Dday Thesis - 1,705 words
A private who was aboard one of the first few gliders to reach Normandy expresses his feeling: "I experienced an interesting psychological change in the few minutes before and immediately after take off. As I had climbed aboard and strapped myself into my seat I felt tense, strange and extremely nervous. It was as if I was in a fantasy dream world and thought that at any moment I would wake up from this unreality and find that I was back in the barrack room at Bulford Camp. Whilst we laughed and sang to raise our spirits - and perhaps to show others that we were no scared - personally I knew that I was frightened to death. The very idea of carrying out a night-time airborne landing of such a ...
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Mercantilism - 1,867 words
Mercantilism is an economic theory where a nation's strength comes from building up gold supplies and expanding its trade. Britain formed the American colonies so that they could increase their gold stores. They wanted raw supplies to make into products to sell and make money. They wanted America to pay taxes so that Britain could make money. America used the theory in that they thought they ought to, in order to be strong expand their trade beyond Britain. Countries like Belgium, and France wanted to also increase their trade, and expand it to trading with America. They also wanted to increase their gold stores by trading with America. Britain however did not want America to trade with Fran ...
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The Transatlantic Slave - 2,910 words
From the 1520s to the 1860s an estimated 11 to 12 million African men, women, and children were forcibly embarked on European vessels for a life of slavery in the Western Hemisphere. Many more Africans were captured or purchased in the interior of the continent but a large number died before reaching the coast. About 9 to 10 million Africans survived the Atlantic crossing to be purchased by planters and traders in the New World, where they worked principally as slave laborers in plantation economies requiring a large workforce. African peoples were transported from numerous coastal outlets from the Senegal River in West Africa and hundreds of trading sites along the coast as far south as Ben ...
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The Transatlantic Slave - 2,865 words
... tes often greater than for all other overseas trades combined. Slave mortality usually increased during the last stages of a particularly long passage when there were shortages of food and water. The Atlantic crossing lasted three to five weeks from West African trading sites such as the Gambia, Senegal, and Sierra Leone Rivers. Near the equator, in regions such as the Bights of Benin and Biafra (near present-day Nigeria), the voyage to the Americas took several months. A few French ships transported slaves from Mozambique or Madagascar to the Mascarene Islands in the Indian Ocean and then returned to France via Saint-Domingue in the West Indies, where additional cargoes of captives from ...
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Dday Success Or Disaster - 1,176 words
Twenty years after the end of the First World War a man named Adolph Hitler of Germany began a Second World War. On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland, which had a treaty with France and England to protect them. The English, French and Polish were all unprepared to fight, and as a result were beaten terribly. By the next spring France had been totally taken by the Germans. While Germany and there allies, Italy, controlled all of the western part of Europe. England, France and now America had to figure a way to take the control of Europe again. There decision was to try and storm a beach in Normandy France. It would be one of the bloodiest war battles in U.S. History. This storming of O ...
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Winston Churchill - 1,525 words
... government (1924-1929). He was least happy in his office and ill at ease with economic affairs. During the whole of the disastrous period of 1929-1939, Churchill was out of office. During these years of political frustration he wrote his major works: Marlborough; the first draft of A History of the English-Speaking Peoples: a vivid and characteristic autobiography, My Early Life; a revealing and suggestive book, Thoughts and Adventures; and a volume of brilliant, if generous, portrait sketches, Great Contemporaries(W. Manchester, pp.218) He also began to collect his speeches and newspaper articles warning the country of the wrath to come. No one would take heed of his reiterated warning ...
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George Washington Father Of A Nation - 1,561 words
George Washington: Father of a Nation A desolate wind swept over the American encampment at Valley Forge. Freezing temperatures and blinding snow storms accompanied by heartbreaking defeats had taken their toll on these young freedom fighters. The cry for freedom could no longer be heard over hunger pains and the freezing wind. One lone figure could be seen walking through the camp trying to re-ignite that fire in his dwindling troops who were huddled together for warmth. We can only wonder what words of encouragement George Washington told his men to keep their hopes alive that long hard winter of 1778. Whatever they were, they held an army together and inspired a young nation to go on and ...
