Madison - 499 words
Madison's demand was interpreted as a prelude to war. The embargo was passed promptly by Congress, and it expired on June 1. On that date, no satisfactory solution having been offered, Madison addressed his war message to Congress. He told Congress that "our commerce has been plundered in every sea," that Britain was intent on destroying American commerce "not as supplying the wants of her enemies, which she herself supplies; but as interfering with the monopoly which she covets for her own commerce and navigation." Madison also made an allusion to British participation in recent Native American uprisings and to other "injuries and indignities ... heaped on our country." He also condemned th ...
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Declaration Of Independence - 519 words
The Declaration of Independence was written to show a new theory of government, reasons why they were separating from England, and a formal declaration of war. It gave the 13 colonies freedom from England's laws. The man responsible for writing the Declaration was Thomas Jefferson. He wrote the Declaration between June 11, 1776 and June 28, 1776. Benjamin Franklin and John Adams looked at what Jefferson had written and made some changes to the Declaration. On July 4, 1776 Congress adopted the Declaration and it was signed by: John Hancock, Button Gwinnett, Lyman hall, George Walton, Wm Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn, Edward Rutledge, Thos Heyward Jr., Thomas Lynch Jr., Arthur Middleton, Sam ...
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Rooselvelt - 5,160 words
... refully prepared plans were ready to be implemented almost at once. Huge public buildings, great dams, and irrigation and flood-control projects are part of PWAs legacy. The most spectacular agency designed to promote general economic improvement was the National Recovery Administration (NRA), an organization set up (along with the PWA) by the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA), which was passed by Congress in June 1933. The NRA was designed to help business help itself. Unfair competition was supposed to be eliminated through the establishment of codes of fair competition; in effect, laws against combinations of large businesses were to be suspended in exchange for guarantees to wo ...
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All Quiet On The Western Front Report - 5,431 words
... than it might otherwise have been. ^^^^^^^^^^ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT: FRAU (MRS.) BAUMER Paul's mother is a courageous woman who is dying of cancer. She is the most comforting person Paul finds at home. She alone does not pretend to understand what it is like at the front. Paul is in agony over her illness and is overwhelmed by the love she shows him by preparing his favorite foods and depriving herself in order to buy him fine underwear. ^^^^^^^^^^ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT: FRAU (MRS.) KEMMERICH Unlike Paul's quiet mother, Franz Kemmerich's mother tends to weep and wail. She had unreasonably expected Paul to watch out for her son, Franz, and blames him for surviving while F ...
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Sitting The Fence - 1,042 words
Daru is a man of mixed heritage that is happiest living away from the conflicting sides that pull at him constantly. One side wants him to be this and the other wants him to be that. After the war, he has chosen to isolate himself so that he can avoid choices that cause him pain. Daru is satisfied with his life until an unexpected guest arrives. Daru refuses to make a choice by doing so he feels that he will not be faced with the consequences that arrive from choice. Daru has managed to maintain neutrality by keeping himself isolated. Daru makes an effort to move away from people so that he will not be divided about his loyalties. He had requested a post in the little town at the base of the ...
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Poland During Wwii - 1,010 words
... pport for the Polish divisions stretched out along the extensive front. Polish artillery firepowers were unable to defend themselves against the advanced Germans. Within few days it was perfectly clear that despite the heroic Polish resistance, no defense line had been held. An attack without any declaration of war increased an already superior German position. A certain amount of aircraft was destroyed on the ground, because of the sudden surprise. Additional problems were caused by great amount of civilians feeling before the invaders. Within few hours the whole world found out about the German attack on Poland. There still remained a hope that the threat of this war could be stopped b ...
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Pearl-harbor - 1,764 words
... heast Asia and that Britain would declare war the next day. Roosevelt responded that he would go before Congress the following day to ask for a declaration of war against Japan. Churchill wrote: "To have the United States at our side was to me the greatest joy. Now at this very moment I knew the United States was in the war, up to the neck and in to the death. So we had won after all! . . . Hitler's fate was sealed. Mussolini's fate was sealed. As for the Japanese, they would be ground to powder (Friedrich 44). The bombing rallied the United States behind the President in declaring war on Japan. On December 11, Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S., bringing about a global conflict. ...
