Sierra Leone - 1,680 words
The British established a colony at Freetown in 1787 for slaves returning to Africa from Great Britain and the United States and for slaves rescued from shipwrecks. The land of original settlement, where the city later developed, was purchased from local chiefs. The Sierra Leone Company, formed in 1791, administered the settlement until 1808, when it became a crown colony. Britain set up a protectorate over the hinterland of Freetown in 1896. The British were relatively nice towards the people of Sierra Leone. While they provided what they could for the colony, they also illegally smuggled the nations diamonds to other countries. The first elections for the legislative council were held unde ...
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Sierra Leone - 1,740 words
... ra Leone that caused a problem was the large amount of Lebanese immigrant traders that entered the country and are still there today. Before the Lebanese traders arrived, native traders were able to make a decent living by selling goods such as rice and kola nut. These Lebanese traders entered the country around the time that a railway was introduced to the towns of Pendembu and Makeni, and quickly took to selling imported goods in the street. By their modest lifestyle and fierce determination the Lebanese quickly worked their way up to owning their own shops (Conteh-Morgan, Dixon-Fyle pg. 44). These traders limited the role of the local upper-class as well as not affording native Sierra ...
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The Transatlantic Slave - 2,910 words
From the 1520s to the 1860s an estimated 11 to 12 million African men, women, and children were forcibly embarked on European vessels for a life of slavery in the Western Hemisphere. Many more Africans were captured or purchased in the interior of the continent but a large number died before reaching the coast. About 9 to 10 million Africans survived the Atlantic crossing to be purchased by planters and traders in the New World, where they worked principally as slave laborers in plantation economies requiring a large workforce. African peoples were transported from numerous coastal outlets from the Senegal River in West Africa and hundreds of trading sites along the coast as far south as Ben ...
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The Transatlantic Slave - 2,865 words
... tes often greater than for all other overseas trades combined. Slave mortality usually increased during the last stages of a particularly long passage when there were shortages of food and water. The Atlantic crossing lasted three to five weeks from West African trading sites such as the Gambia, Senegal, and Sierra Leone Rivers. Near the equator, in regions such as the Bights of Benin and Biafra (near present-day Nigeria), the voyage to the Americas took several months. A few French ships transported slaves from Mozambique or Madagascar to the Mascarene Islands in the Indian Ocean and then returned to France via Saint-Domingue in the West Indies, where additional cargoes of captives from ...
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Slave Resistance - 1,156 words
It could be considered almost ludicrous that most African-Americans were content with their station in life. Although that was how they were portrayed to the white people, it was a complete myth. Most slaves were dissatisfied with their stations in life, and longed to have the right of freedom. Their owners were acutely conscious of this fact and went to great lengths to prevent slave uprisings from occurring. An example of a drastic measure would be the prohibition of slaves receiving letters. They were also not allowed to converge outside church after services, in hopes of stopping conspiracy. Yet the slaves still managed to fight back. In 1800, the first major slave rebellion was conceive ...
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Colonialization In Africa - 958 words
Each country in the entire world has experienced a great deal of change whether it be Religion, beliefs, food, or education. You may think that just because you live in the United States that every state has evolved the same, well not really at all the East coast was all founded years before the West and just like America other countries follow a similar pattern like Africa. There are so many different African countries that all have such different pasts and different stories. Even back when the countries were being inhabited or colonized, they were so similar being in the Sahara, yet so different in. So if all these places are so close yet so different does it change the atmosphere , or how ...
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The Legue The Un The Future - 3,611 words
During the First World War several world leaders such as President of the United States(U.S.) Woodrow Wilson and South African Prime Minster Jan Smuts, advocated the need for an international organization that preserved peace and settled disputes by arbitration. When peace negotiations began in October 1918,United States president Woodrow Wilson insisted that his Fourteen Points serve as a basis for the signing of the Armistice . The Armistice included the formation of the League of Nations (here after refereed to as the League). And as the years went by the League grew to be a formidable organization. It's goals and objectives were precise, they were to attain and maintain world peace. By 1 ...
