The Treaty Of Versailles - 1,851 words
The Treaty of Versailles: Prelude to WWII The Treaty of Versailles was not a justified treaty which created German feelings of revenge and dislike towards the victorious countries. This feeling of revenge felt by Germany, in addition with the social atmosphere of Europe, led to a second World War in the September of 1939, just 11 years after the first World War. People at the time published reports on the unfairness of the treaty. America never ratified the treaty but Britain and France still enforced it. Germany had no choice but to sign the unfair diktat1 and there was only a matter of time before things turned for the worse. We must examine the background, clauses, and effects of the Trea ...
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The Fourteen Points And Treaty Of Versailles - 695 words
When Woodrow Wilson came to power as a president, four important elements came to his mind: covenants are kept public, world be kept safe to live in, treat everyone as equals, and allow people to live their own life. He believed that all people should be allowed to decide their own future; he called this "Self-determination" and he wanted an end to the empires which European countries had built up. This systematic view showed true to his personality as he formed many visionary acts for the removal of discrimination and removal of struggling powers like the Clayton Anti-Trust Act, which lowered the domination of large corporations. His ideals for equality, justice, and respect created a conti ...
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Article 231 Of The Treaty Of Versailles - 1,664 words
Firstly, we must proceed to explain the nature of Article 231 in order to be able to analyse its judgement about Germanys responsibility for the war. After the war had ended, Europes, especially Frances economy was devastated. There was also a general desire for such a war never to repeat itself, as the first proof of modern warfare proved to be ruinous. To deal with this two issues the allied powers made Germany sign the war guilt clause which made it accept all the guilt for the war and because of this, pay reparations to the affected states. In this way Frances economy would theoretically recover faster while Germany was kept economically weak so it could never attempt to cause a war agai ...
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Wilson's 14 Points Vs. The Treaty Of Versailles - 1,233 words
When the peace processes were to start after the finishing of World War One, there were four people who were major components in the treaty of Paris: Clemenceau, George, Orlando, and Wilson. Clemenceau wanted revenge on the German's by punishing them through the treaties because he believed that they were at fault for the war; George was in agreement with Clemenceau although he did not feel that Germany should suffer severe punishment; Orlando who wanted the irredenta to be re-established; and President Wilson of the United States of America wanted to create a mild peace with Germany in a fair way. In view of this, Wilson created fourteen points that he wanted accomplished in full as a resul ...
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The Treaty Of Versailles - 721 words
Despite Woodrow Wilsons plan for peace near the end of World War I, he failed to gain Congressional support for the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles was intended to be a peace agreement between the Allies and the Germans. However, once the negotiation of the Treaty, the Allies found they had conflicting ideas and motives surrounding the reparations and wording of the Treaty. The Treaty formally placed the responsibility for the war on Germany and its allies and imposed on Germany the burden of paying the debts of war. In addition to foreign opposition, Wilson couldnt even gain support for the treaty in the United States. Because of weaknesses in the treaty, domestic opposition, ...
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To What Extent Was The Treaty Of Versailles A Sensible Treaty In The Circumstances Of The Time? - 459 words
To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles a sensible treaty in the circumstances of the time? Some people think that the Treaty of Versailles was a sensible treaty and others think it wasnt. In this essay Im going to write about until what extent was the Treaty of Versailles a sensible treaty in the circumstances of the time. Some Germans said it was a harsh treaty, but others said that if they would have won, their punishment would be a lot more harsher, the Kaisers government even planned to pay war debts getting money from the defeated countries. Also, when Germans made Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, it was very harsh too because it took a huge area of land, so Germans didnt h ...
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Examining The Impact Of The Treaty Of Versailles - 765 words
After the Allies victory in World War 1, much of industrialized northern France lay in desolate ruins. The Allies, and the French in particular were very bitter towards their defeated enemy, and vowed to extract reparations. For a young newly formed German republic, these debts to the world were of such incredible proportions, that nobody ever believed that they could be paid. Facing a full occupation, they had to try. Outside of Germany, the Allies were divided by their respective opinions of the Germans. A combination of war debts to the USA and the enormous reparations thrown onto Germany caused a complicated and unstable economic flow, that ultimately cumulated in a global depression. Th ...
