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For Renaissance which replaced Middle Ages exclusive interest to the separate person is characteristic. The humanism, the Renaissance philosophical current placed the person in the centre of the world and refused representations about its sinfulness and negligibility, having passed to eulogy of the person for his intellect, beauty, force, possession of sciences and arts. Not casually in Renaissance in painting such genre, as a portrait (and a self-portrait), and lyrical poetry in literature develops. People of Renaissance in different spheres of culture aspired to express themselves as fully as it was possible. It is symbolical, that one of the Renaissance fathers Italian poet Francesco Petrarka (1304 - 1374) - promoted as well to the development of the autobiographical genre.
One of the brightest products created in autobiographical genre in epoch of high Renaissance is the book of the well-known Italian jeweler and sculptor Benvenuto Chellini (1500 - 1571). His autobiography was not always authentic its author was declined to boasting and exaggerations, and it was not possible to trust all his statements. However, numerous boastful exaggerations didnt damage, rather, just promoted huge popularity of the book. Chellini's Individualism and adventurous character of a narration had the big influence on the development of an autobiographical genre. Other, more philosophical type of the autobiographical composition also was generated in the epoch of late Renaissance, first of all due to the book of French philosopher Michel Montaigne (1533 - 1592) Essays. Value of Essays in the development of autobiographical genre is huge.
The most important is that, Montaigne as against all previous founders of autobiography emphasized his commonness. He provided for the review ordinary life, deprived any shine. Thus, in world culture the idea that each person completely everything that is peculiar for all human, and, hence, his autobiography may be interesting to potential readers. All autobiographies created in the next centuries, may be conditionally divided into two types: first were following sample of Chellini, i. e.
underlining originality of their author, second are those whose authors in this or that way imitated Montaigne, sometimes sincerely, and sometimes archly declaring about the ordinary and ordinariness of the life, which in their opinion, should draw attention of readers.
Free research essays on topics related to: autobiography, autobiographical, montaigne, genre, renaissance
Research essay sample on Autobiographical Genre Renaissance Person