Signifance Of Anthropology And Archaeology - 1,521 words
Anthropologists and Archaeologists Anthropologists and archaeologists have influenced our lives in so many ways. They have taken us back to our most humble beginnings. They have given us an awareness of just how far we have come through the centuries. Archaeology is the investigating of life by unearthing and interpreting the objects left behind by earlier peoples and cultures, dating back to prehistoric times. Anthropology is the scientific study of hominids, their physical features, development, and behavior. Anthropology is broken into two parts: physical and sociocultural. Physical is concerned with human evolution and biology and the study of primates. Sociocultural anthropology investi ...
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The Social Brain - 1,429 words
The ability of humans to learn and retain knowledge is an incredible power source and also a dominant characteristic of the human species. The intricate abilities of the mind allow for humans to learn skills and to have the power to control and dominate the world they live in by means of learned behavior. The two cerebral hemispheres of the left and right specialize in motor and sensory skills which specialize the socialy established beliefs and behaviors unique to humans. In writing The Social Brain Michael Gazzaniga proclaims an understanding of the principle of both the right and left brain hemispheres by examining split brain patients. Gazzaniga believes in cognitive dissidence and studi ...
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Cave Art - 408 words
At the foot of a cliff in the Ardche Gorges, in south-eastern France, amateur speleologists discovered the world's oldest painted prehistoric cave. Discovered on December 18, 1994, this cave features art that dates back thirty-one thousand years. Jean-Marie Chauvet, Eliette Brunel-Deschamps and Christian Hillaire, were the amateurs who discovered the cave that has come to be known simply as the Chauvet cave. The explorers were in Vallon-Pont-d'Arc, France some thirty feet below ground. While exploring a cave, they were intrigued by a draft of air. They followed the draft to the source and discovered a cavity. This cavity then led to a vast network of galleries and rooms. The explorers were a ...
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None Provided - 1,401 words
Humans have within their grasp the ability and technology to create life. Many believe that this knowledge will lead to further degradation of the human spirit. But others, like Prometheus and his gift of fire, believe that new technology is the key to a new, and better, reality. Genetic engineering and, specifically, cloning, of human life has become an issue of extreme gravity in the age of technology where anything may be dreamed and many things are possible. Cloning is a reality in today's world: "Three months ago, Gearhart and Thomson announced that they had each isolated embryonic stem cells and induced them to begin copying themselves without turning into anything else. In so doing, t ...
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Genetic Engineering - 1,518 words
... irus is replicated millions of times over, the cell bursts and the new viruses are released to continue the cycle. The body's natural defense against such cell invasion is to release certain proteins, called antigens, which "plug up" the receptor sites on healthy cells. This causes the foreign virus to not have a docking point on the cell. This process, however, is slow and not effective against a new viral attack. Genetic engineering is improving the body's defenses by creating pure antigens, or antibodies, in the lab for injection upon infection with a viral disease. This pure, concentrated antibody halts the symptoms of such a disease until the bodies natural defenses catch up. Future ...
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Creationism Vs Evolution - 1,016 words
Evolution is not only improbable but clearly impossible. Extensive evidence against evolution is uncovered with every major scientific discovery. Every evolutionist "fact" can easily be rebuked by creationists. Twelve supposed hominoids have been discovered and presented as supporting evidence to evolution. While in all actuality nine of the twelve supposed hominids are actually extinct species of ape. While the remaining three are completely developed humans. Neanderthals were once considered pre-humans by evolutionists but recent studies have shown that the Neanderthals are completely developed humans (Homo sapiens) suffering from bone diseases caused by vitamin D deficiency. Many textbook ...
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The Cultural Diversity In The Euuropean Union - 1,419 words
02 jun 2000 RESEARCH PAPER The European Union and its cultural diversity Meike Berns Int 305 City-University The European Union and its cultural diversity I would like to discuss that a sense of community which is necessary in business and in daily life is not achieved yet. Even with opening the borders between the member states and establishing a common currency the work is not done yet. The question often asked is how to achieve a sense of community in the different member states with their different cultures. Is it even possible? How can the goal of feeling as an European be achieved? Should people give up their national pride? To make Europe one unit is it necessary to have one language? ...
