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Although various biblical allusions appear in many novels, most are not easily interpreted. In order for a reader to be able to recognize an allusion they must first understand what an allusion is. An allusion is a comparison to something that goes deeper than what is just stated. In the novel Out of the Silent Planet there are many references to the Bible. C. S.
Lewis uses various biblical allusions throughout Out of the Silent Planet to portray the characters and setting on Malacandra. One of the first biblical allusions in Out of the Silent Planet is the parallel between Maleldil the Young and Christ. C. S. Lewis illustrates this comparison as he elucidates Ransoms knowledge about Malacandra.
As Ransom spends several weeks with the hosea he learns that everything was created by Maleldil the Young (Magill 213). C. S. Lewis clearly used Maleldil to represent Christ, knowing that Christ is the creator of all things. Another analogy among Maleldil the Young and Christ is their intentions with their creations. According to Magill, Ransom discovered that Maleldil the Young did not create the worlds and races to last forever (215).
Christs ultimate plan when he created the universe was to one day have it destroyed. It is to be understood that Maleldil had the same plans when he was creating the universe. The last reference between Maleldil and Christ is the meaning of their names. The word Maleldil derived from Anglo- Saxon means Lord of Judgment (Christopher 93). This obviously means that he was the supreme judge over Malacandra. As Christ being the supreme judge, one can The next allusion that appears in Out of the Silent Planet, is the comparison between the Old One and God.
The Old One was one of the higher spirits that lived with Maleldil. The Old One was described as having no body or parts (Magill 213). The fact that C. S. Lewis described him like that is evidently because he is comparing the Old One to God. God is a spirit that has neither a body or functional parts; God just exists.
The other reference that suggests that God and the Old One can be compared is where they live. The Old One and Maleldil the Young live together and rule from Melidorn (Magill 212). This is similar to how Christ and God live and rule Furthermore, C. S.
Lewis uses allusions for the description and residence of the eliza to angels. The eliza were lesser spirits that acted as messengers (Magill 212). After Ransom had on Malacandra for a while, a eliza appeared bringing him a message from Oyarasa. In addition to, angels sometimes appear on earth bringing messages from God. The succeeding reason why eliza are like angles is because of where they live. Magill describes Melidorn as being an island of great beauty inhabited by many eliza (214).
Most of the time the eliza were on Malacandra delivering messages, but when they finished they returned back to Melidorn. This is the same with angels; after their work is done, they return to heaven. The last of allusions concerning the characters is between the Bent One and Satan. The first way these two figures resemble each other is how they became corrupt. Bleiler describes the relationship by stating, Long ago, after having lost his battle in Heaven against God, Satan - or the Bent One as he is called in the trilogy - took over the planet Thulcandra... (246).
This means that both fought against a superior spirit and lost. Then they were ultimately forced to live and rule another celestial body. When the Bent One first became bent, he was exiled from Malacandra and bound to Thulcandra. The same thing happened when Satan became evil. God banished him from heaven, and sent him to live in hell. In addition to C.
S. Lewis alluding to the characters in Out of the Silent Planet to the Bible, he uses the setting as another factor. He first uses the setting by means of describing Melidorn to be compared with heaven. He makes Melidorn the dwelling place of Maleldil the Young and the Old One.
Since these characters symbolize God and Jesus, it can easily be understood that Melidorn is the equivalent to heaven. Now Melidorn just isnt the home of those two spirits. It is additionally the residence of the eliza. As mentioned before, the island of Melidorn was inhabited by many eliza (Magill 214). This obviously alludes the fact that many Finally, C.
S. Lewis compares the planet Thulcandra to hell. The way to distinguish this is by looking at the population of Thulcandra. All the inhabitants are those that once lived on Malacandra, but became bent or evil and were sent there to live.
Hell is similar to this in the fact that the residents are those whose hearts were evil and were condemned to spend eternity there. The final reason the two are comparable is because of the lack of communication the two worlds have. The residents of Malacandra named Thulcandra the Silent Plant because no communication came from it (Magill 213). This is almost exactly the same as hells inhabitants inability to communicate. The Bible says that once a person is sent to hell, it is impossible for them to converse with anything outside of hell. In conclusion, in C.
S. Lewis novel, Out of the Silent Planet, the characters and setting reflect back to Bible symbolizing the people and places in it. Every character in the novel somehow relates to a Biblical figure, and every place in the book relates to a place in the Bible. His use of allusions gives the reader insight into the deeper meanings of the novel.
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Research essay sample on Allusions Within Out Of The Silent Planet