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James Cook - 840 words
Captain James Cook~ World's Greatest Explorer Captain James Cook, an English Navigator and explorer, discovered Austria and the Hawaiian Islands on three famous voyages through the south pacific. Cook became an explorer because of his love of adventure and curiosity about distant lands and their people. Cook was born in Yorkshire, England in the year 1728. Then in the year 1755, Cook joined the British Navy. As a member of the Navy, he became an expert surveyor and astronomer. He was privileged in many situations; for instance, he was the man to help map the Saint Lawrence River and the coasts of Labrador and Newfoundland. His skill in sounding, surveying, and charting this river won for him ...
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Ap Euro - 1,319 words
... all 1. ...in a people of whom it had so often been predicted that anarchical influences had undermined their patriotism and would prove fatal in the event of war. 2. Bank holiday Monday... London was crammed with holiday crowds drawn to the capital instead of the seashore by the crisis. 3. In St. Petersburg the question was not whether the Russians could win but whether it would take them two months or three. 1. Turkey at the time of Sarajevo had many enemies and no allies because no This quote shows how strong Belgium was. They were good enough to fight off all the people that tried to gain control of them. This quote also demonstrates that once the outside threat was gone they began to ...
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Slaughterhouse Five - 1,122 words
... t survived both a military and civil tribunal with his honor intact. However public testimony cast doubt on his sanity. Melville read of these proceedings in the Albany newspapers and received eyewitness accounts of the alleged mutiny from his cousin Guert Gansevoort, a lieutenant aboard the Somers who guarded prisoners and assisted at their execution. Gansevoort publicly condemned the captains actions, but privately sided with the victims. Critics surmise that Melville, who had a brush with a shipboard uprising in Papeete, identified with the situation, which he used as the basis for Billy Budd. For a nation that had undergone the agonizing paranoia of a civil war, the short novel speak ...
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Billy Budd - 1,415 words
Ideologies. They are systems of ideas and ways of thinking. Systems of beliefs, thus relating to politics, society, or to the conduct of a class or group. These systems are used to justify actions. A way to explain the world to individuals, especially, one that is held as a whole and maintained regardless of the course of events. They can be used to interpret the social world. In Herman Melvilles, Billy Budd, the sailor, social ideologies are shown when the main character, William Budd, is killed. His death is than justified by the martial laws of the British navy. The dilemma of the just man who has good intentions, but must act in accordance with earthly standards. How a noble and patrioti ...
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Opium War - 1,588 words
The Opium War only lasted from 1839-1842 and 1856-1860, but it was far more devastating to China's view as the center of the world. China had always treated the outside as inferior and felt that when faced with conflict they could overcome them. Until the nineteenth century, China had been able to withstand the Western Powers not because they were stronger, but because of a lack of conflict. What the Qing dynasty, the emperor family at reign during this time period, could not know was this confrontation would mean an end to China's isolation. Also that it would indirectly contribute to the weakening of Imperial rule, which would be overthrown in the early twentieth century by communism. When ...
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Ww - 956 words
The First World War and Submarine Warfare The first "World War," also known as the Great War, took place shortly after the turn of the century from 1914-1918, and was so named because it was the first conflict of global proportions. The war resulted in the loss of millions of lives and the virtual destruction of Europe. The stunning proportions of the war were due largely to the application of technology to warfare. The industrial revolution at the end of the nineteenth century had brought mechanization and mass production to society, and the Great War had applied this technology to warfare. The war saw the introduction of airplanes, submarines and tanks, as well as radio, machine guns and p ...
