This economic growth, also called the commercial revolution, helped to fuel the industrial revolution of the eighteenth century by "Providing large and expanding markets for European industries" (p. 409) The commercial revolution created the need for new technology to meet the demands of the new and ever changing markets ...
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Wealth Of Nations Eighteenth Century
702 wordsThe British were the first European country to understand the importance of the maritime trade and naval power. After the loss in the Hundred Years War the foreign policy of Britain switched from Europe-oriented to the colonies-oriented. To accumulate the enormous amount of resources the British needed to rely on their trade network. Thus they made diplomatic and trade agreements with whomever possible. Having in face of Ottoman empire the trade partner and the potential ally the English had the...
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King Of France Nineteenth Centuries
2,822 wordsNicolas Poussin and Roman Influences in France The city and art of Rome had an enormous impact on the French Baroque Classical artist Nicolas Poussin and through him an effect on French art and artists in the following centuries. Poussin was greatly influenced by the classical ideals of Italian art and flourished in the art-loving city of Rome that encouraged a young artist to explore his abilities. Nicolas Poussin spent a most of his productive artistic career in Rome and over half of his life ...
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Late Eighteenth Century Prejudice And Superstition Enlightenment
846 wordsThe The Enlightenment The Enlightenment The eighteenth century s most exciting intellectual movement is called the Enlightenment. It s powerful dedication to reason and rational thought that until quite recently the era was sometimes characterized as the Age of Reason. The turn toward what became known by 1750 as the Enlightenment began in the late seventeenth century. Three factors were critically important in this new intellectual ferment. One, was a revulsion against monarchical and clerical ...
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