Black Americans - 1,224 words
... rks, a black woman, refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white person. Her arrest resulted in a series of meetings of blacks in Montgomery and a boycott of buses on which racial segregation was practiced. The boycott, which lasted for more than a year, was almost 100 percent effective. Before the courts declared unconstitutional Montgomery's law requiring segregation on buses, Martin Luther KING, Jr., a Baptist minister, had risen to national prominence and had articulated a strategy of non-violent direct action in the movement for CIVIL RIGHTS. Blacks in the United States today are mainly an urban people. Their shift from the rural South to cities of the North and West during the ...
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Lynchings In America - 837 words
Recently, an L.A. Times article (dated 2/13/00) reviewed a new book entitled "Without Sanctuary", a collection of photographs from lynchings throughout America. During the course of the article, the author, Benjamin Schwarz, outlined some very interesting and disturbing facts related to this gruesome act of violence: Between 1882 and 1930, more than 3,000 people were lynched in the U.S., with approximately 80% of them taking place in the South. Though most people think only African Americans were victims of lynchings, during those years, about 25% were white. Data indicates that mobs in the West lynched 447 whites and 38 blacks; in the Midwest there were 181 white victims and 79 black; and i ...
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Of Mice And Men - 1,033 words
... inning Lennie's love, she leaves just as Slim comes in. Slim introduces George and Lennie to Carlson. After another short confrontation with Curley the men went to dinner. Slim's dog just had puppies and George asked if Lennie could have one. Slim said yes. After dinner Slim and George went back to the bunkhouse and sat down to play a game of cards while the men outside played horseshoes. George told Slim about the incident in Weed. Lennie had met this girl that was wearing a pretty red dress. He also had a problem where he has to touch things that he likes, so he innocently grabbed the dress. The girl started screaming because she got scared which scared Lennie. He held on tighter becau ...
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Marriage - 1,993 words
Rising Above it or Getting Left Behind In Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon many of the characters have very strange and unique names. Song of Solomon is a very unique story about the struggles of a black family in the early 1900's. Many of the names of characters in the book appear in the Bible. In the story three character have their own battles with their own names, Pilate is at peace with her name, Milkman takes many years to rise above it, and Hagar is dragged down by her name. All of the characters' names have a preset image that they are stamped with, some are able to rise above it and make their own name, and some are stuck with someone else's identity. Pilate never le her name get to ...
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Raisin In The Sun - 2,468 words
The action of the play takes place in the poor South side of Chicago, sometime after World War II, probably around 1959. Most of the action takes place in the apartment of the Youngers, especially in the living/dining room and near the bathroom that they share with the Johnson family. Some of the action also takes place in the kitchen and in the two small bedrooms. The first bedroom is shared by Mama and her daughter, Beneatha; the second serves as a bedroom for Walter and his wife, Ruth. The furnishings in the Younger household are typical and tasteful, but worn; it is obvious that they have had to accommodate too many people for too many years. Crocheted doilies and covers are used to hide ...
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Raisin In The Sun - 2,473 words
... his attempts to kiss her, he departs. Mama asks her daughter whether she had a nice time. Beneatha says that she thinks George is stupid. Mama tells her that she need not waste time with fools. Beneatha is glad that she is understanding. Mrs. Johnson, a neighbor, enters. She has come over to warn the Youngers of the dangers involved in moving into a white neighborhood. Her concern for their welfare does not seem very genuine; instead, she comes across as an interfering busybody, who gets into a small argument with Mama. After Mrs. Johnson leaves, Walter's employer calls to ask why he has not come to work for three days. Mama quizzes Walter about where he has been. He tells her that he h ...
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Slavery In America - 1,239 words
The enslavement of the Black man was not the first time slavery existed in history. According to history, another group of people that were enslaved were the Israelites in Egypt. However, no slavery, even that of the Israelites, in history was worse than the slavery of the Black man. The slavery of the Black man in America was the cruelest ever known to man. Europeans transported slaves from Africa as early as 1505. Spaniards brought the slaves to the island of Hispaniola. Some historians say that there were probably Africans on Columbus ships when he first sailed the Atlantic Ocean. These Africans were stripped of their home, culture, and language. The Black man and women was treated as an ...