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A Civil War - 1,337 words
A civil war that has raged for seven years in the small West African country of Sierra Leone has turned increasingly brutal. (1, p.1) Rebels are mutilating civilians without much response from the international community. A strong Nigerian contingency has tried to suppress the rebellion, but the rebels continue to cause major trouble in Sierra Leone. The rebels overthrew President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah. However, President Kabbah returned to office on March 10, 1998 to face the task of restoring order to a demoralized population and a disorganized and severely damaged economy. (2, p.1) The country of Sierra Leone is located in western Africa between the countries of Guinea and Liberia, and it bo ...
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A Civil War - 1,358 words
... e. With President Kabbah back at the head of government, many people faced criminal charges of collaborating with the coup. A former government minister and nine others were sentenced to death for collaborating with the bloody 1997 coup. The sentences pronounced in the High Court by Judge Bankole Rashid brought to 27 the number of civilians condemned to death by hanging in connection with the May 1997 coup and its aftermath. (9, p.1) Veteran politician Nancy Steele, 75, and two other women were among the 11 sentenced on Wednesday. Twenty-four soldiers were executed in public by firing squad after conviction by a court martial. Even with President Kabbah back in power, the violence and bl ...
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Colonialism - 686 words
By 1875 European possessions in Africa consisted of some forts and trading posts along the coast and a few tiny colonies. Between 1880 and 1910, however, Africa was divided up among the Europeans. For the next 50 years decisions affecting Africa and its people were made not in Africa, but in London, Paris, Lisbon and other European capitals. France acquired a huge empire in North and West Africa. Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Mali and other areas in West Africa came under French rule. Britain's colonies were scattered throughout the continent. Although the French controlled the most territory, Britain ruled the greatest number of people. Gambia, Sierra Leone, Gold Coast, N ...
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Amistad - 365 words
In the beginning of the movie Amistad, slave hunters abducted a large group of Africans from Sierra Leone in Africa and shipped them to Cuba to be traded. The Africans were purchased by Spanish men and put aboard a ship called Amistad. This abduction and trade violated treaties that then existed, because you could not be bought or sold as a slave unless you were a natural-born slave, which they were not. During the journey overseas, the Africans seized the ship, killed the head crewmembers, and ordered the remaining crew to sail to Africa. Not much later, the Amistad was seized by a U.S. ship. The two Spanish men were freed and the Africans were imprisoned on charges of murder. President Van ...
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International Politics - 1,037 words
... policies in the late 1930's . Moreover, it is impossible to shield the people of one's own state to the inhumanity and violence in foreign affairs because of the refugees, exiles and dissidents who arrive at one's own states to seek refuge. For such reasons Article 2.7 was established in the United Nations Charter, giving the UN admissible rights to intervene in foreign affairs, mainly if the state concerned gives its consent, if an internal conflict assumes an international dimension recognized by external sponsors and internal factions or if a state denounces the rights of its citizens as stated by the UN Commission on Human Rights. These reasons for intervention are somewhat hypothet ...
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Environmental Scarcity - 960 words
Conflict From Environmental Scarcity or Lust For Wealth? In "Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict," Thomas F. Homer-Dixon writes about the possible conflicts that are caused by environmental scarcities, using three different hypotheses's to do so. I found the first hypothesis to be most compelling because I feel it is the most prevalent in the world today. The first hypothesis in "Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict" states that environmental scarcity causes simple-scarcity conflicts between states . I selected "Lust for diamonds kills thousands in African wars," which I found on the web page www.cnn.com, to test this hypothesis. Homer-Dixon's hypothesis that environmental ...
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Impoverished Nations - 1,603 words
The purpose of this essay is to discuss the differences between Third World and UK hunger from a social scientists perspective. Social scientists, when looking at a wide issue such as hunger, tend to analyse thoroughly the underlying and triggering factors in each World, to come to an accurate understanding. Contrasts can be drawn between the reasons for hunger in the UK and third World. First of all, the Third and First Worlds need to be defined so that false assumptions are not made which would distort the facts. The Third World consists of the underdeveloped and developing countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America. The First World contains all the industrialised and capitalist nations o ...
