None Provided - 1,727 words
World War Two was a terrible and destructive war. Although many dynamics led to the advent of World War Two, the catalyst of the Second World War was actually the aftermath of the First World War. The First World War's aftermath set the stage for the rise of Hitler. On Nov. 11, 1918, an armistice was signed by the German commanders in the railcar of the French commander, Ferdinand Foch, ending the actual combat of World War One. The debacle of the First World War, which killed between 10 to 13 million people, demanded retribution. The Allies needed to draw up a treaty which formally ended hostilities between the Allies and the Central Powers. This treaty, which was called the Treaty of Versa ...
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All Quiet On The Western Front Report - 5,431 words
... than it might otherwise have been. ^^^^^^^^^^ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT: FRAU (MRS.) BAUMER Paul's mother is a courageous woman who is dying of cancer. She is the most comforting person Paul finds at home. She alone does not pretend to understand what it is like at the front. Paul is in agony over her illness and is overwhelmed by the love she shows him by preparing his favorite foods and depriving herself in order to buy him fine underwear. ^^^^^^^^^^ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT: FRAU (MRS.) KEMMERICH Unlike Paul's quiet mother, Franz Kemmerich's mother tends to weep and wail. She had unreasonably expected Paul to watch out for her son, Franz, and blames him for surviving while F ...
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Presidents And Conflict Resolution - 1,273 words
The term negotiation has been defined as a formal process that occurs when parties are trying to find a mutually acceptable solution to a complex conflict. People and parties, throughout time, have come to negotiate for two basic reasons. First, they negotiate to create something new that neither party could do on his own. Second, parties negotiate to resolve a problem or dispute between the parties. Although history lends itself to be more susceptible to the latter of the two, the former reason should and will be given some consideration. American history has encountered countless arenas for negotiation. From the founding of new constitutions and governments to the ending of world wars, Ame ...
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None Provided - 1,362 words
On November 18th of 1918, Germany, a member of the Central Powers, surrendered unconditionally to the allies. World War I had ended with a total of 37 million casualties, including 9 million dead combatants. German propaganda had not prepared that nation for defeat, and its suddenness resulted in a sense of injured German national pride. Following the defeat of Germany in World War I and in the midst of a great worldwide depression, both the social and political climates were prime for a dictator such as Adolf Hitler to rise to power. A year later, in June of 1919, the leaders of the Allies met at the Palace of Versailles to decide on the peace settlement after World War I. The treaty, which ...
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Russia - 1,814 words
1. Catherine II (the Great). The successor of the sickly Peter III, Catherine II was his wife until his suspected murder and she took the throne in 1762. Although she made no great reforms in Russian society, she gathered many friends by her death in 1796. Catherine had to keep the nobility pleased at all times because if she didnt she could be dethroned easily. Because of this she carried out very few social reforms. Russia continued to follow an economic growth that Peter that Great had started. She tried to remove trade barriers, and assisted in expanding the middle class, which helped trade. Catherine IIs great addition to Russia was the land she gained, she was able to add more territor ...
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Russia - 1,795 words
... elected into power. But the elections in April put many radicals into power and the tsar disbanded that Duma. He then disbanded the one after that too, in turn he formed a much more conservative Duma that was mostly under his control. He had regained all of the power that he had lost due to the revolution of 1905. 6) The March Revolution: Food riots broke out in Petrograd, and when the Czar ordered the Duma to dissolve and they did not obey. Soldiers were not able to stop rioting in the cities. Workers and soldiers in Petrograd organized radical legislative bodies called Soviets. The rebellion spread throughout the country and to the troops, who deserted by tens of thousands. On March 1 ...
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Zimmermann Telegram And Its True Purpose - 1,107 words
On January 9th, 1917 a message was sent from Germany to the German minister in Mexico. This message, later to be known as the Zimmermann Telegram was the final piece to a German plot to embroil the United States into a war with Mexico, Japan or both in order to cripple Allied supply lines fueling Allied operations in Europe. The actual telegram was translated to as follows: "We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted submarine warfare. We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the united States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal or alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support ...
