Repression - 1,309 words
" One morning after Dad finishes his workout, he pulls a fold-out bunk from the wall and lies down, still unclothed. I sit on the floor beside him. I watch his erection. He slaps his tummy with it. He laughs as if he is surprised. " Touch it," he says, holding his penis up, offering it to me. I reached over, hold it with my fingers, and let it go, making a thwack... ...I have seen his penis before when it is hard. He'd tried to put it into my bottom. He is going to do it again, isn't he? "I don't want to be here," I say. "Unlock the door. Please, Daddy." The bunker sits around me, heavy and grotesque. I disappear." (de Milly, http://www.walterdemilly.com/chapter.htm) Who would want to rememb ...
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Alexithymia And The Defense Of Primal Repression - 1,155 words
Primal Repression may well account for the psychic structural defect and many of the clinical features associated with the alexithymia construct. [James D. A. Parker and Graeme J. Taylor in Disorders of Affect Regulation p.89] Repression proper is a defensive process that evolves out of primal repression, and involves a rejection from the conscious mind of already formed instinctual wishes and other representations. Primal repression, on the other hand, is akin to [an] idea of Freuds viz., his concept of foreclosure in which aspects of experience have been repudiated and never represented psychically. Cohen and Kinston (1984) relate primal repression to the experience of traumatic events, es ...
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Celies Rise Above Oppression - 1,362 words
From the year 1910 to the year 1945 the United States had undergone some of the most significant hardships. Within this time, the Great Depression took place leaving many people unemployed and many people left without food or proper necessities. There was also World War I, and the influx of foreign peoples to the United States. In the south, the major problem was racial tension. Although there was an emersion of African American culture, there were also serious problems such as segregation, the development of the Ku Klux Klan, and the invention of the Jim Crow laws. Another issue facing this time was sexism. Most of society believed that a wife was owned by her husband and she must obey and ...
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Japanese Work Ethics Vs American Work Ethics - 2,021 words
Japanese Work Ethics vs American Ethics "For an American to consider the Japanese from any viewpoint for any reason, it is important for us to remember that they are products of a unique civilization, that their standards and values are the results of several thousand years of powerful religious and metaphysical conditioning that were entirely different from those that molded the character, personality and habits of Westerners" ( De Mente, p.19). To understand the Japanese, it is necessary to have an understanding of their religious and philosophical backgrounds. My research suggests that basic ethical values in Japanese business systems are influenced by three philosophical and religious tr ...
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3 Rs - 616 words
Reading, writing and arithmetic, these three subjects are the basic outline for American schools. In those subjects, where does history fit in? Some believe that teachers avoid history because of how corrupt America's has been. James W. Loewen, author of Lies My Teacher Told Me, says, "Parents may feel undermined when children get tools of information not available to adults and use them in ways that seem to threaten adult-held values." (Loewen 296.) The adults had to learn the same false history children are being taught today. By teaching children the truth about history, are adults risking the authority they hold along with adult-held values? "Learning social studies is to no small extent ...
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Anthem By Ayn Rand - 1,571 words
Imagine a world where the individual has been repressed to the point that the word I no longer exists. Now, as hellish as that sounds, imagine that you are the only one who has the capability to break free from the iron fists that are choking you and your brothers. This is the life of Equality 7-2521, the principal character and narrator of Ayn Rands Anthem. Anthem takes place in the dark ages of the future, in a totally collectivized world. This culture has regressed to conditions reminiscent of Ancient Greece and the European Dark Ages. In the midst of fear and subordination, one man stands alone. Equality 7-2521 is not like his brothers. He is able think, create and defy. This makes him e ...
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Jane Eyre - 2,358 words
"Never, never, never quit..." -Winston Churchill If women on this Earth had given up, they would be where they were in the time of Charlotte Bront. Jane Eyre, by Charlotte Bront, tells the story of a woman on a lifetime journey, progressing on the path of acceptance, in searching of sympathy. Throughout her journey, Jane encounters many obstacles to her intelligence. Jane lives in a world and in a time where society thought women were too fragile to ponder too much at once. Women at the time had barely any rights at all, and women were not allowed prominent positions. Male dominance proves to be the biggest obstruction at each stop of Jane's journey through Gateshead Hall, Lowood Institution ...