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Treaty Of Versailles - 559 words
The Treaty of Versailles was the peace treaty signed at the end of World War I between Germany and the Allies. It was negotiated during the Paris Peace Conference in Versailles, beginning in early 1919. Four major powers were represented at the conference- the United States, Great Britain, France, and Italy. Not present, however, was Germany who had been excluded from the meeting. President Wilson desired the war treaty to be guided by his Fourteen Points plan. The Fourteen Points called for free trade through lower tariffs and freedom of the seas; a reduction of arms supplies on all sides; and the promotion of self-determination, both in Europe and overseas. The plan also sought to create t ...
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None Provided - 1,727 words
World War Two was a terrible and destructive war. Although many dynamics led to the advent of World War Two, the catalyst of the Second World War was actually the aftermath of the First World War. The First World War's aftermath set the stage for the rise of Hitler. On Nov. 11, 1918, an armistice was signed by the German commanders in the railcar of the French commander, Ferdinand Foch, ending the actual combat of World War One. The debacle of the First World War, which killed between 10 to 13 million people, demanded retribution. The Allies needed to draw up a treaty which formally ended hostilities between the Allies and the Central Powers. This treaty, which was called the Treaty of Versa ...
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Rooselvelt - 5,160 words
... refully prepared plans were ready to be implemented almost at once. Huge public buildings, great dams, and irrigation and flood-control projects are part of PWAs legacy. The most spectacular agency designed to promote general economic improvement was the National Recovery Administration (NRA), an organization set up (along with the PWA) by the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA), which was passed by Congress in June 1933. The NRA was designed to help business help itself. Unfair competition was supposed to be eliminated through the establishment of codes of fair competition; in effect, laws against combinations of large businesses were to be suspended in exchange for guarantees to wo ...
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A Seize Of Power - 1,725 words
After WWI, Germany was in a exceedingly unpleasant state. It had been forced, by the Treaty of Versailles, to take full blame for the war. This meant that Germany would have to pay reparations for all of the other countries. Reparations were even harder to pay since Germany was in the midst of one of the worst stagflation epidemics in history. Not to mention a brand new government, one that had nothing to do with the signing of this treaty, had taken over power. All of the people of this once superpower of a country were in a state of perplexity because they had lost a war that had been fought entirely on enemy soil. Germany was searching for an answer to its insurmountable problems, and fou ...
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European Government In The 19th Century - 635 words
During the twentieth century, Europe went through many changes in politics and trends. On June 28, 1914, Serbian revolutionaries assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian and Hungarian thrones, and his wife, Sophie. With Germany behind Austria-Hungary, Austria attacked Serbia on July 28th. The following day, Russia ordered full mobilization and in effect declared full all out war. Germanys plan was to knock out France by going through neutral Belgium and then taking out Russia. On August 2, 1914, Germanys plan to pass through neutral Belgium failed when Belgium refused to let German forces through. Germany intern attacked Belgium. On August 3rd,Great Britain joined fo ...
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The Legue The Un The Future - 3,611 words
During the First World War several world leaders such as President of the United States(U.S.) Woodrow Wilson and South African Prime Minster Jan Smuts, advocated the need for an international organization that preserved peace and settled disputes by arbitration. When peace negotiations began in October 1918,United States president Woodrow Wilson insisted that his Fourteen Points serve as a basis for the signing of the Armistice . The Armistice included the formation of the League of Nations (here after refereed to as the League). And as the years went by the League grew to be a formidable organization. It's goals and objectives were precise, they were to attain and maintain world peace. By 1 ...