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Human Origins - 1,011 words
For years, the evolution of human beings has been researched and studied. In today's society, there are many different interpretations on creation and how humans came to be what they are today. Through much scientific evidence and studies, there is now physical proof that human beings may have evolved from ape-like creatures. Even with this, there are still disputes in the paleoanthropological field of whether or not this is true. Still, many choose to believe their religious creation stories where a God created humans. Whether it is Johanson's idea on human evolution or Leakey's or even the Roman Catholic's creation story, all are an individual own interpretation and neither wrong nor right ...
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The Beginning - 1,481 words
To understandhow the Earth started; we need to start off with origins of mankind and the earth's existence. The Earth came into existence about 6 billion years ago and the emergence of homo-sapiens-sapiens 200,000 years ago. Technology has always been closely linked to the way in which people have lived. Before the development of civilizations, humans lived for many millennia with tools and techniques that allowed them to live successfully in wide variety environments. Following this development, civilization started to arise. Through discoveries of the ancient world, we can understand the lifestyle and how these humans have grown together. Prehistoric humans developed technologies and ways ...
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African Americans Versus The Social Sciences - 2,706 words
... e a loss of self-control and a disregard for custom and good taste." The size of the smaller Negro brain shows how inferior Negroes are. The deficiencies of the Negro brain can be blamed because "its physical growth" is "halted abruptly at puberty." Puberty is the moment in which the Negro body and brain cease to develop. It seems odd to consider that the brain will stop developing at such an early period in ones life, preventing further enlargement and development of the intellectual properties of the brain. At this stage the brain possesses the process of perception, memory, and motor responses. It is after puberty where critical thinking, comprehension of complex situations and "abili ...
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Racism And Evolutionary Theory - 1,694 words
How Racism Has Been Shaped by Evolutionary Ideas. Racism has been perpetuated falsely by evolutionary ideas throughout history. Since the beginning of intelligent life mankind has discriminated against others of it's own species. The "in group" mentality may be a genetic psychological trait. However, evolutionary theory has been used to justify unfair treatment of certain groups. Literature and other forms of influence have used evolutionary ideas to perpetuate racism. The ideas of Charles Darwin and other respected evolutionists have been misconstrued to serve the racist hate of many leaders, writers and clergy. Given that species evolved over time. Darwin strove to deduce a means by which ...
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The Homebase Theory - 1,411 words
Glynn Isaac Defines "the Homebase Hypothesis" It has been argued since Darwin's day that the great apes were man's nearest living relatives, and as evidence emerged during the late 1960's of the hunting propensities and simple tool use of chimpanzees (Goodall 1986), anthropologists found more and more reason to presume similarity of behavior between modern (e.g., Pan troglodytes or Pan panicus) and ancient varieties of hominids (Tanner 1981). Still, modern humans are not chimps. Substantial differences of behavior exist between the great apes and hominids, and it was the late Glynn Isaac's notion that these differences began early in our history. Specifically, he noted that the modern human ...
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Fredian - 1,253 words
we have organic disease versus the symptom complex of neurosis with no physical determinants, but rather we must look for the underlying conflicts ascertained by "talking through" psychotherapy. How do you apply this to a collectivity like a nation? Is there a national character in which invariably a nation follows a pre-selected pattern of inherited behavior? For instance, are the Germans warlike, the Russians passive, and the Americans beneficent? 2. Or must we look to an interdisciplinary approach to assess group dynamics? Does Freud help? While there is a definition of normality for the individual, there is no such standard in judging nation-states or even various cultures. Ethnology is ...
