Roman Catholicism - 2,601 words
How clear is your understanding of Protestant theology? Test yourself and see. Evaluate each of the fol-lowing ten paired statements and mark the one that you think best states a Protestant doctrinal position. (1a) God gives a man right standing with Himself by mercifully accounting him innocent and virtuous. (1b) God gives a man right standing with Himself by actually making him into an innocent and virtuous per-son. (2a) God gives a man right standing with Himself by placing Christs goodness and virtue to his credit. (2b) God gives a man right standing with Himself by putting Christs goodness and virtue into his heart. (3a) God accepts the believer because of the moral excellence found in ...
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Roman Catholicism - 2,618 words
... on the foundation of the 66 books of the Protestant Bible. Upon what basis do we recognize these 66 books as inspired and therefore authoritative? 3. Irenaeus (d. c. A.D. 200) is said to have identified tradition and Scripture as one and the same. Is it reason-able to assume that tradition (that which was given by the apostles), once inscripturated, was replaced by the written documents? 4. Why did the Roman Church prohibit the common use of the Scriptures? 5. What might be the potential result of free access to the Bible for Roman Catholics? 6. How does the Catholic Churchs post-Vatican II position on access to the Bible concern Protestant evan-gelism of Roman Catholics? How might the ...
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Ayasofya - 4,943 words
... misphere set on the larger circle is intersected by vertical planes rising from the sides of the square, forming four arches. A horizontal plane is then passed through the hemisphere at the tops of these arches, providing a ring on which is built the dome, which has a diameter equal to the circle inscribed within the square. The pendentives are spherical triangles, the remaining portions of the first, or outer, hemisphere. At Hagia Sophia, two opposing arches on the central square open into semidomes, each pierced by three smaller radial semidomes, forming an oblong volume 31 m (100 ft) wide by 80 m (260 ft) long. The central dome rises out of this series of smaller spherical surfaces. A ...
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Atrocity And The American People - 814 words
An atrocity is defined as "An act of cruelty and violence inflicted by an enemy-armed force upon civilians or prisoners." Some believe this war in Kosovo is about politics. However, upon examination of the specifics of this conflict it is apparent that this is about religion. People must then decide whom, if anyone is committing these atrocities. Should the United States be involved in the dispute, and is it truly in the best interest of the American people? In the area once covered by the country of Yugoslavia, there has been a series of struggles for independence during the 1990's. These confrontations started in 1990 in Slovenia, 1991 in Croatia, and 1992 in Bosnia Herzegovina. Each of th ...
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Vasco De Gama - 342 words
All throughout time Religion has been a significant aspect of all cultures. Religion has been the motivation for many great things, and for many more not so great things. Religions spread and brought in new believers and others converted from one religion to another. For most religions, spreading the word of God is undertaken by missionaries. This also goes for Christianity. The role of the Christian missionary was to spread the word of God to all. The motivation of spreading the word of God was a very large part of western exploration. In addition to spreading the word of God, the accumulation of wealth and thus power were also great factors in motivating people to explore the western world ...
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Haiti The Republic - 1,944 words
A tiny tropical island sits in the Caribbean, decorated with palm trees and colorful hibiscus flowers. Its mountains stand majestically looking down upon sandy beaches and green valleys. From a distance it appears as any other island you might encounter sailing the waters of the Caribbean. Yet, as you come closer you notice a difference. There are no tourist resorts dotting the coasts, no high rise hotels with sand volleyball courts and marimba bands. This is Haiti, this is different. If the land could speak it would tell of tragedy and violence, of abuse and bloodshed, of power and greed. Why does the country stand apart from its neighbors? The answer lies in the turbulent history of this t ...
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Mr - 983 words
Developmental account attributing significance to events of the 1530s. By constructing an account of events before, during and after the 1530s assess the significance of political power in England and Wales. You should refer to developments of approximately 200 years. In order to attribute significance to an event, it is important to consider events alongside other developments over a long period of time. A single event can be identified as a trend, turning point, dead-end, continuity, false dawn, shooting star or discontinuity. In this essay I will identify lines of development within the essay in order to aid me in attributing significance to political power in England and Wales. They will ...
