History Of The Surrealist Art Movement - 1,796 words
Sometimes through history, something comes along that changes everything as it has been known thus far. In the 1920s, such an art movement came around that changed the way art was defined. The Surrealist art movement combined elements of its predecessors, Dada and cubism, to create something unknown to the art world. The movement was first rejected, but its eccentric ideas and unique techniques paved the way for a new form of art. The Surrealist art movement stemmed from the earlier Dada movement. Dada was a movement in which artists stated their disgust with the war and with life in general. These artists showed that European culture had lost meaning to them by creating pieces of anti-art o ...
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Persistence Of Memory - 510 words
The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali on page 428 is one his most distinguished works. It is an Oil on Canvas 9 1/2 x 13 and was painted in 1931. Dali uses many types of media in this picture to portray the imagery he was looking for. The First media I recognized was chiaroscuro. The artwork starts from a bright white and blue in the top left hand corner and ends up fading into darkness. There is a large figure with a clock draped over it right before the fade to darkness which may symbolize a time in the artists life in which he was feeling that his memories were fading and falling into blackness. The Second media I noticed was trompe loeil. This was most noticed with the seemingly mel ...
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Jean Arp - 506 words
Art is a fruit that grows in man, like a fruit on a plant, or a child in its mother's womb, once commented Jean Arp--a remarkable twentieth-century sculptor, painter and poet associated with and a forefather of the Dada and Surrealist movements. The avant-garde artist was born on September 16, 1887 in Strasbourg, France, where he studied at the Ecole des Arts et Mtiers. In 1905, he transferred to the Weimar Academy and then to Paris at the Acadmie Julian in 1908, and subsequent to graduation resumed his painting in Weggis, Switzerland in isolation. By 1912, Jean Arp had become associated with the Blaue Reiter, or Blue Rider, a group of Expressionist artists in Munich, where he exhibited semi ...
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Alberto Giacometti - 984 words
His purpose was to express the totality of life and find the real through external experiences. He was celebrated for his elongated figures that followed his break from the surrealists. But, who was Alberto Giacometti? Alberto Giacometti was born in 1901 in the Italian speaking town Borgonova, Switzerland. Being the son of Giovanni Giacometti, an impressionist painter, he was encouraged in art at an early age. Giacometti had great confidence in his drafting ability at the age of 10, and at 14 he began sculpting. When he turned twenty, he moved to Paris to continue his studies but Back home, Alberto Giacometti studied with the famous sculpture Bourdelle. With him he drew and sculpted with mod ...
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Destroyed Place - 811 words
Paul Klee is a famous Surrealist painter, regarded by the Nazis as a degenerate artist. Born on December 18, 1879, in Munchenbuchsee near Bern, Switzerland, Klee enters the most prestigious art school in Germany, the Munich Academy, at the age of 21. Shortly thereafter, he moves to Munich and travels throughout Europe studying impressionist artwork and incorporating color into his work far more than in previous years. In 1910 he gets his own private exhibition in Bern, and from this point on he works with such artists as Wassily Kandinsky and August Macke. In 1916 his works become extremely desirable to the public. At this point he returns to Munich and has a huge exhibition, displaying 362 ...
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Picasso - 1,238 words
Picasso, Pablo Ruiz y (1881-1973), Spanish painter and sculptor, is considered one of the greatest artist of the 20th century. He was a inventor of forms, innovator of styles and techniques, a master of various media, and one of the most prolific artists in history. He created more than 20,000 works. Picasso was Born in Mlaga on October 25, 1881, he was the son of Jos Ruiz Blasco, an art teacher, and Mara Picasso y Lopez. Until 1898 he always used his father's name, Ruiz, and his mother's maiden name, Picasso, to sign his pictures. After about 1901 he dropped Ruiz and used his mother's maiden name to sign his pictures. At the age of 10 he made his first paintings, and at 15 he performed bril ...