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Myths Of Politicaleconomic World View - 1,806 words
... es are an example. The assumption that the individual is in some sense supreme in the marketplace axiomatically leads to the conclusion that reliance on individual self-interest is the only requirement of the economic (and indeed the political) system. 17 But a free market assumes that people have equal access to information about what is taking place and that they are all ufficiently self-reliant to exist without buying or selling. This reflects a utopian situation, found only in some small communities (in which group cohesion is a central element of community structure). It has long been known by anthropologists, sociologists, and psychologists that in most societies, group behavior is ...
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The Crotesque Machinery Of Dubliners - 1,627 words
The Grotesque Machinery of the Dubliners Joyce describes the spiritual poverty of the people of Dublin in the industrial age, with powerful images of mechanized humans and animated machines. In "After the Race" and "Counterparts" he delineates characters with appropriate portraits of human automation. Machines seize human attributes and vitality in opposition to the vacuous citizens of Ireland's capitalist city. Joyce's use of metaphorical language brings to life the despair of his country. In Winesburg, Ohio, Sherwood Anderson writes an allegorical account of the failure of mankind (1919). Although Anderson depicts rural life in the "New World," his understanding of human nature and descrip ...
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A View To A Death In The Morning - 1,191 words
History is replete with separate classifications of the human world and the realm of the wild. Hunters, Philosophers, and writers throughout time have drawn a fine distinction between the wild world and the world of Homo sapiens. However, is this distinction merely a justification to make hunting a morally correct endeavor? Perhaps mankind rationalizes the ultimate goal of the hunt in order to provide himself with a loophole or scapegoat-a way to ultimately separate his existence from other non-human animals. In order to fully understand Matt Carmill's definition of what hunting is, we must consider the validity of the countless attempts of man to distinguish between his world and the wild w ...
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Ending Starvation - 1,580 words
... on their feet. Third, as mentioned above, this would free up valuable land for farming which would, in turn, provide more food to feed the hungry here in our own country. Assuming that two-thirds of the people who die are buried instead of cremated, that means we need to use 2,500 acres of land each day for graves. While most of this land is in areas already designated as cemeteries, over the next decade we will need to create approximately 5,000 more cemeteries, with that number increasing exponentially as the population and the number of dead increase (U.S. Census Bureau 275). That means giving up and wasting valuable farmland that could be used to grow crops or to feed cattle. Those 2 ...
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The Obligation To Obey - 1,308 words
It has been said that as long as the human species is in a living state conformity shall be part of how human society functions and part of mans natural tendencies. The more people already agree upon or share a particular idea, the more easily a newcomer will in turn be converted to that idea, and the more difficult it will be for one already converted to reject that idea. Therefore, man will most likely obey to what the majority believes is correct, even if he had a different point of view; he will convert and learn to reject all other ideas that do not match to the majoritys idea. This not only allows the newcomer to feel welcomed, yet it may also give him sense of belonging and of safety. ...
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Cognitive Psychology - 4,641 words
Language processing and production seem to involve many areas of the brain (Garrett, 1995). Using positron emission tomography (PET), Howard, et al (1992) were able to identify a number of physically separate brain structures that become active during various language processing tasks. They found that physically discrete areas are responsible for auditory and visual word recognition and that these areas are separate from those involved in either word comprehension or production. Similarly, measurements of N400 sensory evoked brain potentials have found that different areas of the brain are active during processing of coherent and incoherent sentences (Kutas & Hilliard, 1980; Nixon, Tivis, Va ...
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Human Evolution - 1,540 words
Human evolution is the biological and cultural development of humans. A human is any member of the species Homo sapiens, meaning wise man. Since at least the Upper Paleolithic era, some 40,000 years ago, every human society has devised a creation myth to explain how humans came to be. Creation myths are based on cultural beliefs that have been adopted as a legitimate explanation by a society as to where we came from. The science of paleoanthropology, which also tries to create a narrative about how humans came to be, is deeply technical. Paleoantropology is the science of the evolution of humans, and it is the base of all research in that field. Humans have undergone many different changes d ...
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