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Wwi - 833 words
World War I was called the Great War because so many countries were involved, and advanced weaponry was developed. The British and the Germans were the ranking pioneers in weapons development. The weapons that determined the outcome of World War I were tanks, airplanes, and very large guns called heavy artillery; the Germans ruled this area. The World War I fighters and bombers were not the greatest of planes, but they got the job done. The German C.I. airplane was used for reconnaissance and unarmed scouting. Later in the war, according to Jack Douglas They mounted a forward-firing Spandau machine-gun on the left side of the forward fuselage that was used by the pilot. (Pamphlet) The Briti ...
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Winston Churchill - 1,541 words
Churchill, the master British statesman, stood alone against fascism and renewed the worlds, faith in the superiority of democracy. The political history of the 20th century can be written as the biographies of six men: Lenin, Stalin, Hitler, and Mao Zedong. Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. The first four were totalitarians that made or used revolutions to create monstrous dictatorships. Roosevelt and Churchill differed from them in being democrats. And Churchill differed from Rooseveltwhile both were war leaders. Churchill was uniquely stirred by the challenge of war and found his fulfillment in leading the democracies to victory. Winston Churchill was born on Nov. 30, 1874, at Ble ...
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World Strruggle Comes To Division - 2,246 words
It is thought that this war that is been ongoing for over a year, began with the assassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand; however, many other reasons led to this war. Some occurring reasons date as far back as the late 1800's. Nationalism, militarism, imperialism, and the system of alliances were four main factors that pressed the great powers towards this explosive war. Nationalism is the love of one's country rather that the love of a native region. Throughout the 1800's many national groups that were driven by nationalism tried to unite by governments controlled by their own people. However, this desire to unite all the people of a nation under one government had devastating possi ...
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World Strruggle Comes To Division - 2,284 words
... ch territory, including Alsace-Lorraine 9) Readjustment of Italian frontiers along clearly recognizable lines of nationality 10) Autonomy for the peoples of Austria-Hungary 11) Evacuation and restoration of territory to Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania, granting of seaports to Serbia, and readjustment and international guarantee of the national ambitions of the Balkan nations 12) Self-determination for non-Turkish peoples under Turkish control and internationalization of the Dardanelles 13) An independent Poland, with access to the sea 14) Creation of a general association of nations under specific covenants to give mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity. Th ...
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None Provided - 1,442 words
Mussolini and the intervention crisis Benito Mussolini was born in Predappio, near Forli, in Romagna, on July 29, 1883. Like his father, Benito became a fervent socialist. He qualified as an elementary schoolmaster in 1901. In 1902 he emigrated to Switzerland. Unable to find a permanent job there and arrested for vagrancy, he was expelled and returned to Italy to do his military service. After further trouble with the police, he joined the staff of a newspaper in the Austrian town of Trento in 1908. Expelled by the Austrians, he became the editor at Forli of a socialist newspaper, La Lotta di Classe (The Class Struggle). His early enthusiasm for Karl Marx was modified by a mixture of ideas f ...
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World War I2 - 763 words
Who started World War I? According to the treaty of Versailles Germany and their allies started the war (document 4)(see fig 1.0). In this essay I will tell you why I think that all of Europe is responsible for the outbreak of World War I. In the essay I will use 6 of the 7 documents in the document-based question and use some outside sources to prove my theories. Nationalism was on reason why World War I started. Nationalism is a strong feeling of loyalty to ones own country (Childcraft dictionary). Nationalism was strong in Europe but it was especially strong in France and Germany. Germany was proud of their economic and military strength wile France was one of Europes leading powers (wh p ...