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Harlem Renissance - 421 words
The Writers of the Harlem Renaissance Throughout my research of the Harlem Renaissance I learned many things I previously didn't know. One aspect of the Harlem RENAISSANCE that I researched was the author Zora Neale Hurston, and her contributions to the period. I learned much about the black influence on writing while doing this project. The Harlem Renaissance took place between the years of 1916 and 1940. During this time there occurred to be an artistic and intellectual revolution in "Back America". It said to be driven by political and economic circumstances in the United States. That what the Harlem Renissance was based on many influential blacks showing their talents and speaking out ab ...
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Slavery - 1,243 words
A former slave during the antebellum era, Lewis Clarke, said, How would you like to see your sisters, and your wives, and your daughter, completely, teetotally, and altogether, in the power of the master. You can picture to yourselves a little, how you would feel; but oh, if I could tell you! Blacks during the time of slavery saw the many different experiences women had to go through, from breeding slaves to working in the fields (Woman and the Family in a slave society, Catherine Clinton, pg.13). Many of times, masters would send for the younger female slaves around the ages of 13 and older. At this time he would then rape her. This was not uncommon to happen. Madison Jefferson, another em ...
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Slavery - 1,252 words
... mes from a much smaller pool than did men, the pool of black names had a diversity to begin with only eventually matched by white families who added new names their intermarriages. That black women shared the same names more frequently than black men parallels the pattern of the white community. Slave names were more diminutive of white names, for example Betty for Elizabeth. White women also were known by diminutive names such as Sally, Patsy, and Nancy. Diminutives were share by both black and white women. Owners distinguished between black and white female names by changing the form of their names or choosing names for slaves not used by whites. Control over who would name the slave w ...
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A Scary Conflict - 500 words
I can remember taking a family vacation out of town somewhere back in the 80's. Like every other black family, I was the little kid in the back seat of the car being ignored by my parents and older relatives. In my mind I'm thinking, "Why does my mom ignore me when we have company"? I don't know. I was a kid I didn't understand those things at the time. On the other hand, we had been driving for hours. So the family decided to take a rest stop at the mall. I hate it when I get stuck with my mom and aunts at the mall because they think about themselves. They never want to go in the stores I want to shop in. On top of that, when you are mad, they want to make show out on you and make you look ...
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African America Women - 380 words
African American women have excelled in virtually every arena of the worlds spectrum. Born of a desire to succeed, Maggie L. Walker, Shirley Chisolm, Corretta Scott King and Mya Angelou, to name only a few, are sisters that have paved the way towards excellence and served as role models for an entire nation of free black women in America today. Yet Afro American women still face a myriad of stumbling blocks when trying to crack the glass ceiling of corporate America. Coming from the rear--with respect to rank among black men, white women and white men--black women are making headway in the American business industry. We have always known that we must work harder, think faster, be more creati ...
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The Walls Have Been Steep - 1,373 words
Recovery of the American-African Male/Female Relationship Maya Angelous extraordinary ability to express so clearly the historic and contemporary pain, love, and culture of American-Africans is unparalleled in poetic literature. Her brilliant use of imagery is one of the many facets of her writing that has propelled her to be recognized as one of the greatest poets of our time. The poem she read at the Million Man March called The Night Has Been Long, is a wonderful example of this unparalleled use of imagery. It leads the reader to believe that Angelou has actually experienced and genuinely feels what she is writing about though in many cases her art goes beyond personal experience. Maya An ...