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Presidents And Conflict Resolution - 1,273 words
The term negotiation has been defined as a formal process that occurs when parties are trying to find a mutually acceptable solution to a complex conflict. People and parties, throughout time, have come to negotiate for two basic reasons. First, they negotiate to create something new that neither party could do on his own. Second, parties negotiate to resolve a problem or dispute between the parties. Although history lends itself to be more susceptible to the latter of the two, the former reason should and will be given some consideration. American history has encountered countless arenas for negotiation. From the founding of new constitutions and governments to the ending of world wars, Ame ...
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Presidents And Conflict Resolution - 1,224 words
... nd the world was left in considerable political disarray. The Allied leaders were left with the job of settling boundary disputes, charging reparations, and establishing successor states out of the ruins of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Also, the Allies had to make sure that Bolshevism did not spread from Russia. President Woodrow Wilson was in charge of bringing American power and influence on the determination of political issues beyond the Western Hemisphere. But, with his extensive academic background, Wilson had the confidence to take this task head on. It seemed that everyone in the world was willing to put their fate in Wilson's hands. Wilson enjoyed a prestige and a moral influenc ...
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None Provided - 1,362 words
On November 18th of 1918, Germany, a member of the Central Powers, surrendered unconditionally to the allies. World War I had ended with a total of 37 million casualties, including 9 million dead combatants. German propaganda had not prepared that nation for defeat, and its suddenness resulted in a sense of injured German national pride. Following the defeat of Germany in World War I and in the midst of a great worldwide depression, both the social and political climates were prime for a dictator such as Adolf Hitler to rise to power. A year later, in June of 1919, the leaders of the Allies met at the Palace of Versailles to decide on the peace settlement after World War I. The treaty, which ...
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Western Civilization - 1,621 words
... this becomes a serious problem for Hitler. Without allies, the Nazis would surely fail. It is here that Hitler used his diplomatic skills to make other countries forget the past. Hitler began with Great Britain, encouraging British rearmament, along with fortifying Great Britains understanding that they possessed the strongest navy in Europe. Hitler did the same with Italy, wooing them with the possibility of Germany and Italy taking over Europe. It was also clear that Hitler needed an ally to the east, and therefore began to ally with the USSR. Although his attitude changed, and many of his allies became enemies, there was one country whose fate was never in question, France. Hitler and ...
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The History Of Eastern Europe - 1,165 words
... ed the people rebelled and demanded fair rule. Later in 1682, Peter the Great come to power. He decided Russia needed to be Westernized and he set forth a great campaign to collect technologies from the West. Peter also built St. Petersburg (the new capitol of Russia) The Westernizaton of Russia made it considerably stronger. Most people in the time were agricultural. Many starved to death in bad-winter weather. There simply was not enough food to go around. Sometimes towns lost 1/3 or 1/4 of their population. The most common system was the Three-field system. Later the better Open-field system was introduced. A field that did not yield a crop during that year was considered fallow. The ...
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Hitlers Rise To Power - 1,840 words
Who or what was responsible for Hitlers rise to power? Many believe that there was only one factor for his rise to power. Some state that Hitler could not have risen to power in any other than Germany, implying that he was nothing more than a product of German culture. Others say that Hitler made himself dictator by means of his political genius. And yet still others claim that it was the weak democratic government of the Weimar Republic or Germanys social and economic scene in the 1930s that made the people restless and ready for a dictator to come to power. There was no sole cause for Hitlers rise to power. There were two. The political and economic chaos of the 1920s and the 1930s joined ...
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World Strruggle Comes To Division - 2,284 words
... ch territory, including Alsace-Lorraine 9) Readjustment of Italian frontiers along clearly recognizable lines of nationality 10) Autonomy for the peoples of Austria-Hungary 11) Evacuation and restoration of territory to Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania, granting of seaports to Serbia, and readjustment and international guarantee of the national ambitions of the Balkan nations 12) Self-determination for non-Turkish peoples under Turkish control and internationalization of the Dardanelles 13) An independent Poland, with access to the sea 14) Creation of a general association of nations under specific covenants to give mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity. Th ...
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