Greco-roman Culture: Lysistrata - 1,204 words
Aristophanes was a "craft" comedy poet in the fourth century B.C. during the time of the Peloponnesian War. Aristophanes' usual style was to be too satirical, and suggesting the outlandish. He shows little mercy when mocking Socrates and his "new-fangled ideas" which were most likely designed to destroy the cohesiveness of society and lead to anarchy, in his play The Clouds. The most absurd and humorous of Aristophanes' comedies are those in which the main characters, the heroes of the story, are women. Smart women. One of the most famous of Aristophanes' comedies depicting powerfully effectual women is the Lysistrata, named after the female lead character of the play. It portrays Athenian L ...
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Christianity's Effect On The Roman Culture - 482 words
Christianity came into the world approximately two thousand years ago. It was persecuted at first, but atually became the offical religion in 381 A.D. "It is the spiritual force that conquered the Roman Empire; one of the decisive elements in the growth of Western civiliztion (Bunson 9). Throughout history Christianity has played a major role in changing our society into what it is today. "Christianity won the professed allegiance of the overwhelming majority of the population of the Roman Empire and even the support of the Roman State (Latourette 65). Not only did Christianity thrive, but it also succeeded in changing the face of Roman culture. Consider the gladiatorial fights. "The huge Co ...
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Nicolas Poussin And Roman Influences - 1,366 words
... than into it. This is because the forms in the painting work together on the surface as a wave of light and shadow that contributes to the movement of the eye and evokes a sense of time and space. The scenes of his paintings are arbitrarily cut out of a larger context rather than composed with a distinctive compositionally framed effect (Russel, 1969) Poussin's style, while incorporating some aspects of the Baroque sensibilities, was well labeled French Classicism. To distinguish his style, however, as merely classicism would be to oversimplify his work and indeed the work of the period itself. French Classicism, while mostly classical in nature, embodies stylistic tendencies from many ...
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Christianity In Constantinople - 1,192 words
The Emperor Constantine I was the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 C.E. His reign was likely the most crucial of all the Roman emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. Constantine began the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of Europe. Also, his Constantinople replaced the city of Rome as the center of imperial power. This set the stage for the occurrences of the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings, which prevailed in Medieval Europe. In 324, after his defeat of Licinius, Constantine decided to rename Byzantium after himself and make it a governmental ...
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The Effects Of Romes Expansion - 2,611 words
Expansion overseas gave Rome the opportunity to strengthen its empire by war; But, as a drawback it resulted in the breakdown of the Republic, as well as its Empire. Expansion Overseas made Rome a mighty empire for a short period of time, until both the Empire and the republic became unstable and eventually broke down. Hooker, author of Roman History in 1996 states: Roman history begins in a small village in central Italy; this unassuming village would grow into a small metropolis, conquer and control all of Italy, southern Europe, the Middle East, and Egypt, and find itself, by the start of what no other people had managed before: the ruled the entire world under a single administration for ...
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The Heroic Ideal - 1,948 words
Heroic qualities have always been debatable but historians tend to agree that the qualities of a hero are a reflection of the values of the society. Augustus and Beowulf are two individuals revered as heroes during their own time. Both sustained their share of criticism but still managed to come out on top. Augustus was responsible for uniting Rome and creating a society that influenced every single society that followed. Beowulfs success was in keeping the peace for the Geats with the surrounding kingdoms. Through comparing the ideals and values of Rome in the first century and Britain in the eighth, a definite parallel can be drawn connecting these values with how the people viewed the her ...
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Roman History - 1,925 words
Italy is a peninsula jutting out into the Medditerranean sea west of Greece. Italy has poor mineral resources and very few useful harbors, however it is wealty in both fertile land and precipitation. Three - quarters of the peninsula is covered in foothills and mountains. The alps, a mountian range to the north of Italy, cut off the peninsulas only land connection, which resulted, in the times of Ancient Rome, in the people The Etruscans were mysterious people who settled on the Italian Peninsula somewhere between 900 and 800 BC. No one is really certain about their origin, however archaeologists suspect that they came from the eastern Medditerannean. The Etruscans ruled in north-eastern Ita ...