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Max Dupain - 498 words
(1890-1976), Man Ray was born in Philadelphia, American photographer, and leading figure in the artistic avant-garde in Paris of the 1920s. He studied at the National Academy of Design in New York City, and held his first one-man show of paintings in 1912. With his friend, the French painter Marcel Duchamp, he helped to found the New York City Dada group in 1917. Under Duchamp's influence, he began to work with new materials and techniques, for example, painting with an airbrush on glass and other surfaces. His ready-madessuch as his flatiron with tacks projecting from the bottom called The Gift (1921, Museum of Modern Art, New York City)were made from everyday manufactured objects. He also ...
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Salvador Dali - 430 words
Asher Ross, Cole Zucker, Chris Kim, Adam Mullinax Salvador Dali was born in Figures, Spain on May 11, 1904. Figueres is located in the northwestern part of Spain in an area also known as Catalonia. His parents first son, also named Salvador, died 9 months before Salvador was born. His parents were so distressed about Salvadors death that they named Salvador after their first son. This greatly affected Salvadors mental development. From the beginning of Salvadors social life he was a strange child and was always craving attention. Many things scared him such as grasshoppers, which were a subject for future paintings such as The First days of Spring. Then, after he was out of school he still d ...
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Dali And Surrealism - 1,151 words
The surrealism movement took place during the aftermath of WWI and started in primarily in France. Surrealism was more of a broad range cultural /social project interested in liberating the human society from conscious and logical thinking to create a utopian society, than an art movement. The surrealism movement was in search of a gateway into societys subconscious, the break down of rational and logical thinking, (The marvelous.) Surrealist artwork concentrated on individualism, subjective visions and states of disorientation, nihilism, chaos and irrationality of modernity to break down the societys consciousness. The following artwork played a major part in the search of the marvelous: Sa ...
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Dali And Surrealism - 1,146 words
... earing no necessary relationship to everyday living. The following statement describes how the audience comprehended the film, their subconscious were provoked and liberated and the only way they could deal with the marvelous was to attack the film and its creators. Andre Brenton (1896-1966), was a French poet and critic, a leader of the surrealistic movement. He was born in Tinchebray, Orne Department, studied medicine, and worked in psychiatric wards in World War I. Later, as a writer in Paris, he was a pioneer in the antirationalist movements in art and literature known as Dadaism and surrealism, which developed out of the general disillusionment with tradition that marked the post-Wo ...
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Brazils Film Industry Past To Present - 1,717 words
Brazils Film Industry: Past to Present Within a year of the Lumiere brothers first experiment in Paris in 1896, the cinematography machine appeared in Rio de Janeiro. Ten years later, the capital boasted 22 cinema houses and the first Brazilian feature film, Os Estranguladores (The Stranglers) by Antonio Leal, had been screened. From then on Brazils film industry made continuous progress and, although it has never been large, its output over the years has attracted international attention. In 1930, still the era of the silent movie in Brazil, Mario Peixotos film, Limite was made. Limite is a surrealist work dealing with the conflicts raised by the human condition and how life conspires to pr ...
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The Life And Art Of Salvador Dali - 554 words
Salvador Dali's life and art were very closely related. Everything in his life was reflected in his art. All the major changes in his works and styles represented important turning points for him. When Dali was younger, he experimented with different styles. The first style he used was soft, blurry and seemed a little bit out of focus, although his use shadowing was well from the beginning. Dali's early works were not very impressive, but he was very talented and dedicated to his art work. Surrealism is a form of painting that Dali started using next. The purpose of this kind of art was to mirror society and show it what was wrong with it. For example, Dali was not friendly with the aristocr ...
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Marc Chagall - 1,382 words
Marc Chagall as an artist and as a person cannot be categorized. He was born in Vitebsk, Russia, learned to paint in St. Petersburg and lived in Paris, Berlin, and the United States. His career is influenced by many different factors. His Hasidic Jewish upbringing reflected in the content of his paintings greatly. The lyrical fairy tales of Jewish mysticism, the stories of the Bible, and the Rabbis and scholars who surrounded him in his childhood come out onto his work. When he went to art school in St. Petersburg it was the period when he became exposed to the avant-garde movement in art. With Leon Bakst he saw the reproductions of Fauve canvases, the sketches of Van Gogh and of Cezzanne hi ...
