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Reconstruction - 2,247 words
... on Washington in 1964 the goals had changed to guaranteeing all Americans equality of opportunity, integration both social and political, and the more amorphous goal of a biracial democracy.32 But the goals did not include the need to transform the economic condition of Blacks. Instead they emphasized the need to transform the political At the beginning, the Civil Rights Movement sought solutions to racial injustice through laws and used the Federal courtsto secure them. The Supreme Court set the stage in 1954 with Brown vs. The Board of Education of Topeka Kansas: the Brown decision focused the attention of dominant Black institutions such as CORE (Congress On Racial Equality) and the N ...
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The Power Of The Fist - 1,163 words
* Black Power is a phrase that has instilled both pride and hope *into the souls of black people, while simultaneously striking fear into *the hearts of whites. 'No two words in contemporary American society have *been more controversial or misunderstood than Black Power' (Fager, cover). *This "misunderstanding" is what made the Black Power Movement so receptive *among African-Americans, but threatening to whites. After *African-Americans became disenchanted with the Civil Rights Movement, a *new concept rose to the forefront of black ideology. The Black Power *Movement began to reshape black consciousness during the mid-sixties, and *left an everlasting impression on American society. Accor ...
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Free Jazz: The Jazz Revolution Of The '60s - 1,331 words
REVISED AND EXPANDED HERE, THIS PIECE ORIGINATED AS AN "ORAL ESSAY" FOR THE COSMOETICA OMNIVERSICA INTERVIEW SERIES More or less officially unveiled with the first New York appearance of the Ornette Coleman Quartet at the Five Spot Caf in the fall of 1959, free jazz (or new black music, space music, new thing, anti-jazz or abstract jazz as it would variously be labeled), gave new dimension to the perennial "where's the melody?" complaint against jazz. For most of the uninitiated, what the Coleman group presented on its opening night was in fact sheer cacophony. Four musicians (a saxophonist, trumpeter, bassist and drummer) abruptly began to playwith an apoplectic intensity and at a bone-ratt ...
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Biography Of Malcom X Also Known As Malcom Little - 1,661 words
On May 19, 1925 a man was born in Omaha, Nebraska. This man was named Malcolm Little. He was born to Earl Little, a Baptist preacher, and his wife Louis. Earl was major advocate and speaker for Black Rights and had to move around a lot when Malcolm was a child because of death threats. They eventually had to move to Milwaukee and then later to Lansing, Michigan. In 1929 the Littles house was burnt to the ground, and in 1931 Malcolm's father Earl was found dead on some trolley tracks. Both were ruled accidents but a white supremacist group named Black Legion was alleged to be behind both attacks. Several years later his mother Louis would suffer a nervous breakdown and was committed to a ment ...
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Film Analysis Of "cry Freedom" - 776 words
Cry Freedom is a film directed by Richard Attenborough. Attenborough shows his bias point of view through out the film. The film is centered around the brutality used by the white man and the death of black activist Steve Biko. The film is also shows consciousness, racial hatred and many other issues. The opening scene is set in the black township of Crossroads early in the morning. There is little noise and only the sound of crickets and peaceful South African music. The peace is broken by the loud police trucks and the sound of people running and screaming. Black and white snap shots capture this. This gives the audience a dramatic feeling of fear. Attenborough allows the audience to have ...
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Incidents In The Life Of A Slave Girl By Harriet Jacobs - 1,272 words
... ays that her circumstances as slave girl were unusually fortunate, because after her mother passed away she was left with Margaret Horniblow, whom Harriet was clearly fond of. Mistress Horniblow was the one who taught her to read and spell, and treated Harriet like she was her own daughter. Mistress never worked Harriet to hard or prevented her from having fun as little white girls did. Mrs. Horniblow kept her promise that Harriet should never suffer from anything. So, under the care of her mistress, Harriets life was a happy one. Still the affects of slavery had not taken hold of her. This went on until her mistress died and Harriet for the first time was exposed to her value as propert ...
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African Psychology - 657 words
Black Consciousness has been defined as an attitude of the mind and a way of life. Therefore, the purpose of teaching Black Consciousness was to conquer feelings of black inferiority and replace it with a new solid social identity which encouraged black pride and independence from white oppression. Africans should reject the myths from which Apartheid was conceived, where blacks were depicted as inferior, savage, simple and having a primitive culture which needed to be modernized. Rather blacks should believe in their true identity of being survivors with the utmost human dignity. Black people needed to become aware of their collective power both economically and politically. People of Afric ...
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African-american Street Gangs In Los Angeles - 1,461 words
... egotiate strategies to combat white intimidation and violence, the effectiveness of whites to fight against integration and residential segregation began to fail. Eventually 'white flight' occurred, as white residents began to move into the growing suburban areas that flourished in the 1950s, leaving the city areas of South Los Angeles behind. This left the central city of Los Angeles as a primarily black enclave, with blacks accounting for 71 percent of the inner-city population (Brunn et al. 1993: 53). By 1960, the three separate communities of Watts, Central Ave, and West Adams had amalgamated into one continuous black settlement area where low, middle, and upper class black neighborh ...
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Blacks And Whites - 1,040 words
In the early 1950s, the African National Congress began a passive resistance campaign which helped it form a broad coalition. It issues a Freedom Charter that said South Africa belongs to all who live in it, black and white, and that no government can justly claim authority unless it is based on the will of the people. The government reacted by passing further repressive legislation and by arresting 156 people. The Pan-African Congress organized a campaign against the pass laws. People gathered at police stations without passes. The campaign led to the Sharpeville Massacre in 1960 when police opened fire on an unarmed group killing 67 Africans and wounding 186. This led to widespread disturb ...
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