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How Chinese Rudder Effected Christopher Columbus - 1,533 words
The development of the rudder was one of the most important sea navigational inventions that have ever been invented. Before the twelfth century in northern Europe, ships were steered by a quarter-rudder mounted on the stern side of the vessel. Up until the fourteenth century the use of the quarter rudder persisted in the Mediterranean. Two quarter-mounted steering oars were used. By age of exploration, the pintle-and-gudgeon rudder, hung from the sternpost had replaced quarter-rudder. The rudder brought great changes to the world. The voyages of Christopher Columbus may have never occurred if the Chinese had not of invented the rudder in first century AD. The action of a rudder is basically ...
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Billy Budd - 1,116 words
Setting: The story begins on the merchant ship rights-of-man. Billy is impressed by the British navy ship the H.M.S. Belliportent, he goes without confrontation. The story takes place in 1797 around July of that year. The ship is the main setting bu many over look the great importance of the sea in the story. The ship is torn between mutiny and is in the middle of a war between the French and British. The ship is on route to meet up with other members of there fleet in the Mediterranean. As the ip is on route they encounter a French ship off the coast of Gibraltar. The French ship is able to avert the Bellipotent because of its superior speed. The Bellipotent is a heavily armored gunner ship ...
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World War Ii - 1,508 words
World War II was the biggest war ever fought. Nearly 30 million people were killed in it. About half were civilians while the other half were soldiers, sailors, and airmen. The war was fought all over the world, but the most important battles took place on the Islands in the Pacific and in Europe. The two sides were called the Axis and the Allies. The war lasted from 1939 to 1945; the chief countries of the Allies were the United States, Great Britain, Russia, France, and China. The Axis countries were Germany, Italy, and Japan. In March, 1938, Germany took over Austria by force. A few months later Adolf Hitler said he wanted to take part of Czechoslovakia. Hitler and Benito Mussolini met th ...
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Ending Of British Isolation - 1,208 words
With the rest of Europe being controlled in a complex string of alliances and treaties during the later half of the 19th century, Britain remained uninvolved. Their policy of Splendid Isolation was to keep themselves out of the quarrels and disputes of continental Europe, and allow them to focus on their overseas empire. With the crowing of a new Kaiser in Germany, and the interest of other nations to hold overseas colonies, Britains colonial empire was under attack. Their interest to focus on their vast empire would eventually lead them into disputes with other European nations. It would ultimately be their reason of going into isolation that would end it. In 1888 Kaiser William II ascended ...
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The Assessed Causes Of The First World War - 864 words
Long Term Causes And Arguments: In 1838, a agreement was formed to protect Belgium if attacked or invaded. Briton along with other major European powers signed this therefore dragging themselves into the First World War when Germany invaded Belgium to fight France. In 1848, Austria-Hungary under Franz Josef lost a war against France, beginning a long rivalry between the two countries. In 1860, Italy was founded which agravated Austria-Hungary as parts of ithe land had originally been owned by them. In 186, Austria-Hungary under Franz Josef lost to Prussia creating tention between Austria-Hungary and yet more countries within Europe. In 1870, the Franco-Prussian War happened. France, led by N ...
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Immoral Influence - 463 words
The atrocious deeds taken against Germany in the first World War can only be described as unacceptable. It is clear to me that from the beginning of the war the United States undeniably favored Great Britain and France over Germany. The Germans were much more considerate than the British and would have been a great potential ally for the United States. Shortly after war broke out in Europe, Great Britain, unable to beat Germanys dominant ground forces, took a different approach to the war. The British navy, known for being one of the finest, blockaded the German coast and prevented all goods from coming in. American ships trying to make trade with Germany were sunk or confiscated. No trouble ...
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War Of 1812 - 569 words
In view of the wants and needs of an infant United States (1783-1812), the War of 1812 was extremely successful in its results. The War of 1812 is significant to United States history in a number of ways. The War, and our not losing it, reaffirmed American Independence. Second, the war showed the Americans that a stronger military was needed. It strengthened our isolation by giving us courage. The war also served to improve our economy as it stimulated manufacturing. Finally, the War of 1812 resulted in the death of the Federalist Party. All these results helped the wants and needs of our newly won independence. Our young country was gaining respect and slowly acquiring the necessities to su ...
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