All Of Russian Communism - 1,538 words
The Reasons for the fall of Socialism/Communism and the Troubles of Starting the New Democratic System in the Russian Federation "Let's not talk about Communism. Communism was just an idea, just pie in the sky." Boris Yeltsin (b. 1931), Russian politician, president. Remark during a visit to the U.S. Quoted in: Independent (London, 13 Sept. The fall of the Communist regime in the Soviet Union was more than a political event. The powerful bond between economics and politics that was the integral characteristic of the state socialist system created a situation that was unique for the successor states of the Soviet Union. The Communist regime was so ingrain in every aspect of Soviet life that t ...
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Russian Communism - 2,075 words
Introduction The fall of the Communist regime in the Soviet Union was more than a political event. The powerful interaction and fusion between politics and economics that characterized the state socialist system created a situation that was unique for the successor states of the Soviet Union. The penetration of the Communist regime into every facet of life left the Russian people with little democratic traditions. Russia faces the seemingly impracticable task of economic liberalization and democratization. This is combined with a necessity to answer nationalist and ethnic questions that have plagued Russia for centuries. This paper addresses the problems of creating a stable democracy in Rus ...
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Russian Czar Peter The Great - 1,028 words
Peter The Great's Cruelty and It's Effect on His Power Peter the Great's reign over Russia paved the way for Russia's future as a world power. His many reforms and westernization of the country influenced millions and left a lasting legacy. The complexity of Peter is astonishing, his intellectual curiosity, combined with his hasty temper and cruelty caused a tumultuous but successful reign as Tsar. His brilliance as a ruler profoundly effected Russian society but his cruel decisions left an indelible mark on his legacy. He established his absolute power by fiercely putting down rebellions and even in personal relations with his wife and children. His cruelty and anger shown in his decisions ...
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Russian Czar Peter The Great - 1,076 words
... inked. Perhaps he truly expressed his thoughts on power when he pronounced, "Moscow, would be saved not by pity, but by cruelty" (Massie 255). Peter sought out all that had any negative feelings about his power and everyone was under suspicion. He believed that someone had to have influenced the rebellion of the Streltsy and looked to his half-sister Sophia for an answer. The Streltsy, had their revolt been successful, would have allowed Sophia to gain power again as regent. Peter brought his sister under questioning but she refused to confess to any charges. He spared her life but confined her to a convent where she was held under tight watch and allowed no visitors (Troyat 53). Peter n ...
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Napoleons Russian Campaign - 1,411 words
The peace between France and Russia in 1807 lasted for five years but was not satisfactory to either side. The Tilsit settlement was thought of by Napoleon as no more than a convenient truce. In 1807 he had been in no position to invade Russia but there was no way that he could tolerate another European power for very long. Napoleon felt that a war with Russia was necessary for crushing England by crushing the only power still strong enough him any trouble by joining her. Napoleon began preparing for the war. He secured the support of Austria and Prussia since even though neither was in any position to refuse. Emperor Francis of Austria provided 34,000 men to cover the French but sent secret ...
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Napoleons Russian Campaign - 1,412 words
... nch lost 30,000 men, the Russians 44,000 including Prince Bagration who died of wounds. The Russians though were clearly more able to handle their major loss. They had unlimited reserves of manpower behind them while Napoleon was 500 miles from his base and 1,500 from his country. Napoleon though was now driven forward by the belief that the capture of Russias capital city, Moscow, would end the war. In a speech to his troops Napoleon said that Peace lies in Moscow. When the Great Russian nobles see us masters of their capital they will think twice before continuing the war. Kutusov realized that any defense of the city against Napoleon would be senseless. He declared in a message to Ale ...
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The Russian Navy - 1,623 words
The White Sea and the Barents Sea have been of importance to the Russian merchant fleet ever since the 15th century. Because of this, Russias Navy has always been an important part of the Russian Military. The matter of access to ice free harbors in the north became even more important after Germany became a significant naval power in the Baltic Sea. Events during World War I increased the importance of the Kola Peninsula to Russia very much. The Kola Peninsula and the White sea played an vital role in the movement of military supplies to Russia. A naval force dedicated especially to the northern region was established shortly after the outbreak of World War I. This fleet is now know as The ...