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Roman History - 1,931 words
... war on Anthony in Romes name. A year later, Anothony and Cleopatra kill themselves in Egypt to escape Octavious. With Anthony dead, Octavion became ruler of Rome. This would mark the beginning of the Roman Empire. Under the Roman Republic, military generals had taken power away from elected officials. This made Octavion believe taht Rome needed a very strong leader. The Senate agreed with him and in 27 BC, they appointed him consul, tribune, and commander in chief for life. He then changed his name to Augustus. With the coming of the Roman Empire, nothing really changed in Roman freedom and equality. Augustus, however, was on a mission to restore order to Rome and to even out equality in ...
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The Middle Ages - 1,060 words
The Roman Empire geographically established the original concept of a European boundary. With all of it's great achievements likee civil law, politics and literature, the collective willpower of the Roman Empire would eventually degrade over time and give way to new ideas andd influences. The empire of Rome did not fall- it fizzled. The Western Roman Empire gave way to the Middle Ages around 476, when the Barbarian,, Odoacer, overthrew the emperor Romulus Augustulus. Other historians give the year 410, when Alaric, king of the Visigoths, sacked Rome. Still,, others say about 500 or even later. In any event this early medieval period is often referred to as the Dark Ages because of the appare ...
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Rome - 627 words
There were two great times of social disturbence in the Roman era. The first upheaval occurred in circa 445 BC. The second upheaval took place during Julius Caesars term of dictatorship. This took place about 45 BC. In both these cases the classes changed and were allowed rights that they havent had before. During the Struggle of Orders, the pleabeains wanted representation in the senate. During the late republic, many aristocrats were buying the farms from the small farmers. Due to this the farmers had no where but the army to turn for money. So in the late republic a leader by the name of Scipio Aemilianus gave there soldiers land to cultivate after their term in the army was over. Before ...
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Gladiatorial Gamesif I Was There - 1,090 words
During my recent travels through Rome, I decided to take in some of the Roman entertainment. I figured a gladiatorial show was the perfect place to do this since public slaughter is an important part of Roman culture. I heard about these gruesome shows the people put on in the Colosseum, which was originally Flavian Amphitheater. I had ideas about gladiators and the shows they put on, but I never, ever imagined the details of that life After talking to some of the locals, I was able to broaden my perspective on these games. In Latin, the name swordsman does not do justice to the life of that professional combatant. The first gladiators were part of a sacrificial rite adopted from the Etrusca ...
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The Colloseum - 1,362 words
of all time. The city of Rome once was home to more than one million residents in the early centuries. The Romans had a fine selection of building monuments in the city of Rome including the forums for civic services, temples of worship, and amphitheaters for recreation and play. The Romans made great use and pioneered great architecture mechanisms Architecture of the ancient Roman Empire is considered one of the most impressive including arches, columns, and even mechanical elements in pulleys and early elevators. However, when one tends to think of great buildings, one building stands out in Rome. This building is the Fluvial Amphitheatre, or better known as the Coliseum. When discussing s ...
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Rome The Eltmaent Empire - 1,544 words
Perhaps one of the greatest cities in the world, Rome was arguably the most famous city in history. Rome starts to rise in the year 756BC. In 509BC Rome has a treaty with Carthage, but it was only minor. It takes many years for Rome to conquer anything of great importance, but during these years Rome is building it's self up. Coinage was a very important in the rising of Rome. It signified Political leadership, and economics into the city. Rome differed from the Greek Polis, but Rome did use the Greeks for there education. Roman families would send their children to Greek schools, or Romans would buy Greek slaves and use them to teach their children. In Rome the father of the house was the h ...
