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Sea Power - 2,264 words
Among the most significant aspects of twentieth century military affairs has been how naval and land-based air power have transformed maritime operations. Today, much of the maritime arena is controlled, monitored, or exploited by aerospace systems. The capital ships of the modern era are the aircraft carrier and the missile-armed submarine, both weapons of three-dimensional warfare. The worlds sea lanes are monitored by aircraft and helicopters flown from the decks of aircraft carriers and other vessels, and, especially, by long range maritime patrol aircraft operated by the worlds navies and air forces. The primary weapon at sea is no longer the projectile hurled by a big gun ship, or the ...
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Sea Power - 2,240 words
... lition was to launch the infamous Kamikaze antishipping campaign. Though Japanese Army Air Force pilots occasionally flew on such one-way suicide missions, the overwhelming majority of Kamikazes were Japanese naval attackers. The threat of the Kamikaze was the greatest aerial antishipping threat faced by Allied warfare forces in the war. Approximately 2,800 Kamikaze attackers sunk 34 Navy ships, damaged 368 others, killed 4,900 sailors, and wounded over 4,800. The Kamikaze anticipated the post-1960s antishipping missile, and forced planners to take extraordinary measures to confront what was basically a straightforward threat, but also a threat that could profoundly influence events out ...
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Napoleon Bonaparte - 1,130 words
Who would have ever predicted that by the 1800s a young lieutenant, who was barely French, would be master of France (Maurois 5)? Napoleon Bonaparte was a military genius who won many wars and battles for France. Napoleon Bonaparte had a huge impact on all of France and numerous other countries around Europe. He had many great accomplishments, two of which were his positions as First Consul and Emperor. Napoleon was a military genius, known for all of his many successes on the battlefield. He began his career in the military as an artillery officer (Weidhorn 16). In 1793, Napoleon received the title of Lieutenant colonel. He felt that his ability needed to tested, and he proved himself well ...
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The Effects Of Romes Expansion - 2,611 words
Expansion overseas gave Rome the opportunity to strengthen its empire by war; But, as a drawback it resulted in the breakdown of the Republic, as well as its Empire. Expansion Overseas made Rome a mighty empire for a short period of time, until both the Empire and the republic became unstable and eventually broke down. Hooker, author of Roman History in 1996 states: Roman history begins in a small village in central Italy; this unassuming village would grow into a small metropolis, conquer and control all of Italy, southern Europe, the Middle East, and Egypt, and find itself, by the start of what no other people had managed before: the ruled the entire world under a single administration for ...
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Capitalism - 907 words
Capitalism is can be simply defined as an economic system, marked by open competition in a free market, in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to increasing accumulation and reinvestment of profits. However, capitalism tends to incorporate a certain "way of thinking", driven by greed, the search for ever-increasing profits, worldwide expansion, and internal development. Starting from the earliest origins of capitalism, only societies with the capabilities and the appropriate mindset could flourish amidst this period of economic, social, and religious dispersion. The earliest form of capitalism is seen in feudalism ...
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Ecomic Advances - 2,307 words
... and resulted g) under the threat of the King appointing new peers, the House of Lords passed the bill in April 1832 5- The Reform Bill of 1832 a) a very "English" voting system resulted b) you enjoyed the franchise if you resided in a borough and paid L 10 a year in rent c) or resided in the country and paid L 10 for a 60 year lease; or L 50 for a short lease d) if you owned land that could be rented for L 2 a year you voted e) the electorate of 500,000 was increased to 813,000 12% of adult males voted f) seats were redistributed: 56 boroughs were abolished; 30 were diminished; and 143 were given to the new industrial towns 6- While not truly sweeping, it was considered so by the Whigs a ...
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Interservice Rivalries Harmful Traditions - 1,616 words
According to John M. Shalikashvili, former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, The nature of modern warfare demands that we fight as a joint team. This was important yesterday, it is essential today, and it will be even more imperative tomorrow(JV2020). Therefore it is easy to see why interservice understanding is crucial for every serviceman, from the admirals and generals down to the lowest seaman, airman, and private. The idea of joint warfare and interservice rivalries has been around since man first built separate forces for the land and the sea. For the United States Military, joint warfare, and the rivalries that accompany it, has evolved dramatically throughout the years. Even the ...
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Wwi - 2,102 words
World War I, the first globally destructive conflict that the Western Civilization produced, has been the subject of various analysis, interpretations and reevaluations of the various causes that led to it. Initially, the guilt was placed upon Germany and its allies. Eventually, historical analysis conducted in decades after the event, lead to a shift from the guilt perspective, to a broader one of various interacting factors. Although almost nine decades have elapsed, one question still persists: "Which explanation is best suited as the cause of WWI?" To provide an answer, the views of six historians shall be considered. To begin, James Joll's answer to the question will be examined. It wil ...