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The Glorious Revolution - 930 words
The Glorious Revolution, otherwise known as the Bloodless Revolution, marks the events of 1688 in England. In 1660, when Charles II was restored to the throne, many Englishmen felt uneasy about the Stuarts and suspected them of Papal tendencies and absolutists leanings. Charles II increased this distrust by not adhering to Parliament, by his toleration of Catholic dissent, and by favoring alliances with Catholic powers in Europe. The Whigs, a parliamentary group, tried within their power to ensure a Protestant successor by excluding James, Duke of York, from the throne but were unsuccessful. James II came to the throne in 1685 and like his brother Charles II, determined to rule without the c ...
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Protestant Reformation - 2,168 words
The Reformation of the Roman Catholic Church was a major 16th-century religious revolution. A revolution, which ended the ecclesiastical supremacy of the pope in Western Christendom and resulted in the establishment of the Protestant, churches. With the Renaissance that preceded and the French Revolution that followed, the Reformation completely altered the medieval way of life in Western Europe and initiated the era of modern history. Although the movement dates from the early 16th century, when Martin Luther first defied the authority of the church, the conditions that led to his revolutionary stand had existed for hundreds of years and had complex doctrinal, political, economic, and cultu ...
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Protestant Reformation - 2,161 words
... ng church and state in terms of reform created an international following and gave the Reformed churches, as Protestantism was called in Switzerland, France, and Scotland, a thoroughly Calvinistic stamp, both in theology and organization. France The Reformation in France was initiated early in the 16th century by a group of mystics and humanists that gathered at Meaux near Paris under the leadership of Lefvre d'taples. Like Luther, Lefvre d'taples studied the Epistles of St. Paul and derived from them a belief in justification by individual faith alone; he also denied the doctrine of transubstantiation. In 1523, he translated the entire New Testament into French. At first his writings we ...
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Bolivia - 1,887 words
... million old Bolivian pesos (3.07 bolivianos equal U.S. $I; 1990). The Banco Central de Bolivia is the sole bank of issue. Several state-owned development banks provide investment credits to small mining and agricultural operations. Foreign and domestic private financial institutions also operate in the country. Political Instability The period after 1930 was marked by further internal strife. In that year, a revolution overthrew President Hernando Siles, who had governed for two years without convening the national legislature. Daniel Salamanca, elected president in 1931, was overthrown in 1934 by a clique under Vice President Tedjada Sorzano, who in turn was ousted by a military junta ...
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Venezuela - 416 words
Venezuela is originally known as the Republic of Venezuela. The countries estimated population is about 20,562,000, covering 352,143 sq mi. It is bordered by Brazil (S), Colombia (W and SW), Guyana (E), and the Caribbean Sea (N). Principal cities include Carcas, the capital. Venezuela has four major geographical regions: the oil-rich coastal lowlands; the Orionco River basin, whose vast plains support a great cattle industry; the Guiana Highlands, a largely unexplored wilderness occupying more than half the nation's territory and noted for scenic wonders such as Angel Falls; and the densely populated Venezuelan highlands, a spur of the Andes Mountains that rises to 16,427 ft (5,007 m) in the ...
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Mexico - 2,346 words
Mexico, officially United Mexican States, is an important country because is sharing common border throughout its northern extent with the United States. Consequently, we should spend time analyzing and researching its human culture and environment because this culture is influences United States for its relative location to El Paso, Texas. Mexico is bounded on the west and south by the Pacific Ocean (Fig. 1.), to the east by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea and on the southeast by Guatemala and Belize. Mexico is roughly triangular in shape and covers and area of 756,066 square miles (1,958,201 square kilometers). It is very interesting that while it is more than 1859 miles across th ...