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British Foreign Relationships - 1,064 words
... eing taken seemingly overnight. Nearly the whole of Africa had been carved up by European powers (30% of the continent ended up in British control) over the course of less than 30 years, while it had taken over 300 years for Europe to control the Americas. During the early 1900's the global industrial revolution was in full swing and a naval arms race began between Great Britain and the United States. A treaty is eventually signed limiting the numbers and size of ships that the two countries can produce. Many Britons are poopsed to this treaty because naval superiority had always been Great Britain's main means of dominance. During this time period, the British empire reaches its peak en ...
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Globalisation - Economic Growth And Development And Development Indicators. - 1,674 words
H2>Outline the differences between economic growth and economic development. Discuss how economic development may be measured. Outline how globalisation may impact upon a nations development. Where appropriate make reference to a relevant case study. Although economic growth and development are similar in meaning, they have some essential differences. Economic growth refers to the increasing ability of a nation to produce more goods and services. Economic development basically implies that individuals of that nation will be better off and takes into account changes in economic and social structures that will reduce or eliminate poverty. Economic development can be measured in a number of dif ...
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Axis Of Evil (satire) - 476 words
In Speech, Bush Calls Iraq, Iran and North Korea 'Axis of Evil" -- N.Y. Times, 1/30/02 ANGERED BY SNUBBING, LIBYA, CHINA, SYRIA FORM AXIS OF JUST AS EVIL Cuba, Sudan, Serbia Form Axis of Somewhat Evil; Other Nations Start Own Clubs Beijing (SatireWire.com) Bitter after being snubbed for membership in the "Axis of Evil," Libya, China, and Syria today announced they had formed the "Axis of Just as Evil," which they said would be way eviler than that stupid Iran-Iraq-North Korea axis President Bush warned of his State of the Union address. Axis of Evil members, however, immediately dismissed the new axis as having, for starters, a really dumb name. "Right. They are Just as Evil... in their dre ...
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The Scramble For Africa - 2,118 words
... , which meant establishing a colonial government and a river fleet, so in 1886, the National African Company was chartered as the Royal Niger Company, and charged with administering, in the name of the Queen, an area one-hundred times larger than Great Britain itself (Chamberlain 58). In West Africa, Britain had really been trying to keep France, and later Germany, out. The simplest explanation for the rampant European interest in West Africa was trade. In East Africa, which was considerably poorer than the west, the scramble was motivated more by strategic rivalry. East Africa had always had ties to India, and the British government found itself increasingly preoccupied by the threat of ...
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How Succesful Was The League Of Nations In The 1920s - 1,114 words
The League of Nations was an organisation designed to maintain peace throughout the World. It was created during the Paris Peace Conference. The League of Nations was the idea of Woodrow Wilson, the president of the USA. The Leagues main aims were to bring together all nations in a parliament to discuss and settle disputes, to protect the independence of countries and safeguard their borders, to improve peoples living and working conditions, and to make war obsolete by persuading nations to disarm. From the beginning of its creation the League of Nations had to overcome many obstacles. One of the major problems the League had was that the USA never joined, thus leaving Britain and France in ...
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African Traditional Religion - 1,308 words
... ygamy makes a husband a double-tongued man' (30). The husband's role is not easy if the co-wives do not get on well with each other. He may be seen to favor one more than the others. In this case he could be rebuked with a proverb like: 'This polygamist ploughs one field only' (31). This could indicate that in fact the husband provokes the co-wives to show jealousy, when they realize that he favors one more than the others. The fact that jealousy may arise in polygamous families is not basis enough to condemn polygamy as such. There are many happy polygamous families just as there are even more unhappy monogamous families. Indeed, there are proverbs that show and urge respect for polygam ...
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