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Ending Of British Isolation - 1,208 words
With the rest of Europe being controlled in a complex string of alliances and treaties during the later half of the 19th century, Britain remained uninvolved. Their policy of Splendid Isolation was to keep themselves out of the quarrels and disputes of continental Europe, and allow them to focus on their overseas empire. With the crowing of a new Kaiser in Germany, and the interest of other nations to hold overseas colonies, Britains colonial empire was under attack. Their interest to focus on their vast empire would eventually lead them into disputes with other European nations. It would ultimately be their reason of going into isolation that would end it. In 1888 Kaiser William II ascended ...
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America's Decision To Drop The Atomic Bomb - 1,474 words
... sent to Professor James L. Cate in January of 1953, Truman claims: I asked General Marshall what it would cost in lives to land on Tokioplain and other places in Japan. It was his opinion that such an invasion would cost at a minimum one quarter of a million casualties, and might cost as much as a million on the American side alone, with an equal number of the enemy. The other naval men present agreed. And finally, on April 28, 1959, in front of students at Columbia University, Truman stated that the dropping of the bombs stopped the war, saved millions of lives. Why are there such discrepancies in Trumans figures? Truman exaggerates the figures in order to provide self-defense, which is ...
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Formation Of The Triple Alliance - 794 words
In 1871 two new major states of Europe had been formedthe German Empire and the kingdom of Italy. The new German Empire, under the hand of Otto von Bismarck, was steered carefully, always with an eye upon France, for the Franco-Prussian War (187071) had left France thirsting for revenge and for recovery of the lost provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. 2 Germany had allied itself with Russia and Austria-Hungary in the Three Emperors League, but Austria-Hungary and Russia were not the best of friends, partly because they were at odds over the Balkans and partly because Russia represented the Pan-Slavic movement, whose program threatened the very existence of Austria-Hungary. The Treaty of San Ste ...
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Military Weapons - 319 words
There are many types of weapons in the military. Some are vehicles, and some are guns. They can maneuver on land, sea, or air. These weapons help the military keep peace all over the world. The military right now is in Iraq to stop weapons of mass destruction. Aircraft carriers, submarines, and cruisers are some of the weapons used to fight at sea. Aircraft carriers carry many different aircrafts. The Harry S. Truman can carry almost 5,500 people and 90 aircraft. The aircraft carriers best weapons are its planes. Another sea vehicle is the submarine. Submarines travel underwater. The Sea Wolf carries 134 people and goes 28 miles per hour. Cruisers are the fastest ships in the Navy. Some go 3 ...
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American Imperialism Dbq - 1,138 words
Between the period of the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth century, expansionism was a major part of the United States. Since there were many advances in technology and knowledge of the world many different countries tried to expand there countries as much as possible. Between this period there was a lot of continuation of expansionism plus there was also a lot of departure of expansionism in the country. Many things contributed to this expansionism such as the American Diplomacy in China and the Gentlemans Agreement in Japan all contributed to the expansion of the United States. Since there seemed to be a abundance of territory that was not claimed by any country, expansionis ...
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Reasons For And Results From The Panama Canal - 1,224 words
After the war with Spain at Cuba, the United Stats realized that a faster route was necessary in order to deploy its warships from Pacific Ocean to Atlantic Ocean. It was because the warships in Pacific Ocean had to take a detour around Cape Horn, which is located at the extreme South end of South America, in order to go to the sea area of Cuba. The total distance amounted to 224,000 kilometers, and this great distance caused great amount of wasted time during the war. (www.panacanal.com/english/geographic) Panama Canal was the result of the United States hard thinking. Despite all kinds of enormous difficulties, the Unites States built Panama Canal, for a specific military advantage, but it ...
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History Of German U-boats - 1,293 words
The U-boat fleet all started in 1905, when the German government ordered for a new type of military submarine to be produced, and be called das Unterseebootein, which means undersea boat, and is abbreviated as U-boat. Within a short time, Krupps Germaniawerft plant designed the almost perfect submarine, except for one flaw, the use of petrol engines. Using gasoline was extremely dangerous, with the constant risk of explosions. So instead of petrol engines, they replaced them with diesel engines. The diesel engine ran off of oil instead of gasoline. Not only was this safer, but more economical too. On August 1, 1914, World War One began when Germany declared war on Russia. Only two days later ...
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