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World Strruggle Comes To Division - 2,284 words
... ch territory, including Alsace-Lorraine 9) Readjustment of Italian frontiers along clearly recognizable lines of nationality 10) Autonomy for the peoples of Austria-Hungary 11) Evacuation and restoration of territory to Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania, granting of seaports to Serbia, and readjustment and international guarantee of the national ambitions of the Balkan nations 12) Self-determination for non-Turkish peoples under Turkish control and internationalization of the Dardanelles 13) An independent Poland, with access to the sea 14) Creation of a general association of nations under specific covenants to give mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity. Th ...
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Hitler And His Downfall - 1,113 words
... s prime minister, Ciano, that the military campaign in Greece would be a quick success. Germany was taken completely by surprise by Italy's actions, which she totally disapproved. Hitler had to switch tracks at this time. He had to postpone his final conflict of the war, Operation Barbosa, an attack on Russia and concentrate on the Mediterranean. Italy invaded Greece through Albania without a declaration of war. Without the knowledge of guerrilla warfare, Italy found itself retreating back into Albania. Greece spoke of liberation of Albania and at this point Hitler got worried. With the difficulties Italy encountered he realized that this would offer an opportunity for Great Britain to r ...
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An Analytical Essay On The Ultimatum Austria Hungary Issued To Serbia - 1,463 words
... tion system was organized by Ciganovic. The entry of the criminals and their weapons into Bosnia and Herzegovina was carried out by the main border officials of Shabatz (Rade Popovic) and Losnitza as well as by the customs agent Budivoj Grbic of Losnitza, with the complicity of several others. On the occasion of handing over this note, would Your Excellency please also add orally that -- in the event that no unconditionally positive answer of the Royal government might be received in the meantime -- after the course of the 48-hour deadline referred to in this note, as measured from the day and hour of your announcing it, you are commissioned to leave the I. and R. Embassy of Belgrade tog ...
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Wilson - 1,127 words
Fun Fact: Sheep on the White House lawn? A flock of sheep grazed during Woodrow Wilson's term. Their wool was sold to raise money for the Red Cross during World War I. Fast Fact: Woodrow Wilson tried in vain to bring the United States into the League of Nations. Biography: Like Roosevelt before him, Woodrow Wilson regarded himself as the personal representative of the people. "No one but the President," he said, "seems to be expected ... to look out for the general interests of the country." He developed a program of progressive reform and asserted international leadership in building a new world order. In 1917 he proclaimed American entrance into World War I a crusade to make the world "saf ...
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Thedore Roosevelt - 1,215 words
... of foreign policy was as dynamic and considerably more far-reaching in import. Believing that there could be no retreat from the power position which the Spanish-American War had dramatized but which the United States industrialism had forged, he stamped his imprint upon American policy with unusual force. He established a moderately enlightened government in the Philippines, while persuading Congress to grant tariff concessions to Cuba. He settled an old Alaskan boundary dispute with Canada on terms favorable to the United States. And he capitalized on an externally financed revolution in Panama to acquire the Canal Zone under conditions that created a heritage of ill will.At the instan ...
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World War 1 Poets - 1,865 words
World War I was the first major war in which virtually every country took part. Because of the large number of countries involved in this war, there were many casualties by the time everything returned to normal. This war had a long lasting impact on just about everything. During the four years of the war (1914-1918) the number of known dead has been placed at approximately 10,000,000 and about 20,000,000 wounded.(Langer) Although the numbers of injured and killed were huge during the war, there was beneficial side effect that the war produced, the poetry of several people from 1914 to 1918. Three of the great World War I poets were Siegfried Sassoon, Robert Graves, and Wilfred Owen. Through ...
