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Alger Hiss - 1,696 words
In August 1948, Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist appearing before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), charged that Alger Hiss, was a Communist spy. Chambers claimed that he and Hiss had belonged to the same espionage group and that Hiss had given him secret State Department documents. This group was a network of American spies recruited by the Soviet Union to collect useful information for Moscow. Alger Hiss was a Harvard-educated lawyer and a distinguished Washington figure. He had been responsible affairs for the State Department and had played a significant role in the planning for and development of the United Nations. Hiss's accuser seemed to be his opposite Whittak ...
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Juilus And Ethel Rosenberg - 1,648 words
... ast(Milton 2). Because he had committed these acts more than 20 years before, he could not be charged for spying but was charged for lying under oath about his involvement with the Soviet Union(Milton 3). Alger Hiss was the first of many spies who either confessed or were caught by the government in a domino effect that eventually led to the capture and final execution of the Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Twelve days after the Hiss conviction a physicist from England who worked first hand with the Manhattan project confessed to spying for the Soviet Union(Milton 23). The physicist was Klaus Fuchs and the Manhattan project was America's name for it nuclear experimenting project(Milton 25). ...
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Mccarthyism In The Crucible - 1,849 words
In The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, the madness of the Salem witch trials is explored in great detail. There is more to the play than the witch trials, though. The Crucible was composed during a time when a similar hysteria was sweeping through America. A virtually unkown senator by the name of Joseph McCarthy was propelled into infamy when while at a speaking engagement at thee Republican Womens Club of Wheeling, West Virginia he charged 205 persons in the U.S. State Department of being members of the Communist Party (Martine 8). Fear caused the American people to succumb to the preposterous charges brought forth by McCarthy displaying resemblances to that of the Salem community in 1 ...
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Mccarthyism Was More Than Just Mccarthy - 1,681 words
'McCarthy gave his name to an age, but there was far more to McCarthyism than McCarthy' McCarthy may have given his name to an era but there was much more to McCarthyism than just one man. In this essay the argument will be that there were many factors leading up to the McCarthy era both internal and external and that McCarthy found a platform in anticommunist fear, as it was popular issue at the time. And his fall from grace in 1954 may also be attributed to both internal and external factors that appeared to alleviate the anticommunist threat. Today we call it the McCarthy era. While convenient, the tribute is not without reason. McCarthys villainy was so plain that his name became a curse ...
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1940s - 2,088 words
... t also helped increase survival rates for surgery. The first eye bank was established at New York Hospital in 1944. Unemployment almost disappeared, as most men were drafted and sent off to war. The government reclassified 55% of their jobs, allowing women and blacks to fill them. First, single women were actively recruited to the workforce. In 1943, with virtually all the single women employed, married women were allowed to work. Japanese immigrants and their descendants, suspected of loyalty to their homelands, were sent to internment There were scrap drives for steel, tin, paper and rubber. These were a source of supplies and gave people a means of supporting the war effort. Automobil ...
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9onnix - 1,394 words
Richard Millhouse Nixon, 37th president of the United States (1969-1972) was born on January 9, 1913 in Yorba Linda, California. Nixon was one of the most controversial politicians of the twentieth century. He built his political career on the communist scare of the late forties and early fifties, but as president he achieved dtente with the Soviet Union and opened relations with the People's Republic of China. His administration occurred during the domestic upheavals brought on by the civil rights movement and the Vietnam War. He was re-elected in 1972 by an overwhelming margin, but less than two years later, he was forced to become the first man to resign the presidency amid the scandal an ...
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Cold War - 769 words
The Cold War was a war of words, not violence, that began in 1946. This was signified by competition, tension, and conflict between the Soviet Union, and the United States. In 1946, Sir Winston Churchill gave an address at Westminster College in Fulton, Mo, about foreign affairs of the time. In it he uttered the following quote: "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent (of Europe)." These words, in some respects, were the beginning of the Cold War. The term "Cold War" was first used by American Bernard Baruch in a congressional debate in 1947, and described the war as increasing tensions between the Soviet Union and the US. Ch ...
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Communisim In The 1950s - 1,548 words
Thesis: The "Red Scare" of the 1950's caused a massive movement for the people of that time period. IV. Leaders in the movement-McCarthy C. Comparisons between the Fifties and now America: Land of the free, and the home of the brave. This famous expression has been used numerous times throughout history, even scoring a line in our country's national anthem. But in our high-tech socety, many Americans can not even understand what our forefathers went through to achieve this American dream. People do not even grasp the concept of what it has taken to keep the freedom of this country ringing. Place youself in the footsteps of the average American of the 1950's, dealing with the Russian threat o ...
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Nixon - 1,216 words
Richard Nixon is usually depicted as the man you love to hate, glorified for being at the root of controversy in Americas history. But in Oliver Stones film Nixon, viewers begin to love the man that grew up in Whittier, California. As the son of a poor grocer, Nixon is depicted as a boy striving for acceptance, and the chance to use this acceptance to fulfill the American dream. Without having any real previous knowledge about Richard Nixon, other than what I saw in All the Presidents Men, I feared this film, too, would bring even more confusion to the issues than what I already felt. To my surprise, the film seemed as if a documentary of the man, carefully depicting every area of his life a ...
