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The Science of Bad Breath Objective The main objective of the proposed project is to examine the scientific article The Science of Bad Breath written my Mel Rosenberg in order to understand the causes and physics of bad breath, the source of smell, other halitosis diagnosis, and to understand the biogenesis of bad breath issues. Method and Data The process involves review of scientific knowledge retrieved by Mel Rosenberg in result of his 20 year medicine practice; Rosenberg's sampling methods, analytical procedures, and documentations. The results reported in this study were based on data from Rosenberg's the Halimeter (a clinical aid and a laboratory for oral malodor) and other researches. Discussion Understanding the causes of bad breath is very important as far as in the bad-breath scenario, the foul odor occurs due to the metabolic activity of oral bacteria. According to the author, the bad breath, or halitosis, becomes an issue of the day as far as it involves a wide range of scientific spheres like chemistry, bacteriology, psychology, physiology, etc. The recent survey of Brazilian college students conducted by Paulo Nadanovsky (the Institute of Social Medicine at the University of the State of Rio de Janeiro) indicates that 31 % of student report at least one family member suffering from bad breath with serious implications.
Finally, 86 % of students report that they are affected by their relatives bad breath in some way. These findings establish a unique niche for the science of bad breath in the modern medicine, as far as halitosis reflects a general public concern. According to the numerous market researches, $ 1. 8 billion is spent on toothpaste, approximately $ 715 million on oral-care gum, around $ 740 million on dental rinses, and around $ 950 million on dental floss and toothbrushes. According to the research conducted by Catholic University, ISBOR co-founder and Rosenberg's group in Tel-Aviv, 85 - 90 % of halitosis causes occur in result of microbial metabolism. The anaerobic oral bacteria produce methyl mercaptan and skatole also present in feces, hydrogen sulfide with a distinctive rotten-egg smell, indole that is foul in large quantities, cadaverine (associated with rotting corpses), putrescine (found in decaying meat), and iso valeric acid (smells like sweaty feet. All these substances are evidently conductive to the problem of bad breath.
The nose and nasal passages are the most common cause of bad breath after the mouth. Rosenberg claims that in 5 to 10 % of cases the odor originates from the nose. Once the halitosis is diagnosed, the condition should be eliminated. According to Rosenberg, the patient may be recommended to use basic oral hygiene in complex with various treatments (e. g. chlorhexidine) and natural cures (e.
g. anise seeds, cinnamon, parsley, guava peels, clove, etc), flavor oils (e. g. eucalyptol, menthol, methyl salicylate, etc). The researchers examine halitosis quantitatively and qualitatively, due to new insights relating to the causes and possible treatments of the problem. The new species of bacterial pathogens have been discovered during the studies, and the fact that the mouth is the halitosis common cause, has been confirmed.
In the context of the problem being examined, the data obtained from the surveys, reviews, analytical procedures, and documentations remains important, since understanding the molecular basis of how bacterial pathogens and microbial metabolism influence breath proposes a new perspective into the science of halitosis. Finally, understanding of the cell molecular and biological basis of pathogens interaction as well as the causes of bad breath will be of benefit for the development of new therapeutic strategies.
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Research essay sample on The Science Of Bad Breath