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Salvador Dali And M.c. Escher - 566 words
The artists that I am comparing in my paper come from two different backgrounds, yet in some ways, the deep psychological and philosophical message that their works reflect, together with their shared fascination with the insect-world, bring them together. Salvador Dali, a poor farmers son (1904-1989) was born in Spain, and throughout his childhood, according to him, he was treated like royalty by his parents because they thought he was the incarnation of his dead brother, who died nine months before he was born. This treatment by his parents constantly reminded him of death and soon, he developed into a personality who lived in his own world and reality. Dali, throughout his career, went th ...
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Fferent Types Of Criticism And Literary Movements In Short Stories - 1,098 words
... remes without their genius. This created unfortunate results among many later writers. Later in the 20th Century, Romanticism was wherever faith in the individual and his freedom from rules, restraints, systems, or even rationalism appear. Transcendentalism was a form of American Romanticism. It took place from around 1835 until the Civil War. These writers stressed the importance of intuition and subjective experience in scientific naturalism (Gale). They rejected religious belief and texts in favor of mysticism and scientific naturalism. They pursued truths that lied beyond the colorless realms perceived by reason and the senses. These people were often the social reformers in public e ...
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Australian Art 1930-1960 - 2,543 words
The environment was major contributing factor to the evolution of Australian art in the 20th century. The elemental landscape; isolation and distance, the imposition of the mythical and the visionary on the landscape, national identity (the universal and the regional) and the demise of Arcadia and romantic idealism interweave magnificently to present the impact of surroundings on the artwork of such a then delicate nation. In retrospect it was the surroundings/climate/atmosphere/feeling and people of our unique nation that undoubtedly shape what we know as Australian art sure there are direct influences from other cultures, but while knowing this we have to understand that a perfect combinat ...
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Leda Atomica - 1,364 words
Leda Atomica (24 x 18"- oil on canvas), is a painting by Salvador Dali (1904-1989) who was the top Surrealists of this time. Surrealism explored the subconscious, the dream world, and irrational elements of the psyche in the firm belief that the discoveries to be made from such exploration would be of greater fundamental importance to the human condition than any other form of social analysis. Surrealists like Salvador Dali was very fascinated by the ephemeral state of the mind between sleep and consciousness, dream and reality, sanity and insanity, as one in which the mind functioned purely, unfettered by the constraints of logic and social behavior. (#1 - Surrealism) Salvador Dali was born ...
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The Dialogue Of Dreams - 1,426 words
ter>Sam Vaknin's Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites Are dreams a source of reliable divination? Generations upon generations seem to have thought so. They incubated dreams by travelling afar, by fasting and by engaging in all other manners of self deprivation or intoxication. With the exception of this highly dubious role, dreams do seem to have three important functions: a. To process repressed emotions (wishes, in Freud's speech) and other mental content which was suppressed and stored in the unconscious. b. To order, classify and, generally, to pigeonhole conscious experiences of the day or days preceding the dreaming ("day residues"). A partial overlap with t ...
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Music In The Movies: Experiencing Something New - 1,719 words
Question: For the elements of music are not tones of such and such a pitch, duration and loudness, nor chords and measured beats; they are like all artistic elements, something virtual, created for perception . . .sounding forms in motion. [Suzanne Langer, Feeling and Form (1952), p.107]. The success of music in film relies on the perceptions and interpretations of audiences based on their social experiences. Discuss. Response to Question: The function of film music is not easily defined. Film music is often associated with realizing the social experiences of the audience, such associations then leading into psychological and aesthetical discussion. Whether or not film music is examined as a ...
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Salvador Dali - 723 words
ter> (1904-1989) Salvador Dali was born into a middle-class family on May 11th, 1904 in Figures Spain. In 1921 he entered the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid where he made friends with Federico Garcia Lorca, Luis Bunuel, and Eugenio Montes. He pursued his personal intersest in Cubism and Futurism. In June of 1923 Dali was suspended from the Academy for having indicated the students to rebel against the authorities of the school. He was let back in October of 1925, and a year later Dali was permanently expelled. In 1924 he was imprisoned in Figures and Gerona for political reasons. Dali joined the Surrealists in 1929 due to the influence of metaphysical paintings, and his contact ...
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