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In counseling, there are many processes used by a counselor in his sessions with a client. These may be done in a specific order or however which way the counselor sees them to be appropriate. Listed below are the different processes that may be undertaken during a counseling session. 1. Before meeting a counsel, the counselor tries to find out as much as he can about the former. This is done so that he may discern what will help the client most.
Also, he has to fathom the counselee's past so that he will know beforehand how he can help him. 2. The counselor and the counsel take some time to get to know each other. This is a process that works both ways, as does the entire counseling process upon which they are about to embark. In the process, the counselee's needs are assessed and appropriate therapy may be chosen. 3. Questionnaires or tests may be given to the counsel to prove or disprove the counselors initial findings.
It may be too early to judge the counsel right away but this may help the counselor in the totality of the sessions. 4. The counselor needs to determine, with greater accuracy, the nature of the emotion and experience that is behind the counselee's current difficulties by further detailed examination of the latter's history. Some of the issues and patterns raised in the questionnaires or tests may be raised and any relationships that may be analogous to initial observations may be noted with the behaviors and feelings involved. 5. The counselor tries to give a summary of some of the findings and also some instruction regarding specific actions to be taken or thoughts that need to be changed. He may ask the client to compile a journal so that the latter may elaborate upon the area of emotion that he feels is central to his problems.
The counsel may be asked to look in some detail at the problems he faces on a day-to-day basis and explore all the emotions that he feels are associated with these problems as they arise. 6. The counselor and the client look in some more detail at the problems reported and the emotions surrounding them. They are now better equipped to look in greater depth at the counselee's problems. Relevant issues will be approached and any patterns that can be discerned are raised and related to the counselee's background life and history as a whole. During the course of this process, major underlying driving factors are identified and these factors are often learnt as a result of past experiences. 7. Role-playing may be used to help the counsel react to experiences that seem to bother him.
The interaction will help the original experience to resurface and be better understood, enabling the counsel to learn from it and gain a better understanding of the emotional forces that have lead to his current feelings or behaviors. 8. The counsel should be active in the interpretation of raised issues. He should be able to provide explanations foe each emotion or behavior based on the insight he has gained to date. 9. Progress may be discussed by the counselor and counsel and recommendations for the future may be made. 10. Each session may be recorded for further reference. Bibliography Anastasia, Anne, and Susana Arena.
Psychological Testing. Singapore: Simon and Schuster, 1997. Bootzin, Richard R. , and Joan Ross Acocella. Abnormal Psychology. New York: McGraw Hill, Inc. , 1988.
De Jesus, Evangeline M. Handbook of Psychological Tests Theories, Administration, Scoring, and Applications. Manila: Rex Bookstore Inc. , 1995. Else, David G. , Barry H. Kantowitz, and Henry L. Roediger III.
Research Methods in Psychology. Minnesota: Houghton Mifflin, 1981. Gormly, Anne V. Understanding Psychology. California: Glencoe/McGraw Hill, 1986. Human, Gary W.
Research Methods in Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1999. Hill, Clara E. Therapist Techniques and Client Outcomes. California: Sage Publications, Inc. , 1989. Kalat, James W.
Introduction to Psychology. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1990. Killer, George W. The Disorganized Personality.
New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1964. Peake, Thomas H. , Charles M. Bordium, and Robert P. Archer. Brief Psychotherapies: Changing Frames of Mind. California: Sage Publications, Inc. , 1988. 32 d
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