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Vouchers And Education - 1,451 words
... n student outcomes, it does not explain why growing expenditures for the nation over all has not produced similar results, or why expenditures in non-instructional staff have been growing for the past thirty years, expenditures which could represent growing bureaucracy costs. While Card and Kruger's research does not explain why increased school spending affected student outcomes, it does show that at times increased spending can affect student outcomes. The important distinction is while capital can affect productivity, it may not always do so. Not all capital is equal. A farmer with a hammer in hand benefits from the utility of a tool; however, a farmer with a spade in hand benefits ev ...
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Our Tax System Needs Changing - 5,212 words
Our current tax system is complex, costly, and unfair. Surely, America can do better for our children than redistribution and regulation. Our nation is over four trillion dollars in debt. It is time to act instead of letting lawyers and politicians play with our money. A flat tax plan is a simple solution to remedy the stagnant apathy our nation has been so accustomed to for the last seventy years. A flat tax would make calculating and collecting tax simple. According to 1996 studies, Americans devote 5.4 billion dollars a year to Federal Tax related paperwork. The IRS estimates that that it takes about 27 hours for the average family to keep records and prepare an itemized form 1040 with a ...
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California Population - 1,873 words
The population of California is expected to increase by more than 15 million people by the year 2020. This is not a new startling fact. It has been said many times before, in many different ways. This number is equivalent to the present population of Arizona, Nevada, Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming and Colorado combined. Carol Whiteside focuses on how the population boom will affect California's cities. She also looks at how the cities will prepare for such growth, with local resources that are already stretched. Another large focus is on preserving the natural resources and farmland as we expand rapidly. Todays increasing population is created from Migration, Immigration, and more births than deaths ...
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Prop 13 - 1,339 words
In the early 1970s property tax rates peaked and were still rising each year, which was driving people out of their homes. Even though this gave the state and county governments a surplus of $3.8 billion by the end of the1970s, something had to be done. Homeowners were also getting angry because as their property taxes rose the quality and quantity of their public services didnt. Legislature tried to respond with an introduction of three major reform packages in 1977, that was not enough. When legislature returned in 1978, which happened to be an election year for statewide officeholders, two men have already been working and submitted 1.2 million signatures for an initiative. This was enoug ...
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Economic Growth Versus Income Inequality - 1,098 words
Economic Growth versus Income Inequality For ten years now, our economy has been growing more dramatically than any other time since World War II. . The stock market is at an all-time high. The government is spending less on itself, and more on the people-weve finally achieved a balanced budget. If were doing so well, why isnt everyone getting rich? Most economists point to the fact that the upper class is running away with capitalism-and that the middle class is left to defend itself. Many experts have renamed it the anxious class because most Americans (in fact, 70% of the entire population) isnt living the lifestyle their parents had in the fifties, while the top 5% is more affluent than ...
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Quiz 1 - 713 words
Children raised in a single-parent home are not necessarily more prone to be social misfits (those who have behavioral problems and perform acts deemed as unacceptable by society) than children raised in a two-parent home. First, I gave an operational definition to the term "social misfits" which is ambiguous and could be interpreted in many ways by different people. Also, in making this statement, I examined the evidence. Personal experience and observation of other children raised in single-parent homes led me to this conclusion. The evidence I used is not necessarily the most reliable because it is not based on any group study or scientific research, but the topic is researchable and I be ...
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Venue - 733 words
State Revenue There are many different types of revenues that are available to a state. Some revenues can be regressive, progressive, and proportional taxes. A regressive tax puts a large burden on lower income citizens then the higher income citizens because it just adds up to more proportion of low income citizens of their earned income. A progressive tax is a tax that goes up as a citizens income goes up. This is more favorable taxes to low income and not high income citizens. A proportional tax or also called a flat tax is a tax that is the same amount for all incomes. The terms elasticity and yield are important to have knowledge for before understanding any taxes that brings in state r ...
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Corporate Strategy And Direction Of The North Face Inc. - 1,834 words
... el of modern fashion. The North face is a very popular name in outdoor apparel and we feel that through implementing effective marketing strategies that this popularity will carry over to our sneaker line. The North Face/ Triple Divide Mid($74.95) This sneaker is made of prime Weathertuff waterproof leather built to keep the foot warm and dry through treacherous terrains. This sneaker offers an integrated webbing eyestay lacing system that allows for a uniform, snug fit. It has a Firm X-2 midsole to add support and stability while maximizing comfort. The Triple Divide has a self-cleaning multi-dimensional lug design to provide maximum trail traction. The mid-cut of the sneaker provides ...
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Proposition 13 And The California School System - 1,286 words
To understand the effects of Proposition 13 on the California school system, we must first understand what Proposition 13 is. We must also briefly glance at the events leading up to Proposition 13, also known as the Jarvis-Gann initiative. Proposition 13, adopted on June 16, 1978, is an amendment to the Constitution of California. It forever changed Californian property laws and sent massive shock waves across other state governments. The sound roaring out of the West- what was it? A California earthquake? A Pacific tidal wave threatening to sweep across the country? Literally, it was neither; figuratively, it was both. That angry noise was the sound of a middle class tax revolt erupting . . ...
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Proposition 13 And The California School System - 1,401 words
... rchase, and they arent willing to pay as much for it. Therefore, the full burden of the tax is levied on the landlord at the time of purchase. The money paid to the tax authorities by the landowner is not really a burden because they compensate for the lower price paid. Its because of this complication that the incidence of the tax is hard to assess. The supply of land in some cases is not fixed. Some land being used for other reasons such as farmland, landfills, etc. can be cleared out for urban use. In this case both landlords and the users of the land share the ad valorem tax burden. The extent to which they share the burden depends on the elasticities of supply and demand. Generally ...
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Proposition 13 And The California School System - 1,288 words
... ut never deliver, Proposition 13 delivered as promised: about $7 billion in immediate property tax reductions. Proposition 13 was aimed directly at the financing of local government. It is among local governments that this change can be most visibly seen. The tax cut brought about by Proposition 13, along with an unsteady state economy and tight budgets, has resulted in a fiscal tightening of social and educational programs. Beyond the visible results of this tax cut- increased class size, reductions in money for social services- a change in the states political structure can be seen. This had a profound affect on the lives of Californians. Upon the implementation of Proposition 13, powe ...
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Proposition 13 And The California School System - 1,231 words
... ities, this meant some hospital closures. Cities and counties, as a result of decisions made during more affluent times, had to set aside large amounts of money to retire bonds, pay the increasing costs of pension programs and finance employee wage agreements that hiked public employee pay an average of 35 percent since Proposition 13. Studies show that between the fiscal years of 1979 and 1980, pension costs rose 54 percent to an all-time high of over $1.2 billion. Communities were affected differently. State bailout money and moves to raise new revenues kept many communities out of trouble. Communities that had an abundance of tax-producing industries or commercial centers, and were so ...
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Becoming A Cpa (certified Public Accountant), Job Profile - 1,284 words
What is a CPA? These three letters mean that you have received a broad-based education. They mean you have passed all parts of a very difficult exam. They mean you have the knowledge, skills and abilities to be a trusted business advisor to your clients or employer. They mean you feel comfortable with the latest technology. They mean you are an ethical individual who can provide an independent analysis. CPA's are many things. They are chief financial officers for Fortune 500 companies and advisors to small neighborhood businesses. They work for large and small public accounting firms. They are well-respected strategic business advisors and decision-makers. They act as consultants on many iss ...
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