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We have always known of the existence of many diseases, but some of us dont realize that, these diseases are very easy to catch. There are many diseases caused by bacteria, while others are caused by viruses. Diseases caused by viruses are genital herpes, genital warts and AIDS. Other sexually transmitted diseases that are caused by bacteria are: gonorrhea, syphilis and Chlamydia. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria.
Chlamydia is spread by direct person-to-person contact. It is always transmitted through sexual contact. Because symptoms are not always present, one may be infected with Chlamydia and not know it. Therefore, it is possible for pregnant women to pass the bacteria to their infant during birth, or women can become sterile due to the disease. If Chlamydia present, symptoms may appear in a week to a month after infection. Seventy-five percent of persons with Chlamydia may show no symptoms, they are asymptomatic.
Men are more likely than women to show sign of infection. Chlamydia in men causes painful urination, testicular pain, irritation around the opening of the penis and mild, sticky, milky or mucus-like discharge from penis. The symptoms may seem to come and go. Chlamydia is often silent in women, with up to 90 % of women asymptomatic.
Women can carry the bacteria for months or even years without knowing it. This makes screening very important. When the symptoms are present in women, they include the following: mild, milky or mucus-like discharge, painful urination and intercourse, bleeding between menses an abdominal pain. When treated early, there are no long term consequences of Chlamydia, but when is not treated, long term complications in men may include: epididymis, prostatitis, Register syndrome and sterility.
In women the complications may include: peri hepatitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, Reiters syndrome and sterility. Chlamydia is very dangerous when passed to infants. It can cause eye infections, blindness, ear infections, pneumonia, and death. Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics. It is important that all the antibiotics are taken as prescribed, and the infected person to avoid sexual intercourse during treatment. Proper hand washing is essential, as the bacteria can be transferred to the eyes.
Abstinence from both genital and oral sex is the only way to be 100 % sure that you are protected from Chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases.
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Research essay sample on Sexually Transmitted Diseases Long Term