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Causes Of The Russian Revolution - 788 words
The Russian revolution was caused by the continual breakdown of the governments in Russia and the incompetency and authoritarian views of it's czars. Their failures as leaders included policies that neither pleased nor benefitted the people. By the end of the nineteenth century, Russia's economy, government, military, and social organization was at an extreme decline. Russia had become the least advanced of the major European nations in terms of political and social development. There was no parliament, and no middle class. The Church, officers, and other important people and institutions were firmly against social progress. The disastrous defeat of Russia in the Crimean War in 1855 and 1856 ...
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Russian Revolution Of 1917 - 1,073 words
Picture living in 12 below zero temperatures without food and heat. These were the conditions for the Russian citizens during 1916 and 1917. People were starving without any food or heat and their children were off fighting in a war with over 1,700,000 dying men. What were all of them fighting for? The country? Why would a fellow human being want to risk his life for the country when the country cannot even provide its citizens with enough food and heat. The need for basic necessities such as bread and heat for the Russian citizens was not met by the Tsar during World War I, which of course led to the peoples revolts and protests. The Bolsheviks overthrew the Tsar, which was what the people ...
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Russian Romantic Music And Tchaikovsky - 1,576 words
Russian Romantic Music and Tchaikovsky Russian music bears its own styles and emotions, free from the outside influence of other European countries during the Romantic period. Politics play an indirect role in the development of Russian music, isolating the country both politically and musically. Until the Decembrist revolt in 1825, Russia was under the unrelenting rule of czars. Russia retained the ways of the old -- its caste system, its severity of censorship -- while the rest of Europe had already shed its Middle Age characteristics. Since the revolt, it had become fashionable for the educated public to promote social reform. Political activity in Russia was a dangerous game, likely to l ...
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Russian Romantic Music And Tchaikovsky - 1,557 words
... es influenced by Russian folk-melodies, and evoked the bleak Russian countryside in the grips of winter. Tchaikovskys Symphony No. 1 was performed in 1868 with Anton Rubenstein conducting. In the same year, Tchaikovsky met Mily Balakirev, who had succeeded Anton Rubenstein as head of the Conservatory at St. Petersburg. Unfortunately, Balakirev was driven out from his post because his opponents had despised his controversial ideas. He settled in Moscow, where he met Tchaikovsky. He suggested to Pyotr that he should compose an overture-fantasy on the theme of Romeo and Juliet. Not only did Balakirev fuel the idea, but he also sketched the outline of the work and supervised its composition ...
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Animal Farm In Relation To The Russian Revolution - 1,071 words
ANIMAL FARM IN COMPARISON TO THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION Animal Farm is a satire on the Russian Revolution. You can look at this story as a fairy tale about the animals, or on a deeper level, as an account of the events in the Russian Revolution. I chose to learn more about the real meaning of Animal Farm, which Orwell indirectly explains throughout the story. Animal Farm starts out with introducing us to life on the Manor Farm, and Old Major's opinion on the outcome of their future. Old Major is convinced that the animals are being treated unfairly, and has the incredible idea of planning a revolt against Mr. Jones, so the animals can experience true happiness. He gets the animals excited by tea ...
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Steps Towards The Russian Revolution - 1,020 words
"I shall maintain the principle of autocracy just as firmly and unflinchingly as it was preserved by my unforgettable dead father. (Nicholas II) In spite of the Czar's decrees and declarations, Russia, by the beginning of the 20th century, was overripe for revolution. This statement is supported by political and socioeconomic conditions in late monarchial Russia. Nicholas II was the Czar of Russia from 1896-1917, and his rule was the brute of political disarray. An autocrat, Nicholas II had continued the divine-right monarchy held by the Romanovs for many generations. Since the day Russia appointed Nicholas II as Emperor, many problems arose with the people. Traditionally at coronations, the ...