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Catch 22 - 919 words
Great pieces of literature are influenced by their authors life and the times in which they were written. These two factors combine to make literature that is both entertaining and meaningful to readers. Joseph Hellers outrageously funny and very affecting novel Catch-22 is a perfect example. Heller draws on his past and alludes to events happening during the time in which he wrote to create what the Chicago Sun-Times called an apocalyptic masterpiece. Hellers past is very evident throughout Catch-22. Joseph Heller grew up in Coney Island, New York, a town famous for its carnival atmosphere and attractions (Biography 1). This environment led to Hellers satirical and darkly humorous attitude ...
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Dramatic Changes In American Culture During The 1950s - 1,192 words
The United States began to change drastically in the 50s. Many people began coming out to stand up to old ways of life. This started the wheel turning for the civil rights movement. Some people though were swept up in a hysteria of accusations caused by the tension of the Cold War. Many were accused as being traitors for their beliefs. Americans also became swept up in social conformity causing a new American Dream to take shape. During the 50s, America experienced many new changes in its way of life. New problems arose like The Cold War and new social issues changed American conformist ideals and fortified civil rights. In the 50s, blacks began standing up for their civil rights. It started ...
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American Cold War History - 1,949 words
Harry S. Truman was the most influential figure in early Cold War politics. His policies on Soviet expansion and cooperation with western bloc countries set the stage for how other Cold War era presidents would act. It is through his handling of the Korean conflict and the issue of communism, both domestic and abroad, he can be considered the father of Cold War politics. The beginnings of communist distrust in America may be found in the Red Scare of 1919. The Red Scare of 1919 began out of a growing distrust of Bolshevism and strong desire by many groups to preserve Americas status quo and throw out the foreign influences that might subvert it (1). People only became more outraged by such f ...
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Containment Of Communism - 1,095 words
... country. Many people were sent to prisons where they perished just because they were labeled a communist with no evidence of guilt, except maybe guilt by association, and sometimes even lacking that. Two of the most controversial trials were of Alger Hiss and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Alger Hiss was former New Dealer that went with President Roosevelt to Yalta during the Peace conference. He was accused by a convicted communist Whittaker Chambers, to be operating a communist cell inside the government. He denied the allegations or knowing Chambers, he was later found guilty of perjury when it was discovered that he did know Chambers and had affiliations with him. Julius and Ethel Rosen ...
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Nixon - 1,090 words
Nixon had a difficult early life with many trials and hardships, which affected his character and way of thinking about the world and himself. The premature death of two of his brothers caused him deep-rooted trauma. He had a lifelong inability to trust other people. From the competition between his siblings, he got a keen sense of competition and struggle and a belief that in the end, he was alone against fate and his enemies. He believed vehemently that "The mark of the man is to be resilient and continually return after set-backs." Nixon believed that the successful competitor never lets his enemies have the final say in a contest of will. Some of his cruel attempts to discredit his polit ...
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The Political Career Of Richard Nixon - 1,381 words
Richard Milhous Nixon was born into a poor family on January 9, 1913, in Yorba Linda, California, and was raised in the nearby small town of Whittier. His mother, Hannah Milhous, was well educated and a religious member of the Quaker Society, while his father Francis Anthony Nixon was uneducated, had no steady jobs, and was accused of being quarrelsome with nearly everyone around him (American President, http://www.americanpresident.org/history/). Nixon was very introvert as a child. He had a difficult early life with series of hardships, which made a lasting effect on his character and personality. He did not fit in with most of his peers and had a lifelong difficulty of trusting people out ...
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Transcendentalism - 1,409 words
During the late nineteen forties, a new anti-Communistic chase was in full holler, this being the one of the most active Cold War fronts at home. Many panic-stricken citizens feared that Communist spies were undermining the government and treacherously misdirecting foreign policy. The attorney general planned a list of ninety supposedly disloyal organizations, none of which was given the right to prove its loyalty to the United States. The Loyalty Review Board investigated more than three million employees that caused a nation wide security conscious. Later, individual states began ferreting out Communist spies in their area. Now, Americans cannot continue to enjoy traditional freedoms in th ...
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Transcendentalism - 1,424 words
... ut when facing pretrial examinations for the vilification suit, he changed his story. Chambers told his lawyers that he could produce evidence that Hiss had given government documents to him. Chambers believed he had saved some documents in case he needed to protect himself from retribution. !SSHe sealed the documents in an envelope and gave them to his wife!|s nephew, Nathan Levine. Levine hid the envelope in his parents!| Brooklyn home,!" [Levitt, 239] Chambers remarked. Chambers subsequently produced sixty-five confidential pages of State Department documents typed by Hiss!|s typewriter, along with four memos handwritten by Hiss, two strips of developed microfilm, and several pages of ...
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The Political Career Of Richard Nixon - 1,830 words
1. Nixon's Beginning in Politics 2. Emergence in National Politics A. The Hiss Case B. Nixon's Political Obituary C. Resurgence as a presidential candidate 3. The 37th President A. Nixon's Appointment's B. Foreign Policy 1. Nixon's plans for Europe 2. Vietnam C. Domestic Policy 4. Nixon's Second Administration A. Reelection B. Watergate A few weeks after the United States entered World War II a young man named Richard Nixon went to Washington, D.C. In January 1942 he took a job with the Office of Price Administration. Two months later he applied for a Navy commission, and in September 1942 he was commissioned a lieutenant, junior grade. During much of the war he served as an operations offic ...
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