Dreaming In The 1960s - 1,013 words
... 5). Unfortunatley, the event that moved the Civil Rights Movement most significantly was the assassination of Martin Luther King in 1965. Moments after the assassination, terrible cruelty replaced the harmony. Rioting mobs in Watts, California pillaged, killed, and burned, leading to the death or injury of hundreds and millions of dollars in damage. Besides the Civil Rights movement, there was another important movement during the 1960s: the Student Movement. Youthful Americans were outraged by the intolerance of their universities, racial inequality, social injustice, and the Vietnam War. The Student Movement led to the hippy culture. This movemt marked another response to the decade as ...
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Unrevealed - 1,721 words
The first study of clandestine operations was initiated 1988 in hopes of learning about the relationship between the President and the intelligence committees of Congress. Stephan F. Knott, an Assistance Professor of Political Science at the Untied States Air Force Academy, picked up this study of clandestine operations. In Knott's recently published book (1996) Secret and Sanctioned, he unveils the reality that not only were clandestine operations in the Cold War recently, been had also been used in times dating back to our Forefathers. Knott's account of covert operations involving some of our most admired leaders (George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln etc.) gives clear evid ...
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Bay Of Pigs Invasion - 2,080 words
... geared mainly for European operations against the USSR, both men were lacking in experience in Latin American affairs. Those in charge of Operation Mongoose, based this new operation on the success of the Guatemalan adventure, but the situation in Cuba was much different than that in Guatemala. In Guatemala the situation was still chaotic and Arbenz never had the same control over the country that Castro had on Cuba. The CIA had the United States Ambassador, John Puerifoy, working on the inside of Guatemala coordinating the effort, in Cuba they had none of this while Castro was being supplied by the Soviet block. In addition, after the overthrow of the government in Guatemala, Castro wa ...
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Watergate - 1,057 words
"The Watergate Complex is a series of modern buildings with balconies that looks like filed down Shark's Teeth" (Gold, 1). Located on the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. it contains many hotel rooms and offices. What happened in the complex on June 17, 1972 early in the morning became a very historical event for our nation that no one will The "Watergate Scandal and constitutional crisis that began on June 17, 1972 with the arrest of five burglars who broke into the Democratic National Committee (DMC) headquarters at the Watergate office building in Washington D.C. It ended with the registration of President Richard M. Nixon on August 9, 1974. (Watergate) At approximately 2:30 in the morni ...
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Bay Of Pigs The Failed Invasion - 1,777 words
... . Vandenbroucke, in Political Science Quarterly of 1984, based his analysis of the Bay of Pigs failure on organizational behavior theory. He says, The CIA supplied President Kennedy and his advisers with chosen reports on the unreliability of Castros forces and the extent of Cuban dissent. Of the CIAs behavior he concludes, By resorting to the typical organization strategy of defining the options and providing the information required to evaluate them, the CIA thus structured the problem in a way that maximized the likelihood the president would choose the agencys preferred option. The CIA made sure the deck was stacked in their favor when the time came to decide whether a project they s ...
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Iran Contra A - 992 words
The Iran-Contra affair is not one scandalous incident, but rather two covert operations started under Reagans administration. In the beginning, these two operations were independent of each other, but eventually became linked though funds received from the sale of arms to Iran for hostages and then given to the Contras fighting to overthrow a Marxist government in Nicaragua. The scandal began with Nicaraguan politics. After the Marxist Sandinista regime took over Nicaragua in 1979, the government was faced with a growing communist threat to US interest in Central America. When President Reagan took office in 1981, he was vehemently determined to halt the spread of communism, especially in Ce ...
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Containment - 1,027 words
During the Truman administration, a containment policy was developed. The policy eventually became the central concept defining U.S. foreign policy in the Cold War. To contain Soviet Communism, President Harry Truman used American military and financial resources to help rebuild Western Europe after World War II. Under the Truman Doctrine, President Truman requested Congress for funds to build up Turkey and Greece, two countries that came under pressure from the Soviet Union. Truman stated that, " It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities by outside pressures". By developing the Truman Doctrine, he created a ...