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Langston Hughes - 1,535 words
Langston Hughes was one of the most original and versatile black writers of twentieth-century Langston Hughes, I never realizing the monumental literary portfolio that he produced. His accomplishments are well represented through his poetry, fiction, and drama. Born in Joplin, Missouri, to James Nathaniel and Carrie Mercer Langston Hughes, he was reared for a time by his grandmother in Lawrence, Kansas after his parents' divorce. By his twelfth birthday he had lived in several major cities, following his mother as she was always on the move searching for a better job. Influenced by the poetry of Paul Laurence Dunbar and Carl Sandburg, he began writing creatively while still a boy. After his ...
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Raisin In The Sun - 907 words
Lorraine Hansberry's, A Raisin in the Sun, is an incredible play that portrays the hardships of a black family living in poverty. I enjoyed the age range of perspective in each of the characters the book. Along with showing the poverty issue, it also displayed a changing of the times as certain things were being discussed in the Younger family. Leena Younger (Momma) was the authoritative presence among everyone in the old apartment. She lived through more hardships than any of her children as she states... " In my time we was worried about not being lynched and getting to the North if we could and how to stay alive and still have a pinch of dignity too." This was her time, living through sla ...
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To Kill A Mocking Bird Chapter Summaries - 1,700 words
To Kill A Mocking Bird The Narrator of the story is Scout Finch, a five year old girl who lives in a small southern town called Maycomb, Alabama. She lives with her older brother Jem, and her father Atticus, and the black family cook, Calpurnia. Atticus is a well-liked man in the This summer, her and her brother found a new kid in town named Dill Harris, who would spend summers next door at his aunts house. During most of the summer, Jem, Scout, and Dill play in a small area near their homes. A large part of the first chapter deals with the Radley house, this house is the topic of gossip and talk among the residents of Maycomb. Mr. Radley's son, Arthur (known to the children as boo) had gott ...
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Alice Walker - 833 words
There are many different types of authors in the world of literature, authors of horror, romance, suspense, and the type that Alice Walker writes. Alice Walker writes through her feelings and the morals she has grown with, she writes about the black womans struggle for spiritual wholeness and sexual, political, and racial equality. Although most critics categorize her writings as feminist, Walker describes herself as a womanist, she defines this as a woman who loves other woman...Appreciates and prefers woman culture, womans emotional flexibility... and womans strength... Loves the spirit... Loves herself, Regardless. Walkers thoughts and feelings show through in her writing of poetry and no ...
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Slavery - 1,854 words
A person who is held in bondage to another; one who is wholly subject to the will of another; one who is held as possession; one who has no freedom, but who is and services are wholly under the control of another", this is the definition of a typical slave. What comes to your mind when you hear the word slave? What do most people picture in their head when they hear the word "Slave"? Most people automatically see different color when the word slave is mentioned. People in this society don't recognize or acknowledge people for who they are, but what they do. Stereotyping is just in peoples nature, it is easier to label some one by class, than by strength of character. Stereotyping, is how peo ...
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Langston Hughs - 1,037 words
He was called Shakespeare in Harlem, The blues poet, the Simple man on the street, The voice of Black Harlem (Tolson 1) Possessing qualities unlike any other, Langston Hughes believed that there was no difference between the common experiences of Black America and his own personal experiences. His life and work were enormously important in shaping the artistic contributions of the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920 s (Tolson 1) Hughes wrote vividly about the life, luxury, and hardships of the poor black working class. Langston Hughes poetry proved to be a primary influence in shaping of the Harlem Renaissance, for his poetry was a personal account attempted to raise the awareness and conscio ...
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Poverty - 1,068 words
Poverty in the United States is getting worse each day and not enough is getting done about it. The readings from Babies and Benefits by Sheila Holbrook-White, the article on poverty by Michael J. Paquette, and Keeping Women And Children Last by Ruth Sidel made me view the issues of poverty in a different way. I never realised what kind of people were living in poverty, and the true reasons why they are there. What amazes me the most is how much these people need help, and how little the government is doing to help them. The government should set up work programs for these people to help them get better jobs and make enough The politicians in Washington D.C. and all over the U.S. want nothin ...
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