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Hannibal - 1,061 words
Hannibal, a Carthaginian general and one of the greatest generals that ever lived was renown for his strategies and courageousness, such as crossing the Alps and using the bottleneck strategy at Lake Trasemene. He used strategies that a lot of generals at this time, especially Roman generals, would never think of and in doing this he almost destroyed the Roman republic. Hannibal's first battle took place when he was only nine. He went on an expedition with his father, Hamilcar Barca, to conquer Spain. From the beginning Carthages push into Spain, Hannibal vowed eternal hatred for Rome; Hannibal became Commander in Chief of Carthages army when he was 26 after his father was assassinated. His ...
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Constitutional Law - 3,822 words
... between two states, the sup. ct. gives the case to a special master in a trial with original jurisdiction. ***Can congress take away all appellate jurisdiction? The ct. will say it would be unconstitutional. Congress can seek help from the Pres. to take away a judges salary. -Sup. ct. first met in N.Y. in 1719. -In 1920 Certioriari was created. Gave sup. ct. the right to choose whether they wanted to hear. Exception, they had to hear all appellate cases. -1988, now they decide what they want to hear. 1. When the decision has a consequence of general significance, not only affects one individual. 2. When there is a split in the federal circuits for the need of uniformity. -The rule of 4: ...
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Pearl Harbor - 1,614 words
The United States had been warned in advance that there would be a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. They had also broken all Japanese codes and were aware of all the details needed to prevent the attack on Pearl Harbor. Roosevelt had made a campaign promise to not get involved in a war with Germany unless the United States was attacked first; so, he made strategic use of Japan's plans as a way to go to war with Germany. The FBI was warned by one of Britain's top agents, Duskov Popov, about a planned attack on Pearl Harbor and that it would be soon. The FBI told him that the information was too precise and too complete to be true. They assumed it was a trap since the information detailed exac ...
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Final Soultion - 1,836 words
When was the Final Solution decided upon and who decided it? One of the most interesting, and widely debated, aspects of the Holocaust is when was the Final Solution and who gave the command for the mass genocide. The command may have come as direct order from Hitler for the extermination of the European Jewry. However the question has been debated, with some historians believing the order perhaps emerge independently from the bureaucracy and ideology of the military. The final solution which has become the subject of intense debate has split historians into two broadly distinct camps, the internationalist and functionalist. However the majority of historians believe that the decision was ma ...
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Kent State - 1,826 words
On April 30th, President Nixon announced on national television that a massive American-South Vietnamese troop offensive into Cambodia was in progress. "We take these actions," Nixon said, "not for the purpose of expanding the war into Cambodia, but for the purpose of ending the war in Vietnam, and winning the just peace we all desire." These were familiar words to a war-weary public. Some felt that this decision was essential for attaining a "just peace" and sustaining America's credibility in the world. Yet others, particularly students, believed that this action represented an escalation of the war and a return to ex-President Johnson's earlier hopes for a military victory. As the fires f ...
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If Capitol Walls Could Talk - 2,331 words
Militarily, the Spanish-American War (1898) was not a monumental war. The war was brief, included few battles, and the US generally had an easy time of it, with the war's outcome never in much doubt. Secretary of State John Hay called it a "splendid little war." Internationally, however, the war had major historical significance. The Spanish-American War signaled the emergence of the US as a great power onto the world stage of international relations and diplomacy. The war did not make the US a great power: the rapid industrialization and economic growth of the previous decades had done that. However, the war did announce to the rest of the world that the US was now a major player. Lifting i ...
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If Capitol Walls Could Talk - 2,386 words
... upuy du Lome was forced to resign over the matter, and tensions between the US and Spain increased. Six days after Hearst published the Lome letter, the USS Maine sailed into Havana harbor. The surprised Spanish, who had only been given a few hours notice that the Maine was coming, were quite upset. Although the Maine claimed to be on a friendly mission, it was a powerful warship. The Spanish authorities felt that the US was trying to intimidate them and was interfering with Spanish sovereignty by trying to affect Spanish policy toward the Cuban insurrectos. On February 15, 1898, in an event that still remains a mystery, the Maine suddenly exploded as it sailed around Havana harbor. This ...
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