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Analysis Of The Human Cultural Identity - 930 words
Analysis of the Human Cultural Identity This paper is intended to contain the analysis of the human cultural identity, as seen in the following five historical cultural periods: Enlightenment Culture; Greco-Roman Culture; Judeo-Christian Culture; Renaissance-Reformation Culture; and Industrialization-Modernism Culture. It also embodies examples of each era that are clearly stated, and how they relate The cultural identity of the Enlightenment can be described as emphasizing the possibilities of human reason. This idea can be illustrated with such examples as Thomas Jefferson, Denis Diderot, and Protestantism. Thomas Jefferson was considered among one of the most brilliant American exponents ...
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Jan Ifversen - 2,852 words
... : religion. But, in a way, religion is also work and possession, working and possessing the minds. The island is transformed or civilised by Robinson. This does not even change when Robinson sees the first human beings, the cannibals. The cannibals or the savages play the same role as the island; they represent both savagery and a point zero of civilization. From this point zero they can be tamed (in Robinson's own words) and turned into a copy of European civilization. This process is represented by the transformation of Friday from a cannibal to a copy of a European. Even Friday's speech is copied: "You do great deal much good, says he, you teach wild mans be good sober tarn mans; you ...
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Michelangelo Buonarroti - 1,065 words
There was a time period from 1400 C.E. to 1600 C.E., referred to as the Renaissance. The Renaissance was an age of discovery shown through , architecture, poetry, art, sculpture, and theater based on a Greco-Roman culture. Among the many Renaissance thinkers there was a man named Michelangelo Buonarroti. Michelangelo was an architect, sculptor, painter, poet, and an engineer. He preferred sculpting because he felt he was shaping mankind, which reflected the Renaissance era. The Renaissance encouraged everyone to express their human potential and become a master of their universe. In contrast to , the dark middle age ideas of a supernatural orientation ,to life , the Renaissance encouraged a ...
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British Foreign Relationships - 1,061 words
Beginnings The first time that the British came into contact from outside people since the disappearance of the land bridge connecting the British Isles to mainland Europe occured in the year 43 A.D. This was the year that Ceasar send a Roman expeditionary force under the command of Aulus Platius to the British Isles. Although the indigenous Celtic tribesmen put up heavy initial resistance, superior armed and trained Roman Legionnairies were able to subdue them and successfully occupy Great Britian all the way up to the border of modern day Scotland. Over the course of the next 367 years, Great Britian experiences an era of relative peace under Roman rule. Celtic and Roman culture coalesced ...
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Renaissance Art - 343 words
Architecture of the Renaissance reflects the earlier works of the Roman, Byzantines, Moslems, and many other civilizations. The S. Pietro No. 1 was begun in 1564 and was designed by Michelangelo Buonarroti, and Carlo Maderna. Many components of this structure reflect their foreign influences. The large, ominous dome along with the two smaller, less intimidating ones confirm the Byzantine style had entered the Renaissance. Grand, elaborate columns demonstrate Roman and Greek style of temples. An ornamental faade decorates the entrance to the palace and represents more Roman culture. Throughout the building, high arches form the doorways. In the side view, they are evident on the smaller dome, ...
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Cultural Analysis On Death And The Afterlife - 1,076 words
If there is one constant in this world, it would surely be death. Dying is an unavoidable part of life. Indeed, everything that lives will at sometime die. The fear of death is held by everyone. Perhaps it is the correlation of death with pain or the unknown state of the human consciousness after death, maybe a combination of both, that creates this fear. The fear felt is undoubtedly universal, however, the ways in which it is dealt with are varied and diverse. The concept of human mortality and how it is dealt with is dependent upon ones society or culture. For it is the society that has great impact on the individuals beliefs. Hence, it is also possible for other cultures to influence the ...
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Celtic Lifestyle - 1,649 words
During the period when the Celts existed, which is approximately 800 BC - 400 AD, they were just a little tribe compared to other large civilizations such as the Romans and Greeks. They still managed to conquer many regions and prove victorious in most of their battles. Who were these Celts that survived numerous struggles? Where did they originate? What kind of social structure did they have? What kinds of beliefs did they have? What sort of weapons and armor did they use in battle? What were some of their military tactics? These are some of the questions that will be evaluated in the following paragraphs. The Celts were tall, fair-skinned warriors who were well built, had blond hair and bl ...
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