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None - 1,996 words
- Cuba 90 miles off the cost of Florida 3. Rejection of open skies proposal - Eisenhower left for the summit conference 4. Powers tried and convicted of espionage by the supreme court of the USSR - Castro seized all American-owned properties D. Summary of The Inspector General's Survey of The Cuban Operation 1. Freedom of Information Act to the National Security Archives -group that publishes declassified government documents 2. A Program of Covert Action Against the Castro Regime F. What Went Wrong In The Bay of Pigs Invasion 2. The Inspector Generals conclusions - failures with the project and agency G. What Actually Happened In The Bay of Pigs Invasion The invasion at the Bay of Pigs has ...
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1984 Fact Or Fiction - 1,339 words
... mmonplace today. But we have not sacrificed old words to replace them. Today the names of agencies such as the Federal Burea of Investigation, North Atlantic Trade Organization, and the Central intelligence Agency have become mere initials (FBI, NATO, CIA). The chief concern of todays readers is directed to the feasibility of the society of Oceanian itself. Can that happen here? The technology of Ingsoc is already here with us today. Indeed, we have surpassed it. The internal mental mechanisms of doublethink, blackwhite, and crimestop are the real glue that hold it all together. We use variations of these concepts for everyday occurences: Ill pretend I didnt see what I thought I saw and ...
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Cia - 1,254 words
Thesis Statement: The Central Intelligence Agency not only evaluates and gathers information about the safety of the country but also directs tasks of other agencies in the intelligence community. Have you ever wondered what the Central Intelligence Agency(CIA) really does? Most people do not know the importance of this agency in maintaining and securing the safety of our country. The Central Intelligence Agency not only evaluates and gathers information about the safety of the country but also directs tasks of other agencies in the intelligence community. The birth of the CIA actually occurred because of the surprise bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese in 1941(Tully 8). This attack, whi ...
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Terrorism As An International Phenomenon - 1,362 words
Terrorism as an International Phenomenon International terrorism, intelligence gathering and covert operations are all phenomenon, which intrigue the minds of many people both young and old. This paper is a historical recount and study on the various elements that comprise an international operation. It is also a vehicle for discussing the effects of intelligence agencies around the world, with particular interest in the CIA, Mossad, and KGB. This paper will show the various results of failed missions on the international community, examining whether the end justified the mean. Furthermore, it will also provide a deeper understanding to the way in which an operation works as developed throug ...
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Terrorism As An International Phenomenon - 1,337 words
... fied during a mission in 1973 in Lebanon. An Israeli combatant had to get himself into Lebanon, which is a bitter nemesis of Israel. Mossad had decided to assassinate three major terrorist leaders in Fatah, a Lebanese based international terrorism organization. Through intelligence gathered earlier Mossad had decided these three men: Abou Yousef, Kamal Adwan, and Kamal Nasser, because of their undeniable leadership in earlier terrorist attacks on Israeli Citizens. Furthermore, a PLO mine factory, the headquarters of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), an RPG projectile factory, and a petrol reservoir and garage were also targets . Mossad utilized various businesses ...
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John F Kennedy - 1,060 words
... I. He had three children. One daughter and two sons. Kennedy's youngest son died in less than 48 hours after his birth. In 1957, Kennedy became a member of the powerful Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and he later won a place on the Senate Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor Management Field. His brother Robert served as chief counsel in the same Committee. In 1958, he spent many of his weekends campaigning for reelection in Massachusetts. "His Margin of victory, 874, 000 votes, was the largest ever recorded in a Massachusetts senatorial contest." (Encarta' 95). Kennedy now began speaking out on foreign affairs. He was a severe critic of France's refusal to make concessions ...
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Espionage Act Of 1917 - 522 words
Espionage was rampant in the early 1900's. Citizens made significant sacrifices "to make the world safe for democracy(2)." Americans were also alert to the presence of spies who could sabotage the war effort. Congress passed the Espionage Act on June 15, 1917. The law provided stiff penalties for those found guilty of aiding the German enemy and increased public rancor toward Germany and all things German. Espionage is defined as the act of obtaining information clandestinely. The term applies particularly to the act of collecting military, industrial, and political data about one nation for the benefit of another. Industrial espionagethe theft of patents and processes from business firmsis ...
