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In the essay, Identical Twins Reared Apart, Constance Holden states of how the identical twins reared apart showed more similarities than the differences. She exemplifies many cases and peoples work to show the similarities and some differences of the twins reared apart. She also argues that many experiments show the genetic affects more on the similarity of the twins than the heredity does. However, towards to the end of the text, she discusses about the lack of the evidence which cannot prove the hypothesis that many scientists made; genetic over heredity on the similarity of identical twins reared apart. Holden ends the essay by giving out a part of her point with the quote of James Shields. Her main point is that according to many evidences and cases which the psychologist Bouchard mainly worked on at the University of Minnesota, it is credible that gene has more affect on the similarity of the identical twins reared apart than the environment, but there arent enough evidences to prove it.
Her essay doesnt effectively persuade the readers to her point because there are too many distractions which makes her essay confusing and loses her point. Holden uses many scientific words which make the essay very formal and makes the readers to lose interest on her point. Uses of the many scientific words make the essay sounds more like lab report than an article on the popular science magazine. For example, defining the meaning of the easy words to hard scientific terms is distracting. She defines identical to monozygotic and fraternal to dizygotic. (377) Also, Holden uses many medical terms which reader might not familiar with such as hemorrhoids and idiosyncrasies galore. (379) Holden has very serious tone of the essay than humorous because it is based on actual facts and scientific experiments. However, she uses very informal sentence all the sudden at the middle of factual explanations.
The purpose of her changing tone was to draw out readers interested attention which it actually worked in reverse. For example, after she was explaining of all different kinds of the tests that the experimenters gave out to twins she asks question, And the upshot of all this probing? (378) This question loses the reader and make the context awkward because it is not only unexpected but also not suitable. Holden presents very extreme examples of the twins which makes the whole experiments on the twin cases seems not credible. There are nine different pairs of twins who were involved in the study of the twins reared apart. They were all raised in very different environment which it is hard to believe when Holden brought the case where there were twins who were named same, had same names of wives, named their child the same and remarried with another identical name of women -Jim twins (379). It was not convincing and couldnt follow her point because some of the examples that she picked were extreme that it wasnt likely to believe.
Holden uses many different experiments, medical reports, many peoples speech that they make her essay unclear and not organized. Because they are not in all same categories or topics they do not convince the readers that these examples are well related. She uses many different peoples work and speeches, it is also confusing to readers to figure out her main point is. She puts every different case followed by each others and also pull out random quotes which she doesnt present enough evidence on the relations of them. There are four pairs of the twins that she used in her essay: Jim twins, Oskar Store and Jake Ye, Bridget and Dorothy and Barbara and Daphne and uses four different peoples speech of Thomas Bouchard, David Lykken, Garden Allen and James Shields.
Finally, because of the overlapping of the many quotes and experiments it is hard to understand what her point is. She was explaining at the beginning by giving the examples to present about the twin cases and give opinion on her view; however, she doesnt make her point with the examples of the beginning but goes on by exemplifying more of scientific examples. And at the end she makes her point that it is uncertain in both cases if she claims any points, there wont be enough evidence to prove it. The ending makes the essay very blunt and uninteresting. It loses the readers attention because the ending makes the essay feels unfinished. Holden wrote an essay on very interesting topic which discusses on the twin studies of the identical twins reared apart.
However, she loses her readers attention through out her essay. Holden uses many hard scientific and medical words which makes the essay sounds very dull and boring. Also while she was presenting the facts of the experiments, she uses informal questions or sentences which confuses her readers. Her selections of examples of extreme cases on twin studies made her essay less credible. Using of many different peoples opinion and works are good ideas but because she overlapped them together, it was not effective to support her point.
Her essay is more like unfinished lab report than an article on the science magazine.
Free research essays on topics related to: twin studies, identical twins, readers attention, twins, main point
Research essay sample on Identical Twins Readers Attention