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Article Of Confederation - 977 words
Independence from Britain made necessary the establishment of a new government. Eleven states drew up new constitutions; Connecticut and Rhode Island revised colonial charters. The Articles of Confederation created a loose union of near-sovereign states. The Confederation was inadequate and was failing in the structure of government. They also were in deep trouble, financially and economically. The Articles of Confederation probably achieved its most important success in the handling of west diplomatic and financial concerns. In evaluting post-American Revolutionary War, overall the Articles of Confederation did not provide the United States with an effective government Upon Independence, fi ...
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Sacco And Vanzetti - 1,242 words
In May of 1920, Italian anarchists- Sacco and Vanzetti, were charged and tried for the murders of a paymaster and guard at a South Braintree shoe factory. After being found guilty and put to death, questions quickly erupted from the public. It is the belief of many, including myself, is that one or neither of these men were guilty. The trial was unjust and the judge was bias and lead the jury toward a conviction! These men were prosecuted without a proper chance to prove their innocence and were treated badly from the start because of their anarchistic backgrounds. Let us begin at their beginning. It was in Torremaggiore, Italy 22 April 1891 that Fernando "Nando" Sacco was born to Michele an ...
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Austria - 1,388 words
Thousands of years ago, the great valley of the Danube River was an important pathway for the tribes who came to Europe from the east. Settled in prehistoric times, the central European land that is now Austria was overrun in pre-Roman times by various tribes, including the Celts. Traders also came from the north, carrying goods to trade in Rome and Alexandria. The route from the north and the route from the east crossed at a place in the Danube valley in the region now called Austria. A settlement called Carnuntum grew up at this crossroads. Another, called Vindobona, was soon established about twenty-four miles to the west. When the Romans took control of the Danube Valley, they set up str ...
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Woodrow Wilson - 1,083 words
Woodrow Wilson; From Passive Progressive to War-time President Woodrow Wilson was a great president. His early administration was very much a part of stabilizing the disinergrating American economy at the time, as well as channeling foreign concerns, with peaceful realities. He was elected president in both 1912, and 1917, both trips to Whitehorse meant something different to Wilson. The country was also in different moods and circumstances. Looking at Wilson's first and second Innagurational addresses, as well as his well schemed fourteen points peace treaty, one can get a good understanding of the change Wilson went through from one term to the other. Bring 1912. The country is growing as ...
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Holography - 451 words
WWI was the most deadly conflict the world had ever known at the time. Soon after the United States entered the war, over 100,000 American lives were lost. Families were devastated and all were shocked. How could a war that was only supposed to last several months take so many lives? The American public needed to be reassured that something so horrible would not happen again. Under his own reasoning, President Wilson did exactly that in declaring WWI the war to end all wars. One reason for Wilsons bold quote was the vast loss of life. Over ten million men lost their lives and another twenty million men were wounded or missing. He felt that after such a horrible war with so many casualties, n ...
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The Paris Peace Treaties - 1,623 words
The Paris Peace Treaties (1919-1920) IB History To the subject and passive onlooker, those meticulous organizers of the Paris Peace Treaties allowed for an unfortunate amount of flaws to enter their task of creating a treaty that could satisfy all of the nations of not only Europe but of the world as well equally. Yet one must attempt to put that passiveness behind and admit that those of the time of post World War I had truly no idea what was to come of their decisions. Thus, the decisions of these toilers of the Paris Peace Treaties undoubtedly made a medley of wrong judgments that were virtually unforeseen at the time. The first of these mistakes was that they looked over the problems tha ...
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Wwi German - 1,107 words
It is generally accepted that Germany and her ally the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary (together called the Central Powers), played the main role in creating the conditions that led to the Great War. Germany began to take the initiative after her traditional enemies France and Russia joined in an alliance. She expanded her Army and more conspicuously began a programme of construction of battleships that also brought her into conflict with Great Britain. As early as 1905, Germany considered how to win a war on two fronts in Europe, given sufficient forces to be able to tackle only one front at a time. The plan took a more detailed form under Chief of Staff Graf von Schlieffen. The conclusion ...
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