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Jonathan Livingston Seagull - 1,249 words
Jonathan Livingston Seagull by Richard Bach is basically about the story of an adventurous seagull's life. It looks like a book for a grade school reading level. After you scratch beneath the surface, however, I found the book is filled with things many fourth graders probably wouldn't grasp. Such as the use of use of personification, symbolism, and didactic themes. The story starts as a we are introduced to a young gull named Jonathan Livingston Seagull. He finds he is being oppressed by society because he finds the life of a typical seagull is disconcerting in it's inane and tedious nature. In a rebellious move he begins to teach himself to fly at very high speeds, which would be a crime t ...
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1984 - 1,830 words
1984: The Quintessential Negative Utopia (Or How to become really depressed about the future of the human condition in 267 pages or less.) 1984 is George Orwell's arguably his most famous novel, and it remains one of the most powerful warnings ever made against the dangers of a totalitarian society. George Orwell was primarily a political novelist as a result of his life experiences. In Spain, Germany, and Russia, Orwell had seen for himself the peril of absolute political authority in an age of advanced technology; he illustrated that peril harshly in 1984. Orwell's book could be considered the most acknowledged in the genre of the negative utopian novel. The mood of the novel aims to portr ...
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Theme And Its Importance - 1,069 words
Theme is the principal phrase or idea behind a story. It plays an important role in the notable accomplishment of Shirley Jacksons The Lottery, The Open Boat written by Stephen Crane, and Battle Royal by Ralph Ellison. Each of these stories portray an important and powerful theme which is a valuable contribution to the success of each work. The Lottery is a story about human sacrifice and tradition. It is nicely written with a total control of the point-of-view, which prevents readers from realizing the ending even with symbolic hints and foreshadowing. The ironic situation of the story is that usually a lottery serves the winner with a good prize. However, the winner of the lottery in this ...
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Kake Chopin - 1,250 words
Kate Chopin is an American writer, best known for her description of culture in New Orleans, Louisiana, and of women's struggles for freedom. Many of her works including The Awakening, were examples of local-color and helped establish Chopin as a contributor to Southern regional literature. The Awakening attracted a lot of negative criticism for its description of a woman's developing independence and sensuality. This novel portrayed the progress of a wife, mother, and a lady addicted to finding love under her own control, and throughout the novel she undergoes awakenings that will eventually lead to her suicide. One of the first awakenings that Edna has is a marital awakening. For Edna, the ...
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House On Mango Street - 1,030 words
Womens need for male support and their husbands constant degradation of them was a recurring theme in the book House on Mango Street. Many of Esperanzas stories were about womens dreams of marrying, the perfect husband and having the perfect family and home. Sally, Rafaela, and Minerva are women who gave me the impression of [damsels in distress].CLICH, its ok though. Its relevant They wished for a man to sweep them of their feet and rescue them from their present misery. These characters are inspiring and strong but they are unable to escape the repression of the surrounding environment. *Cisneros presents a rigid world in which they lived in, and left them no other hope but to get married. ...
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The Unconscious Struggle For Human Existence - 1,343 words
The Unconscious Struggle for Human Existence According to philosopher Karl Marx, humans are "slaves to historical necessity and their thought and thinking are rigidly determined by the mode of production" (Beer xxii). This view of historical materialism asserts that the culture, political, and government systems of a given people derive from the material conditions of their existence. Thus, "life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness by life"(Reader 155). In the short story, "The Boarding House", James Joyce uses Mrs. Mooney to illustrate how the "blind forces" of economic materialism determine our existence and causally result in our living by a false consciousness. The prev ...