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Russian Literature - 1,165 words
It is the aim of this paper to bring forth an interpretation of the "poor people" as portrayed by three different examples of Russian literature. The Diary of a Madman, The Overcoat, and Taman serve as the sources for any assumptions and conclusions drawn out in this paper. All three of these works lead the reader to draw assumptions about the "poor person's" social status, desires, and weaknesses. In Gogol's short story, The Diary of a Madman we are entranced by the diary entries of one man. This man is a civil service clerk who is held in little regard in society. He mentions several times how even people of lower positions then himself show him no respect. "They're always sprawled out in ...
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Russian And French Revolution - 1,780 words
July 17, 1918, 1:30 a.m. You have just been awakened from a deep sleep after a normal day (or as normal as a day can be in your situation), and you wonder what all this could possibly be about. Unassuming, and hoping for the best you think, "This must be good news, after all, what can be worse than what they've done to us already?" They've taken your whole life away in a matter of months. Once a proud member of the imperial family, living a life sheltered from all the evils of the world, now you live in a small house in Ekaterinkburg, Siberia, with nothing more than the members of your family, a dog, a cook, a doctor, and a maid. And of course, a houseful of drunken Bolshevik soldiers, watch ...
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Russian And French Revolution - 1,711 words
... refused to hand over the customary things that go along with being Czarina, such as attendance at society functions, special jewelry, etc., and made Alexandra self-conscious. The treatment she received made her want to spend more time with herself and her children than making public appearances, and thus she was looked upon as being unfeeling and unconcerned with the Russian people. (Lovell 28) However, she has been described as "a misunderstood and unloved czarina, she who had such a deep feeling for the true essence of Russia. For what surrounded her- the world of Grand Dukes, the world of palace officials- was that other Russia, that Parisian, elegant, superficial Russia, with its eno ...
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Russian Crisis - 1,162 words
The improper financial policies implemented by the Russian government during and previous to the economic crisis of November 1997 causing Russias economy to decline lead to a severe crisis in August of 1998 which my avoided been contained or avoided if the situation would have been handled differently. Since May of 1998, Russia has been caught in the latest, and likely the most serious economic crisis. The crisis came to a head on August 17, 1998, when the government of then-Premier Sergei Kiriyenko abandoned its defense of a strong ruble exchange rate against the dollar by defaulted on government domestic debt forcing its restructuring, and placed a 90-day moratorium on commercial external ...
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Russian And Cis Interventions - 2,369 words
Russian and CIS peace enforcement in Tajikistan -------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------ -------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------ Forthcoming in Lena Jonson and Clive Archer (eds.): Russian and CIS Peacekeeping (Westview, 1995). Publication no. 1 - 1995, Centre of Russians Studies. Tajikistan is situated between the five historic empires of Asia: Russia to the north, Turkey to the west, Iran and India to the south, China to the south-east. The civil war in the country may have cost as many as 30.000 people their lives in 1992 alone. Among Russian and CIS peacekeeping and peace enforcement activities, this one is ...
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Russian And Cis Interventions - 2,426 words
... r received a push forward when the successor to the Tajik KGB began to distribute large quantities of arms and ammunition to pro-governmental demonstrators on 3 May 1992. However, Nabiev was forced to form a coalition government on 6 May 1992 in which eight of twenty-four posts went to the Gorno-Badakhshani- and Gharmi-based opposition of democratic, nationalist, and Islamic parties and groups that had been demonstrating in Dushanbe since late March. However, this compromise did not satisfy either side. Leninabadis and Kulyabis reacted to violence in the countryside and sit-in demonstrations in Dushanbe by using their contacts with the armed forces and the good access to weapons generall ...
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Russian Culture: A Look At Its Religion And Art - 1,234 words
Mankind has always aspired to be the largest, biggest, strongest, highest, essentially the best in everything. This is not untrue for the Russians who have had the largest country in the world for quite some time now. Russia covers one-sixth of the entire worlds land mass and has had a significant part in modern history. However, in order to understand why a country has become what it is now, one must look at its culture. A countrys culture not only reflects its citizens now but also its history and future. Many things reflect Russias diverse culture but two main things are art and the church. Like many other countries, the church has played a great role in the formation of Russia. Russias m ...
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