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The Girfters - 534 words
South Korean politician who became a prominent opposition leader during the tenure of President Park Chung Hee. In 1997 he became the first opposition leader to win election to his country's presidency.Kim was the son of a farmer, and he graduated from the Mokp'o School of Commerce at the top of his class in 1943. He began working as a clerk in a Japanese-owned company and in 1945 took over the company, eventually becoming a wealthy businessman. During the Korean War he was captured by the communists and sentenced to be shot, but he managed to escape.In the 1950s Kim became an ardent prodemocracy activist and in 1954 voiced opposition to the policies of President Syngman Rhee. After five att ...
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Manuel Noriega - 1,815 words
Manuel Noriega (1934-?), former dictator of Panama, found guilty of drug trafficking, racketeering, and money laundering by the United States Jury. He was born in Panama City. After on a scholarship at the Chorrillos Military Academy in Lima, Peru, Noriega returned to Panama and was commissioned a sub-lieutenant in the National Guard. Close to the military strong man Omar Torrijos, Noriega advanced quickly and was appointed chief military intelligence when Torrijos seized power in 1969. In that position Noriega became the most feared man in the country. After the death of Torrijos in an airplane crash on 1981, Noriega became chief of staff to General Dario Pardes, head of the National Guard. ...
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The Cia - 1,368 words
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the agency of the Executive Office of the President of the United States, was created in 1947. The CIA is America's first permanent peacetime intelligence agency responsible for keeping the government informed of foreign actions affecting the interests of the United States. It was created by the National Security Act of 1947 and is responsible for coordinating all U.S. intelligence activities, as well as such functions and duties related to intelligence as directed by the National Security Council. All these actions are coordinated by a director and deputy director of the agency who are appointed by the president with the consent of the Senate. The CIA ...
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Ukrainian Nationalism - 1,993 words
... er 1991, the Ukrainian Government liberalized most prices and erected a legal framework for privatization, but widespread resistance to reform within the government and the legislature soon stalled reform efforts and led to some backtracking. Output in 1992-98 fell to less than half the 1991 level. Loose monetary policies pushed inflation to hyperinflationary levels in late 1993. Since his election in July 1994, President KUCHMA has pushed economic reforms, maintained financial discipline, and tried to remove almost all remaining controls over prices and foreign trade. The onset of the financial crisis in Russia dashed Ukraine's hopes for its first year of economic growth in 1998 due to ...
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Aliens - 1,891 words
1999 SIRS Mandarin, Inc. -- SIRS Researcher Spring 1999 Title: Scientists: UFO Reports May Be Worth Evaluating Source: San Jose Mercury News (San Jose, CA) Publication Date: June 28, 1998 Page Number(s): n.p. (c) 1998, Knight-Ridder Newspapers. Distributed by Knight-Ridder/Tribune Information Services. SCIENTISTS: UFO REPORTS MAY BE WORTH EVALUATING For more than 50 years, UFO investigators have scoured the skies for signs of alien life--completely snubbed by the scientific community as cranks. But today, in the first independent scientific review of UFO evidence in nearly 30 years, scientists gave a faint nod in their direction by concluding that it might be worthwhile to evaluate UFO repo ...
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Rwandagenocide Or Civil War - 1,606 words
The current state of affairs in Rwanda constitutes a catastrophe that never should have happened. Unfortunately, it has happened, but do the circumstances and outcomes warrant using the term "genocide"? Based on facts about the ethnic make up of Rwanda, there is abundant proof that this is actually a case of violent, ongoing civil wars, and the use of the term "genocide" is not justified. The major crime problem in Rwanda since 1994 has been mass murder, officially know as genocide, which has been prevalent in this country in the mist of years of civil war. Genocide is defined as the methodically planned eradication of a racial, political, or cultural group. The United Nations (1998) has dec ...
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