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Lisbon - 1,011 words
The 1755 Lisbon Earthquake and Candide In 1755, an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale occurred in Lisbon, Portugal, changing European history and philosophy. But how does one geologic event trigger a paradigm shift from naturalism to liberalism Naturalism unites with rationalism during the Age of Enlightenment, a philosophical movement during the 18th century, which rejects traditional social, religious and political ideas with an emphasis on rationalism. People believe in a world, which follows logical rules, where reason can be used to discover and implement a perfect society. The earthquake in Lisbon shook the very foundation of their beliefs. The Age of Enlightenment or Age of ...
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The Decembrists - 1,493 words
Russia has had a huge history as a country most of that history has been spread with a vast range of revolutionary activity, aimed at over throwing the autocratic governments of Russia. For the most part, the early revolts were provoked by the common folk who lacked functional knowledge of politics and economic to implement reforms had the revolutionaries had succeeded. In the early nineteenth century, however, the tides changed directions as revolutionary ideas began to build in the hearts and minds of young noblemen if Russia, who having witness the benefits of delivered by the constitutional governments to the countries in western Europe. The young noble men after having the idea implante ...
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Haiti The Republic - 1,944 words
A tiny tropical island sits in the Caribbean, decorated with palm trees and colorful hibiscus flowers. Its mountains stand majestically looking down upon sandy beaches and green valleys. From a distance it appears as any other island you might encounter sailing the waters of the Caribbean. Yet, as you come closer you notice a difference. There are no tourist resorts dotting the coasts, no high rise hotels with sand volleyball courts and marimba bands. This is Haiti, this is different. If the land could speak it would tell of tragedy and violence, of abuse and bloodshed, of power and greed. Why does the country stand apart from its neighbors? The answer lies in the turbulent history of this t ...
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Taiwan - 1,149 words
... rge state enterprises, active regulation by the government of income disparities, high rates of saving, far-reaching government protection and support, all to benefit its native citizens. The Multinational Corporations that were introduced to the country, largely through China, assisted in creating jobs for citizens, while providing education and developmental reform. Taiwan even developed and educational policy that encouraged an annual growth of nine to ten percent, that gave the highest priority to training top technocrats. The United States aided Taiwan by giving them a direction for growth and providing an alternative to living in China with its communist policies that issued more s ...
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Upre Court Abortion Decisions - 1,398 words
Supreme Court Decisions That Greatly Impacted The Reproduction Rights Of Women When talking about Supreme Court decisions that have greatly impacted the lives of women it is very hard to settle on just five of the many cases that have been ruled in favor of the rights of women. When discussing the topic of reproductive freedom and The Supreme Courts rulings on these matters ten cases can and must be discussed in order to provide a total overview and timeline of these historic rulings. The American Civil Liberties Union has helped women breech the barriers of sexual repression, and has crusaded to help women win these reproductive rights and knowledge over the years since its founding in the ...
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Russia Vs United States - 1,058 words
... nary War of the United States, but it is not the same because it ended in communism and repression, rather than gradual democracy that occurred in America (Melvin 68). People in Russia do not have the concept of how a democracy functions because they have no experience with it. They went from having tsars to communism, they've never had a real democratic government until recently. People are used to serving the state whereas in America people are used to referring to government officials as "public servants." The governing documents of the states are not honored and valued as they are in America because they were mainly mandates with little public consensus (Melvin 126). Lack of legitima ...
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Trc - 1,715 words
Racial segregation and the supremacy of whites had been traditionally accepted in South Africa prior to 1948, but in the general election of that year, Daniel F. Malan officially included the policy of apartheid in the Afrikaner Nationalist party platform, bringing his party to power for the first time. Although most whites acquiesced in the policy, there was bitter and sometimes bloody strife over the degree and stringency of its implementation. 2 The purpose of apartheid was separation of the races: not only of whites from nonwhites, but also of nonwhites from each other, and, among the Africans (called Bantu in South Africa), of one group from another. In addition to the Africans, who con ...
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