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Conflicts - 1,494 words
When Christianity began, it was one religion with one denomination. Now it has grown into one of the main world religions with many different denominations. Over the years, as one church split from another and opposition became common, the beliefs began to change, though the core has still remained. Fifteen of the most common Christian denominations follow, with their similarities and differences exposed. In all Christian churches certain rituals are present. However, what they are called and how many are recognized tends to vary. Both ROMAN and ORTHODOX CATHOLICS recognize seven sacraments. EPISCOPALIANS and LUTHERANS accept only two sacraments officially, Baptism and Holy Communion, but th ...
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Seventeenth Century Monarchies - 466 words
James II entered the political arena in 1634 as the duke of York and Albany. After the execution of his father in 1649, James made his way to the Continent. After the death of Charles II, James' brother, he became king in 1685. There was great concern amongst Parliament that "popery" might find its way back to England because James II converted to Roman Catholicism. Additionally, he was most antagonistic with regard to the Anglican Church and the Parliament. Cromwellism had opened the door to the reversal of "political absolutism", albeit by regicide. England, during the "invited" rein of Charles II had enjoyed more individual freedom and very little religious tensions. Parliament understood ...
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Food And Culture In The Midwest - 403 words
This report is about the lifestyle of my own life, which would seem like an easy one but everyone today is so different so I had to dig a little deeper into the roots of the Midwest. The Midwestern states include Ohio, the Dakotas, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Indiana, Illinois, and Nebraska. South of these states is the great Mississippi River and to the north is the Great Lakes. The Great Lakes were formed by the glacial ice cap that moved down over large parts of North America some 25,000 years ago. This region is well watered with annual rainfall exceeding 40 inches a year. Hence the climate is basically continental rather than maritime which means hot summers and cold winte ...
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Voodoo - 1,171 words
Today over 60 million people practice Vodun worldwide. Religious similar to Vodun can be found in South America where they are called Umbanda, Quimbanda or Candomble. It is widely practiced in Benin, where it is the official religion. Vodun (a.k.a. Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa) is commonly called Voodoo by the public. The name is traceable to an African word for "spirit". Vodun's roots go back to the West African Yoruba people who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. That country occupied parts of today's Togo, Benin and Nigeria. Slaves brought their religion with them when they were forcibly shipped to Haiti and other islands in the West Indies. the actual religion, Vodun practiced i ...
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Islam In The 20th Century - 734 words
The three largest and oldest religions of the world are Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The history of the Hebrews and their relationship with God is told into the first books of the Bible, known as the Old Testament. The Ten Commandments, which are also followed by Christians, is a set of rules that forbid immoral conduct, such as stealing and murder. Both Islam and Christianity developed out of Judaism. All three religions believe in one God (monotheistic) Christianity later divided into Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism. Finally, in the Protestant Reformation of the 1500s, Western Europe divided into Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. Islam emerged on the Arabian Peninsula. Withi ...
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Immigration Into The Usa - 1,695 words
My essay is a nation of immigrants in the United States which is about German, Irish, Jewish immigrants in the 1800's or early 1900's. I'm a Asian so I know about Asian immigration. But I didn't know about Europe immigration very well. So I chose it among many topics. I know that I will find about aspect of immigration important and I will fall into interest of this history. A continuing high birthrate accounted for most of the increase in population, but by the 1840's the tides of immigration were adding hundreds of thousands more. Before this decade, immigrants had been flowing in at a rate of 60,000 a year ; but suddenly the influx was tripled in the 1840's and then quadrupled in the 1850 ...
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The Coercive Acts - 519 words
The Coercive Acts, called the Intolerable Acts by the colonists, were a series of laws passed by the British on the Colonists as a result of the Boston Tea Party. The acts infuriated the colonists who felt that they were being robbed of their civil liberties. They would soon after alarm the colonists into beginning the frantic fight for freedom from Britains tyrannical rule. The first of the Coercive Acts was the Boston Port Bill. The bill ordered that the Boston Harbor be closed off from any incoming or outgoing trade by a blockade of the British navy. The blockade was to remain in effect until the Bostonians paid Britain for the ruined tea. The second Coercive Act was the Massachusetts Gov ...
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